China’s cabinet issued a plan on Wednesday for the development of the country’s digital economy, aiming to increase this sector’s share of national GDP by pushing technologies like 6G and big data centers.
The State Council set several targets for 2025, namely the increase of the digital economy’s share of the national GDP from 7.8% in 2020 to 10% in 2025.
Other targets included accelerating the construction of big data centers and increasing the number of users of gigabit broadband, the fastest connection speed available, from 6.4 million in 2020 to 60 million in 2025.
The State Council also pointed out structural issues in China’s digital economy that needed to be addressed. “The development of China’s digital economy also faces some problems and challenges: the lack of innovation capacity in key areas…data resources are huge, but the potential has not been fully released; the digital economy governance system needs to be further improved,” according to the plan. (Reporting by Beijing Newsroom; Editing by Toby Chopra)
China's economy grows 8.1% in 2021, slows in second half – Yahoo Canada Finance
BEIJING (AP) — Chinese leaders are under pressure to boost slumping economic growth while they try to contain coronavirus outbreaks ahead of next month’s Winter Olympics in Beijing.
The world’s second-largest economy grew by 8.1% last year, but activity fell abruptly in the second half as the ruling Communist Party forced China’s vast real estate industry to cut surging debt, official data showed Monday.
Growth sank to 4% over a year earlier in the final three months of the year, fueling expectations Beijing may need to cut interest rates or stimulate the economy with more spending on public works construction.
That slump is likely to worsen, leading to “more aggressive measures to boost growth,” Ting Lu and Jing Wang of Nomura said in a report.
On Monday, the Chinese central bank cut its interest rate for medium-term lending to commercial banks to the lowest level since early 2020, at the start of the coronavirus pandemic.
Asian stock markets ended the day mixed following the dual announcements. China’s benchmark Shanghai Composite Index gained 0.6% while the Hang Seng in Hong Kong lost 0.7%. The Nikkei 2225 in Tokyo rose 0.7%.
Lingering Chinese economic weakness has potential global repercussions, depressing demand for steel, consumer goods and other imports.
China rebounded quickly from the pandemic, but activity weakened last year as Beijing tightened controls on borrowing by real estate developers, triggering a slump in construction that supports millions of jobs. That made consumers nervous about spending and investors anxious about possible defaults by developers.
Consumer spending has suffered after authorities responded to virus outbreaks by blocking most access to cities including Tianjin, a port and manufacturing center near Beijing, and imposed travel controls in other areas.
Their “zero-COVID strategy” aims to keep the virus out of China by finding and isolating every infected person. That has helped to keep case numbers low but is depressing consumer activity and causing congestion in some ports.
The ruling party has stepped up enforcement ahead of the Feb. 4 start of the Winter Games, a prestige project. Athletes, reporters and officials at the Games are required to stay in sealed areas and avoid contact with outsiders.
Growth in consumer spending, the biggest driver of economic growth, fell to 1.7% over a year earlier in December from the previous month’s 3.9%.
“The prospect this year for consumer spending to rebound back to pre-pandemic levels has certainly dimmed,” David Chao of Invesco said in a report. “All eyes are on whether policymakers will evolve their zero-COVID pandemic policies.”
Officials have urged the public to stay where they are during the Lunar New Year holiday instead of visiting their hometowns. That will cut spending on travel, gifts and banquets during the country’s most important family holiday.
Forecasters have cut this year’s growth outlook to as low as 5% due to the debt crackdown and coronavirus.
“Downward pressure on growth will persist in 2022,” Tommy Wu of Oxford Economics said in a report.
Compared with the previous quarter, the way other major economies are measured, the Chinese economy grew 1.4% in the final three months of 2021. That was up from the previous quarter’s 0.2%.
Chinese exports, reported Friday, surged 29.9% in 2021 over the previous year despite a global shortage of semiconductors needed to make smartphones and other goods and power rationing imposed in major manufacturing areas.
Exporters benefited from reviving global demand while their foreign competitors were hampered by anti-virus controls. But economists say this year’s trade growth is likely to be weak and export volumes might shrink due to congestion at ports.
“With supply chains already stretched to capacity, last year’s boost from surging exports can’t be repeated,” Julian Evans-Pritchard of Capital Economics said in a report.
Auto sales fell for a seventh month in November, declining 9.1% from a year earlier, reflecting consumer reluctance to commit to big purchases.
Chinese leaders are trying to steer the economy to more sustainable growth based on domestic consumption instead of exports and investment and to reduce financial risk.
In mid-September, factories in some provinces were ordered to shut down to meet official targets for reducing energy use and energy intensity, or the amount used per unit of output.
One of the country’s biggest developers, Evergrande Group, is struggling to avoid defaulting on $310 billion owed to banks and bondholders. Smaller developers have collapsed or defaulted on debts after Beijing reduced the amount of borrowed money they can use.
Chinese officials have tried to reassure investors over the risks of wider problems, saying any impact on lending markets can be contained. Economists say a potential Evergrande default should have little effect on global markets.
National Bureau of Statistics (in Chinese): www.stats.gov.cn
Joe Mcdonald, The Associated Press
A Moment with the Mayor: The need for economic recovery – City of Lloydminster
I have received many questions on the state of our local economy from residents. At the root of most of the questions is a desire to know what the City is doing to help restart the economy.
Lloydminster’s economy is large and diverse, with our two major industries being oil and gas and agriculture. Both industries are greatly affected by world prices, world political conditions and agriculture is also significantly affected by global weather.
Those who have spent many years here and worked within the oil and gas sector likely don’t recall a price of oil as high as it was a few years ago. On the flip side, in the late 1990s, oil was selling for $10 a barrel, and things were tough for everyone. Today, we have seen a huge rebound for oil prices from less than $40US per barrel to today, the price hovering around $80US per barrel.
Want ads are present throughout our community’s oil and gas service companies and throughout the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin. This is driven by a price, something set at the world level on a daily basis by the market and traders. A similar story in agriculture is that commodities are trading at record prices, such as canola and wheat. This is excellent news for producers and the farm, but again the prices are not being set by producers but by the world market and traders. Many farmers have shared with me the great news of these higher commodity prices, followed by the downside of the increased cost of inputs. Fertilizer has doubled in price from last year and is still rising. Pesticide prices are increasing rapidly, and supply shortages are all the talk.
Our economy is based on a regional trade and service centre with people travelling considerable distances to access medical professional and retail services and goods. The City’s Economic Development team continues to support local businesses by helping them deal with today’s challenges. We strive to help them grow their businesses today and into the future and look ahead and foster new business opportunities, big and small, to add to our community and surrounding area. Our economy is building and growing each and every day.
The City will continue to help lead in welcoming new businesses in all sectors of the economy. We’re well-positioned with great highway and railway access and a diverse labour pool to take advantage of the opportunities that lie ahead of us in 2022 and beyond.
Mayor Gerald S. Aalbers
City of Lloydminster
Ahead of election, Macron banks on rosy French economy, new jobs – Financial Post
PARIS — President Emmanuel Macron will on Monday tout 21 new foreign investment projects in France and a booming economy as proof his economic reforms have been bearing fruit less than three months before a presidential election in which he is expected to run.
During a visit to Alsace in the east, Macron will announce a 300-million-euro ($342 million) industrial project by German chemical giant BASF, one of 21 new projects worth 4 billion euros and 10,000 jobs as part of a drive to attract foreign investors, his office said.
As the presidential race heats up, his aides are keen to shift the debate away from immigration and law-and-order issues and put the spotlight on the economy, which has been recovering strongly from the COVID-19 pandemic.
“This is the result of all the reforms that were carried out since the start of the mandate,” a presidential aide told reporters.
“Three months before an election, we could have expected investors to be in wait-and-see mode because of the uncertainty of an election. Instead, we see very strong confidence from foreign investors in the president’s economic policy,” he said.
Since 2017, Macron has pushed through a cocktail of supply-side economic reforms meant to boost businesses’ competitiveness, cut taxes on investors and loosen strict labor market rules.
Critics say he has acted as “president of the rich” who wants to do away with France’s cherished social safety nets and has cut welfare benefits for some of the poorest.
But three months ahead of the April election, indicators show the French economy is booming, with growth expected to have hit 6.7% in 2021 and France having returned closer to pre-pandemic levels than any G7 peer bar the United States.
Macron supporters also received an unexpected boost from economist Paul Krugman on Friday.
“In fact, among major advanced economies, the star performer of the pandemic era, arguably, is … France,” he wrote in his New York Times column https://www.nytimes.com/2022/01/14/opinion/france-economy-pandemic-socialism.html. ($1 = 0.8761 euros) (Reporting by Michel Rose; Editing by Emelia Sithole-Matarise)
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