As the monkeypox virus continues to spread across the globe, health officials have confirmed cases of the rare virus in four Canadian provinces.
Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by a viral relative of smallpox. It is typically limited to Africa, and rare cases in the U.S. and elsewhere are usually linked to travel there.
The name of the illness originates from its 1958 discovery by scientists who observed two outbreaks of a “pox-like” disease in research monkeys.
The disease is zoonotic, meaning it’s caused by germs that spread between animals and people. The first known human infection was documented in 1970 in a nine-year-old boy in a remote part of Congo.
What’s the current situation?
Since May, over 700 cases of monkeypox have been confirmed in non-endemic countries, with the lion’s share in Europe. In Canada and the U.S., infections caused by a West African clade, which tends to cause mild disease, have also been diagnosed.
“While most, but not all, recent global infections are among young men who identify as men who have sex with other men, the virus can affect anyone through close person-to-person contact,” noes the BCCDC.
How does monkeypox spread?
Monkeypox is spread from person to person through contact with sores and items like bedding or towels that have the virus on them. It can also spread through respiratory droplets from coughs and sneezes during prolonged close, face-to-face contact with a person who has monkeypox. While the virus is not known to transmit through semen, vaginal or rectal fluids, it does spread through close contact during sexual activity.
In Africa, people have been infected through bites from rodents or small animals, and it does not usually spread easily among people.
What are the monkeypox symptoms?
It typically begins with a flu-like illness and swelling of the lymph nodes, followed by a rash on the face and body. According to the BCCDC, symptoms appear in two stages and may last for two to four weeks.
In the first stage, the following symptoms may appear:
- Intense headache
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Back pain
- Muscle pain
- Fatigue or exhaustion
- Other less common symptoms can include sore throat, cough, nausea or vomiting, and diarrhea
Approximately one to five days after the first stage, the second stage begins. Symptoms may include:
- A rash that often starts on the face or legs and arms, and can affect other parts of the body, such as the hands, feet, mouth and genitals.
- Monkeypox sores usually last between 2 to 3 weeks. The sores change in appearance over time from raised spots to small blisters filled with fluid. They eventually form a scab and fall off.
“The rash tends to be more concentrated on the face and extremities rather than on the trunk. It affects the face (in 95% of cases), and palms of the hands and soles of the feet (in 75% of cases). Also affected are oral mucous membranes (in 70% of cases), genitalia (30%), and conjunctivae (20%), as well as the cornea,” notes the World Health Organization (WHO).
What do I do if I’ve been exposed?
If you have been exposed to the virus, monitor for symptoms. Symptoms can present from five to 21 days after exposure. If you develop symptoms, visit a health care professional. Wear a mask and cover the lesions, and inform the clinic ahead of time of the reason for your visit.
During this period you must limit close contact with others, including sexual contact.
What happens if I become ill with monkeypox?
If you believe you have contracted the monkeypox virus, contact your doctor. Inform them if you’ve been in close contact with someone who has the virus.
Until you see your healthcare provider, stay at home and self-isolate. If possible, stay away from people you live with and don’t share towels, clothing, or linens. See if other members of your household, family, or friends can look after any pets so you do not spread monkeypox to animals.
Public Health will contact you if you test positive for the virus and provide you with instructions for the next steps.
Monkeypox is usually a mild illness and most people recover on their own after a few weeks, notes the BCCDC. While there are no well-established treatments for the virus, “antiviral medication may be considered on a case-by-case basis.”
Monkeypox prevention and vaccination
Canada has a limited amount of Imvamune™ — a vaccine that provides protection against the monkeypox virus. It is not currently available for the general public, however.
“It can be used to manage [the] spread of monkeypox and prevent serious illness in people who have been exposed,” explains the BCCDC, noting that it does not benefit someone who is already infected.
The risk of monkeypox to the general public is very low, advises the BCCDC. There is no need for the general public to get vaccinated.
With files from the Canadian Press.
Peel Region reports its first confirmed case of monkeypox – CP24 Toronto's Breaking News
Peel Region has its first confirmed case of monkeypox.
According to Peel Public Health, the person infected is an adult male in his 30s who lives in Mississauga.
The heath unit said the risk to the public remains low.
Monkeypox, which comes from the same virus family as smallpox, spreads though close contact with an infected individual. Most transmission happens through close contact with the skin lesions of monkeypox, but the virus can also be spread by large droplets or by sharing contaminated items.
To reduce risk of infection, people are advised to be cautious when engaging in intimate activities with others. Vaccination is available for high-risk contacts of cases and for those deemed at high risk of exposure to monkeypox.
Symptoms can include fever, headache, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, and a rash/lesions, which could appear on the face or genitals and then spread to other areas.
Anyone who develops these symptoms should contact their healthcare provider and avoid close contact with others until they have improved and rash/lesions have healed.
While most people recover on their own without treatment, those who have been in close contact with someone who has tested positive for monkeypox should self-monitor for symptoms, and contact PPH to see if they are eligible for vaccination.
The Mississauga case is at least the 34th confirmed case of the disease in Ontario, with dozens more under investigation.
Monkeypox case count rises to more than 3400 globally, WHO says – The Globe and Mail
More than 3,400 confirmed monkeypox cases and one death were reported to the World Health Organization as of last Wednesday, with a majority of them from Europe, the agency said in an update on Monday.
WHO said that since June 17, 1,310 new cases were reported to the agency, with eight new countries reporting monkeypox cases.
Monkeypox is not yet a global health emergency, WHO ruled last week, although WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said he was deeply concerned about the outbreak.
Our Morning Update and Evening Update newsletters are written by Globe editors, giving you a concise summary of the day’s most important headlines. Sign up today.
Sudbury news: Northern agencies highlight national HIV testing day | CTV News – CTV News Northern Ontario
Monday was national HIV testing day. Officials say this year’s theme surrounds how getting tested is an act of self-care.
From clinics to self-testing kits, groups in the north say there are many options to get tested and everyone should use whichever way works best for them.
Just more than a year ago, Reseau Access Network in Sudbury teamed with Ready to Know and Get a Kit, groups that provide HIV self-testing kits at a pickup location.
Officials said it has been a huge success.
“We get a consistent number throughout each month and I can’t really divulge those figures, unfortunately, but as part of the overall study I can tell you the pickup of self-tests is a fraction of the amount of tests being ordered,” said Angel Riess, of Reseau Access Network.
“There’s actually a lot of tests being shipped to homes directly but I can confirm that they have been active and there’s a significant number of people who have chosen to engage in both programs.”
Elsewhere, the Aids Committee of North Bay and Area held a point-of-care testing clinic to mark the day.
“It’s an opportunity for us to remind everyone that getting tested is essential. If you don’t know you have HIV, you can’t take the steps to try to mitigate the possibility of spread,” said executive director Stacey Mayhall.
In addition to stopping the spread, knowing whether you are positive sooner rather than later can allow for a better quality of life.
“HIV is not a death sentence that it used to be,” said Riess.
“There have been advances in testing and medication and people can live long, healthy lives living with HIV.”
NASA discovers double crater on the moon – CTV News
Stock market news live updates: Stock turn lower following last week's rebound – Yahoo Canada
7 Amazing Dark Sky National Parks – AARP
Silver investment demand jumped 12% in 2019
Europe kicks off vaccination programs | All media content | DW | 27.12.2020 – Deutsche Welle
Global Media Markets, 2015-2020, 2020-2025F, 2030F – TV and Radio Broadcasting, Film and Music, Information Services, Web Content, Search Portals And Social Media, Print Media, & Cable – GlobeNewswire
News12 hours ago
Mamadou Konaté, still facing deportation
News14 hours ago
Living with Albinism in Africa
Science13 hours ago
A Mystery Rocket Left A Crater On The Moon – Forbes
Tech10 hours ago
YouTuber tries to upgrade his old M1 MacBook Pro 13 to the brand-new Apple M2 processor – Notebookcheck.net
Art18 hours ago
Welcome to Drag: The performance art celebrating gender fluidity – Queen's Journal
Investment14 hours ago
What is Causing Bitcoin’s Price to Plunge?
News18 hours ago
How Canada handled COVID-19 compared to other countries – CTV News
Science14 hours ago
A new planet hunter awakens: NIRPS instrument sees first light – News | Institute for Research on Exoplanets