Four years ago, Sean Fraser was part of a Liberal team that surfed a red wave to a majority government.
There was no wave on Monday night as Fraser faced a star challenger in the form of country musician and Conservative candidate George Canyon. But in the end it didn’t matter — Fraser is headed back to Ottawa to represent the riding of Central Nova after pulling in more than 46 per cent of the vote.
“I used to play a lot of basketball growing up and I remember the games where we beat a good team by two a lot more than I remember the ones where we beat up on a small school by 40,” he said in a telephone interview.
“And this feels like we beat a good team by a healthy margin. It wasn’t just a star candidate. It was tens of thousands of dollars that they poured into Facebook ads, radio ads, TV ads, a visit from the leader. And we pulled it off in any event.”
Fraser wasn’t the only Nova Scotia Liberal re-elected Monday night, part of an effort that saw the party earn a minority government in the House of Commons.
Andy Fillmore was re-elected as MP for Halifax, Darren Fisher was re-elected in Dartmouth-Cole Harbour and Darrell Samson will return as MP for Sackville-Preston-Chezzetcook.
Bernadette Jordan — a cabinet minister in the Trudeau government — will return as MP in South Shore-St. Margarets and Geoff Regan, perhaps the surest electoral bet in Nova Scotia, returns as MP for Halifax West.
Fisher said he was humbled by his second victory, as well as by the 100 volunteers who greeted him as he arrived at a victory party.
“It’s an overwhelming feeling when you run for election and you see the effort and the work that’s put in by people that care about you, but also people that care about their community,” he said.
Jordan said she was thrilled by her win.
“We’re going to have a good night tonight and then tomorrow we’ll start all over again,” she said.
Fillmore said he took nothing for granted during the campaign.
“I’m just ecstatically grateful for the people of Halifax to send me to Ottawa to represent them for another term.”
Conservatives take West Nova
While the Liberals won all 11 Nova Scotia ridings in 2015, they didn’t run the table this year.
Former Progressive Conservative MLA Chris d’Entremont flipped the traditional swing riding of West Nova back to the Conservatives.
Provincially, d’Entremont has been used to easy wins. Monday was much more hard-fought, with just a few percentage points separating him from Liberal challenger Jason Deveau.
“There’s a lot more work that goes into this, but I can tell you over the last few hours I think I’ve never been more stressed,” d’Entremont said in a phone interview.
As the dust settles on the election, d’Entremont said he’s hoping everyone takes stock of the campaign and tries to dial back the rhetoric that, at times, was nasty all across the country.
“I’m going to try my best to work around, I would say, that mean-spiritedness that goes amongst all the parties,” he said.
“I’ve shown as an MLA that I’ve been able to work across party lines, that I’ve gotten things done for my area, and, you know, I really think that we just need to all take a step back and consider what happened during this election.”
Historic first win
Jaime Battiste overcame controversy during the campaign related to racist and sexist social media posts from a few years ago to become Nova Scotia’s first Indigenous MP and hold Sydney-Victoria for the Liberals, defeating a slate of candidates that included former Tory MLA Eddie Orrell.
The resident of Eskasoni First Nation holds a seat made vacant following the retirement of longtime Liberal MP Mark Eyking. He is also now the first Mi’kmaw MP in the House of Commons.
Battiste said he believes his was the most diverse campaign in the province, focusing on people from all backgrounds.
“I am really happy to be the winner today and I am going to work hard every day to show Canadians, not only Cape Breton, that I won this for a reason,” he said.
“I believe in Canada, I believe in reconciliation, I believe in diversity and these are the things I ran on,” Battiste said.
Addressing his controversial social media posts, Battiste said all he can do is apologize and move forward.
“I’ve always been a person who believes in diversity and who believes in equal rights.”
Long night for Zann
The last race of the night to be called was also the closest, with Liberal candidate Lenore Zann holding Cumberland-Colchester for the Grits.
Zann topped Conservative candidate Scott Armstrong, himself a former MP for the riding, for a seat that was up for grabs following the retirement of Nova Scotia political legend Bill Casey.
“Wow, what a roller-coaster ride,” said Zann, calling it the most fun campaign she’s run.
Zann was previously an NDP MLA who resigned to run federally.
Zann said she believes a minority government where the Liberals govern with the support of the NDP and Greens will be healthy for the country.
“In many countries, what we call hung parliaments, or minorities, work very well.”
Fresh faces in Ottawa
First-time winner Kody Blois didn’t have to wait nearly as long in holding the riding of Kings-Hants for the Liberals.
The young lawyer, running in his first federal election, won the seat that essentially belonged to longtime MP Scott Brison, who announced his retirement from politics earlier this year.
Moments after arriving at what amounted to a victory party, Blois said it was a “surreal” and “incredible” feeling.
They’ll be joined in Ottawa by fellow first-time Liberal winner Mike Kelloway, who continues a Liberal hold on the Cape Breton-Canso seat following the retirement of veteran MP Rodger Cuzner. Kelloway bested a field of six other candidates that included former Tory MLA Alfie MacLeod.
Kelloway called for unity in his victory speech.
“No matter what sign you had on your lawn, right now we are all one community and that is the way we will need to move forward,” he said.
Why Alberta is considering severing ties with the RCMP
If the measure were to find support, Alberta would join Ontario, Quebec, and Newfoundland and Labrador as the only provinces to operate a provincial police force outside of the RCMP.
“We will invite the panel to explore the feasibility of establishing an Alberta provincial police force by ending the Alberta Police Service Agreement with the Government of Canada,” Kenney said during his speech.
Like much of what was announced Saturday, establishing a provincial police force is part of a bigger strategy to give Alberta greater autonomy from Ottawa.
“As Canada, at various times in history, has moved in the direction of having [provinces] who are looking for a bigger stake in their own governance, taking control of policing is important for those governments,” said Michael Kempa, a criminology professor at the University of Ottawa. “It’s a key component of the administration of justice, and something they would prefer not to leave to the federal government.”
But beyond a larger strategy of seeking to move powers from federal to provincial jurisdiction, how would police services be impacted in the province were this move to occur?
Outside of municipal police services in Alberta like those in Calgary and Edmonton, Alberta contracts its provincial police services from the RCMP.
As a federal police force operating across all of Canada, the responsibilities assigned to the RCMP are numerous — and that’s a challenge for any police service, Kempa said.
One agency may not be able to do all of those policing functions particularly well.– Michael Kempa, University of Ottawa criminology professor
“There’s been a raging debate around the RCMP for more than two decades as to whether or not they can continue to focus on federal policing issues alongside contracted provincial and sometimes municipal policing issues as well,” Kempa said. “One agency may not be able to do all of those different policing functions particularly well.”
Part of the appeal for a province seeking to distance itself from Ottawa is the centralization of police administration, according to Robert Gordon, a criminology professor at Simon Fraser University.
“It results in significant improvements because you’re working with a single system. Theoretically, it doesn’t involve Ottawa … there is far, far greater levels of control and accountability where everything is being dealt with out of Edmonton, or if you wanted, Calgary,” Gordon said. “Whereas at the moment, policing, priorities and standards are all driven by Ottawa.
“And of course, that is the last thing that an independent Alberta will want to have.”
RCMP representatives did not respond to requests for comment.
Any move to establish a provincial police force is likely to cost more, especially in its initial stages.
“It would cost more money, no doubt about that,” Gordon said. “And I’m not talking about startup money. You’re talking millions to transition over because you have to repaint the cars, change the uniforms, all that sort of stuff.”
Ongoing costs would also likely be higher than contracting policing out to the RCMP, Gordon said.
“They will be higher partly because provincial and municipal police services and non-RCMP are paid more highly,” he said. “[Here in British Columbia], if we were to switch over it wouldn’t be a hugely complicated thing to do, and we’ve got the resources and the infrastructure in place, but I don’t know about Alberta.”
It would cost more money, no doubt about that.– Robert Gordon, Simon Fraser University criminology professor
Despite those initial costs, Kempa said the presence of a local force could provide a return on investment.
“Even if you end up spending a little more, the hope would be that if you have it under provincial jurisdiction and directly accountable to local provincial police accountability bodies, you’re going to get a policing service tailored to the preferences, needs and standards of your territory,” he said.
Alberta has had its own police force before — the Alberta Provincial Police operated in the province from 1917 until 1932. It was replaced by the RCMP in 1932 as a cost-savings measure during the Great Depression, according to the Archives Society of Alberta.
As part of Kenney’s speech on Saturday, he reiterated a campaign pledge to create an Alberta Parole Board and take over responsibility for inmates from the Parole Board of Canada.
In such a scenario, existing correctional facilities would likely be restaffed, Gordon said.
“What you would find is that most of the existing federal staff would be staying in those facilities, and you could come to some kind of cost-sharing arrangement with the feds to ensure that there’s adequate coverage,” Gordon said. “I don’t see that as being a huge issue at all, in comparison with the policing side.”
Other measures the new Fair Deal Panel will study include:
- Establishing a provincial revenue agency by ending Alberta’s Federal-Provincial Tax Collection Agreement.
- Withdrawing from the Canada Pension Plan and establishing a provincial plan.
- Opting out of federal cost-sharing programs.
- Seeking an exchange of tax points for federal cash transfer.
- Establishing a formal provincial constitution.
- Appointing a Chief Firearms Office for the province.
The panel is set to hold a series of consultations between Nov. 16 and Jan. 30, before completing a report to government by March 31.
Jason Kenney says proposal to pull Alberta out of CPP due to hostility
He says bold action is needed because of unprecedented hostility from the federal and some provincial governments that are actively blocking Alberta’s economic future.
Should Alberta opt out of CPP and launch its own version of it?
Kenney didn’t campaign in the spring election on leaving the Canada Pension Plan and setting up a provincial one, but says Albertans would get a say through a referendum.
On the weekend, Kenney announced a panel to research and hold public meetings on whether Alberta should move toward a more independent role within Canada
He suggested steps such as creating a separate police force, establishing a provincial revenue agency and establishing a provincial constitution.
Kenney says Ottawa and some provinces are unfairly restricting Alberta’s oil and gas industry with what he calls regressive laws and policy roadblocks on pipelines.
Opposition NDP critic Sarah Hoffman says Kenney has strayed too far from his election mandate and Albertans didn’t vote “to have their pensions blown up.”
© 2019 The Canadian Press
Western alienation goes to Ottawa as Andrew Scheer and Scott Moe meet with Trudeau
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau got a firsthand blast of Western angst on Tuesday as he heard the complaints of Conservative leader Andrew Scheer and Saskatchewan Premier Scott Moe in separate private meetings.
With the Liberals planning to unveil a Throne Speech on Dec. 5, Trudeau will be meeting with opposition parties this week to look for common ground that will help keep his minority government propped up. The House is expected to sit for about seven days to take care of some routine business and introduce a middle-class tax cut, before breaking for the holidays.
For his meeting, Moe said he arrived in Ottawa in good faith to hear how Trudeau planned to make good on a promise he made on election night: that he understood and would address the frustrations of voters in Alberta and Saskatchewan who elected not a single Liberal MP between them on Oct. 21.
“I can tell you this, I did not hear that there was going to be anything different. I heard more of the same,” a disgruntled Moe told reporters after the meeting.
Moe brought the carbon tax to the top of the agenda as he met with Trudeau. Saskatchewan has been pursuing a legal case against the federal policy, arguing that it infringes on provincial jurisdiction.
Moe was also vocal about the carbon tax in his media availability after the meeting with Trudeau, saying he had asked Trudeau to “pause” the tax, which the prime minister rebuffed.
“We don’t see a commitment with respect to moving forward and putting a pause on the federally imposed carbon tax on industries in the provinces,” said Moe. “We have had a very trying harvest in Saskatchewan… there are some farmers that will have some very large carbon tax bills that are coming on the grain-drying costs.”
Moe also complained about the equalization program, saying it was unfair to provinces like Alberta, Saskatchewan and Newfoundland and Labrador. His neighbour to the west, Alberta Premier Jason Kenney, has threatened to hold a provincial referendum that would force a negotiation on the federal equalization program if the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion isn’t built.
Moe said the issue of “getting our goods to market,” was the third item he raised with Trudeau.
The meeting with Scheer began with an awkward handshake and photo opportunity as the two men transition from a fractious election campaign last month to the forced collegiality of a minority Parliament. As the cameras rolled, the two men stood about two feet apart with tight smiles, before shooing the media out of the meeting room.
Scheer and Trudeau spoke about their mutual desire for a middle-class tax cut, the ratification of the USMCA trade deal with the United States and the construction of the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion, a senior Liberal adviser said. Scheer told Trudeau that Canadians don’t trust that he’ll build the pipeline, with Trudeau responding that the sole reason the government bought the pipeline was to get it built.
“You could help us,” Trudeau told Scheer.
Trudeau and Scheer also found common ground on a home renovation tax credit.
Speaking to reporters after the meeting, Scheer said he was happy to lay out his priorities but emphasized that it was the prime minister’s job to get his Throne Speech passed in the House.
“It’s not up to us to support this government,” said Scheer, in French. “The responsibility lies with Mr. Trudeau when it comes to finding common ground.”
The Conservative leader did lay out some more areas where he thinks the Liberal priorities overlap with his own. Both parties promised hefty middle-class tax cuts during the campaign, which cost roughly the same amount, although they would be implemented in different ways and have slightly different outcomes. The Liberal tax plan was slightly more generous to taxpayers at the lower end of the income scale and would take about 700,000 people off the federal income tax rolls completely.
Scheer also mentioned plans for subway line expansions in Toronto and tax-free benefits for parental leave as areas where the Liberal policy could be appealing to the Conservative Party.
One area where the Liberal government and the Conservative opposition are sure to disagree is over previously-passed legislation that affects the energy sector. Scheer said he wants Trudeau to repeal Bill C-69, the legislation that overhauls the review process for major energy projects, and Bill C-48, which imposes an oil tanker moratorium off the north of B.C.’s coast. Both bills have attracted widespread opposition in Alberta and Saskatchewan.
“I specifically mentioned that those two pieces of legislation were aimed, if you take him at his word, at instilling confidence in the energy sector,” said Scheer. “We can see with the billions of dollars leaving Canada to build energy projects in other countries that those two pieces of legislation have not had the desired impact. They are certainly leading to the uncertainty and the lack of confidence in the energy sector.”
Scheer’s other demands included a task force on a proposed cross-Canada energy corridor, stronger penalties for ethics violations and a single tax return for Quebecers, which were all highly-publicized Conservative campaign promises. Notably, the Conservative demands did not include any mention of the carbon tax, which Scheer had said during the campaign he would repeal if his party formed government.
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