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Blue Moon 2020: Facts about October Full ‘Halloween Blue’ Moon – Time Bulletin

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October Full ‘Blue’ Moon will be found in the Halloween night sky on October 31. A Blue Moon is a second full moon in a calendar month. The last time such a wonder was seen on Halloween was in 1944 and as indicated by NASA the next Halloween Blue Moon will happen in 2039! Halloween comes every year, however this year it’s definitely ‘once in a blue moon.’

What Is The Blue Moon?

The Blue Moon is a phenomenon where two full Moons show up in the same month. At the point when this occurs, the second Moon to create the impression that month will be known as the Blue Moon. Generally, this happens when there are 31 days in a month. It can likewise occur in a 30-day month, as it occurred on June 30 in 2007. For the most part, there are 12 full Moons in a year. Be that as it may, when a Blue Moon happens, there are 13 full Moons in a year.

This Blue Moon is otherwise called the Hunter’s Moon since it gives a lot of moonlight to hunters to gather meat for the winters. Obviously, this occurs as the Earth’s elliptical makes the smallest angle regarding the horizon while inevitably making the Moon seeming, by all accounts, to be sparkling and enlightening at its fullest.

As indicated by NASA, a Blue Moon is the second full moon in a calendar month. Basically, it is being known as a Blue Moon since it will be the second of two full Moons to happen in a single calendar month.

Full moons are isolated by 29 days, while most months are 30 or 31 days in length; so it is conceivable to fit two full moons in a single month. In some cases, the blue moon likewise happens in a 30-days month as it showed up on June 30, 2007, and is set to occur next on September 30, 2050.

In the recent past, the blue-coloured moon was located in 2018 on January 31 and on March 31 while it will be seen in the immediate future just on August 31, 2023. At whatever point a Blue Moon happens, the total of full moons for that specific year becomes 13 which usually stays 12 under typical conditions.

Be that as it may, the color of the Blue Moon won’t really be blue and it will seem like it would some other day. This Blue Moon will look pale grey and white – simply like the moon on some other night.

Why Is It Called Blue Moon?

The name has got something to do with the phrase ‘once in a blue moon’. As indicated by the Nasa, in 1883 an Indonesian volcano named Krakatoa detonated sending plumes of ash clouds into the sky. These clouds contain particles of the perfect size to disperse away red light. This made the Moon seem blue. A rare event.

Presently, we generally observe 12 Full Moons in a year – three every four seasons. Nonetheless, since each Full Moon is isolated by 29.5 days, this implies that it takes 354 days for the Moon to finish the 12 full phases. The extra days of the year keep accumulating until once every two-and-a-half years, 13 Full Moons show up in one calendar year. This ‘extra’ Full Moon is a rare event thus it came to be known as a Blue Moon.

Will the moon be blue?

No. The term has nothing to do with the apparent color of the moon. A blue moon—a casual and generally recent term for the second full moon in a calendar month—occurs about once every two-and-a-half years (2.7), per NASA. A full moon shows up at 29.53-day intervals, so a full moon must land in the first hours of a given month for a blue moon to happen. On account of that interval, it’s conceivable that February has no full moon at all on occasion, as will occur in 2037, and that prompts two blue moons in a single calendar year.

The primary thing to comprehend about the Blue Moon is that it won’t generally look blue! If it seems blue, it occurs because of the dust and smoke particles in the Earth’s atmosphere. NASA clarifies that these particles ought to be more extensive than 900 nanometers to influence the scattering of red light in the sky, which thus causes the Moon to seem blue.

The October 31 Blue Moon will generally likely be bright and white like all Full Moons are. Nonetheless, similar to we clarified above, a blue-colored Moon is a chance yet requires certain atmospheric conditions that refract light beams perfectly.

How To Watch Blue Moon In India?

If the sky is clear with less pollution, the Blue Moon ought to be clearly visible in the sky. To take note of, the Blue Moon tonight (October 31) will arrive at a peak at 8:19 PM, which should give watchers an extraordinary view. NASA likewise noticed that the Blue Moon this time will show up near Mars. Since it’s likewise Halloween night, one can appreciate the view if the skies are clear.

Once In A Blue Moon

Blue Moon is all the more ordinarily used from a notorious perspective: “Once in a Blue Moon”, which refers to something rare. The October 31 full Moon matches with Halloween, it’s really once in a Blue Moon this year!

Likewise, seeing Blue Moon showing up upon the arrival of Halloween makes it all the additionally enticing because the last Halloween Blue Moon occurred long in 1944 while the next such Halloween Blue Moon will be located in 2039. Then again, the blue-colored moon was normally sighted last in 2018 on January 31 and on March 31 while it will be seen in the immediate future on August 31 in 2023.

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VIDEO: Massive fireball lights up the sky in parts of Canada and the US – KamloopsBCNow

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Some people in parts of Canada and the United States witnessed a massive fireball streak through the sky yesterday.

Witnesses reported seeing a flash of light, and the moment was also caught on camera.

Footage from the EarthCam at the CN Tower in Toronto shows the flash of light and points out the meteor-like object soar through the sky.

The Geminid meteor shower is taking place this month, and promises to be one of the most active meteor showers of the year.

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Nasa sets prices for Moon dust – Bangkok Post

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Nasa has awarded contracts to four companies to collect lunar samples.

WASHINGTON: The US space agency Nasa awarded contracts to four companies on Thursday to collect lunar samples for US$1 to $15,000, rock-bottom prices that are intended to set a precedent for future exploitation of space resources by the private sector.

“I think it’s kind of amazing that we can buy lunar regolith from four companies for a total of $25,001,” said Phil McAlister, director of Nasa’s Commercial Spaceflight Division.

The contracts are with Lunar Outpost of Golden, Colorado for $1; ispace Japan of Tokyo for $5,000; ispace Europe of Luxembourg for $5,000; and Masten Space Systems of Mojave, California for $15,000.

The companies plan to carry out the collection during already scheduled unmanned missions to the Moon in 2022 and 2023.

The firms are to collect a small amount of lunar soil known as regolith from the Moon and to provide imagery to NASA of the collection and the collected material.

Ownership of the lunar soil will then be transferred to NASA and it will become the “sole property of NASA for the agency’s use under the Artemis program.”

Under the Artemis program, Nasa plans to land a man and a woman on the Moon by 2024 and lay the groundwork for sustainable exploration and an eventual mission to Mars.

“The precedent is a very important part of what we’re doing today,” said Mike Gold, NASA’s acting associate administrator for international and interagency relations.

“We think it’s very important to establish the precedent that the private sector entities can extract, can take these resources but Nasa can purchase and utilize them to fuel not only NASA’s activities, but a whole new dynamic era of public and private development and exploration on the Moon,” Gold said.

“We must learn to generate our own water, air and even fuel,” he said. “Living off the land will enable ambitious exploration activities that will result in awe inspiring science and unprecedented discoveries.”

Any lessons learned on the Moon would be crucial to an eventual mission to Mars.

“Human mission to Mars will be even more demanding and challenging than our lunar operations, which is why it’s so critical to learn from our experiences on the Moon and apply those lessons to Mars,” Gold said.

“We want to demonstrate explicitly that you can extract, you can utilize resources, and that we will be conducting those activities in full compliance with the Outer Space Treaty,” he said. “That’s the precedent that’s important. It’s important for America to lead, not just in technology, but in policy.”

The United States is seeking to establish a precedent because there is currently no international consensus on property rights in space and China and Russia have not reached an understanding with the United States on the subject.

The 1967 Outer Space Treaty is vague but it deems outer space to be “not subject to national appropriation by claim of sovereignty, by means of use or occupation, or by any other means.”

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Chinese moon mission begins return to earth with lunar rocks – Global News

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A Chinese spacecraft lifted off from the moon Thursday night with a load of lunar rocks, the first stage of its return to Earth, the government space agency reported.

Chang’e 5, the third Chinese spacecraft to land on the moon and the first to take off from it again, is the latest in a series of increasingly ambitious missions for Beijing’s space program, which also has an orbiter and rover headed to Mars.

Read more:
Chinese robot probe sent to retrieve lunar rocks lands on the moon, officials say

The Chang’e 5 touched down Tuesday on the Sea of Storms on the moon’s near side. Its mission: collect about two kilograms (four pounds) of lunar rocks and bring them back to Earth, the first return of samples since Soviet spacecraft did so in the 1970s. Earlier, the U.S. Apollo astronauts brought back hundreds of pounds of moon rocks.

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The landing site is near a formation called the Mons Rumker and may contain rocks billions of years younger than those retrieved earlier.

The ascent vehicle lifted off from the moon shortly after 11 p.m. Beijing time Thursday (1500 GMT) and was due to rendezvous with a return vehicle in lunar orbit, then transfer the samples to a capsule, according to the China National Space Administration. The moon rocks and debris were sealed inside a special canister to avoid contamination.

It wasn’t clear when the linkup would occur. After the transfer, the ascent module would be ejected and the capsule would remain in lunar orbit for about a week, awaiting the optimal time to make the trip back to Earth.

Chinese officials have said the capsule with the samples is due to land on Earth around the middle of the month. Touchdown is planned for the grasslands of Inner Mongolia, where China’s astronauts have made their return in Shenzhou spacecraft.

Chang’e 5’s lander, which remained on the moon, was capable of scooping samples from the surface and drilling two metres (about six feet).

While retrieving samples was its main task, the lander also was equipped to extensively photograph the area, map conditions below the surface with ground penetrating radar and analyze the lunar soil for minerals and water content.

Read more:
China’s lunar rover finds unknown ‘gel-like’ substance on the far side of the moon

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Right before the ascent vehicle lifted off, the lander unfurled what the space administration called the first free-standing Chinese flag on the moon. The agency posted an image — apparently taken from the lander — of the ascend vehicle firing its engines as it took off.

Chang’e 5 has revived talk of China one day sending astronauts to the moon and possibly building a scientific base there, although no timeline has been proposed for such projects.

China launched its first temporary orbiting laboratory in 2011 and a second in 2016. Plans call for a permanent space station after 2022, possibly to be serviced by a reusable space plane.

While China is boosting co-operation with the European Space Agency and others, interactions with NASA are severely limited by U.S. concerns over the secretive nature and close military links of the Chinese program.

© 2020 The Canadian Press

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