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How To Invest In Stocks – Forbes Advisor Canada – Forbes

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Learning how to invest begins with learning how to invest in stocks. Historically, the return on equity investments has outpaced many other assets, making them a powerful tool for those looking to grow their wealth. Our guide will help you understand how to kick-start your investing journey by learning how to buy stocks.

Different Ways to Invest in Stocks

There is more than one way to invest in stocks. You can opt for any one of the following approaches or use all three. How you buy stocks depends on your investment goals and how actively involved you’d like to be in managing your portfolio.

  • Invest in individual stocks. If you enjoy research and reading about markets and companies, buying individual stocks would be a good way to start investing. Even if the share prices of some companies seem pretty high, you can look at buying fractional shares if you’re just starting out and have only a modest amount of money.
  • Invest in stock ETFs. Exchange-traded funds (ETFs) buy many individual stocks to track an underlying index. When you invest in an ETF, it’s like buying stocks from a very broad selection of companies that are in the same sector or comprise a stock index, like the S&P 500. ETF shares trade on exchanges like stocks, but they provide greater diversification than owning an individual stock.
  • Invest in stock mutual funds. Mutual funds share certain similarities with ETFs, but there are important differences. Actively managed mutual funds have managers that pick different stocks in an attempt to beat a benchmark index. When you buy shares of a stock mutual fund, your profits come from dividends, interest income and capital gains. Lower-cost index funds are mutual funds that work more like ETFs.

Keep in mind that there’s no right or wrong way to invest in stocks. Finding the best combination of individual stocks, ETFs and mutual funds might take some trial and error while you’re learning to invest and building your portfolio.

Choose How to Invest in Stocks

There are a variety of accounts and platforms that you can use to buy stocks. You can buy stocks yourself via an online brokerage, or you can hire a financial advisor or a robo-advisor to buy them for you. The best method will be the one that aligns with how much effort and guidance you’d like to invest in the process of managing your investments.

  • Open a brokerage account. If you have a basic understanding of investing, you can open an online brokerage account and buy stocks. A brokerage account puts you in the driver’s seat when it comes to choosing and purchasing stocks.
  • Hire a financial advisor. If you would prefer to have more advice and guidance for buying stocks and other financial goals, consider hiring a financial advisor. A financial advisor helps you specify your financial goals and then purchases and manages your investments for you, including buying stocks. Financial advisors charge fees, which can be a flat annual fee, a per-trade fee or a percentage of the assets they manage.
  • Choose a robo-advisor. Robo-advisors are a simple, very inexpensive way to invest in stocks. Most robo-advisors invest your money in different portfolios of ETFs, and they buy the assets and manage the portfolio for you. They are generally less expensive than financial advisors, but you seldom have the benefit of a live human to answer questions and guide your choices.
  • Use a direct stock purchase plan. If you’d prefer to invest just a few stocks, many blue-chip companies offer plans that make it possible to purchase their stock directly. Many programs offer commission-free trades, but they may require other fees when you sell or transfer your shares.

Keep in mind that no matter the method you choose to invest in stocks, you’ll most likely pay fees at some point to buy or sell stocks, or for account management. Pay attention to fees and expense ratios on both mutual funds and ETFs. Don’t be shy about asking for a fee schedule or chatting with a customer service representative at an online brokerage or robo-advisor to advise you on fees you might incur as a customer.

Accounts to Invest in Stocks

There are a variety of different account types that let you buy stocks. The options outlined above offer some or all of these different investment accounts, although some retirement accounts are only available via your employer.

  • Retirement accounts: The most common type of retirement account in Canada is a Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP). This account is registered with the Canadian Government and can include any type of traditional investment within (stocks, bonds, GICs, mutual funds, ETFs, etc.) An RRSP comes with a big tax advantage in that you do not have to pay tax on the growth of the funds inside until you withdraw the funds. Though you can withdraw money inside an RRSP early, early withdrawls are subject to withholding tax in addition to income tax. You must withdraw funds from an RRSP by the end of the year you turn 71.
  • Taxable investment accounts. The retirement accounts outlined above generally get some form of special tax treatment for your investments and have contribution limits. Proceeds from stock investments made in taxable investment accounts are treated as regular income, with no special tax treatment. Plus, there are no contribution limits.
  • Education The most common way to save for a child’s education is through a Registered Education Savings Plan (RESP). Not only can any investment vehicle grow inside the account tax-free until the funds are withdrawn, but the Canadian Government matches contributions to an RRSP in the form of the Canadian Education Savings Grant and the income dependent Canadian Education Savings Bond.

Depending on how hands-on you’ve chosen to be with investing in stocks, you’ll either set up your investment accounts through a broker (online or through your financial advisor), through your bank, or through your employer (for employer-sponsored plans).

How to Fund Your Account

If you plan on buying stocks via a retirement account like an RRSP, you might want to establish a monthly recurring deposit. For example, the 2022 contribution limit for a RRSP is a maximum of $29,210. If your goal is to max out your contribution for the year, you might set a recurring deposit of $2,434.16 per month to meet that max limit.

An RRSP can also be contributed to through your employer. In that case, it’s called a Group RRSP and regular deductions that you indicate are made from your regular paycheque and put directly into your RRSP account.

For all other types of investment accounts, establish clear investing goals and then decide how much of your monthly budget you want to invest in stocks. You can choose to move funds into your account manually or set up recurring deposits to keep your stock investment goals on track.

Here are a few things to keep in mind as you set your investment budget and fund your account:

  • Mutual fund purchase minimums. Many stock mutual funds have minimum initial purchase amounts. Be sure to research different options—Globe Investor is a great resource—to find ones with zero or low minimums to start investing in stocks as soon as possible.
  • Trading commissions. If your brokerage account charges a trading commission, you might want to consider building up your balance to purchase shares—especially individual stocks—until the commission only represents a small fraction of your dollars invested.
  • Mutual fund fees: When buying a stock mutual fund, be sure to review what the “load” is on the shares you’re purchasing. Some mutual funds have an upfront or back-end sales charge—the so-called load—that’s assessed when you buy or sell shares. While not all mutual funds have loads, knowing before you buy can help you avoid unexpected fees.

Start Investing in Stocks

Select the individual stocks, ETFs or mutual funds that align with your investment preferences and start investing. If you’ve chosen to work with a robo-advisor, the system will invest your desired amount into a pre-planned portfolio that matches your goals. If you go with a financial advisor, they will buy stocks or funds for you after discussing with you.

Upon successful execution of your order, the securities will be in your account and you’ll begin enjoying the rewards of the stock market. And yes, your funds will reap dividends and experience losses as the economy changes, but for the long-term, you’ll be taking part in the sector of investments that have helped investors grow their wealth for over a century.

As you make your initial stock purchases, consider enrolling in a dividend reinvestment plan (DRIP). Reinvestment plans take the dividends you earn from individual stocks, mutual funds or ETFs, and automatically buys more shares of the funds or stocks you own. You may end up owning fractional shares, but that will keep more of your money working and less sitting in cash. If a company offers a DRIP, it might also offer a Share Purchase Plan (SPP), which allows Optional Cash Purchases (OCP) of additional shares for free whenever you like.

Set Up a Portfolio Review Schedule

Once you’ve started building up a portfolio of stocks, you’ll want to establish a schedule to check in on your investments and rebalance them if need be.

Rebalancing helps ensure your portfolio stays balanced with a mix of stocks that are appropriate for your risk tolerance and financial goals. Market swings can unbalance your asset mix, so regular check-ins can help you make incremental trades to keep your portfolio in order.

There’s no need to check in on your portfolio daily, so a monthly or quarterly schedule is a good cadence. As you review your portfolio, remember that the goal is to buy low and sell high. Investing in stocks is a long-term effort. You’ll experience inevitable swings as the economy goes through its usual cycles.

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How Much Will Parents Invest In Their Kids' Education? "All Bets Are Off" – Forbes

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A new study finds that parents are rethinking their education spending in a fast-changing world: less on school supplies and more on tuition.

There are plenty of parents stressing a bit with the new school year looming—especially those feeling the pinch of continued inflation or fearing a looming recession. Finding room in their budgets to invest in their children’s education could be a challenge.

A new survey by the personal finance website WalletHub also found that some 66% of parents say the pandemic has changed the way they plan to spend money on their children’s education—particularly in where they think their investment will help their children the most.

“Some families have moved states for more dependable in-person learning, while others have started saving for private school after previously planning on public education—just to name a couple popular adjustments,” says Delaney Simchuk, WalletHub analyst. “Time will tell how inflation, or the next big crisis will further affect pandemic-inspired educational investment plans.”

WalletHub’s 2022 Back-to-School Report also revealed some other insights into how parents think about spending money on their children’s education.

Shifting the focus of their spending

While back-to-school sales and tax holidays might offer some relief, finding extra money to pay for the rising cost of new clothes and school supplies might prove difficult for some families under a budget crunch this year.

Case in point: merely one-third of parents who participated in the survey said they would spend more on back-to-school shopping this year compared to last year. This tallies with a recent study by Deloitte that similarly found that 37% of parents have plans to increase their back-to-school purchases over last year.

At the same time, some 46% of parents say they would apply for a new credit card for the purpose of getting a discount on school supplies this year.

“Back-to-school shopping expectations are dampened somewhat by concerns over inflation, and the comparisons versus last year are tough given that most schools returned to in-person learning last year and parents spent accordingly,” says Simchuk.

Is education worth going into debt for?

One of the more interesting questions the WalletHub survey posed to parents was whether they thought their children’s education was worth going into debt for. About 70% of parents said yes, which tells us a lot about why we as a country continue to see skyrocketing levels of student debt.

Credit card debt levels have also begun to creep back up after retreating during the first year of the pandemic.

“We’re generally unhesitant to overspend, and when the expense is as significant as education—both in amount and importance—all bets are off,” says Simchuk. “Parents want to help their children as much as possible, and a good education is a dependable road to a solid professional career.”

But a caution is appropriate here, Simchuk believes. “Parents simply should not forget that they are financial role models and putting themselves in a precarious position could actually jeopardize their kids’ future.”

It’s also a potential call to action for parents to recognize that living with debt can be stressful for their children, and that there are alternate pathways for their children to have success that don’t include going into debt to pay for a private primary education or even to cover college tuition. In the end, skills matter as much if not more than degrees when it comes to landing a great job, alongside “adulting” skills which can be strengthened by landing a great internship.

Financial literacy as an essential life skill

While parents say that taking on debt to finance a child’s education is a good investment, most (86%) believe that financial literacy training should become part of the core curriculum. In general today, personal finance isn’t widely taught in the classroom, and neither are other soft/professional skills that employers value highly.

“Parents want their kids to be prepared for life, and budgeting, saving, investing and even paying taxes are all important, practical life skills,” says Simchuk. “Many parents also recognize the importance of having some financial know-how when making big-dollar decisions regarding higher education.”

That’s a great point given that students should be thinking of their education as an investment and how they might expect to generate a positive return not just in terms of pay, but also happiness and work-life balance. Money is just one piece of the bigger picture.

The evolving economics of education

Time will tell how changing economic conditions in the coming years will impact how parents feel about investing in the different aspects of their children’s education. The WalletHub survey offers us a glimpse into how trends might already be shifting in terms of where parents prioritize spending—less on the basics and more on the perceived quality of a degree.

But some things will never change. It’s a safe bet that parents will always pursue the goal of trying to offer their children the best life possible. In that regard, investing in a great education will always be considered priceless.

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FedDev Ontario Investment Contribution to TRCA Will Support Enhanced Visitor Experiences at Bruce's Mill Conservation Park – TRCA

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August 9, 2022, Toronto, ON – Visitors to Toronto and Region Conservation Authority’s (TRCA) Bruce’s Mill Conservation Park in Stouffville, ON will enjoy enhanced experiences thanks to an investment contribution from the Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario (FedDev Ontario) that will help to revitalize the park infrastructure.

The Honourable Helena Jaczek, Minister responsible for the Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario and Member of Parliament for Markham-Stouffville made the funding announcement today at Bruce’s Mill.

The investment contribution of up to $740,715 will support improvements at Bruce’s Mill intended to positively impact both the local community and visitors to the park, allowing more people to re-engage with their communities and nature.

These improvements include: the installation of two new picnic shelters, the addition of 15 new accessible picnic tables for community use, and the upgrading of three washrooms to improve accessibility and physical distancing components. In addition, the park access roads and parking lots will be paved and repaired.

Left to right: Aaron D’Souza, Senior Manager, Major Contracts, TRCA; Joe Petta, General Manager, Conservation Parks and Golf, TRCA; The Honourable Helena Jaczek, Minister responsible for the Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario; Michael Tolensky, Chief Financial and Operating Officer, TRCA, attend today’s announcement at Bruce’s Mill Conservation Park. Photo courtesy of Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario
Dignitaries at announcement of federal investment contribution to revitalize infrastructure at Bruces Mill Conservation Park
The Honourable Helena Jaczek, Minister responsible for the Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario (left), and Michael Tolensky, Chief Financial and Operating Officer, TRCA (right), attend today’s announcement at Bruce’s Mill Conservation Park. Photo courtesy of Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario

Quotes:

“Our government is investing in community infrastructure to support the mental and physical health of Canadians by promoting social interaction and physical activity. This Canada Community Revitalization Fund investment for Toronto and Region Conservation Authority will help revitalize the Bruce’s Mill Conservation Park’s public infrastructure. This revitalization will help draw visitors to Bruce’s Mill, where they can come together, enjoy the outdoors and be active.”
The Honourable Helena Jaczek, Minister responsible for the Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario

“The investment by FedDev Ontario will not only improve visitor experiences at Bruce’s Mill but will accommodate the increased demand for outdoor recreation and provide safe alternative recreational activities as we all recover from the COVID-19 pandemic. It is investments like these that allow TRCA to keep our parks and trails in a state of good repair while increasing community connection and improving accessibility to our visitors.”
– Michael Tolensky, Chief Financial and Operating Officer, Toronto and Region Conservation Authority (TRCA)

TRCA’s Bruce’s Mill Conservation Park

Conveniently located off Highway 404, Bruce’s Mill Conservation Park is a popular destination for the five million residents within our jurisdiction and from many tourists from around the world. In addition to picnic areas and trails, recreational facilities at the park include a professionally designed golf driving range and a BMX cycling track. To learn more visit trca.ca/bruces-mill.


About Toronto and Region Conservation Authority (TRCA)
With more than 60 years of experience, TRCA is one of 36 Conservation Authorities in Ontario, created to safeguard and enhance the health and well-being of <span data-trca-tooltip="

Watershed

The entire area of land whose runoff water, sediments and dissolved materials (nutrients and contaminants) drain into a lake, river, creek, or estuary. Its boundary can be located on the ground by connecting all the highest points of the area around the river, stream or creek, where water starts to flow when there is rain. It is not man-made and it does not respect political boundaries.” class=”glossary-term”>watershed communities through the protection and <span data-trca-tooltip="

Restoration

To repair or re-establish functioning ecosystems; the process of altering a site to establish a defined, native, historic ecosystem; the goal is to emulate the structure, function, diversity and dynamics of a specified ecosystem.” class=”glossary-term”>restoration of the natural environment and the <span data-trca-tooltip="

ecological services

Ecological services are defined as the overall benefits to humans arising from a functioning healthy ecosystem, which includes improved water quality and quantity, air quality, soil stabilization, flood mitigation, balanced hydrologic regimes, biological processes and biodiversity. Ultimately, the streams in TRCA’s watersheds run into Lake Ontario and have a direct influence on the water quality and habitat along the waterfront.” class=”glossary-term”>ecological services the environment provides. More than five million people live within TRCA-managed watersheds, and many others work in and visit destinations across the jurisdiction. These nine watersheds, plus their collective Lake Ontario waterfront shorelines, span six upper-tier and 15 lower-tier municipalities. Some of Canada’s largest and fastest growing municipalities, including Toronto, Markham and Vaughan, are located entirely within TRCA’s jurisdiction.

To learn more about TRCA, visit trca.ca.


Media Contact

Shereen Daghstani
Senior Manager, Communications, Marketing and Events
Toronto and Region Conservation Authority (TRCA)
Shereen.daghstani@trca.ca

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Short Term vs Long Term Investments: Gauging the saving spectrum – Economic Times

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Quick wealth creation is what financial markets consider; however, investing as a practice is a long-term process. While an investor’s capital can be invested in the short-term and long-term, both forms of investment have their merits and demerits.

Typically, short-term investments involve less risk than long-term investments. Long-term investments give the investor’s money a substantial period to grow and recover from major dips in the market.

Having clear and crisp financial goals can help the investor decide whether to choose short or long-term investments and which vehicles within those categories aim towards personalized investment gains.

Before choosing any investment strategy, the investor ideally needs to do proper research on which asset types suits their need.

What is suitable for one investor might not be in sync with another’s financial objectives, so one must consider their overall goals along with the risks one is willing to take.

Short-term investments have a validity period typically up to three years – high liquidity instruments, generally involving lesser market risks.

Also, these temporary investments are mostly used for parking excess funds for a short period. Short-term investments are highly liquid and hence are used by investors to meet expected near-future expenses.

Less risky in nature, these short-term investment products have a short tenure and give predictable returns as compared to long-term investments be it –

Treasury bills which can be redeemed within 91 days and is a high liquidity instrument.

● Gilt Funds which invest only in government securities and owing to zero credit risk, are safe investment funds.

● Ultra-short-term debt funds wherein the maturity period ranges between three to six months and provides comparatively higher returns.

● Low duration debt funds whose maturity period ranges between six and 12 months, these funds invest in debt and money market instruments.

● Money market funds that invest in money market instruments and have a redemption period of up to one year.

● Bank fixed deposits that can be renewed on maturity and their tenure can range from 14 days to 10 years. Also, liquidity can be a concern here as some banks don’t allow premature withdrawals.

● Company fixed deposits can have a tenure of more than one year

● Post office time deposits have tenures ranging from one to five years and similarly Recurring deposits can open an RD for a duration as low as six months. Sweep-in-Fixed Deposits as against low returns on savings accounts, these offer comparatively higher returns, with a minimum tenure of around 12 months.

On the other hand, long-term investments are investments that can offer high returns after several years, typically five years or more – involving more market risks.

Be it via stocks, ETFs, mutual funds, etc. Investments in stocks earn quite high returns if patience is kept high (Of course, this cannot be guaranteed but you should assess your risk-taking capacity before thinking of investing in stocks).

Having a deeper understanding of the market movements so that the investor makes wiser financial decisions and when to sell the stocks, investing in stocks and securities requires a trusted financial partner, who can provide hassle-free features to open an online Demat and Trading Account.

Another long-term investment avenue for receiving higher returns is Equity Mutual Funds where the investor gets to pick from small, mid-cap, and large-cap equity mutual funds for the long term to achieve greater financial goals.

Ultimately, the short-term investment gives levy to the investor to achieve their financial goals within a short span and with lower risk (depending on which asset you pick), if the investor has a greater risk appetite, and wants higher returns, they can select a long-term investment avenue.

To further simplify, if the investor wants to preserve their capital and is happy with moderate returns then they may choose short-term investments but, with the expectation of a higher return, the investor may invest in long-term investment avenues.

(The author is Senior Vice President, at mastertrust)

(Disclaimer: Recommendations, suggestions, views and opinions given by the experts are their own. These do not represent the views of Economic Times)

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