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Culture change key to attracting more women to politics – TheChronicleHerald.ca

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SYDNEY, N.S. —

A recent Cape Breton Regional Municipality budget meeting listed “Amanda and Emmett” as two participants.  

Held via video conference, the name appeared as one, indicating CBRM Mayor Amanda McDougall would have her newborn son Emmett by her side.  

Born in November, Emmett has been going to work with McDougall since he was six days old. The mayor isn’t eligible for government-funded maternity leave due to her elected position.  

“There are no parental accommodations in politics,” McDougall said. “We do not pay into EI (employment insurance) because technically we receive a stipend, not a salary (as elected officials).” 

McDougall’s fourth floor corner office, with walls of windows, overlooks Sydney harbour. There are a few signs of Emmett’s presence in the space.  

On the floor is a blanket and some toys for tummy time. In the back corner, a blocked area for “Emmett’s Dignity Corner” has his playpen crib where he naps.  

Sometimes relatives come to babysit Emmett at the office while McDougall works. The most frequent visitor is her mother. On days when municipal council meets, Emmett stays home or with other family members.  

“I take my role as chair seriously. Workshops and in-office work I find it no problem to have him with me,” the mayor explained.  

McDougall, who was elected the first female mayor in the CBRM in October, is one of a growing number of women proving motherhood and politics aren’t mutually exclusive.  

She said she’s heard very few negative comments about her bringing Emmett to work and people have stopped asking her how she would handle mayoral duties and motherhood – a question people had asked daily during the municipal election campaign.  

“People are more curious when I don’t have Emmett with me in the office.” 

Baby Emmett, only five weeks old, nestled in his portable bassinette/playpen beside his mother’s desk at city hall in downtown Sydney in January. CAPE BRETON POST FILE PHOTO

AS IT SHOULD BE  

McDougall’s choice to work and bring her baby to the office could help in the fight to get equal representation of men and women on all levels of government, said Dr. Meredith Ralston, a professor in the political science and women’s studies at Mount Saint Vincent University in Halifax. 

“I bet that will have a role model effect on other women, young women in particular I hope, so that they can see, hopefully, not just the bad social media stuff or see any kind of harassment, but to also see a woman do a great job, have a happy home life, have children and take on a job like being mayor,” Ralston said. 

“Then we see women decide to take that chance because they see women like them, and they want to make a difference.” 

Cumberland North PC MLA Elizabeth Smith-McCrossin said she believes making politics more family-friendly can break down a barrier holding women back from entering politics.  

“We can’t just use the words and say we want more women in politics,” she said.  

“We actually have to change the culture. And that involves creating a culture that’s welcoming to women. And guess what? Women have babies. We should be celebrating women having babies, not criticizing them. 

“We all have a responsibility. Instead of looking for reasons why women can’t be in elected office, we have to look at ways to support them and empowering them, which involves changing the culture and the rules that existed up to now. If that involves having a nanny’s suite in the mayor’s office, so do it. It involves finding ways to support women in elected office.”  

Dr. Robyn MacQuarrie, president of Doctors Nova Scotia. CONTRIBUTED  - Contributed
Dr. Robyn MacQuarrie, president of Doctors Nova Scotia. CONTRIBUTED – Contributed

A WOMAN’S CHOICE  

Returning to work after having a baby or staying home is a very individual choice, stressed Dr. Robyn MacQuarrie, an obstetrician-gynecologist who is the current president of Doctors Nova Scotia.  

Some women, like MacQuarrie and Smith-McCrossin, are self-employed so taking maternity leave wasn’t the best choice for their family.  

For other women, they may be eligible for paid maternal leave through the federal government or private insurance, which they use solely or split the time with their partner. 

“It’s as individualized as the mother because it depends on what the mother does. Being a mayor certainly sounds like something you need to be (at work for). It’s not something that can be deferred. You need to be available and aware of current context,” MacQuarrie said.  

“It’s so individualized by the person, right? Do they have benefits that allow them to work part-time? You know we need to make sure that things like EI aren’t so prohibitive that women can’t work part-time and still do some work.”  

MacQuarrie said new mothers who can, want and choose to return to work will need support in the months after their babies are born. 

“It’s a really challenging time to be both working and a mom, so you want to take great care to make sure she’s not being overwhelmed by too many, you know, pots on the fire … making sure she’s not asking too much of herself,” said MacQuarrie. 

“Raising a baby is a lot of work and trying to do a full-time job is also a lot of work and so it’s important to make sure that she is able to ask for the supports she may need.” 

When the work environment is good for both mom and baby, MacQuarrie said there could be health benefits for women who choose to take their children to work with them.  

“We know that particularly for breastfeeding women, having contact with their infant is very important for maintaining supply of breast milk,” she said.  

“If conditions allow and it’s safe for mom and babe, being able to be in physical contact is something that I think should be celebrated and acknowledged.”

Nicole Sullivan is an immigration/diversity and education reporter for the Cape Breton Post. 

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Prince Philip took a keen interest in Canada, but stayed above politics, former GGs and PM say

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When former Canadian prime minister Jean Chrétien met the late Prince Philip for the first time, he told him that for an Englishman, his French was very good.

“He said ‘I’m not English and I’ve spoken French since before you were born,’” Chrétien told the Star Friday, commenting on his many encounters over 50 years with the Duke of Edinburgh.

“He was not dull, let me put it that way,” Chrétien said. “He had some strong views. Sometimes he had to show discipline to not speak up more than he would have wished.”

Philip, born in Greece in 1921 and husband to Queen Elizabeth II for over 73 years, died at the age of 99 on Friday.

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, who said he first met Philip when he was a little boy, described him as “a man of great purpose and conviction, who was motivated by a sense of duty to others.”

Former prime ministers and governors general spoke of a man who understood his role and knew not to get involved in politics, but who was very knowledgeable about Canada and took a keen interest in the country’s success.

“I was always impressed by their knowledge,” Chrétien said of Philip and the Queen, Canada’s head of state.

He said he can recall Philip asking about the prospect of Quebec separating from the rest of the country. “Not in a very political fashion, just in terms of interest. Of course he was interested to not see Canada break up. He would certainly say that to me.”

 

Statements from former prime ministers Paul Martin and Stephen Harper highlighted Philip’s devotion to the Canadian armed forces and charitable organizations, as well as the Duke of Edinburgh’s Award, an international self-development program for young people.

Former governors general David Johnston and Michaëlle Jean, through their role as the Queen’s representative in Canada, were also able to get to know Philip more intimately, particularly at the Queen’s Balmoral Castle estate in Scotland.

Jean recalls being “overwhelmed” by all the protocol recommendations ahead of a Balmoral visit with her husband and six-year-old daughter prior to taking office in 2005, only to find Philip and the Queen greeting them at the door, with Philip paying special attention to her daughter.

“The memory I keep of Prince Philip is that of an affable, caring, elegant and warm man,” Jean told the Star, adding he was a man who was very attentive to detail.

She recalled attending a barbecue on the Balmoral estate, just the four of them, and Philip telling her, “Don’t forget to congratulate Her Majesty for her salad dressing, because she made it herself.”

What Jean also saw was a man sometimes hampered by the limitations of his role, like when he talked about one of his favourite topics, the environment.

“He said ‘I do a lot about it, I raise awareness, I take actions…I feel that whatever I do, no one cares,’” Jean recounted. “What I got from that is how lonely he felt…There was a sense of not feeling appreciated in proportion to his contributions, a feeling of being misunderstood.”

Johnston, who succeeded Jean, said Canada’s constitutional monarchy — where the head of state is politically neutral and separate from elected office — is an “important and precious” form of government, and Philip was key to making it work.

Philip showed leadership as a servant, Johnston said, “not taking centre stage, but by ensuring that the Queen and the monarchy were front row and centre.

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“He played such an important structural role, and did that with great diligence and commitment. He was selfless in that respect,” Johnston said in an interview.

For Matthew Rowe, who works on the Royal Family’s charitable endeavours in Canada, the Duke of Edinburgh’s political value to Canada was precisely that he was not political — that he, along with the rest of the monarchy, provided a stabilizing force outside of the partisan fray.

He was dynamic, irascible, exasperating, intriguing. And he was always three steps behind his wife, Queen Elizabeth, who utterly adored him throughout their 73-year marriage, flaws, faux pas and all.

“His presence, and the role of Her Majesty and other members of the Royal Family, has been to be able to represent the nation, to represent Canadian interests, and commemorate Canadian achievements without being tied to a particular political ideology or regional faction,” Rowe, who met Philip at a ceremony at Rideau Hall in 2010, said in an interview.

 

Philip’s role meant he could speak more frankly than the Queen in public, and spoke “quite thoughtfully” about the constitutional monarchy in Canada, said University of Toronto history instructor Carolyn Harris.

At a press conference in Ottawa in 1969, Philip famously said that the monarchy doesn’t exist “in the interests of the monarch…It exists solely in the interest of the people. We don’t come here for our health. We can think of other ways of enjoying ourselves.”

Philip had a good, joking relationship with Johnston’s wife, Sharon. He recounted how the two joined the Queen and Prince Philip at Balmoral in August 2010, prior to Johnston’s swearing-in later that year.

One evening, they were returning to the castle from a barbecue at a renovated shepherd’s hut on the estate — just the four of them, the Queen driving with Johnston in one land rover, and Philip driving with Sharon in the other ahead of them on narrow, highland roads.

“We were coming home at about 10 p.m., as black as could be, he and Sharon were ahead, kind of weaving, and we could hear these gales of laughter coming out. They were cracking jokes at one another,” Johnston said.

“I had a vision of him going over the edge and down half a mile into the valley, and my first thought is: Do the Queen and I rustle down to rescue them?”

Chrétien said “it must be terrible” for the Queen to now find herself alone after a marriage that lasted for more than 70 years. He noted it’s been almost seven months to the day since he lost his wife, Aline.

 

“It’s a big change in life but she’s an extremely courageous person and she will face the situation with the strength that she has been able to show to the world for the almost 70 years she’s been queen,” Chrétien said.

With files from Alex Boutilier and Kieran Leavitt

 

 

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After warning, McConnell softens posture on corporations’ taking political stances

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Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., softened his stance on corporations’ getting involved in politics Wednesday, a day after he warned companies not to weigh in on hot button issues.

“I didn’t say that very artfully yesterday. They’re certainly entitled to be involved in politics. They are,” McConnell told reporters. “My principal complaint is they didn’t read the darn bill.

“They got intimidated into adopting an interpretation … given by the Georgia Democrats in order to help get their way,” he said.

McConnell was referring to a controversial voting law recently passed in Georgia, which came about in the aftermath of former President Donald Trump’s campaign of falsehoods about the election result in the state last fall.

The law led the CEOs of Delta and Coca-Cola — which are based in Atlanta — to condemn the measure. And last week, Major League Baseball pulled this year’s All-Star Game out of Atlanta in protest. The game will, instead, be played in Colorado.

In recent weeks, McConnell has excoriated corporate America for boycotting states over various GOP-led bills. He said Tuesday that it is “stupid” for corporations to take positions on divisive political issues but noted that his criticism did not extend to their donations.

“So my warning, if you will, to corporate America is to stay out of politics,” McConnell said in Louisville, Kentucky. “It’s not what you’re designed for. And don’t be intimidated by the left into taking up causes that put you right in the middle of one of America’s greatest political debates.”

Major League Baseball’s decision drew the most outrage from Republicans, as Trump called for a boycott of baseball and other companies that spoke out against the Georgia law. McConnell said Tuesday that the latest moves are “irritating one hell of a lot of Republican fans.”

McConnell, long a champion of big money in politics, however, noted Tuesday that corporations “have a right to participate in a political process” but said they should do so without alienating “an awful lot of people.”

“I’m not talking about political contributions,” he said. “I’m talking about taking a position on a highly incendiary issue like this and punishing a community or a state because you don’t like a particular law that passed. I just think it’s stupid.”

Source:- NBC News

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Facebook Removes 1,000 Fake Accounts Seeking to Sway Global Politics

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(Bloomberg) — Facebook Inc. said it removed 14 networks representing more than 1,000 accounts seeking to sway politics around the world, including in Iran and El Salvador, while misleading the public about their identity.

Most of the removed networks were in the early stages of building their audiences, the Menlo Park, California-based company said Tuesday. Facebook’s announcement on Tuesday, part of its monthly reporting on efforts to rid its platforms of fake accounts, represents one of the larger crack downs by the company in recent months.

“We have been growing this program for several years,” said David Agranovich, Facebook’s global threat disruption lead. “I would expect to see this drum beat of take downs to continue.”

In one example, the company removed a network of more than 300 accounts, pages and groups on Facebook and the photo-sharing app Instagram that appear to be run by a years-old troll farm located in Albania and operated by the Mujahedeen-e-Khalq opposition group. The group appeared to target Iran, but also other audiences with content about Iran, according to a report released by Facebook.

The group was most active in 2017, but increased its activity again in the latter half of 2020. It was one of a handful of the influence campaigns that likely used machine learning technologies capable of creating realistic profile photos to the naked eye, Facebook said in the report.

The company also removed 118 accounts, eight pages and 10 Instagram accounts based in Spain and El Salvador for violating the company’s foreign interference policy. The group amplified criticism of Henry Flores, a mayoral candidate in Santa Tecla, El Savador and supportive commentary of his rivals, the company said.

The social media giant also took down a network of 29 Facebook accounts, two pages, one group and 10 Instagram accounts based in Iran that was targeting Israel. The people behind the network posed as locals and posted criticism about Isreali prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu, according to Facebook. The company also took down networks based in Argentina, Mexico, Egypt and other nations.

Nathaniel Gleicher, Facebook’s head of security policy, said the company has improved its ability to identify inauthentic accounts, but said bad actors continue to change their strategies to avoid Facebook’s detection.

©2021 Bloomberg L.P.

Source:- BNN

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