Here’s how Canada locked down Volkswagen’s first overseas EV battery plant
The $14-billion deal that will see Volkswagen, the world’s largest automaker, set up a manufacturing presence in Canada for the first time in history, took a year of negotiations on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean.
But the talks that led Volkswagen to choose southwestern Ontario for the location of its first battery plant outside Europe all started with a whim.
Out of the blue in early 2022, Industry Minister Francois-Philippe Champagne decided he should call the company’s then-North American CEO, Scott Keogh. His staff dug up the number.
Champagne said in an interview with The Canadian Press that he’d never met Keogh before, but he got him on the phone on St. Patrick’s Day last year.
“I introduced myself, and I said, ‘Listen, here I am, Minister Champagne from Canada. I would like to start a discussion.”’
Volkswagen has sold cars in Canada for decades, but it has never made them here. Still, like other large automakers, it is making the transition to produce electric vehicles. And producing the batteries that power them requires a solid supply chain.
Canada is in the midst of a massive push to corner at least some of that industry for itself, with enthusiastic buy-in from provincial and municipal governments.
More on Canada
Champagne, who is well known for his boundless energy, seems to have taken that on as his personal mission. Even Ontario Premier Doug Ford was referring to the minister as the “energizer bunny” by the time the deal was done.
When he called Keogh, Champagne was getting ready to announce Canada’s first-ever gigafactory, a joint venture by LG and Stellantis in Windsor, Ont.
Canada also had electric-vehicle manufacturing deals announced or in the works with Ford, General Motors, Honda and Toyota.
But, as always, Europe’s car manufacturers were proving elusive.
“We have never really had strong relationships with the European automakers,” said Champagne. “So when I saw that there was this big generational shift toward electric vehicles ? I said, ‘There must be a fit.”’
In 2021, Volkswagen had announced its intention to build six battery plants by the end of the decade. Last July, it launched a new company, PowerCo, to run them.
The first, in Salzgitter, Germany, is set to open in 2025. The second will be in Valencia, Spain.
It was in early 2022 that Volkswagen was beginning to consider where it might locate a battery plant to service its North American manufacturing sites. Champagne’s perfectly timed call led to a meeting being scheduled in Toronto just over a month later, in late April.
Keogh invited the entire board of directors of Volkswagen’s North American arm to join him, and Ontario’s Economic Development Minister Vic Fedeli would be in the room to help make the first pitch.
But Champagne said he thinks the first glimmer of a potential partnership came a few hours before, when he chased down Volkswagen’s chief procurement officer after seeing him on the street.
“He was a bit flabbergasted,” Champagne said, chuckling that the man couldn’t believe someone had recognized him.
“I said, ‘I just want to welcome you in Canada.’ And I think from that moment, there was kind of a spark that was created.”
The meeting was considered to be a great success.
“You could see the Volkswagen team being drawn into the Ontario story,” Fedeli said April 21 when the details of the deal were announced.
Within two weeks of that meeting in Toronto, Champagne was in Germany, meeting with the company’s big leaders. Another two weeks after that, he made the pitch again on the sidelines of the annual World Economic Forum meeting in Switzerland.
In August, with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and German Chancellor Olaf Scholz looking over their shoulders, Champagne and Herbert Diess, who was then the CEO of Volkswagen AG, signed an agreement in Toronto to co-operate on making electric-vehicle batteries and their components.
But with nothing yet set in stone, Fedeli and Champagne each travelled to Germany before the end of the year to keep making Canada’s case, and a European team from Volkswagen visited London, Ont., in November.
By December, when Champagne met with new Volkswagen CEO Oliver Blume, the executive made it clear that Canada was at least on the company’s shortlist. They signed an addendum to the August agreement confirming the search for a suitable site for a Canadian plant would begin.
Even so, the company held its cards close to the chest. Fedeli said that while Volkswagen told them there was fierce competition, it was never clear who Canada was competing against. They were “the nicest we’ve ever met” but also “the hardest negotiators ever,” he said.
Amid that uncertainty, the Canadian ministers had a big question to answer: If Volkswagen was going to build a plant in Canada, where would it go?
Enter St. Thomas, Ont.
The city of fewer than 40,000 people, located about a 30-minute drive south of London, is in the heartland of Ontario’s auto belt. More than eight million vehicles rolled off the assembly line of a Ford plant in St. Thomas between 1967 and its closure in 2011.
Mayor Joe Preston, a former Conservative member of Parliament, said his city began working on an industrial expansion strategy long before its gigawatt-sized dreams featured a flashing, neon VW sign.
In 2019, the year after Preston was elected to the role and the year after Ford began serving as premier, Ontario included St. Thomas in what Fedeli called a “job-site challenge.”
The initiative was meant to create an inventory of industrial sites the government could bring to domestic and international manufacturing companies that needed a large swath of land to build on.
St. Thomas began putting together a new industrial park in its northeast corner, buying two large of tracts of land and working to get the area serviced with everything a new tenant would need: water, electricity, wastewater and even access to a functional rail line.
The city was almost ready when Volkswagen came knocking.
But to make that happen, Preston said, some of the work needed to happen on the sly.
When talks began, he wasn’t even told which company he was dealing with. Scouts swanned into town but declined to say who their client was.
“They didn’t even want us to know it was Volkswagen for the longest time,” said the mayor. “They wanted to finish their due diligence on the site before we talked about it. And so between us and the provincial government, we were almost talking in code about what we’re working on.”
The city had abundant clean electricity and a trained workforce to offer. Job candidates would have skills in auto manufacturing and high-tech.
It also had Wendy’s.
Preston is the owner of a local franchise of the fast-food chain, where negotiators would dine on fries and double-patty cheeseburgers called Baconators.
Just as Champagne pointed to his accosting of an executive on a Toronto sidewalk as a key moment, Fedeli joked _ during the public announcement of the deal _ that another was getting PowerCo’s chief operating officer, Sebastian Wolf, hooked on Wendy’s.
“We broke a lot of bread together over the last year,” Fedeli said.
In a written response to questions, PowerCo CEO Frank Blome gave a tongue-in-cheek nod to the minister’s Wendy’s joke. “We deny this strongly,” he said, adding a smiling face emoji.
But he made clear the real negotiations did not actually take place in a fast-food joint.
“Negotiations on such comprehensive investment contracts are highly confidential and would not be conducted in public places,” he said. “And yes, some members of our team, including myself, love burgers!”
The most intense work came in January and February, as Volkswagen’s team and officials from all levels of government pored over the details.
Wolf and his team set up an office in Ontario’s investment and trade office in downtown Toronto and made countless trips back and forth down Highway 401 to St. Thomas, where Preston was ready to accommodate their every need.
But even at that point in the process, Fedeli said, the auto company remained coy. Executives made it clear they were having the same conversations with teams in other jurisdictions. They never said where.
Between mid-December and late February, the premier hosted officials at his Queen’s Park office.
It was the final Feb. 23 meeting when Ford seemed to sense that things were coming to a head, and laid it all out on the line.
“This is the right place for you to be,” Fedeli recalled Ford telling Volkswagen executives that day. “This is a place you’ll be able to call home for a hundred years.”
A little over two weeks later, on March 13, days before the anniversary of Champagne’s first entreaties to the company, Fedeli said he was sitting alone in his office. The phone rang. It was Volkswagen.
He told the premier first. Then his wife. Later, he spoke to Preston.
“Minister Fedeli gave me a call and said ‘Mayor, you know how you’re always saying yes?”’ Preston recalled. “’Well, somebody else did today, too.’ And I haven’t stopped smiling since.”
The decision was made public later that same day, and the formal announcement came on April 21 in St. Thomas.
The plan hadn’t come together without controversy.
Just 11 days before Volkswagen publicly announced that St. Thomas was its choice, the province passed legislation to annex part of the site from the Municipality of Central Elgin, so that the entire 1,500 acres would be located in St. Thomas alone.
Fedeli said the province redrew the boundary to help avoid bureaucratic duplication during the building process.
Central Elgin was disappointed, some residents said they were never consulted and nearby farmers have said they fear the impact of big industry taking over agricultural land.
It’s hard to overstate just how prominent Volkswagen is set to become in the immediate region.
The company aims to build a gigafactory that will be twice the size of those planned in Germany and Spain. Planned to begin operating in 2027, the plant is expected to be able to make enough batteries for up to one million electric vehicles every year.
The plant itself is going to be so big that the front door will be located 1.6 km from the end of the parking lot. It could directly employ up to 3,000 people, and Volkswagen intends to make batteries there for decades to come.
The spinoff jobs at companies expected to source the supplies this plant needs could number close to 30,000.
The deal includes $700 million in up front capital cash from the federal government, $500 million from Ontario and a unique agreement that will see Canada subsidize the cost of every battery that is produced, to the tune of between $8 billion and $13 billion over a decade.
Those subsidies were created to keep Canada in line with the United States, which added production subsidies for batteries in its Inflation Reduction Act in August _ and where jurisdictions were also competing for the Volkswagen plant.
If that law is ever to be torn up or adjusted downward, the Canadian subsidies for Volkswagen will likewise go down or disappear, as written into the deal.
“Our investment strategy is based on a long-term partnership,” said Blome. “If the competitive environment changes with the IRA in the U.S., it is only fair to be reflected in our agreement with Canada.”
Blome said Canada had to offer subsidies to be considered.
The size of the investment by Canada, described as a “bespoke” deal, is not without potential consequences beyond its effect on the public purse.
On Friday, LG and Stellantis said Ottawa has not lived up to its side of the deal for the battery plant in Windsor, Ont., and they are making contingency plans. All levels of government were to provide financial support in the pending deal, but the size of that commitment has not been made public. The federal government says negotiations are ongoing.
Blome said Volkswagen’s final choice came down to more than subsidies.
Ontario’s mostly emissions-free electricity supply, the infrastructure available and the location of the St. Thomas site, the clear commitment of the municipality and the quality of life in the area and even Canada’s public health-care system were all factors in the decision.
“We would have gotten subsidies at other locations too, so yes, it needs more than that,” he said.
Five former employees allege Edmonton construction firm ignored sexual misconduct in 'poisoned' workplace – CBC.ca
WARNING: This article contains graphic content and may affect those who have experienced sexual violence or know someone affected by it.
Five women are suing a prominent Edmonton home construction company for a combined $6.2 million, alleging a company partner’s sexual misconduct created a “poisoned” work environment where employees were subjected to harassment and complaints about workplace safety were ignored.
The claims allege that Coventry Homes failed to investigate allegations of sexual misconduct against sales director Robin Nasserdeen, even after he was charged by Edmonton police for sexually assaulting an employee — and that others who expressed concern about his conduct were pushed out of the company.
Each claim alleges that Coventry Homes fostered an unsafe work environment where employees were exposed to “harassment, sexual harassment, unwanted sexual solicitation, bullying, and discriminatory conduct.”
Nasserdeen denies the allegations in the civil suits and the allegation of sexual assault he faces in criminal court. A lawyer for Coventry Homes declined to comment.
Two of the women who seek damages allege they were sexually abused by Nasserdeen. They name him individually in their claims and allege the company’s negligence allowed for his misconduct.
The other three plaintiffs allege they were pushed out of their jobs for raising concerns about Nasserdeen’s behaviour and how the company was handling the allegations against him.
“Nasserdeen was an unfit executive but was provided with significant power and independence to oversee his female subordinates,” read the statements of claim from the two alleged victims of sexual abuse.
Nasserdeen, 42, is a primary shareholder in Coventry Homes, which has built hundreds of homes across the greater Edmonton area since it was established in 1976.
The company, one of the largest new home builders in the city, is involved in charitable partnerships and sponsorships, including with the Edmonton Oilers. Nasserdeen often serves as the face of the company, appearing in advertisements and interviews.
Companies need to realize, regardless of of the seniority of their employees, everybody has to follow the rules.-Matthew Fisher, labour lawyer
Matthew Fisher, a Toronto lawyer who specializes in employment law, says the allegations against Nasserdeen and Coventry Homes are egregious and, if proven, could be precedent-setting for workplace misconduct cases across Canada.
“The allegations that are made here suggest an organization that had some very, very serious problems from the top,” he said. “Companies need to realize, regardless of of the seniority of their employees, everybody has to follow the rules.”
Nasserdeen’s criminal trial could clear the way for a civil finding of liability, Fisher said.
“If the criminal trial finds guilt, I think there would be very little difficulty in showing that this workplace environment is not one that anyone should expect to endure,” he said.
“It very well could set a watermark for damages.”
None of the allegations, civil or criminal, have been proven in court. No statements of defence have been filed in the civil suits but are expected to be provided to the court by June 16.
Nasserdeen was charged by Edmonton police in April 2022 with one count of sexual assault. He has pleaded not guilty and is awaiting trial, with jury selection set to begin next February.
The charge was laid more than a year after former employee Jessica McNabb reported to police that she had been sexually assaulted.
McNabb, who worked as an area sales manager and reported to Nasserdeen, alleges that she was raped in a parking lot on the outskirts of Edmonton in March 2021 after he asked her to a work meeting.
McNabb, 32, alleges the work dinner began with Nasserdeen offering her shots of tequila. She tried to decline but Nasserdeen continued to order drinks and ask explicit questions, her statement of claim says.
My life has been forever changed.– Jessica McNabb
She alleges that one of her drinks was spiked and that Nasserdeen put her in the passenger seat of his vehicle before driving to a parking lot. She was groped, then assaulted repeatedly, the statement of claim says, adding that she lost consciousness more than once.
McNabb said the assault, and the way it was handled by her former employer, has left her traumatized — struggling with PTSD, anxiety and severe depression.
“My life has been forever changed,” McNabb told CBC. “I didn’t even want to live. I was a shell of a human being.”
McNabb reported the assault to police about two weeks later. She completed a rape kit at an Edmonton hospital where she was instructed to take medical leave.
She never returned to work.
“[McNabb] had no choice but to treat her employment as having been constructively terminated,” reads her statement of claim.
“Coventry Homes failed in its most basic obligation to ensure a safe workplace … and, in so doing, terminated the employment relationship.”
McNabb’s lawsuit, filed on March 15 of this year, is the first of five separate statements of claim filed in Edmonton Court of King’s Bench. The claims seek damages including wrongful dismissal, unsafe working conditions and mental suffering. The four other suits were filed on May 10.
While publication bans are customary in sexual assault cases, there is no court-ordered ban on the publication of McNabb’s name.
All five women, represented by the same lawyer, shared their stories with CBC.
Three allege they were constructively terminated. The term describes a situation in which the employer has failed to obey the employment contract in a significant way, forcing the employee to quit.
Two others allege wrongful termination — that their dismissals were in reprisal for voicing concerns about Nasserdeen and the company’s response.
McNabb said she and her former colleagues are hopeful their claims send a message about the importance of maintaining safe workplaces and investigating complaints of misconduct.
They want to hold Coventry Homes accountable, she said.
“We’re doing this to set precedents for them and other companies. They can’t turn a blind eye to this ugliness.”
McNabb said she feared no one would believe her. She hopes her refusal to stay silent will help survivors find their voices.
“This isn’t about the money,”‘ she said. “I want to be a light for others.”
Nasserdeen denies allegations
In a statement to CBC, Nasserdeen maintained his innocence.
“The claims of assault and harassment against me are false and the truth will come out,” he wrote in the statement. “I am eager to clear my name before the public at the appropriate time in a court of law.”
According to the statements of claim, after his arrest in April 2022, Nasserdeen sent an email to all Coventry Homes staff, explaining he was temporarily stepping away from his role to handle his legal issues.
“I have been as shocked as anyone by allegations that have been made against me,” Nasserdeen wrote, according to the claims.
“Unfortunately, rumours have also begun spreading at work and are disrupting our otherwise exemplary workplace.”
He returned to the workplace five months later.
The statements of claim say that on April 11, 2022, Coventry Homes CEO Henri Rodier sent a company-wide message to employees, describing an “allegation of misconduct” that had been made against Nasserdeen.
“We know Robin well, I know Robin well, given the interactions with both women and men at our company for the last 10 years,” Rodier wrote.
“For this reason, along with various factors, we have reason to take pause about her allegations.”
WATCH | Former employees talk about their experiences:
In June 2022, Edmonton police detectives provided a warning to company management that Nasserdeen had been charged with sexual assault.
“Despite assuring the Edmonton police that Nasserdeen would not be returned to the workplace until the conclusion of his criminal trial in February 2024, Coventry Homes returned Nasserdeen to the workplace on Sept. 12, 2022,” reads McNabb’s statement of claim.
In a statement to CBC, the Edmonton Police Service confirmed that Coventry Homes management was issued a warning about Nasserdeen in June 2022.
Alleged sexual coercion
One of the statements of claim was filed by Caitlin Garrioch, who says that after years of being harassed by Nasserdeen at work, she was coerced into having sex with him under threat of termination.
Garrioch, 38, said learning of the criminal allegation against Nasserdeen sent her spiralling.
Everything she had endured came into focus, she said in an interview.
She had worked for Coventry Homes for nearly a decade, reporting directly to Nasserdeen. She was “relentlessly targeted and harassed,” according to her statement of claim.
“I suffered for years, years,” Garrioch told CBC. “The type of control that he had over me, it’s unexplainable.”
Garrioch alleges the abuse began in the spring of 2016 after one of her clients made sexually suggestive comments to her. According to her statement of claim, she reported the remarks to Nasserdeen and he reacted by repeatedly telling her she had invited the comments upon herself.
Garrioch’s statement of claim alleges that Nasserdeen spoke often to Garrioch of his sexual exploits with Coventry Homes staff and made degrading comments about female employees.
It further alleges that Nasserdeen sent Garrioch a pornographic video and an image of his penis, pressured her to visit a sex shop during her work day, encouraged her to cheat on her husband and coerced her into sharing nude images of herself.
In the summer of 2018, over a work meeting at a café in west Edmonton, Nasserdeen threatened to terminate Garrioch if she refused to have sex with him, she alleges.
“Nasserdeen then threatened her with spreading sexual rumours about her,” her statement of claim says. “As a result of these clear threats … she felt compelled to comply with Nasserdeen’s demands.”
According to her statement of claim, Nasserdeen threatened Garrioch so she would delete evidence of the abuse and keep quiet.
In September 2022, Garrioch — then on medical leave — reported the abuse to a member of the executive management team at Coventry Homes, she said in her statement of claim.
Around Oct. 14, 2022, Garrioch again reported Nasserdeen, this time to an office manager, she alleges. She said she told the manager she was afraid to return to the office with Nasserdeen there, but alleges nothing was done.
“Instead of taking some responsibility for their actions, and the role that they play in women feeling safe at their company, they decide to ignore it,” she said in an interview.
“That is just absolutely unacceptable. And that’s why I think we’re all here.”
Garrioch alleges that due to the company’s failure to investigate, she was constructively terminated in November 2022. Her claim details how the abuse left her with emotional and psychological trauma, including anxiety and depression.
The other three women who have filed claims against Coventry Homes are Tessa Thomson, Anne Guenther and Kaitlyn Ross.
Thomson, 30, worked as a drafter for 18 months before she was placed on unpaid suspension in December 2022. She alleges she was constructively dismissed after being ridiculed and reprimanded for raising concerns about Nasserdeen’s conduct.
She said she wanted transparency from the company.
“I had a right to know who I was working for,” Thomson said. “I had a right to decide for myself whether I wanted to continue contributing to the success of a company that condones behaviour like this.”
Guenther, 37, worked as an estimator for more than a decade. She alleges she was terminated without cause in October 2022, 19 days after telling management she was scared of Nasserdeen.
Ross, 32, was an area sales manager for nearly three years. She alleges she was fired after raising concerns about Nasserdeen’s return to the office and criticizing the company’s “unwavering support” for him.
She alleges the company breached its own policies and endangered employees.
“The responsible thing to do would be to launch an investigation and they never did,” Ross said in an interview.
“Any woman who spoke out about how they felt with Robin Nasserdeen … they pushed them out. And the others were terminated, like myself.”
Support is available for anyone who has been sexually assaulted. You can access crisis lines and local support services through this Government of Canada website or the Ending Violence Association of Canada database. If you’re in immediate danger or fear for your safety or that of others around you, please call 911.
GDP: Economic growth beats expectations with 3.1% gain in Q1 – BNN Bloomberg
The Canadian economy grew at an annualized rate of 3.1 per cent in the first quarter of 2023, Statistics Canada reported Wednesday.
The latest data shows growth beat out the federal agency’s own forecast of 2.5 per cent for the quarter. A preliminary estimate suggests the economy grew by 0.2 per cent in April, after remaining flat in March.
The ongoing resilience in the economy will likely spur discussions of a potential rate hike, as the Bank of Canada is expected to make its next interest rate announcement next week.
The federal agency says growth in exports and household spending helped spur growth in the first quarter.
Meanwhile, slower inventory accumulations as well as declines in household investment and business investment in machinery and equipment weighed on growth.
The Canadian economy has managed to continue outperforming expectations, despite the Bank of Canada hoping high interest rates would cause a more profound pullback by consumers and businesses.
The household spending figures show spending up on both goods and services in the first three months of the year, after minimal growth in the previous two quarters.
However, the report notes disposable income fell for the first time since the fourth quarter of 2021. The federal agency says disposable income declined by one per cent, largely due to the expiration of government measures aimed at helping people cope with inflation.
The central bank paused its rate-hiking cycle earlier this year, keeping its key interest rate at 4.5 per cent — the highest it’s been since 2007.
But the central bank’s governor, Tiff Macklem, has signalled that the bank is still trying to figure out if interest rates are high enough to quash inflation.
The headline inflation rate ticked up slightly to 4.4 per cent in April, remaining well above the central bank’s two per cent target.
This report by The Canadian Press was first published May 31, 2023.
Stock futures slide with all eyes on debt-ceiling vote: Stock market news today – Yahoo Canada Finance
US stocks were lower Wednesday morning as investors kept a watchful eye on the prospects for the debt-limit deal in an expected House floor vote later. Meanwhile, China’s economic woes pressured global markets.
The S&P 500 (^GSPC) dropped 0.52% while the Dow Jones Industrial Average (^DJI) dipped 0.69% or more than 200 points. The technology-heavy Nasdaq Composite (^IXIC) slipped 0.13% at 10:06 am ET.
US bond yields weakened as investors fretted over the potential impact of the debt-limit deal and braced for the release of fresh jobs data. The yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury dropped to 3.68%. The two-year note yield slipped to 4.4%, while that on the 30-year bond dropped to 3.9%.
The debt ceiling agreement negotiated by President Joe Biden and House Speaker Kevin McCarthy passed its first key test on Tuesday when it gained approval from the Republican-led House Rules Committee despite opposition from hard-liners. That cleared the way for the deal to go before the House on Wednesday.
The clock is ticking down, as Congress must race to pass the deal to avoid a catastrophic default by June 5. That so-called X-Date is when the US will run out of money to pay its bills, Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen has warned.
Hawkish comments from Federal Reserve officials posed a headwind for Wall Street. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond President Thomas Barkin said Tuesday he’s looking for signs that demand is cooling to be convinced that inflation will ease, speaking at a National Association for Business Economics event.
Meanwhile, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland President Loretta Mester, president of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, said she sees no “compelling reason” to pause interest-rate increases amid the debt-limit deal, speaking in a Financial Times interview published Wednesday.
Fed officials Patrick Harker, Susan Collins, and Michelle Bowman are expected to speak publicly later Wednesday.
In light of recent economic data, markets are pricing in an increase of 25 basis points in interest rates from the Fed at policymakers’ meeting on June 13-14.
Elsewhere, China’s factory activity slumped to its weakest level for a second straight month, another sign its post-pandemic economic recovery is losing steam. Asian markets tumbled after the release of the data.
Wednesday’s economic docket brought the latest on the number of job openings. Data from the US Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that the number of open jobs in the US edged up to 10.1 million. Economists polled by Bloomberg had expected 9.4 million openings.
On the housing front, mortgage demand dropped to its lowest level since March, while refinancing activity also dampened to another low, the MBA data showed Wednesday.
In US equities, the run-up in stocks linked to AI was losing momentum, after the buzz around the technology helped boosted the Nasdaq 100 Index (^NDX) on Tuesday. Shares of ChargePoint Holdings, Inc. (CHPT) slipped, while C3.ai, Inc. (AI) dipped more than 6% Wednesday.
In single-stock moves, SoFi Technologies, Inc. (SOFI) shares rallied more than 4% in the wake of the debt ceiling deal. The bill would reinstate government student loan repayments, benefiting the online personal finance company.
Shares of HP Inc. (HPQ) sank more than 5% after the computing giant posted better-than-expected quarterly earnings on Tuesday, but reported sales that fell more than analysts estimated.
Dani Romero is a reporter for Yahoo Finance. Follow her on Twitter @daniromerotv
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