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Caledon aerospace company sending cameras to the moon – Yahoo News Canada

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A local technology company is getting a once in a lifetime trip.

Canadensys Aerospace Corporation, alongside Quebec-based company NGC Aerospace LTD, is being supported with funding to conduct a technology demonstration on the Moon.

The Canadian Space Agency (CSA) is committing $3.3 million to support the two companies in the first ever trip to the Moon for a Canadian technology demonstration in lunar orbit. 

Canadensys Aerospace Corporation works and supports exploration missions organized by both the government and commercial organizations by providing systems specifically tailored for extended performance and longevity in the lunar environment, from long-range mobility and enhanced situational awareness to lunar night survival and shadowed region operations. 

“Canadensys Aerospace Corporation is a space systems and services company with a focus on high reliability missions from Earth orbit out to the Moon, Mars and beyond,” said Canadensys founder and CEO Christian Sallaberger. “Canadensys also provides robust high-performance spacecraft systems to international commercial customers.”

$2.4 million is being awarded to the local aerospace company, who is planning to develop a 360-degree camera that will capture images of the Moon’s surface, while $840,000 is going to the Quebec company for their planetary navigation system demonstration.

The camera will be able to capture images and videos, as well as being able to live monitor and inspect the lunar surface for future guidance and instruction for any rovers to prepare for human missions. 

“These cameras are very compact but also very robust and capable. They have been designed to survive lunar night, which is colder than -200 degree Celsius.  We test each of them in our cryogenic test chambers in our Caledon facility. On top that, they have to withstand the high radiation environment on the Moon,” explained Sallaberger. 

The cameras are tested for radiation at the University of British Columbia, who also look into the camera’s ability to withstand abrasive dust, and the image processing and compression to ensure successful transmission of images and videos back to the team here on Earth.

Sallaberger added, “As it happens, the moon has just about one of the harshest environments in the solar system, so if a system can survive lunar night, it is almost bullet-proof in environments such as low-earth orbit.  For this reason, we have quite some demand for our lunar designed cameras, computers, and other systems from customers that want very robust and high-performance systems for their satellites and spacecraft in earth orbit.”

Canadensys Aerospace is excited for the opportunity and grateful for the funding from the government to be able to provide growth and lunar exploration through imagery, and to continue the dedicated work of exploring the lunar orbit. 

“We feel very privileged and humbled to have been selected for this funding contribution by the Canadian Space Agency,” he said. “The camera technology we are launching to the Moon build on Canadian innovation and know-how developed thanks to the past vision, commitment, and support of both the Canadian Space Agency’s space exploration program and Canadian Department of National Defence’s IDEaS innovation program.”

These two technologies are stated to allow new commercial opportunities as well as advance Canadian space industry for future Moon exploration. CSA is consistently working alongside those in the space community to continue research and development and space innovation.

The launch is planned for April 2024. 

“In supporting the Canadian space sector, our government is committed to the growth and career development of tomorrow’s industry leaders. Not only will this funding put Canada on the Moon, but it will also help strengthen Canada’s R&D capabilities, advance our scientific knowledge, and put Canada in a prime position for further space exploration,” said Navdeep Bains, Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry. 

The funding to support these two companies comes from the CSA’s Lunar Exploration Accelerator Program (LEAP), in which $150 million is being invested over the next five year to assist new technologies to develop and be tested out in the lunar atmosphere.

“We couldn’t be prouder and more excited to be able to deliver a return on the government’s investment while also ensuring that Canadians will now have a way to share in the journey as the world goes back to the Moon,” said Sallaberger. 

For more information on Canadensys Aerospace and the work they do, please visit canadensys.com. 

Alyssa Parkhill, Local Journalism Initiative Reporter, Caledon Citizen

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China's sample-return Moon mission touches down – BBC News

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.css-1ecljvk-StyledFigureCopyrightposition:absolute;bottom:0;right:0;background:#3F3F42;color:#EEEEEE;padding:0.25rem 0.5rem;text-transform:uppercase;CNSA

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.css-14iz86j-BoldTextfont-weight:bold;China has successfully put another probe on the Moon.

Its robotic .css-yidnqd-InlineLink:linkcolor:#3F3F42;.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visitedcolor:#696969;.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visitedfont-weight:bolder;border-bottom:1px solid #BABABA;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:focus,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:focusborder-bottom-color:currentcolor;border-bottom-width:2px;color:#B80000;@supports (text-underline-offset:0.25em).css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visitedborder-bottom:none;-webkit-text-decoration:underline #BABABA;text-decoration:underline #BABABA;-webkit-text-decoration-thickness:1px;text-decoration-thickness:1px;-webkit-text-decoration-skip-ink:none;text-decoration-skip-ink:none;text-underline-offset:0.25em;.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:hover,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:link:focus,.css-yidnqd-InlineLink:visited:focus-webkit-text-decoration-color:currentcolor;text-decoration-color:currentcolor;-webkit-text-decoration-thickness:2px;text-decoration-thickness:2px;color:#B80000;Chang’e-5 mission touched down a short while ago with the aim of collecting samples of rock and dust to bring back to Earth.

The venture has targeted Mons Rümker, a high volcanic complex in a nearside region known as Oceanus Procellarum.

The lander is expected to spend the next couple of days examining its surroundings and gathering up surface materials.

It has a number of instruments to facilitate this, including a camera, spectrometer, radar, a scoop and a drill.

The intention is to package about 2kg of “soil”, or regolith, to send up to an orbiting vehicle that can then transport the samples to Earth.

It’s 44 years since this was last achieved. That was the Soviet Luna 24 mission, which picked up just under 200g.

Unlike the launch of the mission a week ago, the landing was not covered live by Chinese TV channels.

Only after the touchdown was confirmed did they break into their programming to relay the news.

Images taken on the descent were quickly released with the final frame showing one of the probe’s legs casting a shadow on to the dusty lunar surface.

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The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites.View original tweet on Twitter

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Moon graphic

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Presentational white space

The 8.2-tonne Chang’e-5 spacecraft “stack” was launched from the Wenchang spaceport in southern China on 24 November (local time). It arrived above the Moon at the weekend and then set about circularising its orbit before splitting in two.

One half – a service vehicle and return module – stayed in orbit, while a lander-ascender segment was prepared for a touchdown attempt.

Chinese authorities say this lander-ascender element put down on the Moon’s surface at about 15:15 GMT (23:15 China Standard Time), after a 15-minute automated descent, controlled by the thrust of a 7,500-newton engine.

It follows China’s two previous Moon landings – Chang’e-3 in 2013 and Chang’e-4 last year. Both of these earlier missions incorporated a static lander and small rover.

A total of just under 400kg of rock and soil were retrieved by American Apollo astronauts and the Soviets’ robotic Luna programme – the vast majority of these materials coming back with the crewed missions.

But all these samples were very old – more than three billion years in age. The Mons Rümker materials, on the other hand, promise to be no more than 1.2 or 1.3 billion years old. And this should provide additional insights on the geological history of the Moon.

The samples will also allow scientists to more precisely calibrate the “chronometer” they use to age surfaces on the inner Solar System planets.

This is done by counting craters (the more craters, the older the surface), but it depends on having some definitive dating at a number of locations, and the Apollo and Soviet samples were key to this. Chang’e-5 would offer a further data point.

Reports from China suggest the effort to retrieve surface samples may last no longer than a couple of days. Any retrieved materials will be blasted back into orbit on the ascent portion of the landing mechanism, and then transferred across to the service vehicle and placed in the return module.

The orbiter will shepherd the return module to the Earth’s vicinity, jettisoning it to make an atmospheric entry and landing in the Siziwang Banner grasslands of the autonomous region of Inner Mongolia. This is where China’s astronauts also return to Earth.

“Chang’e-5 is a very complex mission,” commented Dr James Carpenter, exploration science coordinator for human and robotic exploration at the European Space Agency.

“I think it’s extremely impressive what they’re trying to do. And what I think is fascinating is you see this very systematic, step by step approach to increasing their exploration capabilities – from the early Chang’e missions to this latest one.”

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Jonathan.Amos-INTERNET@bbc.co.uk and follow me on Twitter: @BBCAmos

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Alphabet"s UK subsidiary DeepMind makes breakthrough protein shape discovery – Proactive Investors USA & Canada

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DeepMind, a London-based subsidiary of Google’s owner Alphabet Inc, has been praised by the global scientific community after solving a 50-year-old challenge in biology. 

Its artificial intelligence system AlphaFold has figured out what shapes proteins fold into, the so-called ‘folding problem’. 

It is a major scientific breakthrough because it allows to better understand what a protein does and how it works, since its shape is closely correlated with its function. 

Proteins are the ‘building blocks of life’ because they underpin the biological processes in every living thing. 

There are currently around 200mln known proteins and another 30mln is found every year.  

Each of them has their own shape and it is often expensive and time-consuming to find their 3D composition, so we know only a fraction of the millions known to science. 

Proteins are made of amino acids, which make the protein to fold when they interact, meaning there are nearly infinite possibilities for shapes. 

AlphaFold was trained on the sequences and structures of 100,000+ proteins mapped out by scientists around the world and can now predict a protein’s shape based on the sequence of amino acids. 

As a result, scientists worldwide will have extra help in finding solutions, such as developing treatments for diseases or finding enzymes that break down industrial waste, because of the key role of proteins.  

The system was officially recognised as a solution to the issue by the biennial Critical Assessment of protein Structure Prediction, a community created in 1994 by scientists that were looking to solve the protein folding problem. 

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Farrell calls for consideration of city bylaw to stop street harassment in Calgary – Calgary Herald

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Article content continued

Some other Canadian cities have rules to deal with street harassment. In London, Ont., you can be fined for using “abusive or insulting language” in a public space.

Street harassment takes many forms, from unwanted sexual comments to whistling to flashing or groping, and it’s based on someone’s perceived gender or sexual identity. It’s a point of focus for gender equity advocates, as an example of how control tactics make people feel unsafe in public spaces.

Sagesse executive director Andrea Silverstone said Monday that street harassment can’t be dismissed as one-off comments or isolated incidents.

“It’s a structured pattern of behaviour that occurs in society that makes certain people feel unsafe,” she said. “Whether they’re women or 2SLGBTQ individuals or visible minorities feeling unsafe on the street.”

Jake Stika, executive director of Next Gen Men, said street harassment is a symptom of how boys absorb the message that being a man is about power and dominance, and they start defining their interactions that way.

Street harassment, he explains, is overwhelmingly perpetuated by men, but men are also key to stopping it.

“It’s not a women’s issue. Women are impacted by it … but what we need to do as guys is take this up as our issue,” he said. “We’re the problem, but we’re also the solution.”

Stika’s organization works to redefine manhood and masculinity with youth and community programs as part of working “upstream” to stop gender-based violence and improve men’s health and relationships.

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