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Expert panel: An investment roadmap for 2022 – Benefits Canada

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Read: Experts weigh in on what investors should expect in 2022

Entering 2022, the pandemic continues to be the dominant theme for capital markets in the midst of a fifth wave. Despite the fast spread of the Omicron variant, governments, particularly ones in North America, seem resolved to avoid a full economic shutdown. We’ve also witnessed the impact of expansive monetary policies in the form of growing inflation levels.

With the U.S. Federal Reserve already planning three rate increases this year, the Bank of Canada is expected to follow suit. With increases in the overnight rates, we can also expect a parallel shift up in rates across the bond yield curve. Accordingly, North American bonds will likely come under pressure, regardless of the term, and a decline in bond prices is expected in 2022. For institutional investors, an allocation to variable rate bonds and real return bonds would help to enhance fixed income performance in the year ahead.

In addition, we can anticipate that stocks will continue to outpace bonds, with returns in the six to nine per cent range. Moreover, rising interest rates will create some extreme winners and losers.

More defensive stocks are likely to lead the market. Sectors, such as consumer staples, that can more easily pass on cost increases, should perform well in this economy. Banks should benefit from higher interest rates, which should improve their net interest margins. As well, the resources sector is expected to continue to benefit from increased infrastructure and housing spending. Even the battered energy sector should continue to perform well in 2022, with global supply remaining at depressed levels and demand slowly normalizing with the curtailment of closures. Given the strength in the financial and resources sectors, we can expect Canadian stocks to outpace U.S. and international stocks.

Read: Expert panel: DB, DC pension predictions for 2022

In an inflationary market with rising interest rates, cyclical stocks will presumably come under pressure. Stocks in the consumer discretionary and leisure sectors, which have a harder time passing along cost increases, will likely underperform the market. In this type of environment, speculative companies with high long-term growth expectations and little or no present earnings will be particularly disadvantaged.

Stocks in the airline and travel sectors, which have been battered by the pandemic, will continue to struggle as travel volumes remain low and cancellations remain prevalent. These stocks will remain depressed until restrictions are lifted and travel behaviour returns to normal, after which the stocks are likely to rebound — and rebound strongly. At this point, it’s difficult to predict when this will happen.

Technology stocks will continue to drive economic growth. Some of the hottest trends will relate to the growth of cloud computing, the continued rollout of 5G technology, the growing impact of artificial intelligence, the refinement of autonomous vehicles and the growth of e-commerce and e-commerce platforms.

In terms of alternative asset classes, infrastructure demand is expected to continue to grow, with an increase in infrastructure spending initiated in the U.S. and elsewhere around the world to stimulate economic growth during the pandemic. Demand growth for this asset class should continue to drive prices up and cap rates down on infrastructure projects.

Read: Expert panel: Unclear road ahead for institutional investors in 2022

We also expect a continued bifurcation of the commercial real estate market. Offices, particularly ones in the downtown segment, as well as the retail sector, will continue to suffer because of pandemic-related reductions in demand. This should lead to downward pricing pressures. However, these trends may not reverse, even following the end of the pandemic, due to fundamental shifts, which may result in a permanent increase in remote employment and online shopping. Demand in the industrial and multi-family residential sectors should remain robust.

In this environment, commercial mortgages may present a better way to leverage the real estate market, as they allow investors to avoid direct real estate exposure. Underlying real estate is used only as collateral to the mortgages and normally includes a considerable cushion in the form of a lower loan-to-value ratio to protect investors in the event of a default. Like traditional bonds, an allocation to variable rate mortgages should help enhance returns.

Unfortunately, 2022 promises to continue to hold institutional investors in the grip of the pandemic. However, by evaluating the market and portfolio positioning, investors may be able to better position their portfolios to weather the continuing storm.

Read: Risks of cybersecurity breaches top of mind for pension funds

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Toronto index set for biggest weekly drop since early December

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Canada’s main stock index fell on Friday as weaker crude oil prices weighed on energy stocks, putting the benchmark index on course for its biggest weekly drop since early December.

At 9:35 a.m. ET (14:35 GMT), the Toronto Stock Exchange’s S&P/TSX composite index was down 141.11 points, or 0.67%, at 20,917.07. It hit a more than two-week low in the previous session.

The index has lost 2.4% so far this week, hurt by higher bond yields as expectations build that central banks will hike interest rates over the coming months to tame unruly inflation.

The healthcare and technology sectors have dominated the weekly losses, dropping 7.4% and 4.5%, respectively.

On Friday, the energy sector led the declines with a fall of 1.9% as an unexpected rise in U.S. crude and fuel inventories profit-booking pressured crude oil prices.[O/R]

The financials sector slipped 0.8%, while the industrials sector fell 0.5%.

The materials sector, which includes precious and base metals miners and fertilizer companies, lost 0.4% on weaker copper prices. [MET/L]

On the economic front, data showed Canadian retail sales rose 0.7% to C$58.08 billion ($46.40 billion) in November on higher sales at gasoline stations, and building materials and gardening equipment and supplies dealers.

“Canadian retail sales for November grew less than expected, while new house price inflation plateaued at a high level, another sign of stagflation in the North American economy,” said Colin Cieszynski, chief market strategist at SIA Wealth Management.

HIGHLIGHTS

The TSX posted one new 52-week highs and 10 new lows.

Across all Canadian issues there were two new 52-week highs and 55 new lows, with total volume of 32.05 million shares.

 

(Reporting by Amal S in Bengaluru; Editing by Aditya Soni)

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CAPP expects oil and gas investment to rise 22 per cent this year to $32.8 billion – Energeticcity.ca

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But CAPP president Tim McMillan pointed out that in spite of the fact that oil prices are at seven-year highs and companies are recording record cash flows, capital investment remains well below what it was during the industry’s boom years. In 2014, for example, capital investment in the Canadian oilpatch hit an all-time record high of $81 billion, capturing 10 per cent of total global upstream natural gas and oil investment.

“Today we’re at $32 billion, and we’re only capturing about six per cent of global investment,” McMillan said. “We’ve lost ground to other oil and gas producers, which I think is problematic for a lot of reasons . . . and it leaves billions of dollars of investment that is going somewhere else, and not to Canada.”

Investment in conventional oil and natural gas is forecast at $21.2 billion in 2022, according to CAPP, while growth in oilsands investment is expected to increase 33 per cent to $11.6 billion this year.

Alberta is expected to lead all provinces in overall oil and gas capital spending, with upstream investment expected to increase 24 per cent to $24.5 billion in 2022. Over 80 per cent of the industry’s new capital spending this year will be focused in Alberta, representing an additional $4.8 billion of investment into the province compared with 2021, according to CAPP. 

While the 2022 forecast numbers are good news for the Canadian economy, McMillan said, it’s a problem that companies aren’t willing to invest in this country’s industry at the level they once did. 

He said investors have been put off by Canada’s record of cancelled pipeline projects, regulatory hurdles and negative government policy signals, and many now see Canada as a “difficult place to invest.”

However, Rory Johnston, managing director and market economist at Toronto-based Price Street Inc., said laying the decline in the industry’s capital spending at the feet of the federal government is overly simplistic.

He added while current “rip-roaring, amazing” cash flows and a period of sustained high oil prices will certainly give some producers the appetite to invest this year, Johnston said, it will likely be on a project-by-project basis and certainly on a smaller scale than the major oilsands expansions of a decade ago.

“You have global macro trends across the entire industry that have begun to favour smaller, fast-cycle investment projects — and most oilsands projects are literally the polar opposite of that,” he said.

One reason capital spending isn’t likely to return to boom time levels is because companies have become much more cost-efficient after surviving a string of lean years. And that’s not a bad thing, Johnston said.

“The decade of capex boom out west was tremendously beneficial for Canada and Albertans, but it also caused tremendous cost inflation,” he said.

“While what we’re seeing right now is not as construction-heavy and not as employment-heavy —and those are two very, very large downsides — the upside is that you’re much more competitive in a much more competitive oil market,” Johnston said.

In a report released this week, the International Energy Agency (IEA) hiked its oil demand growth forecast for the coming year by 200,000 barrels a day, to 3.3 million barrels a day. 

According to the IEA, global oil demand will exceed pre-pandemic levels this year due to growing COVID-19 immunization rates and the fact that the new Omicron variant hasn’t proved severe enough to force a return to strict lockdown measures.

This report by The Canadian Press was first published Jan. 20, 2022.

Amanda Stephenson, The Canadian Press

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Cash-flow investing isn't just a strategy for your grandparents – Financial Post

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Cash-flow investing is increasingly attractive during times of increased market volatility

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The outlook on the Omnicron variant of COVID-19 on global markets is changing by the minute, but I am reminded of a tried-and-true approach that can provide investors with some peace of mind during uncertain market conditions: focusing on the value quality that cash flow adds as opposed to movements in the asset price.

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Cash-flow investing, in basic terms, means purchasing an asset that provides income at regular intervals versus one solely based on price appreciation. Whether it is monthly, quarterly, semi-annual, etc., you will receive regular cash distributions that can be reinvested or used to finance your lifestyle.

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Considered a relatively conservative approach to investing, acquiring cash-flow-producing assets can be attractive for a number of reasons.

First, the asset will provide value on a regular basis regardless of its current market price. A temporary drop in value can be viewed as positive for cash-flow investors because they can now use the distribution amount to buy more of the asset at a distressed price, hence increasing their future cash-flow amount.

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Secondly, dividends or proceeds from cash-flow investments can be used to fund lifestyle expenses in retirement without eating into your overall pot of capital.

This shift in focus from market price to value can help diversify investment portfolios and mitigate the impact of public market uncertainty. Ultimately, cash-flow investments provide flexibility to rebalance, protection against market volatility, and peace of mind that you’re earning sustainable income with less concern about the economic impact of current events.

For example, in February 2020, we switched our monthly cash-flow-producing assets from reinvest to pay out for many clients when public equity markets sharply reacted to COVID-19 uncertainty. This free cash flow allowed us to purchase dividend-paying equities at a large discount for the ensuing six months until they reached their pre-pandemic valuations.

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Dividend-paying equities are just one of several types of cash-flow investments.

Real estate : Cash flow is the result of proceeds from rent collected. The value of the property will likely appreciate over the long term, but the cash flow produced monthly or annually is relatively consistent. The goal here is for the income from the property to cover all your costs on the property and provide a steady profit.

Investing in a real estate fund can be an excellent source of passive income and provide steady long-term returns. Real estate funds can have a similar return to individual property ownership without the added stress of personally maintaining the property.

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Mortgage funds : Cash flow comes from regular loan interest repayments over the term of the loan. Loans are often secured by real property with a varying loan-to-value ratio.

Private assets : Assets such as private debt offer higher-yielding returns with significantly lower volatility than publicly traded securities. By their nature, private assets are not subject to the same whims of the crowd that the public markets are.

Dividend-paying stocks : Arguably the most volatile cash-flow-producing investment available to the average retail investor. The income from dividend-paying stocks can be less consistent than other cash-flow-generating assets. Also, your investment value can fluctuate depending on market events and the company’s performance. One strategy for mitigating some of the volatility is to invest in a fund focusing on long-term growth in a large number of dividend-paying stocks.

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Bonds or bond funds : Bonds, essentially the debt of companies or governments, can provide relatively low returns, but are generally viewed as safe investments depending on their rating. Again, a way to protect your bond investment and still see regular cash flow is to invest in a bond fund that provides diversification across the bond market.

As a whole, cash-flow investing helps protect investors in volatile markets while also taking advantage of temporary market troughs. This is one strategy I would recommend to all investors regardless of portfolio size. If there’s one thing I’ve learned over the past number of years, there’s never a wrong time to start.

James McCarthy, CIM, is a senior wealth associate/client relationship manager at Nicola Wealth. This article should not be considered as investment advice or a recommendation of any particular security, strategy or investment product. All investments contain risk and may gain or lose value. Nicola Wealth is registered as a portfolio manager, exempt market dealer and investment fund manager with the required provincial securities commissions.

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