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India Slashes Taxes, Widens Budget Deficit to Spur Economy – Financial Post

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(Bloomberg) — India’s finance minister slashed taxes for individuals and widened budget deficit targets for the current and next fiscal years to help spur a slowing economy.

The government will miss its deficit goals for a third year, pushing the shortfall to 3.8% of gross domestic product from a planned 3.3% in the year ending March, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said in Parliament in New Delhi Saturday. The deficit target for the coming fiscal year starting April 1 was widened to 3.5%.

Personal income tax rates for individuals were lowered as part of a goal to lift consumption in an economy that’s set to grow 5% this fiscal year, the weakest pace in more than a decade.

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Read More: The Crisis That Shattered India’s Economic Dreams

“This is a budget to boost incomes and enhance purchasing power,” Sitharaman said at the beginning of a speech that lasted more than two and a half hours.

Tax cuts for individuals, outlined below, will cost the government 400 billion rupees ($5.6 billion) in revenue, she said:

The minister’s top adviser on Friday urged her to relax the deficit goal for the current year, saying reviving economic growth was an “urgent priority.” The adviser’s Economic Survey, a report that Sitharaman presented to lawmakers on Friday, estimates growth will rebound to 6%-6.5% in the year starting April.

Sitharaman used a provision in fiscal laws to enable the government to breach a mandated goal to bring the deficit down to 3% of GDP by the year ending March 2021.

Economists were muted in their reaction, saying the steps announced won’t be a sufficient boost for the economy.

“Overall, we see the budget as largely neutral for short-term growth,” said Sonal Varma, chief economist for India and Asia ex-Japan at Nomura Holdings Inc. in Singapore.

The deficit will be funded by a record market borrowing of 7.8 trillion rupees in the coming year. The government also plans to give foreign investors greater access to the nation’s debt, a move seen as a precursor to getting its securities included in global bond indexes.

Stocks Slump

India’s benchmark S&P BSE Sensex stocks index extended its decline to as much as 1.9% in Mumbai Saturday after Sitharaman proposed levying a dividend distribution tax on investors instead of companies, and announced abolishing some tax exemptions. The bonds and currency markets were shut.

“It is not a full-frontal fiscal stimulus that the markets were hoping for,” said Rini Sen, an economist at Australia & New Zealand Banking Group Ltd. in Bengaluru

Moody’s Investors Service said the budget highlights the challenges to fiscal consolidation. India’s government debt is already “significantly higher” than the average for its Baa-rated peers, said Gene Fang, associate managing director of sovereign risk.

“Sustained weaker growth and tax cuts would make gross revenue targets difficult to achieve,” he said. “The government also has limited room to reduce expenditures without further weakening growth.”

Sitharaman said the budget was based around three main themes: an “aspirational India, economic development for all and a caring society.”

Here are some other highlights of her speech:

Markets: Abolishing dividend distribution tax for companies will entail a revenue loss of 250 billion rupeesFinancial sector: The government will sell its stake in IDBI Bank Ltd. and list state-owned Life Insurance Corp. of India on the stock exchangeExcise duties: Tax on cigarettes and other tobacco products to be increasedRural: Farm, rural sectors to be allocated 2.83 trillion rupees in the budget; agriculture credit target for next year set at 15 trillion rupeesInfrastructure: Transport infrastructure to be allocated 1.7 trillion rupees; a sum of 3.6 trillion rupees earmarked for piped water projects; power, renewable energy sector to get 220 billion rupeesEducation: 993 billion rupees allocated to sector; foreign investment will be allowed in education as well as overseas borrowing by institutionsInvestment: A program proposed to encourage the making of mobile phones, medical devices; proposal to allow private sector to build data center parks

“The budget is an acknowledgment that the fiscal isn’t looking good,” Ananth Narayan, a senior India analyst at Observatory Group told BloombergQuint. “The fiscal space for doing something big wasn’t there.”

Bloomberg.com

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Mint issues black-ringed toonie in memory of Queen Elizabeth II

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The Royal Canadian Mint is issuing a new black-ringed toonie to honour Queen Elizabeth II.

The mint says the coin’s black outer ring is intended to evoke a “mourning armband” to honour the queen, who died in September after 70 years on the throne.

The mint says it will start to circulate nearly five million of the coins this month, and they will gradually appear as banks restock inventories.

Aside from the black ring, the mint says the coin retains the same design elements of the standard toonie.

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Four different images of the queen have graced Canadian coins since 1953, when she was crowned.

The core of the commemorative toonie will feature the same portrait of the queen that has been in circulation since 2003, with a polar bear design on the other side.

Queen Elizabeth II served as Canada’s head of state for seven decades and for millions of Canadians, she was the only monarch they had ever known,” Marie Lemay, president and CEO of the Royal Canadian Mint, wrote in a statement.

“Our special $2 circulation coin offers Canadians a way to remember her.”

The mint says it may produce more of the coins, depending on what it calls “marketplace needs”.

This report by The Canadian Press was first published Dec. 7, 2022.

 

The Canadian Press

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Japan’s Economy Shrank Less Over Summer Than First Thought

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(Bloomberg) — Japan’s economy took a smaller hit than first thought during a summer marked by a renewed Covid surge and a plunge in the yen, with a return to growth expected this quarter.

Gross domestic product shrank an annualized 0.8% in the three months to the end of September from the previous period, revised figures from the Cabinet Office showed Thursday. That was smaller than the 1.2% contraction first estimated and a 1% drop forecast by economists.

The revised figures showed that stronger exports reduced the heavy negative impact on trade from the yen drop, and that capital spending by firms held up.

A buildup of inventories also helped narrow the contraction of the economy, though that also suggests there wasn’t enough demand for the output of factories. The data also showed consumption was weaker than first thought during the summer Covid surge and inflation acceleration.

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Overall, the figures didn’t improve enough to eliminate concerns among policymakers over the resilience of the economy. Japan heads toward the end of the year and into 2023 with clouds darkening over the global outlook, and the possibility of recessions in key overseas markets.

“The weaker consumption worries me,” said Harumi Taguchi, principal economist at S&P Global Market Intelligence. “Spending hasn’t picked up much in the current quarter, either, probably because of inflation and another rise in Covid infections.”

What Bloomberg Economics Says…

“Details under the hood of Japan’s narrower third-quarter GDP contraction aren’t encouraging. A buildup in inventory that contributed to the upward revision will limit catch-up production in 4Q.”

— Yuki Masujima, economist

For the full report, click here

Prime Minister Fumio Kishida has already put together an economic stimulus package to cushion the impact of strengthening inflation that should offer more support for growth early next year. Analysts also expect the economy to have returned to expansion this quarter.

The Bank of Japan, meanwhile, is expected to keep interest rates unchanged at ultra-low levels during the last months of Governor Haruhiko Kuroda’s tenure.

Still, analysts are concerned about how the economy will weather a global slowdown prompted by tighter central bank police elsewhere in the world. Cautious moves by China to relax its virus restrictions offer one of the few points of optimism over the coming months.

“External demand is also be on the wane, as we saw in industrial production,” Taguchi said. “The situation may change if China lifts its zero Covid policy, but for now Europe and the US are bracing for the impact of an economic slowdown in the wake of interest rate hikes.”

Economists expect private sector spending and services consumption to support the economy this quarter. Pent-up demand held over from the summer Covid wave has already fueled consumer outlays, though the recent resurgence of infections will likely start to limit those gains. The government is widely expected to keep the country free of virus-related restrictions to maintain economic activities.

Inflation is growing as another concern for consumption and the recovery path. Japan’s price increases hit their fastest clip in 40 years in October, and the pace likely sped up further in November based on last month’s Tokyo data, a leading indicator for nationwide trends.

Kishida’s support package offers further relief from soaring energy costs with electricity bills set to get hefty subsidies from early next year.

Business spending didn’t get revised up as expected but still showed resilience in corporate sentiment despite a yen slide that prompted government intervention in currency markets. The plunge in the yen over the summer may give companies second thoughts about their business plans.

Still, the yen’s recent pullback may reassure businesses going ahead and should also have a favorable impact on net trade this quarter.

“Personally, I don’t think the capital investment will decrease that much,” said Toru Suehiro, chief economist at Daiwa Securities. “I think that capital investment will continue throughout next year due to pent-up demands.”

Another positive development is that Japan fully reopened its borders to tourists in October. That offers the prospect of renewed inbound spending by visitors attracted by cheaper travel expenses thanks to their relatively stronger currencies.

(Adds economist comment, more details)

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Key White House economic advisor says U.S. economy is slowing but resilient

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The U.S. economy is showing “continued resilience” despite a predictable slowdown, a top White House economic advisor said Wednesday.

National Economic Council Director Brian Deese said low rates of credit card delinquency and mortgage concerns point to resiliency in household balance sheets, while the labor market and the savings rate also indicate steadier growth. What’s more, he pointed to slowing inflation as a positive sign for healthier economic growth.

Markets are bracing for a 'Powell recession' that could be coming soon

“We need to see a transition to a more stable growth trajectory, but I think if you look at the key elements that you need as part of that, some easing on the inflation side … we’re starting to see some evidence in that direction,” Deese said Wednesday on CNBC’s “Squawk Box.”

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The November labor market report released Friday showed job growth was better than expected, as nonfarm payrolls increased by 263,000. The unemployment rate was 3.7%.

White House economic adviser Brian Deese speaks during a press briefing at the White House in Washington, March 31, 2022.

The Federal Reserve has steadily raised interest rates in an effort to bring down the highest inflation in 40 years, contributing to concerns about a coming recession. The improving labor market, combined with a 0.6% increase in average hourly earnings last month, also has put pressure on the central bank to continue raising rates.

The Fed’s benchmark overnight borrowing rate reached a target range of 3.75%-4% after six consecutive hikes this year. Major U.S. stock indexes have struggled this week, in part due to concerns of a slowing economy and expectations of more rate increases ahead.

The Fed is expected to hike rates again at its meeting next week.

Despite the concerns felt by investors, economic resilience will position the U.S. to become a center of “investment, productivity and innovation” over the next few years, Deese said.

“We were out in (Phoenix) yesterday with a set of CEOs who all underscored this, that even as we’re looking at this transition and navigating through this historically unique transition, the United States looks better as a prospect to invest, and that’s going to be a driver,” Deese said. “That’s going be where we get our innovation and our productive capacity, beyond the next month or two.”

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