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Monkeypox confirmed in person who used Toronto shelter system – CTV News Toronto

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One person who recently used Toronto’s shelter system is isolating after testing positive for monkeypox, health officials have confirmed.

In an email to CP24.com, Toronto Public Health (TPH) said they are “currently aware of one confirmed monkeypox case in a person that recently attended a Toronto shelter.”

The health unit declined to say which shelter was involved and also noted that an outbreak is defined as two or more cases that are epidemiologically linked.

As of Sunday evening, the health unit was only aware of a single confirmed case.

The affected individual has been transferred to the city’s COVID-19 isolation and recovery site, which is also being used to help people who need to isolate because of monkeypox.

“The City of Toronto continues to work with health experts to reduce the spread of COVID-19, monkeypox and other transmissible diseases in high risk settings,” TPH said in a statement. “To support shelters in limiting case numbers, the shelter system continues to practice stringent Infection Prevention and Control (IPAC) measures. This includes conducting enhanced cleaning protocols and use of personal protective equipment, such as gloves, gowns and protective masks.”

The virus is typically spread through prolonged close contact with respiratory droplets from breathing, talking, coughing or sneezing or skin-to-skin contact with lesions, blisters, rashes or contact with objects, fabrics and surfaces used by someone who has the virus.

The virus can enter the body through breaks in the skin or through the eyes and mouth.

Someone with monkeypox can usually pass on the virus when they develop a skin rash or lesions, but it may also spread when they have early symptoms including fever and headache.

Anyone can get the virus, but most cases so far have been in men who have sex with men.

Federal health officials, as well as the World Health Organization recently suggested that people consider limiting the number of sex partners they have given that the virus appears to be spreading through intimate contact.

The city has been running vaccine clinics for those populations most at risk. 

Public Health Ontario logged 367 confirmed cases of monkeypox in the province as of Thursday, with nearly 78 per cent of those cases in Toronto.

Toronto Public health is advising anyone who thinks they may have monkeypox to isolate right away and contact their health-care provider to get tested.

-With files from The Canadian Press 

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Feds lift border vaccine requirements, mandatory masks on planes and trains

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OTTAWA — Federal ministers say all COVID-19 border restrictions will be removed as of Saturday, including mandatory vaccination, testing and quarantine of international travellers, as well as the requirement for masks on planes and trains.

The cabinet order maintaining COVID-19 border measures will not be renewed when it expires on Sept. 30.

But Health Minister Jean-Yves Duclos is once again warning that pandemic restrictions could be reinstated if they are needed.

“We have learned over the last (two-and-a-half) years the type of measures that can work,” Duclos said Monday.

“We will therefore leave open all possible options when it comes to protecting the health and safety of Canadians.”

The changes mean foreign nationals will no longer require an approved series of vaccinations to enter the country.

In addition, Canada-bound travellers will no longer be subject to random COVID-19 tests, and unvaccinated Canadians will not need to isolate when they return to the country.

Cruise passengers will not have to do pre-board tests or prove they have been vaccinated.

And people who enter the country after Saturday will not need to monitor and report if they develop signs or symptoms of COVID-19.

The five federal ministers making the announcement said the changes are informed by science and epidemiology, adding that modelling indicates the peak of the latest wave of the disease has “largely passed.”

But they did face questions about whether the move is at least partially politically motivated as the Liberals contend with the newly elected Opposition leader, Pierre Poilievre.

The Public Health Agency of Canada is still strongly recommending that people wear masks, particularly in crowded environments such as planes and trains.

“The science is clear: wearing a mask is clearly a means of personal protection that is extremely effective,” said Dr. Howard Njoo, Canada’s deputy chief health officer.

“I hope Canadians will make an enlightened decision about this.”

Duclos said the negative attitudes of some passengers have made things very difficult for airlines and crews to enforce the mask mandate in recent months, and cited that as a factor in the decision.

“The transmission of the variants of COVID are domestic-based, for the most part, and therefore, this is what we should stress: masking is highly recommended … but it is not something that can be, in a sense, forced.”

That is a change in messaging from earlier in the summer, when the government and public health officials insisted that maintaining measures at the border was necessary to track and prevent the introduction of new variants.

Public Safety Minister Marco Mendicino said there have been 38 million entries at the border in 2022 so far, more than double the number in all of last year. “We want to keep that momentum going.”

The controversial ArriveCan app will no longer be mandatory when the order expires.

“Going forward, use of ArriveCan will be optional, allowing travellers who so choose to submit their customs declaration in advance at major airports,” Mendicino said.

So far that option is available at international airports in Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver, but that will be expanded to include Calgary, Edmonton, Winnipeg, Ottawa, Quebec City, Halifax and Billy Bishop airport in Toronto.

In addition, the Canada Border Services Agency is looking at adding features to ArriveCan to be able to provide information such as border wait times.

The changes do not remove the quarantine or testing requirements for people who enter Canada before Saturday.

This report by The Canadian Press was first published Sept. 26, 2022.

 

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Using artificial sweeteners may raise the risk of heart disease, study shows – Prestige Online Malaysia

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‘Debilitating’ heart palpitations could be sign of Long Covid – do you have the condition? – Express

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Heart palpitations can be a sign of several different problems – both mental and physical. Often, they’re caused by stress and anxiety. But over the course of the last few years, Long Covid has reportedly caused palpitations. A recent study has explored why this might happen.

Long Covid is when people suffer ongoing symptoms of Covid, 12 weeks after infection.

Some people with the condition have struggled with heart palpitations, chest pain, dizziness, or feeling faint.

Researchers, observing their patients, have concluded that these symptoms could be caused by problems with the autonomic nervous system – the part of your nervous system that monitors automatic activities such as heart rate, breathing, and blood pressure.

Doctors and nurses at Hammersmith Hospital and Imperial College London believe that the “debilitating” palpitations and other symptoms were caused by “orthostatic intolerance syndrome”.

READ MORE: Princess Beatrice’s ongoing difficulty with ‘muddled’ thoughts swirling in her head

Orthostatic intolerance syndromes are when moving from a sitting or lying position to an upright position causes a low blood pressure in your arteries.

The British Heart Foundation explains: “When a healthy person stands up, some of the blood in the body will flow downwards with the pull of gravity.

“The body responds to prevent blood pressure falling – blood vessels narrow and there is a slight increase in heart rate.

“But in people with orthostatic problems, these automatic changes don’t happen.

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“Moving to an upright position causes a drop in the blood supply to the heart and brain and a fast heart rate as the body tries to compensate.”

For people that struggle with these issues with moving to an upright position, the study by Hammersmith Hospital and Imperial College London made recommendations.

It suggested: “Non-upright exercise such as cycling on a recumbent exercise bike and swimming are encouraged.”

It added: “The patient should be advised on rising cautiously from a lying or seated position and avoiding exacerbating factors such as prolonged standing, warm environments, and dehydration.”

READ MORE: Princess Beatrice’s ongoing difficulty with ‘muddled’ thoughts swirling in her head

Shingles, memory loss, tinnitus, itchy skin, and tremors were among the more abnormal symptoms experienced.

Some studies have suggested that long Covid is an autoimmune disease, similar to Parkinson’s disease. An autoimmune disease is when the body’s immune system attacks itself.

The body cannot tell the difference between your own cells and foreign cells so causes the body to attack healthy cells.

According to one small study from 2021, 44 percent of long Covid patients involved had high levels of a type of antibody connected with other autoimmune diseases and lupus.

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