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9 helpful facts everyone should know about back pain – Comox Valley Record – Comox Valley Record



If you’ve been dealing with back pain, you’re not alone.

About 80 per cent of people will experience an episode of back pain at some point in their life. Unfortunately, many misconceptions persist about back pain – some reinforced by the media, others by industry groups and well-meaning clinicians. As a result, these beliefs can spiral into unhelpful behaviours.

But while back pain can feel scary, it’s rarely a life-threatening medical condition, and needn’t control your life, says Dr. Caedan Chau, of Fit Chiropractic & Sport Therapy in Courtenay who shares 9 facts about back pain.

1. Aging isn’t a cause of back pain

Age doesn’t predispose you to pain. We often hear that getting older can worsen back pain, but the evidence does not support this.

“Most episodes of pain improve over time, and don’t worsen as we age,” Dr. Chau says. “In fact, the highest prevalence of back pain occurs between our 30s and 50s, and starts to decrease as we get into our golden years.”

2. Persistent back pain is rarely associated with serious tissue damage

Our backs are very strong and resilient, with tissue damage healing a lot faster than we think.

“Within three months, tissues are on the way to being healed,” Dr. Chau says. “A majority of back pain begins with everyday movements, so it may be more related to stress, fatigue, lack of exercise, previous experiences and fears. Our nervous system has a way of turning the volume of pain up or down based on these factors – making the back more sensitive to movement and loading.”

3. Scans rarely show the cause of back pain

Many scary-sounding things are reported on scans that aren’t necessarily associated with the pain being felt, such as disc bulges, degeneration, herniated discs and arthritis. Scans don’t mention that these findings are also commonly found in people without back pain.

“Unfortunately, when people are told these findings are the cause of their pain, they believe their back is damaged, and become fearful and avoidant of activities they love,” Dr. Chau says. “Instead, try thinking about these findings as ‘wrinkles in the back,’ common findings in the majority of spines (with or without pain) rather than debilitating, scary conditions.”

4. Pain with exercise and movement doesn’t mean you’re doing harm

With pain, the spine and surrounding muscles can become very sensitive to touch and movement. Pain during exercise is a reflection of this hypersensitivity, not damage of the tissues.

“Exercise is one of the best things you can do to help treat back pain!” Dr. Chau says. “It’s safe and normal to feel some pain when you start moving – it will often settle as you become more active. Exercise also relaxes the muscles, improves mood, and strengthens the immune system, keeping your body and mind strong and healthy.”

Patient-centred education, physical activity, manual therapy and improving mental health is more beneficial than extreme measures for back pain, in the long term.

5. Back pain is not caused by poor posture

It may be hard to believe, but there’s no specific posture shown to prevent back pain!

“Everyone’s body is different,” Dr. Chau says. “Some find slouching painful, while others find sitting upright uncomfortable. Current research shows that how we sit, stand and bend doesn’t cause back pain, even if these movements are painful. Varying postures throughout the day is healthy for the back, and highly recommended. It’s safe to perform everyday tasks with a round back and a straight back!”

6. Back pain is not caused by a ‘weak core’

Weak ‘core’ muscles are not associated with back pain.

“In fact, people often tense their ‘core’ to protect themselves from pain,” Dr. Chau says. “It sounds counterintuitive, but this can actually worsen back pain. Imagine moving with a clenched fist after spraining your wrist – how painful would that be!? It’s important to control ‘core’ muscles and use them when needed. Bracing and guarding when in pain isn’t always helpful. Learn to relax your back and ‘core’ during daily tasks.”

7. Backs don’t wear out with everyday loading and bending

Our backs are built to bend, twist and lift.

“Loading the back makes it stronger and more resilient,” Dr. Chau says. “Someone can strain their back lifting something heavy, but that doesn’t mean this movement should be avoided. Gradual and regular loading of the back can help build tolerance, and is completely safe. Many people begin to start running after spraining an ankle – loading the joints again, even after injury, makes them stronger and healthier.”

8. Pain flare-ups don’t mean you’re doing damage

Pain flare-ups are scary and frustrating. Often they come on with everyday movements, and not from injury.

“Similar to headaches, back pain triggers include stress, tension, poor sleep, dehydration and lack of exercise. Improving these factors can help prevent or lessen the intensity of flare-ups.”

9. Extreme measures aren’t usually a cure

Spine injections, surgery and opioids usually aren’t very effective for back pain in the long run, and negative side-effects often outweigh any pain-relief.

“A more conservative approach can be more effective, cheaper and safer than extreme measures,” Dr. Chau says. “Patient-centred education, physical activity, manual therapy and improving mental health is more beneficial in the long term.”

Reframing beliefs about back pain and creating a positive mindset can help decrease pain, build confidence and lessen fear.

Follow Fit Chiropractic & Sport Therapy on Facebook and contact the team at


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Health unit suspends 1,900 students for incomplete immunization records – Windsor Star



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More than 1,900 elementary school students in Windsor and Essex County have been suspended for out-of-date immunization records, the Windsor-Essex County Health Unit said Monday.

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Parents must provide the health unit with an up-to-date immunization record for the suspension to be lifted and the student to return to school. Immunization clinics are available at both health unit locations in Windsor and Leamington on Monday and throughout this week, while immunization records are accepted in-person between 8:30 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. Monday to Friday at both locations.


Students who were suspended but attend and receive vaccinations at the health unit clinics, or who update their records with the health unit, will receive a notice and can return to school the same day.

Proof of immunization can also be submitted online at Primary care providers can also send immunization records to the health unit at 519-258-7288.

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The Immunization of School Pupils Act requires local health units to maintain and review vaccination records for all students and to enforce school suspensions if records are incomplete. These routine immunizations are often administered by primary care providers, but records must still be updated and on file with the health unit.

The review of student immunization records began in December 2022, when more than 12,000 students received notice their records were not up to date.

Earlier this month the health unit warned 3,200 students faced suspension for incomplete records; ultimately 1,908 were suspended on Monday, according to health officials.

Visit for information and clinic times.

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COVID-19 hair loss: Experts weigh in on PRP therapy – CTV News



The list of ways a COVID-19 infection disrupts the body’s natural functions is long and diverse, and, as Viktorya Skrypnyk’s clients have come to learn, includes hair loss.

Skrypnyk is a registered nurse who owns and operates VBeauty Spa, a medical aesthetic clinic in Toronto. The last two years have sent a parade of people through the doors of her clinic struggling with hair loss they say began after a COVID-19 infection.

“Lately, I do see that there’s people that are coming in that have no history of hair loss in the family, no history of alopecia that are developing these symptoms of alopecia within last few years,” she told on Friday. “Most of them are saying that they generally noticed an increase in the year loss specifically after acquiring COVID.”


Multiple published studies have shown COVID infections can trigger a type of hair shedding called telogen effluvium (TE). With TE, thinning typically occurs around the top of the head.

When clients suffering from TE come to Skrypnyk, it’s usually for a treatment she offers known as platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy. Before the pandemic, Skrypnyk estimates 70 per cent of her PRP therapy clients were men. Now?

“Lately I’ve noticed, after COVID especially, it’s been more popular among women,” she said.


Platelet-rich plasma therapy is a form of regenerative medicine that uses a patient’s own blood cells – specifically platelets – to accelerate healing in a specific area of the body.

Plasma is the liquid portion of blood; the medium that carries red and white blood cells and platelets through the body. It’s made mostly of water and proteins. Platelets are blood cells that aid in blood clotting and contain a naturally-occurring substance called growth factor, which stimulates cell growth and wound healing.

In PRP therapy, a patient’s blood is collected and spun in a centrifuge to concentrate the platelet component of the blood. The patient’s own platelet-rich plasma is then injected into an area of the body that needs help with growth or healing, like an injured muscle or, in some cases, a scalp losing hair.

“We usually withdraw the platelets and re-inject them back into the hairline, specifically where there’s a lot of hair loss,” Skrypnyk said.

PRP meets the definition of a drug under Canada’s Food and Drugs Act, but isn’t covered by provincial health insurance plans. At VBeauty Spa, a treatment typically costs $600, though other clinics may charge more or less.

According to an entry by doctors Neera Nathan and Maryanne Makredes Senna in the Harvard Health Blog, most of the research on PRP for hair loss has looked at its use to treat androgenetic alopecia, also known as hormone-related baldness. Androgenetic alopecia affects both men and women, resulting in balding at the crown and front of the head in men, and balding that begins with a widening of the part in women.

“There is not enough evidence to make conclusions about the effectiveness of PRP for other types of hair loss, like telogen effluvium, alopecia areata or forms of scarring hair loss,” Nathan and Senna wrote.


A person can elect to receive PRP therapy for any type of hair loss, but Dr. Jeff Donovan cautions it should only be considered as a second- or third-line treatment for most patients and most types of hair loss.

“PRP is very popular, but the overwhelming message that I would have is that there is no hair loss condition for which PRP is the first-line option,” Donovan told in a phone interview on Friday.

Donovan is a dermatologist and member of the Canadian Dermatology Association who specializes in hair loss. Like Skrypnyk, he sometimes treats patients using PRP therapy. However, he rarely uses it to treat the type of hair loss most commonly linked to COVID-19 infections – telogen effluvium – and he never prescribes it as a first-line treatment.

For one thing, he explained, TE normally resolves on its own after four to eight months, as long as the condition that triggered it has resolved. It often doesn’t respond to the typical hair loss treatments.

“Telogen effluvium is a hair loss condition that happens due to a trigger,” Donovan told on Friday. “The treatment for telogen effluvium involves treating the trigger, not a bandaid with some other treatment plan.”

If a patient’s TE was triggered by low iron, treatment would involve restoring their iron levels, he said. Likewise, TE triggered by a thyroid condition, or a condition like anorexia nervosa, should resolve after the underlying condition has been treated.

In rare cases, Donovan will recommend PRP therapy for a patient suffering from TE for which an underlying cause can’t be pinpointed. More often, he’ll recommend it for patients suffering from other types of hair loss, but even then, only after exhausting other treatment options.

“When we speak about treatment for hair loss, we must speak about what is the first line treatment, what is the second line treatment and what is the third line treatment,” he said. “These are treatment ladders according to evidence-based medicine.”

For a client with alopecia areata, a type of hair loss that results in circular bald patches, Donovan said the first-line treatments are topical steroid injections and topical minoxidil, which is the active ingredient in Rogaine. For genetic hair loss or androgenetic hair loss, Donovan would first recommend oral and topical minoxidil as well as topical and oral anti-androgens.

Among clients who do end up using PRP therapy, Donovan said between 20 and 40 per cent will see mild benefits, such as a slower rate of hair loss or some modest growth. In order for PRP therapy to provide long-term benefits, however, Donovan said clients typically need to return for treatments three times per year, indefinitely.

Like Skrypnyk, Donovan has noticed more people seeking out PRP therapy for TE in the past year or two. However, he cautions against shelling out for the treatment before speaking to a doctor.

“Due to the popular nature of PRP and the marketing that goes into PRP, there has been an increase in the number of patients demanding that therapy,” he said. “However, that is not necessarily reflective of the benefit of the treatment. Nor is it reflective of how these conditions should be managed based on current scientific evidence.”

Instead, Dovovan said anyone who has hair loss concerns should start by seeking a diagnosis from their usual health-care provider, who can screen for underlying triggers and suggest treatments.

“In my practice, I really prefer when patients come after having tried several therapies,” he said, “because then I get a sense of how well the hair is responding to certain types of treatments.” 

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'Worrisome' deadly fungus spreading through US at alarming rate – Sky News



A drug-resistant and potentially deadly fungus is spreading rapidly through US health facilities, according to a government study.

Researchers from the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported the fungus, a type of yeast called Candida auris or C. auris, can cause severe illness in people with weakened immune systems.

The number of people diagnosed, as well as the number who were found through screening to be carrying C. auris, has been rising at an alarming rate since the fungus was first reported in the US in 2016.

A strain of Candida auris cultured in a petri dish at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 2019

The fungus was identified in 2009 in Asia, but scientists have said C. auris first appeared around the world about a decade earlier.

Dr Meghan Lyman, chief medical officer of the CDC’s mycotic diseases branch, said the increases, “especially in the most recent years, are really concerning to us”.

“We’ve seen increases not just in areas of ongoing transmission, but also in new areas,” she said.

Dr Lyman also said she was concerned about the increasing number of fungus samples resistant to the common treatments for it.

More on United States

Dr Waleed Javaid, an epidemiologist and director of infection prevention and control at Mount Sinai Downtown in New York, said the fungus was “worrisome”.

“But we don’t want people who watched ‘The Last Of Us’ to think we’re all going to die,” Dr Javaid said.

“This is an infection that occurs in extremely ill individuals who are usually sick with a lot of other issues.”

Read more:
Is The Last Of Us’ real ‘zombie’ fungus an actual threat?

The fungus, which can be found on the skin and throughout the body, is not a threat to healthy people.

But about one-third of people who become sick with C. auris die.

The fungus has been detected in more than half of all US states. The number of infections in the US increased by 95% between 2020 and 2021.

Read more:
Species of fungus discovered in Scotland
Fungal infections ‘increased significantly’ during COVID pandemic

The new research comes as Mississippi is facing a growing outbreak of the fungus.

Since November, 12 people in the state have been infected with four “potentially associated deaths”, according to the state’s health department.

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