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Call in the night mayor? Ottawa seeks out plans to improve 'nightlife' economy as industry calls for better collaboration on transportation, safety – Ottawa Citizen



“Those in the know … know places to go, but I think we can all as a city do better in sharing those hidden gems and make them not so hidden anymore.”

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The City of Ottawa is reviewing proposals to improve its ‘nightlife’ economy in hopes of better positioning Canada’s capital as the ideal place to both work and play.


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“Cities with vibrant nightlife economies are able to differentiate themselves from other places,” city economic development officer Jamie Hurst said in an interview, citing benefits that flow from  a vibrant nightlife like improved job creation, talent attraction, economic growth and tourism.

In October, the city solicited requests for proposals to design a “nightlife economic strategy,” with a deadline of Nov. 2. The city confirmed Thursday that it had received three proposal submissions and its budget to develop the strategy would be $75,000.

For the most part, Ottawa has focused on economic activities that happen during the day, according to Hurst, leaving nightlife to be managed in a “much less formal manner.”


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Creating an “umbrella” strategy that considers all the players involved in the city nightlife works much better than leaving it to individual businesses to do “their own thing,” said Jantine Van Kregten, Ottawa Tourism’s director of communications.

The city’s nightlife scene involves “a really unique overlap of groups that don’t always talk to each other,” she said.

“This is kind of the sweet spot (between industries).”

Van Kregten says Ottawa’s nightlife has much to offer, but it takes more digging to find than in bigger cities like Toronto or Montreal, leaving it very under-appreciated.

“Those in the know … know places to go, but I think we can all as a city do better in sharing those hidden gems and make them not so hidden anymore,” she said.


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Having an inventory of these “hidden gems” is something Van Kregten believes will tremendously benefit the city’s strategy.

Tony Elenis, president and CEO of the Ontario Restaurant, Hotel and Motel Association, said any nightlife strategy must prioritize public safety and take into account residential communities that play host to businesses relying on nighttime customers.

“For a successful night economy, it has to have public safety, public health and the vibrancy all packaged and executed well.”

Elenis said cooperation between the various stakeholders like the arts, music, entertainment and restaurant sectors with residential communities would be vital to the success of the city’s nightlife strategy.


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This cooperation is important because of conflicts that arise between residential communities and businesses. Any nightlife scene will produce noise, Elenis said, disturbing residents in the area, which can lead to complaints.

The presence of a “night mayor” or some person of authority on these type of issues would be very helpful to the strategy, he added.

Van Kregten agrees.

“That concept really appeals to me personally, having a symbolic head of that part of the industry that can smooth things over,” she said.

Conflicts between residents and crowds are inevitable, “so someone who can stick-handle that and build those relationships so that you can address issues before they get out of control … would be an important part of the plan,” Van Kregten said.


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For Elenis, transportation is another major component to ensuring the success of the strategy, saying “a fully functional transportation system is a key ingredient that makes a great city, whether it is nightlife or not.”

He’s proposing having businesses partner with taxis to change rates and adjust peak hours to better accommodate the nightlife scene.

Van Kregten says cooperating with transit and transportation players is “an important part of the puzzle,” as people going out to drink need to have options to get back home safely.

“If you’re going to go out for an evening’s enjoyment and you want to be responsible and maybe have a drink or two, but not drive back, then your options are limited,” she acknowledged.


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Alok Sharma is the manager of tourism for the City of Toronto, which has been implementing its own nightlife action plan since 2019.

Despite the COVID-19 lockdowns of the past nearly two years, that city has found ways to hold events and seek out opportunities for the nightlife economy.

For instance, the city has recently taken to hosting City Hall Live Spotlight, which features weekly on-stage performances from local artists that are streamed online.

“We tried to figure out a way that we could support artists, but also give a love, shine a spotlight, if you will, on iconic venues,” Sharma said.

Elenis believes Ottawa can hold similar events.

“You’ve got hubs like Little Italy, and the ByWard Market that you can design to be festivals over time,” he said.


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Sharma recommended establishing, at the beginning of the process of creating a nightlife plan, an external group of people who are industry members to provide guidance. This group would include venue operators, DIY and commercial event producers, anti-sexual harassment organizers, arts organizations and artists.

“I think, as a city, or city government, you don’t want to pretend that you know, everything that needs to be done, I think it’s really important to have those consultations and to to make sure that you’re working in lockstep with the industry to ensure that whatever the outcome is, it is going to be beneficial for the industry,” he said.

As the process starts in Ottawa, Hursts said there’s palpable excitement among those involved with the city’s nightlife economy.

“The feedback that we’re receiving from the broader Ottawa community is that they too are really excited to have this conversation about Ottawa’s nightlife,” he said.

“So, we look forward to seeing what comes out of this work and then collectively move forward as a community to grow and develop Ottawa’s nightlife economy.”



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China cuts reserve requirement ratio as economy slows – BNN



China cut the amount of cash most banks must hold in reserve, acting to counter the economic slowdown in a move that puts the central bank on a different policy path than many of its peers.

The People’s Bank of China will reduce the reserve requirement ratio by 0.5 percentage point for most banks on Dec. 15, releasing 1.2 trillion yuan (US$188 billion) of liquidity, according to a statement published Monday. 

The reduction was signaled by Premier Li Keqiang last week when he said that authorities would cut the RRR at an appropriate time to help smaller companies, and is the second reduction this year. The decision comes after recent data showed the economy and industry stabilizing, although Beijing’s tightening curbs on the property market have led to a slump in construction and worsened a liquidity crisis at developer China Evergrande Group and other real-estate firms. 

The cut is a “regular monetary policy action,” the PBOC said, pre-empting expectations that the decision was the start of of an easing cycle. “Prudent monetary policy direction has not changed,” it said, adding that the bank “will continue with a normal monetary policy, maintaining the stability, consistency and sustainability of policy, and won’t flood the economy with stimulus.”

However, with the U.S. Federal Reserve and other global central banks looking to tighten policy, the move to add stimulus by the PBOC makes the divergence between China and much of the rest of the world even clearer. 

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What Bloomberg’s Economists Say

“We think the reduction would help offset the headwinds facing the economy, particularly in the first quarter of 2022. We maintain our view that an additional 50-100 basis points of RRR cut would come next year.”

– David Qu, economist

Separately, the Communist Party’s Politburo said China will continue to implement a proactive fiscal policy in 2022, and prudent monetary policy will be flexible and appropriate, and maintain reasonably ample liquidity, the official Xinhua News Agency. The Monday meeting of the Politburo will be followed by the Central Economic Work Conference sometime this month, which will flesh out economic policy plans for the next year. 

The cut will be applied to all banks except those that are already on the lowest level of 5 per cent, which are mostly small rural banks, according to the statement. The weighted average ratio for financial institutions will be 8.4 per cent after the cut, down from 8.9 per cent previously, the PBOC said in a separate statement.

Some of the money released by the RRR cut will be used by banks to repay maturing loans from the PBOC’s medium-term lending facility, and some of it will be used to replenish financial institutions’ long-term capital, the central bank said. There are almost 1 trillion yuan worth of the 1-year loans maturing on Dec. 15, the day the cut takes effect. 

Even with the deepening housing market slump, authorities had been restrained in adding new support policies, holding monetary policy steady and maintaining a measured pace of fiscal spending. However, the PBOC signaled an easing bias in the latest monetary policy report last month, while the State Council urged local governments to speed up spending. 

“The aim of the RRR cut is to strengthen cross-cyclical adjustment, enhance the capital structure of financial institutions, raise financial services capabilities to better support the real economy,” the PBOC said. The cut will effectively increase long-term capital for banks to serve the real economy, and the PBOC will guide banks to step up their support for small businesses, it said. 

A cut in the reserve ratio doesn’t directly lower borrowing costs, but quickly frees up cheap funds for banks to lend. The reduction will lower the capital cost for financial institutions by about 15 billion yuan each year, which will lower the overall financing cost of the economy, the PBOC said.

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China think-tank warns of economic slowdown –



Advisers to Beijing will recommend a 2022 growth target that’s lower than the target that had been set for 2021.

Ongoing stress in China’s property sector is likely to slow down the country’s economic growth next year, a government think-tank has warned.

The world’s second-largest economy is expected to have expanded by about 8 percent this year, according to the annual blue book on the economy from the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), a top government think-tank. It warned that the property downturn was likely to persist and weigh on the expenditures of local governments next year.

China’s economy is expected to grow about 5.3 percent in 2022, bringing the average annual growth rate forecast for 2020-2022 to 5.2 percent, CASS said on Monday.

Advisers to the government will recommend that authorities set a 2022 economic growth target lower than the target set for 2021 – or “above 6 percent” – Reuters reported, amid growing headwinds from a property downturn, weakening exports and strict COVID-19 curbs that have impeded consumption.

It urged the central government to proactively engineer a soft landing for the property sector, to avoid failed land auctions in big cities and to fend off risks of quickly falling property prices in smaller cities, the report said.

China’s move to wean property developers away from rampant borrowing has translated into loan losses for banks and pain in credit markets, as cash-strapped builders fall into distress, increasing risks across the economy.

Property behemoth China Evergrande is facing one of the country’s largest defaults, prompting the authorities to step in and oversee risk management at the company.

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Canadian employers, facing labor shortage, accommodate the unvaccinated



Canada’s tight labor market is forcing many companies to offer regular COVID-19 testing over vaccine mandates, while others are reversing previously announced inoculation requirements even as Omicron variant cases rise.

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s government adopted one of the strictest inoculation policies in the world for civil servants and has already put more than 1,000 workers on unpaid leave, with thousands more at risk.

Airlines, police forces, school boards and even Canada’s Big Five banks have also pledged strict mandatory vaccine policies. But following through has proven less straightforward, especially as employers grapple with staffing shortages and workers demand exemptions.

Job vacancies in Canada have doubled so far this year, official data shows, and vaccine mandates can make filling those jobs harder, potentially putting upward pressure on wages. That could fuel inflation, already running at a near two-decade high.

“It’s already difficult to find staff, let alone putting in a vaccine mandate. You’d cut out potentially another 20%” of potential workers, said Dan Kelly, chief executive of the Canadian Federation of Independent Business.

There are pitfalls to employing the unvaccinated. Companies run a higher risk of COVID-19 outbreaks and many vaccinated employees are uncomfortable working with those who have not had the jab, said industry groups and marketing experts.

At Luda Foods, a Montreal-based soup and sauce maker, president Robert Eiser said he has 14 open jobs, no vaccine mandate and no plans to restrict new hires to the vaccinated.

“I don’t know that I want to reduce the (labor) pool, which is already quite low,” said Eiser. “We need to attract people to meet the demand. If we don’t, our competitors will.”

Data released on Friday underpinned Canada’s tight labor market, with a hefty 153,700 jobs added in November. It also showed a growing mismatch between available workers and unfilled jobs. And job postings are far above pre-pandemic levels. (Graphic: Canada job postings surge above pre-pandemic level Canada job postings surge above pre-pandemic level,


The province of Quebec backtracked on a vaccine mandates for healthcare workers last month, saying they could not afford to lose thousands of unvaccinated staff. Ontario, which was also eyeing a mandate, said it would not go ahead.

Toronto-Dominion Bank and Bank of Montreal have both softened their vaccine policy to allow regular testing for workers who missed their Oct. 31 inoculation deadline.

In Canada, 86% of adults are fully inoculated, though that drops under 80% among 18-40 year olds. At least 15 cases of the new Omicron variant in Canada have been reported in the past week.

John Cappelli, vice president of onsite managed services in Canada for global recruitment firm Adecco, said half of his clients are mandating vaccines with the other half allowing regular testing for the unvaccinated.

But he expects the Omicron variant will prompt more workplaces to get strict on vaccination, even as they grapple with the tightest job market he’s seen in his 25-year career.

“We are now starting to see our first workplace (COVID-19) cases in five months,” he said.

The number of Canadian job postings on search website Indeed mentioning vaccine requirements has quadrupled since August. (Graphic: Canada job postings and vaccine mandates,

In the hard-hit manufacturing sector, where 77% of firms say their top concern is attracting and retaining workers, vaccine mandates are more rare.

Dennis Darby, CEO of Canadian Manufacturers and Exporters, said most of Canada’s factories have operated safely throughout the pandemic. While CME encourages vaccination, “some companies are still using rapid testing if somebody doesn’t want to get vaccinated,” he added.

But companies risk a hit to their reputation if they are overt in efforts to tap into the unvaccinated as a labor pool, said Wojtek Dabrowski, managing partner at Provident Communications.

“If you go out and say, ‘We are intentionally seeking to hire unvaccinated people,’ many customers are equating that with you being anti-science and anti-safety,” said Dabrowski.


(Reporting by Julie Gordon and Steve Scherer in Ottawa, additional reporting by Rod Nickel in Winnipeg and Nichola Saminather in Toronto; Editing by Alistair Bell)

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