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Media Coverage of Migration Based on International Law and Evidence – Journalist Guide [EN/AR] – World – ReliefWeb



Executive summary

In recognition of the need to improve the media’s practitioner’s to report on migration issues, this guide aims to be a resource for journalists to run interactive workshops, principally aimed at other journalists reporting on migration. The training will give participants an understanding of the regional and international context of migration, explain the terminology of migration, consider existing media coverage of migration, especially its ethical aspects. The guide also seeks to dispel key commonly held myths on migration, and present a primer on the international legal framework governing migration. The guide comprehensively covers all aspects needed to be considered by a journalist, from course content and practical exercises, best practices in pedagogy, as well as to such practical issues such as the selection of candidates, venues and equipment needed.

The training will be divided into several modules, each is designed to improve participants’ capacity in a key areas related to migration coverage in the media. The first module examines migration as a global phenomenon, and provides an overview of international migration. The module presents participants with data on the global phenomenon of migration. It dispels common myths on migration, explaining, for example, that, contrary to popular belief, approximately three quarters of global migrants are internal rather than international migrants, and that the latter are mostly migrant workers, members of their families and students.
The module also presents data on refugees, a term often used incorrectly by the general public, and sometimes as well as by the media. Although refugees enjoy a unique status under international law and are a particularly vulnerable category of migrants, as they have lost the protection of their country of origin or cannot benefit from it, fewer than 10 per cent of all international migrants are refugees. The evolution of the flux of migration is also presented, demonstrating that the migration flows we observe today often flowed in the opposite direction historically.

This guide includes a module on migration terminology, an area that is frequently misunderstood by the public, and by media professionals. The module proposes methods to measure the number of regular migrants – the majority of migrant population – and irregular migrants in a country. It emphasizes that, under international law, irregular migration should be decriminalized. It also provides participants with the knowledge to utilize the appropriate terminology to describe various categories of migrants, based on international law.

The guide also addresses widely held myths about the economic impact of migration. There is a commonly held belief that migrants impose economic costs on host countries, despite the prolific amount of evidence demonstrating that the contrary is true. The guide presents the findings of numerous other studies, demonstrating the net positive impact migrants have on the provision of social services and on public finances, and highlights empiric evidence that people consistently overestimate the number of migrants in their country and consistently underestimate the migrants’ level of education and economic contribution.

And the guide also includes a module to allow participants to analyze the depiction of migrants in the media. Photos and pictures of migrants in the media can have an enduring impact on public opinion, either positively or negatively. It is therefore imperative that photographers and editors consider the impact an picture is likely to have on the public discourse on migration. This highly interactive module allows participants to debate the merits of images showing migration, and offers a chance to analyze highly influential pictures, as well as the different ways photos can be depicted, deepening participants’ understanding of the power of pictures in shaping public opinion.

Migration is not an easy topic to cover. It is mired in complexity, opacity and the concerted effort of some, with a particular political agenda, to perpetuate myths and misconceptions. Challenges faced by journalists in covering migration, and methods to overcome them, are also addressed. The module presents, and dispels, common myths around migration. For example, there is a widely held belief that Europe and North America are disproportionately welcome refugees. The module further provides journalists with resources that can be utilized to access the most recent data on migration. Finally, the module provides guidance on the optimal steps for creating multimedia content on migration.

Best practices in migration journalism involve putting the individual first and giving migrants a voice. It also requires the careful and accurate use of terminology, prudent use of images, and care not to contribute to the reinforcement of stereotypes and myths. The final module provides suggestions on how the media can operate in a more responsible manner when they undertake migration coverage, which would entrail embracing evidence and international law, while rejecting sensationalism. Best practices in migration journalism involve putting the individual first and giving migrants a voice. It also requires the careful and accurate use of terminology, prudent use of pictures, and care not to contribute to the reinforcement of stereotypes and myths. It is hoped that this guide, and the trainings designed to utilize it, will contribute to more evidence- and human rights-based, ethical and responsible reporting on migration.

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Kamala Harris's Indian Connections Spark a Social Media Frenzy – BNN



(Bloomberg) — When Democratic Party presidential nominee Joe Biden picked Kamala Harris to be his running mate, it sparked a frenzy on the other side of the globe to track down her connections to Chennai, the southern Indian city where her mother was born.

On Twitter and Facebook, a flurry of users chronicled every minute link including her grandparents’ home in the Besant Nagar neighborhood, from where her mother Shyamala Gopalan set off as a teenager to pursue a doctoral degree at the University of California Berkeley. Undated photos surfaced of Kamala and younger sibling Maya in saris, smilingly posing with their grandparents during a visit. Many saw Harris a step away from the White House, and the de facto Democratic Party front-runner in four or eight years.

Writer Cauvery Madhavan captured the hysteria in a tweet: “If you’re wondering what that loud windy up sound is – it’s all of Chennai cranking the #SixDegreesOfSeparation machine!! Any moment now my mother is going to triumphantly reveal that her pharmacist’s father was @KamalaHarris’s grandma’s preferred tailor.” Another Twitter user, Priya Ravichandran, jested, “I was asked to Google and find which relative lives in besant nagar. People are this close to renting party bus and do drive by near their house and celebrate kamala.”Senator Harris is the first person of Indian descent and the first Black woman on a major ticket in a U.S. presidential election. Indian media outlets vied with American newspapers like the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal to analyze the geopolitical impact of her rise and what a Biden-Harris win could mean for U.S.-India relations. Local outlets and TV crews raced to hunt down an assortment of Harris’s aunts and even a great-uncle who detailed her visits to the sprawling metropolis and her strolls on its humid beaches discussing democracy and equality with her grandfather, a retired government official.

A prominent local newspaper, The Hindu BusinessLine, carried the headline: “Kamala Devi Harris and the destiny-changing coconuts from Chennai.” The story described Harris’s aunt praying for her victory in the California Senate elections nine years ago by breaking 108 coconuts, a popular religious ritual, at the local temple. The paper quoted Harris phoning her aunt to say, “Chithi (aunt), please pray for me and break coconuts at the temple.”

Twitter users highlighted her Indianness beginning with the name Kamala, which means lotus in several Indian languages. CNN’s local partner tweeted that “Kamala Harris loves idlis. And, sambhar” — fluffy rice cakes and spicy lentil stew often eaten for breakfast in India.

The fuss over Harris’s political elevation this week far outstripped the excitement over the rise of other Chennai-connected personalities such as actor Mindy Kaling and Alphabet Inc. Chief Executive Officer Sundar Pichai.While hundreds of Twitter users in India posted laudatory messages, some rued that Harris’s nomination would inflate the already lofty expectations of Indian parents for their kids. Indian lawmaker and prominent opposition Congress Party member Shashi Tharoor tweeted, “‘Beta (son) what are you doing these days? Oh, just a Harvard Professor? Not even Mayor yet?’”

Harris, whose father is of Jamaican ancestry, has downplayed her family’s India ties although she has spoken of how the deep conversations with her grandfather during India visits helped shaped her political views. But social media users were quick to appropriate her as completely Indian. A video from last year in which she’s seen with Mindy Kaling cooking a masala dosa, a south Indian savory crepe filled with spicy potatoes, is circulating wildly on WhatsApp groups in India.

©2020 Bloomberg L.P.

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Paul Willcocks on Legacy Media: 'If Everyone Thinks We Are in Crisis, I Will Be Happy' –



Paul Willcocks had run four daily papers, an experience he captured in a blog series “How I Killed Newspapers,” before joining The Tyee as a senior editor in 2016. From reporter at the Red Deer Advocate to publisher of the Times Colonist, he’s had a front row seat to the changing media landscape over the years.

Willcocks was the latest guest on Three Things, a livestream chat show hosted by Tyee outreach manager Emma Cooper where readers get a chance to meet the folks who work at the site.

Willcocks watched the collapse of legacy news media but has yet to see alternatives emerge. “The biggest concern for me is that the traditional media used to play a really important role in the way our democracy and society works, but we haven’t thought or talked much about how to come up with models to replace them.”

He lamented the loss of the role media used to play for communities as a provider of information and a host of dialogue and debate around the topics that mattered most.

“It used to be that people could at least agree on the problems. They might come up with really different solutions, but you could at least have that kind of a dialogue, which we have now really lost as those media have disappeared,” he said.

In addition to seeing an increased fracturing around what issues even matter, Willcocks has observed a decline in the number of journalists covering and gathering news. “Newsrooms are half the size they were 15 or 20 years ago,” he noted.

He worries about people’s access to information, remembering the days when newspapers were cheap, and radio and television were free. But today is an age of information inequality, with news organizations implementing paywalls, he said.

“Increasingly through paywalls and subscriptions, you get information if you can pay for it. And the more you can pay, the more specialized and valuable information you get. We are creating yet another form of information inequality.”

Willcocks feels paywalls and advertisements torque coverage and cited The Tyee’s voluntary subscription model as an example of a way forward.

Part of the problem is media ownership, he said. Working with corporate owners, Willcocks saw an inability to look beyond the next financial quarter. He observes this in Postmedia ownership, for example, noting there has been no significant investment in those papers or its journalists over the past decade.

The loss of legacy media has created a social and democratic crisis, Willcocks said, though he reckons media’s role is more important than ever. But “the media has done a really bad job for a long time in explaining their role and consistently demonstrating that they understand their role,” he said.

This trend continues as larger media corporations, especially newspapers, continue to wring profits out of what’s left of their business model. All of this has meant less quality news and less investigative journalism, he said.

In these times, Willcocks finds government support for media to be a “necessary evil.” But he wants it done in a fair manner that doesn’t harm the independence of journalism or compromise transparency. “These are really tough times and to preserve what we have unless new models emerge, government support for some media is useful,” he said.

In spite of the industry’s many financial difficulties, Willcocks is heartened by some of the great journalism coming out of independent organizations and journalists. He wants us to understand that the decreasing number of journalists holding government and companies to account is a crisis.

If the media’s watchdog function diminishes, powerful people can create their own myths, he said. “Wealth and inequality are inevitable in Canada, and if journalists aren’t challenging those myths, things are going to get worse and worse for more and more of us. If everyone thinks we are in crisis, I will be happy.”  [Tyee]

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Media Beat: August 13, 2020 | FYIMusicNews – FYI Music News



CRTC to spend $750M to connect 51 communities with broadband

Five northern community broadband projects in the N.W.T., Yukon and northern Manitoba will share in $72 million of Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) Broadband Fund money.

According to a press release from the CRTC Wednesday, the projects are designed to improve broadband internet service for about 10,100 households in 51 communities.

The CRTC will dedicate $750 million to projects that improve broadband services in rural and remote communities over the next five years. Many communities in the North rely on slower satellite data connections for internet service. – Anna Desmarais, CBC News

CTV snags TIFF Tribute Awards

Honourees include Sir Anthony Hopkins, Kate Winslet, film director Chloé Zhao (Songs My Brother Taught Me and The Rider), and filmmaker Mira Nair (Monsoon Wedding, The Namesake, Queen of Katwe and Salaam Bombay!). The one-hour tribute show will be broadcast Sept. 15 on CTV and its affiliated platforms and globally streamed by Variety.

More commuters now walk or bike to work than take public transit

Prior to the pandemic, 75% of workers commuted by private vehicle, 13% used public transit, 7% walked or cycled to work and about 1% used another mode of transportation. Fewer than 1 in 20 workers teleworked (4%).

Although private vehicles remain the most common mode of commuting since the onset of the pandemic, its share has declined from 75% to 67% in June. The decrease in the proportion of workers using public transit was even more pronounced, falling from 13% to 3% of workers—half the rate of those who walked or bicycled to work (6%). In June, 22% of Canadians were working from home and slightly less than 2% were using another mode of transportation.

One reason for the decline in private vehicle and public transit use may be attributable to the more than a five-fold increase (from 4% to 22%) in Canadians working from home since the onset of the pandemic. – StatsCan


Sumner (Murray Rothstein) Redstone, the hard-charging mogul who parlayed his father’s New England drive-in theatre business into a media empire that now flows into virtually every avenue of entertainment, has died. He was 97. 

Redstone was the controlling shareholder of the recently merged ViacomCBS — and previously CBS Corp. and Viacom — who made famous the mantra “content is king.”

Forbes estimated his net worth at US$3B in 2019.

Pat O’Day (born Paul W. Berg in Norfolk, Nebraska) whose voice was well known for decades throughout Seattle as a disc jockey and an announcer at the Seafair races, has died at 85.

He passed away at his home in the San Juan Islands, his son Jeff O’Day wrote in a Facebook post.

At one time, Pat O’Day owned the afternoon airwaves, averaging 35% of the after-school and drive-time audience at a time when traffic was growing dramatically. The teenage car culture was in its heyday. Around the time the Lake City branch of the legendary Dick’s Drive-In opened in 1963, O’Day’s listenership peaked at 41%. And his company, Concerts West, was one of the major concert-booking agents in the nation.

According to Wikipedia, almost everything known (published) about Pat O’Day’s work in the radio and live music concert businesses can be found in O’Day’s autobiography, It Was All Just Rock-‘n’-Roll II: A Return to the Center of the Radio & Concert Universe.

His story was featured in a 2015 documentary about radio DJs called I Am What I Play, directed by Roger King.

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