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Manitoba slow to click on contact tracing app – Winnipeg Free Press

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As the start of the school year looms closer, Manitoba’s health officials are looking for additional services to help with contact tracing, but remain hesitant to jump on board with the federal COVID Alert app.

On Monday, Manitoba Health announced a request for proposal in search of further tools for pandemic contact tracing in the province.

Established in April, the Public Health COVID-19 Contact Centre supports public health officials responsible for making daily contact with isolated individuals who have been identified as close contacts of confirmed COVID-19 cases, but the province is looking to build additional capacity, the release said.

Meanwhile, Manitobans have been quick to ask whether the province has plans to sign onto COVID Alert — a federally endorsed app that lets users know if they have potentially been exposed to the novel coronavirus.

Asked about the app, which rolled out in Ontario in July, Manitoba’s public health officials said Monday local teams were still looking into its efficacy.

“That app’s going to require a significant percentage of the population to use it, because it’s not going to be mandatory and it’s not going to replace what we do with contact tracing,” chief provincial public health officer Dr. Brent Roussin said at a media conference.

“It’s not the big answer that we’re all looking for.”

COVID Alert works using Bluetooth technology; smartphones with the app downloaded exchange information if the devices are within close proximity for an extended period of time. Users who test positive for COVID-19 can input a code into the app, which would then communicate an exposure alert to other devices that have been in close proximity with the positive case.

Roussin said the province’s e-health team are investigating ways to adapt the app for Manitobans, as well as ensuring it would not pose privacy concerns for users.

“I think it’s been discussed at all the levels of government as well. It’s out there, and so I can’t speak to what the specific concern is,” Roussin said. “Certainly, there’s privacy discussions. From my opinion of it, I don’t think it should be a big issue but certainly it’s an issue to some to look at it.”

Holly Witteman, a Canada Research Chair in Human-Centred Digital Health, based in Quebec City, said she downloaded COVID Alert while last in Ontario, and believes the security functions have been “rigorously tested.”

“It does not share your identity, the amount of information that it shares is very minimal,” she said.

One major concern public officials have with the app is its need for a broad application. Speaking at the media conference Monday, Manitoba Health Minister Cameron Friesen said he’s heard as much as 50 to 60 per cent of the population would need to download the app for it to be helpful.

“I think it would be challenging for any population in Canada to get to 50 or 60 per cent of the population wanting to download and use that tool,” Friesen said. “Will it be some utility if we can’t get there? I think so.”

According to data from Statistics Canada, 92 per cent of internet users aged 15 and up in the Prairie provinces have access to a personal smartphone, but those numbers do not account for Manitobans living in remote areas or without internet access.

Ultimately, said Witteman, a network-based app will be more successful with more users, but the app would provide a free, accessible tool to help keep track of exposures to the virus regardless of how many users it garners.

“This app is ready to go, it’s safe, it has been evaluated by people who specialize in privacy and security,” said Witteman.

“I worry that provinces are making the perfect the enemy of the good — it doesn’t have to be perfect to be helpful.”

At the end of the day, Manitoba’s delay to get on board with COVID Alert comes down to its operability, said Friesen.

“It is technical, the work to make such an app on this broad scale work with our systems because it only works well if it’s able to return that information to us in a usable form,” the health minister said.

julia-simone.rutgers@freepress.mb.ca

Twitter: @jsrutgers

Julia-Simone Rutgers
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Julia-Simone Rutgers is a general-assignment reporter.

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What you need to know about COVID-19 in Ottawa on Friday, Sept. 25 – CBC.ca

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Recent developments: 

What’s the latest?

As a second wave of COVID-19 hits Ottawa, experts in the region are calling on the province to shut down activities again and bring the virus under control.

Eleven Ottawa pharmacies will begin offering free COVID-19 tests today to certain people who have no symptoms of the viral illness.

The Ottawa-Carleton District School Board says there are hundreds of kids now trying to switch to remote learning, building a waiting list of some 1,600 students.

WATCH | Dad says he’s disappointed with class sizes, mask guidance:

Thomas Williams, who has children in Grade 1 and Grade 3, says his family originally chose in-person learning but is hoping to switch to online, disappointed with class sizes and mask guidance. 0:40

Some families in Ottawa say the long wait for COVID-19 test results is placing a burden on them as they’re forced to stay home from work and school.

WATCH | One family’s experience:

Caroline Bicker, who got tested for COVID-19 after she and her son developed runny noses, says her family’s life has been put on hold for five days as they await test results. 1:11

How many cases are there?

As of the most recent Ottawa Public Health (OPH) update on Thursday, 3,919 Ottawa residents have tested positive for COVID-19. That includes 587 known active cases, 3,052 resolved cases and 280 deaths.

Its five-day average of new cases per daily report is at its highest level of the pandemic.

Overall, public health officials have reported more than 5,900 cases of COVID-19 across eastern Ontario and western Quebec, with more than 4,700 of those cases considered resolved.

COVID-19 has killed 104 people in the region outside Ottawa: 52 people have died in Leeds, Grenville and Lanark counties, 34 in the Outaouais and 18 in other parts of eastern Ontario.

According to data shared by Ottawa’s four boards and OPH, more than 50 schools had reported at least one case of COVID-19 involving a staff member or student.

Five have what OPH considers an outbreak, or a reasonable chance COVID-19 passed from one person to another during a school activity.

What’s open and closed?

Some public health rules are being rolled back because of the second wave of the pandemic.

Ottawa public health officials are ordering anyone with symptoms or who has been identified as a close contact of someone who’s tested positive to immediately self-isolate or face a fine of up to $5,000 per day in court.

Private, unmonitored gatherings across Ontario are now limited to 10 people indoors and 25 people outdoors.

Festival of Small Halls director Mark Monahan breaks down this year’s lineup, and the changes they’ve made to keep music goers safe. 9:38

Kingston, Ont., has tightened its distancing rules in city parks and increased fines.

Quebec has introduced tighter restrictions in the province’s “orange zones,”  which now includes the Outaouais.

Ottawa will resume ticketing drivers who park longer than allowed in unmarked areas Thursday.

Distancing and isolating

The novel coronavirus primarily spreads through droplets when an infected person coughs, sneezes, breathes or speaks onto someone or something.

People can be contagious without symptoms.

This means precautions such as working from home, keeping your hands and frequently-touched surfaces clean socializing outdoors as much as possible and keeping distance from anyone you don’t live with or have in your social circle, including when you have a mask on.

WATCH | COVID-19’s impact on Black people:

There’s mounting evidence that COVID-19 disproportionately affects Black Canadians. Now, a Black-led research team is trying to pin down just how widespread infections are in Ontario. 2:02

Ottawa’s medical officer of health and Quebec’s top health official are pleading with residents to reduce the number of people they’re in close contact with as new cases of COVID-19 continue to surge.

Masks are mandatory in indoor public settings in all of eastern Ontario and Quebec, including transit services and taxis in some areas.

Masks are also recommended outdoors when you can’t stay the proper distance from others.

A rider in a mask exits the uOttawa LRT station near downtown Ottawa on Sept. 22. (Andrew Lee/CBC)

Anyone who has travelled recently outside Canada must go straight home and stay there for 14 days.

Most people with a confirmed COVID-19 case in Quebec can end their self-isolation after 10 days if they have not had a fever for at least 48 hours and has had no other symptom for at least 24 hours.

Health Canada recommends older adults and people with underlying medical conditions and/or weakened immune systems stay home as much as possible. 

What are the symptoms of COVID-19?

COVID-19 can range from a cold-like illness to a severe lung infection, with common symptoms including fever, a cough, vomiting and the loss of taste or smell. 

Less common symptoms include chills, headaches and pink eye. Children can develop a rash.

Getting tested any sooner than five days after potential exposure may not be useful since the virus may not yet be detectable, says OPH.

If you have severe symptoms, call 911.

Where to get tested

Wait times and lines have been long at many of the area’s test sites, causing some to reach capacity before closing time or even before opening.

It’s also taking up to five days for laboratories to process tests, according to OPH’s Etches on Wednesday.

Ontario health officials have said they’re trying to add more test capacity.

The Ontario government has revised its guidelines for who should get tested for COVID-19 at an assessment centre. But will that do much to cut down the long, long lines of people waiting for tests every day? 10:54

In eastern Ontario:

As of Thursday Ontario recommends only getting tested if you have symptoms, have been told to by your health unit or by the province because of your work.

Most of Ottawa‘s testing happens at one of four permanent sites, with additional mobile sites wherever demand is particularly high.

A test clinic is expected to open at the Ray Friel Recreation Complex in Orléans, likely by mid-October.

People without symptoms, but who are part of the province’s targeted testing strategy, can make an appointment at select Ottawa pharmacies.

The line up for a drive through, pop-up COVID-19 test centre winds its way through several parking lots, across a street and through another parking lot, outside the Canadian Tire Centre in Ottawa on Sept. 20. (Justin Tang/Canadian Press)

In the Eastern Ontario Health Unit, there are drive-thru centres in Casselman and Limoges and a walk-up site in Hawkesbury that doesn’t require people to call ahead.

Its medical officer of health says the Casselman centre will be moved to reduce its impact on traffic.

Others in Alexandria, Rockland, Cornwall and Winchester require an appointment.

In Kingstonthe Leon’s Centre is hosting the city’s test site though Gate 2.

It moves to the Beechgrove Complex near King Street West and Portsmouth Avenue this weekend and will start with two days of drive-thru testing as a trial.

Napanee‘s test centre is open daily for people who call ahead.

WATCH | Why did Ontario cut comprehensive nursing home inspections?

When the Ford government scaled back comprehensive, annual inspections of Ontario nursing homes in 2018, experts say it may have left facilities unprepared and residents vulnerable to the novel coronavirus because the only oversight mechanism that reliably found infection control weaknesses had been removed. A joint CBC Marketplace and The National investigation analyzed thousands of long-term care violations in the year leading up to the pandemic and found the new system caught 68 per cent fewer infection control infractions. And the province’s 2015 report reveals these “resident quality inspections” were up to five times better at catching serious infractions. 8:29

People can arrange a test in Bancroft, Belleville, Picton or Trenton by calling the centre. Only Belleville and Trenton run seven days a week and also offer online booking.

The Leeds, Grenville and Lanark unit has walk-in sites in Kemptville and Brockville — the latter with extended hours this weekend. 

Testing sites in Smiths Falls and Almonte which require an appointment, same for a pop-up site in Perth today.

Renfrew County residents should call their family doctor. Those without access to a family doctor can call 1-844-727-6404 for a test or if they have health questions, COVID-19-related or not.

People can also visit the health unit’s website to find out where testing clinics will be taking place each week.

In western Quebec:

Outaouais residents can make an appointment in Gatineau seven days a week at 135 blvd. Saint-Raymond or 617 avenue Buckingham.

They can now check the approximate wait time for the Saint-Raymond site.

There are recurring clinics by appointment in communities such as Gracefield, Val-des-Monts and Fort-Coulonge.

They can call 1-877-644-4545 if they have other questions, including if walk-in testing is available nearby.

Tests are strongly recommended for people with symptoms or who have been in contact with someone with symptoms. People without symptoms can also get a test.

First Nations, Inuit and Métis:

Akwesasne has had 14 confirmed COVID-19 cases, most linked to a gathering on an island in July.

It has a mobile COVID-19 test site available by appointment only.

Anyone returning to the community on the Canadian side of the international border who’s been farther than 160 kilometres away — or visited Montreal — for non-essential reasons is asked to self-isolate for 14 days.

Inuit in Ottawa can also call the Akausivik Inuit Family Health Team at 613-740-0999 for service, including testing, in Inuktitut or English on weekdays.

People in Pikwakanagan can book an appointment for a COVID-19 test by calling 613-625-2259. 

Anyone in Tyendinaga who’s interested in a test can call 613-967-3603 to talk to a nurse.

For more information

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COVID antibodies endure over six months in China trial subjects – BNN

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The amount of COVID-19 antibodies in trial subjects who received China’s experimental vaccines remained high six months after the first shots, said a top Chinese scientist, projecting confidence that the country will be among the first to produce effective inoculation against the coronavirus.

The high levels detected in volunteers who took part in the earliest clinical trials suggest that the shots are effective and can provide immunity against the virus for an extended period of time, though final-stage testing results still need to be evaluated, Zeng Guang, chief scientist of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, said in a briefing in Beijing on Friday.

Tianjin-based CanSino Biologics Inc, which is co-developing a coronavirus shot with the Chinese military, was the first in the world to administer an experimental vaccine into healthy people in March, though Zeng did not specify which vaccine candidate he was referring to.

China now has at least 10 vaccine candidates in human trials, with four in the final stages of Phase III testing around the world.

The country’s confidence that it can deliver an effective and safe vaccine has grown in recent months. President Xi Jinping in May promised that China-developed vaccines would be a global “public good” shared by all. Supplying vaccines to other countries could help repair China’s image around the world, tarnished by its initial missteps in handling the original virus outbreak in Wuhan.

Chinese vaccine developers are now neck-and-neck with western pharmaceutical firms including AstraZeneca Plc and Pfizer Inc. in the race to deliver a viable vaccine against the novel coronavirus. With outbreaks flaring again across Asia and Europe, and governments bracing for a fresh wave in the northern hemisphere winter, pressure is mounting for immunization efforts to deliver, with a vaccine key to countries re-opening their economies safely.While testing is still underway, vaccine developers have quickly expanded production capacity to prepare to meet the overwhelming demand. China’s annual coronavirus vaccine production is expected to reach 610 million doses by end of this year and will grow to 1 billion doses by the end of 2021, Zheng Zhongwei, an official at the country’s National Health Commission, said at Friday’s briefing.

China has promised to provide vaccines for at least 62 countries, signing formal agreements with allies like Indonesia and Pakistan. Meanwhile is appears to be blocking cooperation efforts with countries with which it has tense relations, such as Canada.

Chinese vaccine frontrunner Sinovac Biotech Ltd., has said that it will give countries running its final-stage trials — Brazil, Indonesia and Turkey, among others — vaccine shots at the same time as the Chinese population.

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COVID-19 testing now available in some Ontario pharmacies – Global News

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TORONTO — Some Ontario pharmacies will begin offering COVID-19 tests today as the province tries to ease the burden on busy assessment centres.

Up to 60 pharmacies are offering the appointment-only tests to certain asymptomatic individuals, such as those with loved ones in long-term care homes, close contacts of a case or high-risk workers.

Read more:
Ontario announces COVID-19 testing to be expanded to pharmacies

Meanwhile, the government announced yesterday that the province’s assessment centres will now focus on testing those with symptoms, exposure to a case and people involved in outbreak investigations.

Premier Doug Ford had previously said anyone who wanted a test could get one at an assessment centre but changed that message yesterday.

Read more:
The 38 Toronto-area pharmacies where you can get a coronavirus test starting Friday

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That means some people with no symptoms who are simply seeking reassurance they don’t have the virus will not be able to access testing offered by the province.

Ford is also expected to announce another part of the province’s fall pandemic preparedness plan today.






2:52
Coronavirus: Ontario health officials explain COVID-19 test being used in pharmacies


Coronavirus: Ontario health officials explain COVID-19 test being used in pharmacies

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