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By Pooja Rambaran
Social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter transfer and store user data in a variety of jurisdictions outside of Canada, according to a recent discussion paper by the Cybersecure Policy Exchange (CPX) at Ryerson.
The study found that most social media privacy policies do not explicitly state the jurisdictions in which the personal data of their users are stored, processed and transferred. This means that “social media platforms can easily transfer personal data between various countries with little oversight or transparency,” the paper reads.
Yuan Stevens, co-author of the study, said the core belief of the paper is that “people in Canada deserve to have control and autonomy over their personal data as a critical aspect of cybersecurity.”
Stevens described personal data as anything that relates to someone as a specific, identifiable person.
Almost every major social media platform—including Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn, Snapchat, Twitter and TikTok—has faced major security breaches in the last five years, according to the CPX report written by Stevens, Mohammed Masoodi and Sam Andrey.
In 2018, Cambridge Analytica, a data analytics company, was found responsible for improperly collecting personal data of millions of Facebook users. The paper states of these 87 million users, more than 600,000 were Canadians.
As technological companies routinely face buy-outs, mergers and bankruptcies, the storage and protection of personal data may change outside of Canadian regulation. “Malicious hackers can also take advantage of data stored in locations where the data are subject to weak data protection safeguards,” the paper states.
“Our data protection laws have historically given ample freedom to corporations to treat our personal data as they please with little legal oversight,” said Stevens.
The Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA) is responsible for protecting the personal data of social media users in Canada.
However, it does not prohibit companies from transferring data to third parties or other jurisdictions. When transferring this data to third parties, PIPEDA cited that organizations should provide a comparable level of protection for the collected data to what it would’ve received had it remained within the company.
Yet the act does not specify the meaning of the term “comparable level of protection” and this is left up to the discretion of the individual companies.
“The self-regulatory approach of PIPEDA fundamentally jeopardizes the security, privacy and protection of personal data for users of social media platforms,” the paper reads, adding that this data can be transferred to a variety of jurisdictions without the knowledge of Canadian social media users and with little restrictions under the Canadian privacy law.
“People in Canada deserve to have control and autonomy over their personal data as a critical aspect of cybersecurity”
On the contrary, the European Union’s (EU) General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), requires organizations that collect personal data of their constituents to comply with their obligations, including legally-binding corporate rules or clear consent for the transfer of data, the paper states.
Those who violate the privacy and security standards set by the GDPR are subject to harsh fines, possibly amounting to as high as 20 million euros, according to the GDPR website.
“In Europe, data protection is an extension of human rights, where the right to control your personal data…is a part of informational self-determination,” said Stevens. “But in Canada, our data protection laws ensure no such protection to people.”
The researchers of the study found that some Canadians were mainly concerned with external government surveillance primarily from China and the U.S. Other Canadians indicated a lack of trust with current Canadian institutions as they believe that storage in Canada could still be improperly surveilled or used, the paper states.
The authors of the paper suggested three policy changes that can be employed by the Canadian government to improve their current data protection laws—comparable protection, consent and special protections for sensitive personal data.
A recent survey by CPX found that 86 per cent of Canadians support policies to keep Canadians’ data within Canada.
Siya Joshi, a first-year computer science student, was previously unaware that Canadian laws allow companies to release user information across borders.
“I would like to know where any personal information I store on my accounts or anything I post is being used, whether that is worldwide or national,” said Joshi, adding that she agrees with the policy suggestions made in the paper.
“[Those] would ensure that I know what [information] is being sent, why and if I agree for it to be sent,” said Joshi.
The paper stated that there needs to be a more rigorous definition of the term “comparable level of protection” in PIPEDA.
When social media companies transfer the personal data of their users outside of Canada, there should be explicit and proactive oversight mechanisms for their privacy, according to Stevens.
“Like the EU, Canada could maintain a list of countries whose data protection laws are deemed sufficient for transfer,” said Stevens.
She added that companies could otherwise provide transfer agreements that demonstrate that the transfer location of the data is sufficient under Canada’s data protection laws.
In cases where the transfer location is not pre-approved and no transfer agreement exists, Stevens suggested that the data protection law should allow social media companies to collect explicit consent for the transfer of data.
This option also requires the disclosure of the specific personal data to be transferred, countries where the data could be stored and the other organizations involved in the process.
The final policy suggestion involves better protection of sensitive personal data such as individuals’ racial or ethnic origins, sex life, sexual orientation, political opinions, religious beliefs, as well as genetic and biometric data.
“[Canadian] laws merely say that more protection is needed when data is more sensitive, allowing social media companies to decide themselves whether highly-revealing personal data deserves certain treatments that better protect our privacy,” said Stevens.
Drawing on thoughts from Shoshana Zuboff, the Charles Edward Wilson Professor Emerita at Harvard Business School and author of The Age of Surveillance Capitalism, Stevens said that companies can collect, analyze and optimize users’ personal data as a form of raw material to predict and shape their behaviours in the name of economic freedom.
“A data protection law that explicitly seeks to enhance economic development will never sufficiently protect our individual and collective rights to informational self-determination as an extension of privacy, one of our fundamental freedoms in Canada,” said Stevens.
Source: – The Eyeopener
Bernie Sanders' inauguration meme gets social media attention from sports world – Sporting News
Bernie Sanders has a knack for online stardom.
The senator from Vermont is already the subject of one well-known meme — we’ll get to that in a second — and on Wednesday, thanks to his inauguration outfit, socially-distanced spot and demeanor at the Capitol, he earned another one.
First off, props to Sanders who was sporting the same jacket from the original “I am once again asking” meme. If the jacket still fits and is in good shape from 2019, why not keep wearing it?
So aside from the coat, he’s got a new meme thanks to a photo that popped up of the 79-year-old senator sitting in a folding chair socially distanced from everyone. He sat in said coat, with his arms crossed and warm mittens on his hands and his legs crossed — and, of course, he had on a mask.
Following COVID-19 protocols, Sanders became a social media sensation once again and the sports world was quick to follow suit as well.
Media Beat: January 21, 2021 – FYI Music News
TPX now representing AdLarge Media’s cabana portfolio in Canada
The Podcast Exchange (TPX), Canadian’s top podcast ad agency, expanded its brand dominance this week with an exclusive agreement to represent US-based AdLarge Media’s cabana portfolio for exclusive Canadian ad sales representation.
“We are simply delighted to be cabana podcasts’ strategic partner in Canada,” said TPX’s President and Chief Executive Officer Jean-Marie Heimrath. “cabana is our latest international signing and supports our business strategy to work with global publishers in partnership with advertisers to harness the full potential of the Canadian podcast audience.”
TPX was co-founded by Jean-Marie Heimrath and Jeff Ulster to offer consulting and co-production to ad sales and IP licensing to media and in particular the fast-growing podcast industry here in Canada. The privately held company took a quantum leap in Q1 2020 when Montreal music and media tech firm Stingray acquired a 30% interest in the firm.
For the purposes of the 2021 Maclean’s Power List (below), we canvassed the landscape for Canadians with qualities we think represent power in a time of transformative change. By dint of their actions, words or character, they force us to watch, listen and learn. They are moving the needle in their chosen fields, and in many cases the wider world. Importantly, they are good-faith actors. History may judge them wrong, but they act in the belief that doing so will result in a better world.
You may notice therefore a shortage of power brokers in the conventional mould—bank CEOs, cabinet ministers, scions, high-powered lobbyists. For this list, warming a seat in the establishment doesn’t cut it. Nor does preserving the status quo. Nor, certainly, does exercising power for the mere sake of disruption. (Peddlers of conspiracy and disinformation could be thought of as influential; you will not find them in this ranking.)
Executive Director Daniel Bernhard, Chair of the Board Aritha van Herk, and Vice-Chair Raymonde Lavoie present at the CRTC Hearings regarding the CBC license renewal, January 18, 2021.
Google and Facebook received a growing share of the federal government’s advertising budget after the Trudeau Liberals took power, as Ottawa quadrupled how much it spent each year on ads from the American web giants between 2015 and 2019.
Responding to the figures, New Democrat MP Charlie Angus said that, “at the very least,” Ottawa should ensure sales tax is charged on advertisements purchased from Google and Facebook. – Alex Balllingall, The Star
Canada is ushering in some new blood too with François-Philippe Champagne replacing Navdeep Bains as minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development (ISED), thanks to a recent cabinet shuffle by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau. As the new minister responsible for the telecom file, Champagne may bring a difference in tone and possibly direction.
We canvassed some Canadian telecom industry watchers we like about these developments. Here’s a summary of what they expect on both sides of the border over the next few years. – Peter Nowak, TekSavvy blog
Netflix reported that its paid streaming subscribers rose to 203.7 million at the end of the fourth quarter, up 23% from a year ago.
The streamer said the new season of The Crown drew more than 100 million households in its first 28 days, exceeding the total for its prior seasons.
The Midnight Sky, starring and directed by George Clooney was Netflix’s biggest movie in the quarter with 72 million households watching in its first four weeks. The film Over the Moon attracted 43-million-member households and Netflix projected that We Can Be Heroes will reach 53 million households in its first four weeks. – Jon Lafayette, Broadcast + Cable
Lingo Media's ELL Technologies to Present at the LAAA, LATAM Accreditation Association Conference – Canada NewsWire
TORONTO, Jan. 20, 2021 /CNW/ – Lingo Media Corporation (TSXV: LM) (OTC: LMDCF) (FSE: LIMA) (“Lingo Media“) subsidiary, ELL Technologies (“ELL Technologies”), a global provider of digital and print-based English language learning solutions, will be presenting at the LAAAA, LATAM Accreditation Association www.latam-aa.org virtual conference event on January 23rd and 24th, 2021.
This virtual event offers teachers, coordinators, and directors involved in language teaching an opportunity to engage in professional development by way of a unique and highly relevant international conference, focusing on the latest research, practical insights for the face to face and virtual classroom, and a vision for the future of language education.
ELL Technology will present as part of the keynote speaker event “Building Community and Connection in Our Online Learning Spaces”
About ELL Technologies
ELL Technologies Ltd. is a digital language learning and assessment company that creates innovative SaaS eLearning solutions. The Toronto-based company offers more than 2,000 hours of English learning content and also has courses in Spanish, Mandarin, French and Portuguese.
ELL Technologies’ products and programs are marketed through established sales channels to key education, government and business organizations in Latin America, Asia, Europe and the U.S.
Follow ELL Technologies On:
About Lingo Media (TSX-V:LM) (OTC:LMDCF) (FSE:LIMA)
Lingo Media is a global EdTech company that is ‘Changing the way the world learns languages‘, developing and marketing products for learners of new languages through various life stages, from classroom to boardroom. By integrating education and technology, the company empowers language educators to easily transition from traditional teaching methods to digital learning.
Lingo Media provides both online and print-based solutions through two distinct business units: ELL Technologies and Lingo Learning. ELL Technologies provides online training and assessment for language learning, while Lingo Learning is a print-based publisher of English language learning programs in China.
Lingo Media has established successful relationships with key government and industry organizations internationally, with a presence in Latin America, China and the U.S., and continues to both extend its global reach and expand its product offerings.
Follow Lingo Media On:
Portions of this press release may include “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of securities laws. These statements are made in reliance upon Sections 21E and 27A of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, which involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties or other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results, performance, or expectations implied by these forward-looking statements. These statements are based on management’s current expectations and involve certain risks and uncertainties. Actual results may vary materially from management’s expectations and projections and thus readers should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. Lingo Media has tried to identify these forward-looking statements by using words such as “may,” “should,” “expect,” “hope,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “intend,” “plan,” “estimate” and similar expressions. Lingo Media’s expectations, among other things, are dependent upon general economic conditions, the continued and growth in demand for its products, retention of its key management and operating personnel, its need for and availability of additional capital as well as other uncontrollable or unknown factors. No assurance can be given that the actual results will be consistent with the forward-looking statements. Except as otherwise required by US Federal securities laws, Lingo Media undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, changed circumstances or any other reason. Certain factors that can affect the Company’s ability to achieve projected results are described in the Company’s filings with the Canadian and United States securities regulators available on www.sedar.com or www.sec.gov/edgar.shtml.
NEITHER THE TSX VENTURE EXCHANGE NOR ITS REGULATION SERVICES PROVIDER (AS THAT TERM IS DEFINED IN THE POLICIES OF THE TSX VENTURE EXCHANGE ACCEPTS RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE ADEQUACY OR ACCURACY OF THIS RELEASE
SOURCE Lingo Media Corporation
For further information: Lingo Media, Khurram Qureshi, Chief Financial Officer, Tel: (647) 831-1462, Email: [email protected]; To learn more, visit us at lingomedia.com
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