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London study links stroke to increased risk of cardiac event – Woodstock Sentinel Review

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A new study by London researchers shows men and women who have a stroke are at an increased risk of cardiac complications afterward, even if they have no history of heart disease.

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A new study by London researchers shows men and women who have a stroke are at an increased risk of cardiac complications afterward, even if they have no history of heart disease.

Western University researchers found women without a history of heart disease who had a stroke were 23 times more likely to experience a cardiac complication for the first time after their stroke. Men were 25 times more likely, the study found.

The dramatically heightened risk dropped after 30 days, but one year after a stroke, both men and women still had twice the risk of a major cardiac event than those who never had a stroke.

The cardiac complications examined in the study include everything from chest pain to heart attacks, heart failure and cardiac death.

“This is the first study that looked at people with a heart condition after stroke and there is a high suspicion that the stroke itself is the one that triggers the occurrence of the cardiac complication,” said Luciano Sposato, the lead study author and associate professor at Western’s Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry.

“We think there is a very tight connection between the brain and the heart.”

The research challenges an old way of thinking, that the link between heart disease and stroke is a one-way street, Sposato said.

The study, and previous testing in animals, suggests a stroke – even in a patient without a history of heart disease – can cause damage to the heart and trigger cardiac complications, Sposato said. The brain damage strokes can cause may lead to potentially heart-damaging inflammation and nerve damage, Sposato said.

Study authors examined data compiled by the Institute of Clinical Evaluative Sciences, a non-profit organization that compiles and processes provincial health data. Researchers looked at more than a decade of health data of adults over 65 years old with no diagnosis of heart disease.

The researchers compared the incidence of cardiac events in one group of about 20,000 that had a stroke and another group of approximately 70,000 patients without a stroke but with similar health risk factors and demographic characteristics.

“As far as we can know, they were the same kind of patients. . . . This shows that after taking risk factors into consideration, having experienced a recent stroke was independently associated with the incidence of major adverse cardiac events,” Sposato said in a statement.

“This leads us to believe that there are underlying mechanisms linked to stroke that may be causing heart disease.”

Sposato hopes the latest study will lead to more research on the two-way street between heart and brain health.

“What this study shows is that anyone can experience a cardiovascular complication after stroke, even those with no history of heart disease before the stroke,” Sposato said.

“We’ll continue doing more animal studies to look at why this is happening but we’re also working on testing new drugs to see if we can prevent cardiovascular complications after stroke.”

The study is published in the American Heart Association’s medical journal Stroke.

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'We're in crisis mode': Infectious disease specialist calls on residents to reduce activities during second wave COVID-19 – CTV Edmonton

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OTTAWA —
As the second wave of COVID-19 continues in Ottawa, an infectious disease specialist is calling on residents to take precautions into their own hands.

“Right now, we’re in crisis mode,” said Dr. Abdu Sharkawy, CTV News Infectious Disease Specialist, in an interview with CTV News Ottawa.

“Only do what you have to do. I don’t want to use the term lockdown, but I think you really have to reduce your social circle,” said Dr. Sharkawy.

Speaking with CTV Morning Live Wednesday morning, Dr. Sharkawy said until the second wave of the virus settles down, people should be limiting trips and avoiding any special gatherings that aren’t essential.

“It’s not business as usual, every decision that you make, whether it’s work, school, socially related or otherwise it’s going to have an impact throughout your community,” said Dr. Sharkawy.

“Let’s take it upon ourselves, everybody needs to be accountable.”

Meanwhile, the idea of a second lockdown is a worrying one for some small businesses, like the King Eddy in the Byward Market.

“I’m not really sure who could survive another lockdown to be honest with you,” said Johnny Bonney, assistant general manager of the King Eddy.

Bonney said with the recent spike in COVID-19 cases and the second wave of the virus affecting the city, business has already declined.

He’s hopeful to be able to continue to welcome patrons safely.

“We’re doing everything we can to make it safe, and to continue for it to be safe, not only for our customers, but for our employees, so I think people should be able to dine out with confidence,” Bonney said.

Ottawa Public Health said due to the rising number of COVID-19 cases it would consider new closures and restrictions, but with a targeted approach to address possible sources of COVID-19.

Ottawa Public Health’s Medical Officer of Health Dr. Vera Etches told Council that she does not want to have to shut things down.

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Common Cosmetic Dental Procedures and Their Benefits

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If you aren’t confident in your smile, then you aren’t living your best life. That might seem dramatic, but it’s true. If you don’t like to show your smile, then your confidence and self-esteem suffer, and your mental health can be affected. Not only that, but studies have shown that smiling can make you feel happier, as opposed to the other way around. If you aren’ smiling, then you aren’t as happy as you can be. Luckily, there are options. Cosmetic dentistry has come a long way over the past few decades, and there is bound to be a proven treatment that can get you the bright, brilliant smile you’ve always wanted.  

Teeth Whitening

Tooth whitening is perhaps the most common cosmetic dental procedure of them all. Teeth can get stained or damaged over time, often from certain food and drinks. Teeth also get stained from smoking. You can get a take home whitening kit, but for the best results, contact a dental professional. Not only is teeth whitening a quick and easy way to brighten your smile, but it is cost-effective too. 

Bonding

If the stains on your teeth are too deeply ingrained, or you have chips in your teeth, then dental bonding might be the right choice for you. Bonding material is malleable and can be molded to the outside of your teeth to hide imperfections. Bonding is a popular choice, but the material is not permanent. It can deteriorate over time, meaning that you may need to have the procedure performed several times throughout your life. 

Veneers

Veneers are a more long-lasting solution than dental bonding. The dentist will take a mold of the teeth to manufacture a porcelain shell that fits directly over the affected spot. This shell is hard, and colored to match the surrounding teeth so that it doesn’t stand out. Veneers are a perfect option for people who have staining that is so ingrained that it cannot be removed through whitening and bleaching. Many people will choose a veneer over dental bonding simply because it will last longer. 

Implants

One of the most detrimental things to an otherwise wonderful smile is a missing tooth. That’s where dental implants come into play. An implant is a titanium rod that is surgically placed into the gum to act as a root. The dentist can then install a replacement artificial tooth onto the implanted rod. This is a permanent solution instead of using dentures or other temporary fixes. They are relatively easy to maintain and can be treated just like your regular teeth. As long as your gum stays healthy enough to support the implant, it will remain in place. 

Crowns

Crowns function similarly to veneers, in that they cover up decay and damage. Anytime you see a performer with gold teeth, they are most likely crowns, but they are most often much more subtle. They are manufactured with acrylic or porcelain, and custom-made to fit the mouth into which they are being applied. They are then fused to the metal rods implanted into the teeth. They are made so that they match in shape and color with the surrounding teeth, so no one would know that they are not natural. 

Invisalign Braces

You might think that braces are only for children, but adults may need them as well. It could be from teeth that were neglected in youth, or from recent trauma, but adults getting braces is more common than you might think. However, since adults don’t want to look like children, invisalign braces are a great solution. They can fix misalignments and protruding teeth just like regular braces, but they are almost impossible to notice unless someone examines the mouth closely. This way, adults can still feel their own age even while wearing them. 

Dental Abrasion

Since discoloration is such a huge issue for many people, it stands to reason that there are several options to help get teeth back to their natural shine. Abrasion is a process that involves removing stains by essentially sanding down the surface of the tooth. It will only work on very shallow stains, and will not work on stains that have penetrated inside the tooth. However, once the stains are removed through abrasion, they are gone forever. 

 

These are some of the more common cosmetic dental procedures, however you may need something different to fix your smile. While it’s important to know what options are out there, do not visit your cosmetic dentist from Calgary and assume you will get one of the procedures over the others. Your dentist will assess your situation, including the health of your entire mouth, to determine the best course of action. It may be one of these most common options, or it may be something different. There is always new innovation and data in dentistry to come up with techniques to improve smiles at affordable prices. No matter what, in the end your dentist can give you the brightest smile possible so that you can feel confident and happy again. 

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Ottawa’s top doc explains when (and when not to) get tested for COVID-19

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With testing centres in Ottawa stretched to the max — resulting in long wait times and strains on supplies and staff — city councillors spent the morning asking Ottawa’s top doctor for clarity on who should seek COVID-19 testing, while clearing some confusion over the recently invoked Section 22.

And what Dr. Very Etches revealed Wednesday, was just how close the city is to being “in the red” on the pandemic level amid the continued and consistent rise in cases.

In fact, families should only seek testing if they are experiencing symptoms.

There is also no need for a whole family to get tested if just their child has symptoms.

“We do not use orders in those situations,” Etches explained. “We problem solve with people. The orders are for when someone is just refusing to help, and we need to make sure we are protecting folks who are contacts, and stopping spreading in vulnerable settings.”

And while some workplaces and schools say they require a negative test before returning, it’s not actually a rule or requirement by Ottawa Public Health.

Due to the volume of testing and capacity issues, turnaround times for test results are now at five days, OPH reports.

Source: – OttawaMatters.com

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