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Health officials declare syphilis outbreak in Nova Scotia – The Globe and Mail

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Nova Scotia is declaring a provincial outbreak of syphilis after seeing a jump in the number of cases last year.

Public health officials said today there were 82 cases recorded in 2019, compared with 50 in 2018 and 38 in 2017.

Twenty per cent of the cases last year were women, up from 10 per cent the year before.

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The bacterial illness is a sexually transmitted infection and can be contracted through unprotected anal, oral or vaginal sex.

Dr. Gaynor Watson-Creed, the deputy medical officer, says safer sex practices and getting tested for syphilis can help control the numbers of infections.

The illness is treatable with antibiotics, but later stages of syphilis can cause serious impacts to the brain, heart and other organs, and can even lead to death.

The last syphilis outbreak in the province was declared in the Halifax area in 2009, hitting a peak in 2013 with 84 cases that year.

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The global spread of the new coronavirus: Where is it? – The Australian Jewish News

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The new coronavirus that emerged in central China at the end of last year has now killed more than 2,400 people and spread around the world.

Outside mainland China there have been 26 deaths and more than 1,500 infections reported, with cases concentrated in South Korea and the Diamond Princess cruise ship quarantined off Japan.

Here is a roundup of the areas where cases of COVID-19, the virus’s official designation, have been confirmed:

China

As of Sunday some 77,000 people had been infected and 2,442 had died across mainland China, the majority in and around Wuhan, the capital of Hubei province, where the outbreak was first reported.

Two people have died and at least 70 people have been infected in Hong Kong.

Ten infections have been counted in Macao.

Korean tourists await a flight home from Ben-Gurion International airport amid fears they carry the coronavirus, Feb. 23, 2020. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit)

Asia-Pacific

South Korea: 602 people have been infected by the virus and six people have died. The number of cases jumped sharply in recent days after an outbreak cluster in a religious sect in southern city Daegu.

Japan: more than 130 people have been infected and four have died. Three of those deaths were passengers who had been on the cruise ship Diamond Princess, quarantined off Japan, where the number of infections is now at 630.

Singapore: 89

Thailand: 35

Malaysia: 22

Taiwan: 26, including one death

Australia: 22

Vietnam: 16

Philippines: 3, including one death

India: 3

Nepal: 1

Sri Lanka: 1

Cambodia: 1

North America

United States: 35

Canada: 9

Police stop cars at the border of an area under quarantine due to a coronavirus outbreak in Casalpusterlengo, Northern Italy, Feb. 23, 2020. (Claudio Furlan/LaPresse via AP)

Europe

Italy: 149, three deaths. On Saturday Italy became the first country in Europe to put some of its citizens under quarantine, with over 50,000 residents in 11 towns in lockdown.

Germany: 16

France: 12, including one death

Britain: 13

Russia: 5

Spain: 2

Finland: 1

Sweden: 1

Belgium: 1

A commuter wears a mask amid coronavirus fears on a bus in Tehran, Iran, Feb. 23, 2020. (AP Photo/Ebrahim Noroozi)

Middle East

Iran: 43, 8 deaths, the largest number of fatalities of any country outside China.

United Arab Emirates: 13

Israel: 2

Lebanon: 1

Africa

Egypt: 1

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Another presumptive case of COVID-19 confirmed in Toronto | News – Daily Hive

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Ontario health officials announced a fourth presumptive case of the novel coronavirus in the province Sunday, bringing the total number of cases Canada has seen to 10.

The latest patient is a woman who arrived in Canada from China on February 21. That same day, she followed advice from Telehealth Ontario and went to North York General Hospital because she had an intermittent cough.

Her illness was mild, and after being tested for COVID-19 she was discharged and is now self-isolated at home.

Ontario’s lab returned a presumptive positive test for the virus Sunday, and further testing will be done at the national lab in Winnipeg to confirm that result.

“Because of all the proper protocols and procedures that are in place to contain this virus and exposure to others was limited, I want to assure the public that the risk to Ontarians remains low,” said Dr. David Williams, Ontario’s Chief Medical Officer of Health.

The woman wore a mask on her flight back to Toronto, and has not been in touch with many people since she returned.

Right now, this woman is the only known active case of COVID-19 in Ontario. The first three patients who all returned from China earlier this year have recovered and cleared the virus from their bodies.

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[Wuhan Woman With No Coronavirus Symptoms Infects 5 Relatives Revealing New Extent of Challenge] – Mash Viral

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China: A 20-year-old Chinese woman from Wuhan, the epicenter of the coronavirus outbreak, traveled 400 miles(675 km) north to Anyang where she infected five relatives, without ever showing signs of infection, Chinese scientists reported on Friday, offering new evidence that the virus can be spread asymptomatically.

The case study, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, offered clues about how the coronavirus is spreading, and suggested why it may be difficult to stop.

“Scientists have been asking if you can have this infection and not be ill? The answer is apparently, yes,” said Dr. William Schaffner, an infectious disease expert at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, who was not involved in the study.

China has reported a total of 75,567 cases of the virus known as COVID-19 to the World Health Organization (WHO) including 2,239 deaths, and the virus has already spread to 26 countries and territories outside of mainland China.

Researchers have reported sporadic accounts of individuals without any symptoms spreading the virus. What’s different in this study is that it offers a natural lab experiment of sorts, Schaffner said.

“You had this patient from Wuhan where the virus is, traveling to where the virus wasn’t. She remained asymptomatic and infected a bunch of family members and you had a group of physicians who immediately seized on the moment and tested everyone.”

According to the report by Dr. Meiyun Wang of the People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou University and colleagues, the woman traveled from Wuhan to Anyang on January 10 and visited several relatives. When they started getting sick, doctors isolated the woman and tested her for coronavirus. Initially, the young woman tested negative for the virus, but a follow-up test was positive.

All five of her relatives developed COVID-19 pneumonia, but as of February 11, the young woman still had not developed any symptoms, her chest CT remained normal and she had no fever, stomach or respiratory symptoms, such as cough or sore throat.

Scientists in the study said if the findings are replicated, “the prevention of COVID-19 infection could prove challenging.”

Key questions now, Schaffner said, are how often does this kind of transmission occur and when during the asymptomatic period does a person test positive for the virus.

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