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Canada’s PNP immigration pathways through Express Entry – Canada Immigration News



Published on May 30th, 2022 at 09:00am EDT


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Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) exists to welcome economic-class immigrants to Canada.

Under the Immigration Levels Plan 2022-2024, the PNP is the main economic-class immigration program for this year and the next. In previous years, Express Entry has been the main immigration pathway.

Almost all the provinces and territories (except Nunavut and Quebec) operate their own PNPs. Each has at least one immigration stream that is aligned with the Express Entry system.

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How enhanced PNPs work

When a PNP is aligned with Express Entry, it is known as an enhanced PNP.

In order to get an enhanced PNP, candidates first need to be eligible for one of the Express Entry-managed programs: Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), Canadian Experience Class (CEC), or the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP).

If an Express Entry candidate meets the PNP’s eligibility criteria, the province may send them an invitation to apply for a provincial nomination. The nomination is not the same as an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residence. Candidates respond to the invitation by applying to the province for a nomination.

Express Entry candidates who successfully receive a nomination from an enhanced PNP get 600 Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points added to their base score, which essentially guarantees they will receive an ITA in a subsequent Express Entry round of invitations.

Generally speaking, PNP eligibility criteria include items relating to work experience, education, and language ability. There are oftentimes also requirements for adequate settlement funds and an intent to move to the nominating province. Here is a list of Canada’s enhanced PNPs, and some descriptions of some of the qualities that can make you eligible for each.


Human Capital Priorities

Express Entry candidates who are eligible for either the FSWP or the CEC may be invited under Ontario’s Human Capital Priorities Stream. The Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP) will hold rounds of invitations and invite potentially eligible Express Entry candidates to apply for a nomination. These draws may be targeted for candidates with work experience in certain in-demand occupations. In 2019, Ontario introduced Tech Draws, where the province periodically invites candidates with work experience in six in-demand tech occupations.

Skilled Trades Stream

Ontario’s Express Entry Skilled Trades Stream is a pathway for skilled trades workers with work experience in an eligible trade. Candidates need at least one year of full-time paid work experience in an occupation listed in Minor Group 633 or Major Group 72, 73, or 82 of the National Occupational Classification (NOC) system.

Eligible candidates also need to be living in Ontario with a valid work permit. In addition to other eligibility criteria, candidates need to have a license or certification from the Ontario College of Trades.

French-Speaking Skilled Worker

FSWP and CEC candidates with strong skills in both French and English may be eligible for a nomination through the French-Speaking Skilled Worker stream. Eligible candidates also need at least a bachelor’s degree completed in Canada or abroad. It is not necessary to be in Ontario at the time of applying for this stream, but you have to demonstrate you intend to reside in the province.


The Alberta Advantage Immigration Program offers immigration pathways for Express Entry candidates.

Alberta Express Entry Stream

The Alberta Express Entry Stream is for candidates in the Express Entry system who have a CRS score of at least 300, and who are currently working in an eligible occupation.

Alberta Accelerated Tech Pathway

The Alberta Accelerated Tech Pathway is open to Express Entry candidates who are currently working in Alberta’s technology industry or who have received a job offer in one of 38 eligible tech occupations.


The following British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program immigration sub-categories fall under the province’s Express Entry stream.

Skilled Worker

The Skilled Worker category is for people who have received an eligible job offer in a skilled occupation and have several years of experience in their skilled occupation.

Healthcare Professional

Under this category, Express Entry candidates may apply if they have experience and eligible job offers as physicians, nurses, psychiatric nurses or allied health professionals.

International Graduate

This category is for international students who have graduated from an eligible Canadian university or college within the last three years. A job offer is required from BC employer in order for Express Entry candidates to be eligible under this sub-category.

International Post-Graduate

This category is for graduates with Masters or Doctoral degrees from an eligible educational institution in British Columbia in the natural, applied, or health sciences programs of study. No job offer is required to apply under this sub-category.


The Manitoba Express Entry pathway is open to candidates who meet the eligibility criteria and have experience in a Manitoba In-demand Occupation, and who are eligible under another Manitoba immigration stream.


Saskatchewan Express Entry

The Saskatchewan Express Entry program is for Express Entry candidates who have work experience in an in-demand occupation in Saskatchewan.

Saskatchewan Tech Talent Pathway

The Saskatchewan Tech Talent Pathway is for Express Entry candidates who have job offers in an eligible tech occupation in the province. Eligible candidates need at least one year of qualifying work experience within the past five years, or six months if they are already working in Saskatchewan for the employer who is offering them a job.

Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia Experience: Express Entry

Express Entry candidates may be eligible for the Nova Scotia Experience: Express Entry pathway if they have at least one year of full-time paid work experience in the province within the last three years. A high school diploma or higher is required, and candidates must be between the ages of 21 and 55 years old, among other criteria.

International Graduates in Demand

The Nova Scotia International Graduates in Demand stream is for Express Entry candidates who have job offers as nurses aides, orderlies, patient service associates (NOC 3413), as well as early childhood educators and assistants (NOC 4214). Eligible candidates must have completed a course of study that is at least 30 weeks long, within the last three years. At least half of the program must have been completed in Nova Scotia.

Labour Market Priorities

In order to be eligible for the Labour Market Priorities Stream, you need to meet the specific eligibility requirements in a Nova Scotia Nominee Program draw. Beyond meeting the work experience requirements for the Express Entry-managed program that you are eligible for, you must have enough money to settle permanently in Nova Scotia.

Labour Market Priorities for Physicians

Express Entry candidates who wish to immigrate under the Labour Market Priorities for Physicians must have a job offer from the Nova Scotia Health Authority or IWK Health Centre as a general practitioner, family physician or a specialist physician (NOC 3111 or NOC 3112). It is also required for candidates to commit to stay in the province for two years, by sending a signed Return for Service Agreement to the Nova Scotia Department of Health and Wellness.

Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island Express Entry

Prince Edward Island Express Entry candidates must be eligible for the FSWP, CEC, or FSTP and have a valid Express Entry profile. Candidates are also required to have an active profile in PEI’s Expression of Interest system.

New Brunswick

New Brunswick Express Entry

According to a government of New Brunswick webpage, the New Brunswick Express Entry Stream was paused until further notice on May 20.

This immigration program is for Express Entry candidates who are living in the province and have a Job Seeker Validation Code or proof of enrolment in a Post Graduation Work Permit-eligible program at a federally-designated post-secondary institution.

Newfoundland and Labrador

Express Entry Skilled Worker

Newfoundland and Labrador’s Express Entry Skilled Worker category provides a pathway for skilled workers with job offers. Candidates also need to score at least 67 out of 100 points on the PNP points assessment grid. There are also minimum work experience requirements depending on a candidate’s profession.

Northwest Territories

Northwest Territories Express Entry

Northwest Territories Express Entry is a PNP for Express Entry candidates who have job offers in Northwest Territories. Candidates also need to have expressed interest in immigrating to the territory.


Yukon Express Entry

Express Entry candidates can get a nomination through Yukon Express Entry if they have a full-time job offer in the territory. They also have to demonstrate they have enough settlement funds to support themselves and their family.


Enhanced PNPs give Express Entry candidates a chance to move to the top of the line for an ITA while supporting provincial population and economic growth strategies. For some, a provincial nomination can make all the difference.

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Sports leaders top list of new Order of Canada appointees – CBC News



Canadian sports icons including Stacey Allaster, Donovan Bailey and Angela James are among the 85 new appointees to the Order of Canada this year.

This year’s list of appointees also includes Canada’s first Indigenous female MP, the first MP for Nunavut, and a number of contributors to the arts, including Emmy nominated actress Sandra Oh.

Considered one of Canada’s highest civilian honours, the Order of Canada is meant to recognize people who make “extraordinary contributions to the nation,” according to the Governor General of Canada website.

Stacey Allaster was named the first female tournament director in U.S. Open history in 2020. (Michael Noble Jr./The Associated Press)

Allaster was named as a companion, the highest of the honour’s three levels, which also include the level of officer and member. There can be no more than 165 living companions at any time.

Born in Windsor, Ont., and raised in Welland, Ont., Allaster was an executive with the Women’s Tennis Association from 2006 to 2015, first serving as president before being promoted to chair and CEO in 2009.

During her tenure, she was instrumental in securing equal prize money for women at six WTA tournaments and all four Grand Slams. She also played a key role in streamlining the WTA calendar and securing a landmark international media agreement. In 2020, she was named as the first female tournament director of the U.S. open.

Allaster said she’s grateful for her time playing tennis in Canada and getting her first opportunity to work in the sport with Tennis Canada. “It’s very difficult to put into words how fortunate I am and now to be recognized by my country for everything that it’s giving to me is very humbling,” she said.

Allaster also said “it’s a dream come true” to see Canada develop some top tennis talent in the world throughout her career, including Bianca Andreescu and Leylah Fernandez.

Donovan Bailey won two gold medals and broke a world record at the 1996 Olympics in Atlanta. (Alexander Hassenstein/Bongarts/Getty Images/File)

Former Olympic and world champion sprinter Donovan Bailey will be invested as an officer of the order. The former world record holder won Olympic gold in 1996 in the men’s 100-metre race and in the men’s 4×100-metre relay.

“It’s incredible,” Bailey said of the appointment to the order. “I’m very blessed, I’m extremely humbled to have shared incredible moments with Canadians.”

Bailey said being invested with the Order of Canada is an official recognition of what he has been hearing from fans for the past few decades.

“Getting the officer of the Order of Canada is a tremendous honour, but I’m telling you that I’ve been validated for 27 years; I’ve been validated every single day by the incredible fans,” he said.

Angela James won four world championships and was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 2010. (CBC)

Angela James is a pioneer in women’s hockey, first as a player and now as the general manager and part-owner of the Toronto Six women’s pro hockey team.

The winner of four world championships, including the first in 1990 where she scored 11 goals in five games and was a tournament all-star, she said being invested in the order encapsulates all her achievements on and off the ice.

“I think it encompasses everything that I’ve pretty much done in my life, and to think that my life matters to Canadians is pretty special,” she said.

A star on the Canadian team before women’s hockey became an Olympic sport, James was one of the first two women inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 2010 and said she hopes to continue to see women’s hockey grow.

“As long as we get together and work together as one then I think there is no stopping the women’s game,” she said.

Indigenous leaders

Among the appointees to the order are a number of Indigenous leaders, including Canada’s first Indigenous woman elected as a member of Parliament.

Ethel Blondin-Andrew was first elected as the MP for the Northwest Territories in 1988, and would go on to become the minister of state for northern development in the cabinet of past prime minister Paul Martin.

She has continued to be an advocate for Indigenous women in politics, and recently took part in a United Nations panel in Geneva to discuss that topic.

Ethel Blondin-Andrew was first elected as the MP for the Northwest Territories in 1988. (CBC)

Joining Blondin-Andrew in the order is former Nunavut MP Nancy Karetak-Lindell.

Karetak-Lindell was first elected as the MP for Nunavut in 1997, and became the territory’s first MP after it was recognized 1999.

“I’ve tried very hard to be the voice for people who might not have had a chance,” Karetak-Lindell said.

Nancy Uqquujuq Karetak-Lindell, former Member of Parliament for Nunavut, is seen wearing a traditional beaded tuilik made by her mother, Rhoda Karetak. (HO-Hinaani Design/The Canadian Press)

After stepping away from federal politics in 2008, she would later become the president of the Inuit Circumpolar Council in 2016, serving for a two-year term.

Although she said she feels honoured to receive the Order of Canada, she said “the biggest reward will always be in that maybe I made someone look to the future with more hope.”

Blondin-Andrew will be invested as an officer of the order, while Karetak-Lindell is being invested as a member.

Other Indigenous leaders among the appointees include Elders David and Imelda Perley of New Brunswick for contributions to education around Wabanaki culture.

Elders Reg and Rosemary Crowshoe of Alberta are similarly being recognized for their preservation of Blackfoot culture.

Contributors to the arts

A number of Canada’s top contributors to the arts have also been appointed to the order, including actress Sandra Oh, who will be invested as an officer.

The Emmy Award nominated actress is best known for the hit TV series including Killing Eve and Grey’s Anatomy. She has also lent her talents to the big screen in movies such as Turning Red and Under the Tuscan Sun.

Sandra Oh arrives at the 76th annual Golden Globe Awards at the Beverly Hilton Hotel on Sunday in Beverly Hills, Calif. (Jordan Strauss/Invision/The Associated Press)

Donald Mowat is also being recognized for his contributions to the big screen, having been the head of makeup and design on such films as The Fighter, 8 Mile, Sicario, Nightcrawler, Prisoners, Nocturnal Animals, Stronger, Blade Runner 2049.

Mowat was recently nominated for the Oscar for best makeup and hairstyle for Denis Villeneuve’s Dune.

On the music front, founder of the independent record label Attic Records Alexander Mair is being appointed as a member of the order.

Attic represented a number of Canadian artists and groups including Anvil, Irish Rovers, Triumph and Teenage Head.

The Order of Canada

Gov. Gen. Mary Simon has appointed the following people, who were recommended for appointment by the Advisory Council of the Order of Canada:

Companions of the Order of Canada

  • Stacey Allaster.
  • Frank Hayden (This is a promotion within the order).
  • Peter Russell (This is a promotion within the order).
  • Donald Savoie (This is a promotion within the order).

Officers of the Order of Canada

  • Naomi Azrieli.
  • Donovan Bailey.
  • The Honourable Ethel Blondin-Andrew.
  • Robert Davidson (This is a promotion within the order).
  • Paul Dubord.
  • Donald Enarson (deceased).
  • François Girard.
  • Ian Hodkinson.
  • Angela James.
  • David Lynch.
  • Sandra Oh.
  • Alberto Pérez-Gómez.
  • David Waltner-Toews.

Members of the Order of Canada

  • Frances Abele.
  • Ajay Agrawal.
  • Louis-Philippe Albert.
  • R. Jamie Anderson.
  • Suzanne Aubry.
  • Hereditary Chief Stephen Augustine.
  • Granger Avery.
  • Michel Beaulac.
  • André Blanchet.
  • Marilyn Bodogh.
  • Jacques Bourgault.
  • Bernard Brault.
  • Marilyn Brooks.
  • Marion Buller.
  • James Byrnes.
  • Geneviève Cadieux.
  • James Cassels.
  • Euclide Chiasson.
  • William Clark.
  • Zane Cohen.
  • Ethel Côté.
  • Elder Reg Crowshoe.
  • Elder Rosemary Crowshoe.
  • Sheldon Currie.
  • Reginald Davidson.
  • Dorothy Dobbie.
  • Eliahu Fathi.
  • Madeleine Féquière.
  • Staff Sgt. Gary Goulet, (Retired).
  • Michael Harris.
  • Paul Heinbecker.
  • Deborra Hope.
  • Sister Margaret Hughes.
  • Moira Hutchinson.
  • Gérard Jean.
  • Adam Kahane.
  • Nancy Karetak-Lindell.
  • Eva-Marie Kröller.
  • Gary Levy.
  • Alexander Mair.
  • Guy Matte.
  • Milton McClaren.
  • Roderick McKay.
  • Ben Mink.
  • Donald Mowat.
  • Robert Munro.
  • Sister Bernadette Mary O’Reilly.
  • Donna Ouchterlony.
  • Fred Pellerin.
  • Elder David Perley.
  • Elder Imelda Perley.
  • G. Ross Peters.
  • Sandra Pitblado.
  • Guy Pratte.
  • Parminder Raina.
  • Joel Reitman.
  • David Rush.
  • The Honourable Anne Russell.
  • Suzanne Sauvage.
  • Martin Schechter.
  • Jacques Shore.
  • Ronald Tremblay.
  • Guylaine Tremblay.
  • Michelle Valberg.
  • Germaine Warkentin.
  • James West.
  • Michael West.
  • Margie Wolfe.
  • Lorraine M. Wright.
  • Robert Wyatt.
  • Jan Zwicky.

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Canada travel restrictions: Entry rules to remain until at least Sept. 30 – CTV News



The federal government announced Wednesday all existing border restrictions to enter Canada will remain in place until at least Sept. 30.

That means foreign travellers will still need to provide proof of being fully vaccinated to enter the country and unvaccinated Canadians or permanent residents will need to provide a molecular COVID-19 test taken prior to entering and quarantine for 14 days upon arrival.

The government is also still requiring all travellers, regardless of citizenship, to upload their vaccine information and travel documents to the ArriveCan app.

The restrictions were last extended on May 31.

The announcement by the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) indicates a prolonged pause of random testing at all airports until mid-July for the fully vaccinated.

That pause was implemented on June 11 as Ottawa’s attempt to mitigate congestion and delays at airports caused by heightened travel demand and staffing shortages.

Their stated intention is to move COVID-19 testing for air travellers outside of airports to “select test provider stores” such as pharmacies or by virtual appointment.

“Moving testing outside of airports will allow Canada to adjust to increased traveller volumes while still being able to monitor and quickly respond to new variants of concern, or changes to the epidemiological situation,” the PHAC statement reads.

On June 11, the government also announced it was dropping the vaccine mandate for domestic and outbound international travellers effective June 20.

Many industry organizations and opposition MPs have long called on the government to drop various border measures, namely duplicative processes that slow down travel, arguing they have the potential to stifle Canada’s already depleted tourism sector.

In response, Canada’s ministers of health and tourism continue to reinforce that while the epidemiological situation in Canada has improved, the pandemic still exists.

“As we move into the next phase of our COVID-19 response, it is important to remember that the pandemic is not over. We must continue to do all that we can to keep ourselves and others safe from the virus,” Health Minister Jean-Yves Duclos said in the Wednesday statement.

He added that Canada’s border measures remain “flexible” and “guided by science and prudence.”

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Air Canada to make 'meaningful reductions' to summer flight schedule – CBC News



Air Canada will cut dozens of daily flights this summer as the airline grapples with a series of challenges amid soaring demand for travel.

“Regrettably, things are not business as usual in our industry globally, and this is affecting our operations and our ability to serve you with our normal standards of care,” Michael Rousseau, the airline’s president and CEO, said in a statement released Wednesday.

“The COVID‑19 pandemic brought the world air transport system to a halt in early 2020. Now, after more than two years, global travel is resurgent, and people are returning to flying at a rate never seen in our industry.”

Rousseau said those factors are causing “unprecedented and unforeseen strains on all aspects of the global aviation system,” leading to flight delays and crowded airport spaces.

And it’s also spurring the airline to make “meaningful reductions” to its summer schedule “in order to reduce passenger volumes and flows to a level we believe the air transport system can accommodate,” he said.

Dozens of fewer round trips each day

Peter Fitzpatrick, an airline spokesperson, told CBC News that the changes would see Air Canada reduce its schedule by 77 round trips — or 154 flights — on average, each day during the months of July and August.

A lineup at the Pearson airport customer service desk after many cancellations.
A photo taken Sunday at the customer service desk at Toronto’s Pearson International Airport gives a glimpse of some of the long lineups air travellers have been facing lately. (Jacob Barker/CBC)

Prior to these reductions, the airline was operating about 1,000 flights per day.

“Three routes will be temporarily suspended between Montreal and Pittsburgh, Baltimore and Kelowna and one from Toronto to Fort McMurray,” Fitzpatrick said.

Fitzpatrick said “most” flights affected by the changes are out of its Toronto and Montreal hubs.

“These will be mostly frequency reductions, affecting primarily evening and late-night flights by smaller aircraft, on transborder and domestic routes,” he said.

But he said “international flights are unaffected, with a few timing changes to reduce flying at peak times and even out the customer flow.”

‘Not an easy decision’

Rousseau, the airline president, said Air Canada did what it could to prepare for these challenges, but it has to adjust its operations to the current circumstances.

“This was not an easy decision, as it will result in additional flight cancellations that will have a negative impact on some customers,” Rousseau said.

“But doing this in advance allows affected customers to take time to make other arrangements in an orderly manner, rather than have their travel disrupted shortly before or during their journey, with few alternatives available.”

Rousseau offered his “sincere apologies” to customers for any delays they have faced or will face.

“I also assure you that we very clearly see the challenges at hand, that we are taking action, and that we are confident we have the strategy to address them,” he said. “This is our company’s chief focus at every level.” 

A majority of domestic flights have been delayed at some of the country’s busiest airports in recent days, according to the analytics firm Data Wazo.

Data Wazo says 54 per cent of flights to six large airports — Montreal, Calgary, Toronto’s Pearson and Billy Bishop airports, Ottawa and Halifax — were bumped off schedule in the seven days between June 22 and 28.

Some 38 per cent of the flights were delayed while 16 per cent were scrapped altogether.

Airlines and the federal government have been scrambling to respond to scenes of endless lines, flight disruptions and daily turmoil at airports — particularly at Pearson — a problem the aviation industry has blamed on a shortage of federal security and customs officers.

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