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Jabs and jab-nots – There will be enough vaccines for all—if rich countries share | Graphic detail – The Economist

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COVID-19 HAS spread at a formidable clip of late, but the vaccines designed to stop it are spreading even faster. In the two months since mass vaccination began, at least 148m doses have been administered—more than the number of people who have ever tested positive for the disease. A further 39m are now getting a jab every week.

The new vaccines have been designed and tested with unprecedented speed. According to a tally kept by Airfinity, an analytics company, 378 covid-19 vaccines are in various stages of development. Of those, three (made by Pfizer, Moderna and AstraZeneca) have met the stringent rules for regulatory approval in at least one Western country; two more (made by Novavax and Johnson & Johnson) should get the green light soon. Two vaccines from China and a promising Russian one have also been authorised in some countries.

The makers of these eight vaccines have signed contracts to deliver 7.9bn doses this year, and say they have capacity to fulfil orders for 4.3bn more. Of these, only a small fraction have already been produced, and manufacturing delays are likely. Moreover, even after jabs leave the factory, getting them into people’s arms can take months. Nonetheless, at least in theory, vaccine makers should be able to produce 2.1 shots—more than a full regimen—for each of the world’s 5.8bn adults by the end of 2021. (Children are not yet eligible, pending research on safety and efficacy.)

Yet even if all goes according to plan, much of the world will suffer a longer wait, because jabs will be distributed unequally. The 54 richest countries account for 18% of adults on Earth, but 40% of vaccine orders—enough to give each of their adults 2.5 two-dose regimens. Even though the EU has contracted for more vaccines than it can use, some member states, like Germany, have made their own deals. Canada has ordered a whopping 11 doses per adult.

Elsewhere, expected supply is tighter, at 1.5 doses ordered per adult. Russia and China can probably make do with their domestic jabs. And the Serum Institute, the world’s biggest vaccine maker, plans to save half of its output for local use in India.

Many other countries are relying on COVAX, a global coalition to distribute covid-19 vaccines. It is expected to provide at least 1.8bn doses to 92 poor and middle-income countries this year, in proportion to their populations (though subsequent allocations will depend on where the pandemic is most severe). Weighting by total population favours countries with lots of children, who count when determining vaccine quantities but are unlikely to get the shots. For example, Niger, where 50% of people are aged under 15, will receive 2.1 doses for every adult from COVAX. In contrast, North Korea, whose adults make up 80% of the population, will get just 0.7 doses for each one.

Sources: Airfinity; Gavi; Max Roser, Our World in Data; United Nations; World Bank; The Economist

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All our stories relating to the pandemic and the vaccines can be found on our coronavirus hub. You can also listen to The Jab, our new podcast on the race between injections and infections, and find trackers showing the global roll-out of vaccines, excess deaths by country and the virus’s spread across Europe and America.

This article appeared in the Graphic detail section of the print edition under the headline “Jabs and jab-nots”

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News Releases | Province Considers Changes to Public Health Orders, Seeks Feedback on Manitobans' Reopening Priorities – news.gov.mb.ca

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Need More Info?

Public information, contact Manitoba Government Inquiry: 1-866-626-4862 or 204-945-3744.

Media requests for general information, contact Communications Services Manitoba: 204-945-3765.

Media requests for ministerial comment, contact Communications and Stakeholder Relations: 204-290-5374.

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Manitoba reports lowest test positivity rate since October as 70 new COVID-19 cases announced – CBC.ca

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Manitoba announced 70 new COVID-19 cases on Thursday and reported its lowest test positivity rate in more than four months.

That rate dropped from 4.6 per cent to 4.3 Thursday — the lowest announced since Oct. 20, when it was at the same spot. Winnipeg’s rate dipped to 3.8 per cent from four a day earlier.

A man in his 70s from the Winnipeg health region died, bringing the province’s total number of coronavirus-linked deaths to 888.

Most of the new cases on Thursday are split between the Winnipeg health region, which has 31 cases, and the Northern Health Region, with 30, the province says in a news release.

There are seven new cases in the Interlake-Eastern health region and two in the Southern Health region, while the Prairie Mountain Health region reported no new infections.

No new cases of the more infectious B117 coronavirus variant first detected in the U.K. have been identified in Manitoba since one was announced on Tuesday, bringing the province’s total to five.

Strict public health orders on Pauingassi First Nation, about 280 kilometres northeast of Winnipeg, have been lifted now that the risk of COVID-19 spreading in that community has stabilized, the release says.

The fly-in community of about 500 people brought in stay-at-home orders at the start of this month when nearly one in every four people there tested positive for the illness.

All Manitoba’s other public health orders are still in effect.

Vaccines doses received top 100K

The province has now received more than 100,000 doses of COVID-19 vaccine, according to its online dashboard.

Of the 102,360 doses, 69,060 — about two-thirds — have been administered, the dashboard says.

So far, 2.6 per cent of Manitobans over 18 have gotten both their shots, with 47,920 more immunizations planned over the next 28 days, the dashboard says.

There are now 196 COVID-19 patients in hospital in Manitoba, a drop of 11 since Wednesday. Twenty-six of those people are in intensive care, down by three.

Three previously announced COVID-19 cases were removed from Manitoba’s total on Thursday because of a data correction, the release says. That brings the number of cases identified in the province so far to 31,657.

Of those cases, 29,563 people are considered to have recovered from the illness, while 1,206 are still deemed active — a number health officials have said may be inflated by a data entry backlog.

There were 2,290 more COVID-19 tests done in Manitoba on Wednesday, bringing the total number of swabs completed in the province to 519,892 since early last February.

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Ontario to release new COVID-19 projections today – Toronto Sun

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York Region, which moved to the red zone this week, saw 94 new cases

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Ontario recorded 1,054 new cases Wednesday with another 1,291 cases resolved.

Testing confirmed an additional five cases of the United Kingdom variant, known as B.1.1.7, for a total of 405 variant of concern (VOC) cases.

The province had administered 54,852 tests in the previous 24 hours, a positivity rate of 2.4%.

Nine more deaths were linked to the pandemic, bringing the total number of lives lost to 6,893.

Of the three regions still under a stay-at-home order Wednesday, Toronto reported 363 new cases, Peel Region 186 and North Bay-Parry Sound had one case.

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York Region, which moved to the red zone this week, saw 94 new cases.

Ontario’s slow drip vaccine rollout administered just 17,141 doses Wednesday, bringing the total so far to 602,848 doses and 251,590 people fully vaccinated with the required double dose.

Each of the province’s 34 public health units is being asked to come up with a plan to deliver vaccinations.

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  1. None

    Toronto’s top doc concerned about COVID variants

  2. Toronto Public Health Nurse Amanda Alves, far left, greets Ontario Premier Doug Ford, centre, and Toronto Mayor John Tory, right, as they are given a tour of Toronto's Mass Vaccination Clinic by Toronto Medical Officer of Health Dr. Eileen de Villa, centre left, on Sunday January 17, 2021.

    Ontario confirms another 57 cases of COVID-19 variants

For instance, Peel Region is planning to set up three large vaccine clinics — one each in Brampton, Caledon and Mississauga — but no appointments were being booked as of Wednesday.

Peel confirmed 45,300 doses given out so far which included over 15,500 in long-term-care (LTC) homes and retirement homes.

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Meanwhile, Ontario optometrists say they have been rejected after offering to administer the vaccine.

Ontario veterinarians were recently added to the list of health-care professionals to administer the vaccine, alongside doctors, nurses and pharmacists,” a statement from the Ontario Association of Optometrists released Wednesday said.

“The question is, why have optometrists not been included since they work with patients on a regular basis and many already have had injection training as part of their professional curriculum?”

aartuso@postmedia.com

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