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SpaceX simulation video shows how the first Crew Dragon mission will look – Daily Mail

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SpaceX simulation video shows how the first Crew Dragon mission will look when the capsule is ‘physically ready’ to launch to the International Space Station in 2020

  • SpaceX shared a simulation video of the Crew Dragons first flight to space
  • The capsule is set to take a human crew to the International Space Station 
  • Falcon 9 rocket will launch the capsule into orbit where the two will separate
  • The capsule will then glide to the ISS where it will make a few trips around Earth 
  • CEO Elon Musk said the capsule will be ready in Feb., then go through tests 

The mission may not kickoff until next year, but SpaceX has shared a simulated video of the first Crew Dragon trip to the International Space Station.

The clip highlights the crew boarding the capsule, the countdown until blast off and the separation from the Falcon 9 rocket before it attaches to the American space station. 

CEO Elon Musk noted that the Crew Dragon capsule should be ‘physically ready’ in February, but added it will probably take a few more months to complete critical safety tests.

The Crew Dragon was destroyed in April during a failed test during activation of the SuperDraco propulsion system.

Now, Musk is hoping to gain some excitement before revealing the new capsule that is set to launch to the International Space Station (ISS) in 2020.

Scroll down for videos 

The mission may not kickoff until next year, but SpaceX has shared a simulated video of the first Crew Dragon trip to the International Space Station

The mission may not kickoff until next year, but SpaceX has shared a simulated video of the first Crew Dragon trip to the International Space Station

The two-minute video begins with the crew boarding the capsule, the Falcon thrusters ignite and shoot the rocket towards space.

Once the rocket hits orbit, the capsule breaks away and glides towards the ISS.

Following a few trips around Earth, the Dragon heads safely back to Earth.

Last month, SpaceX shared a video to its Twitter account showing the Dragon capsule completing a crucial test of its parachute.

In the test, the capsule was dropped from a plane and landed safely using only three of its four parachutes.

The clip highlights the crew boarding the capsule, the countdown until blast off and the separation from the Falcon 9 rocket before it attaches to the American space station

The clip highlights the crew boarding the capsule, the countdown until blast off and the separation from the Falcon 9 rocket before it attaches to the American space station

The clip highlights the crew boarding the capsule, the countdown until blast off and the separation from the Falcon 9 rocket before it attaches to the American space station

The two-minute video begins with the crew boarding the capsule, the Falcon thrusters ignite and shoot the rocket towards space

The two-minute video begins with the crew boarding the capsule, the Falcon thrusters ignite and shoot the rocket towards space

The two-minute video begins with the crew boarding the capsule, the Falcon thrusters ignite and shoot the rocket towards space

The Falcon 9 rocket will carry the capsule into orbit before disconnecting and falling back to Earth

The Falcon 9 rocket will carry the capsule into orbit before disconnecting and falling back to Earth

The Falcon 9 rocket will carry the capsule into orbit before disconnecting and falling back to Earth

The drop was meant to simulate Crew Dragon’s ability to navigate Crew Dragon to Earth in the event that one of its four main parachutes failed to work.

According to SpaceX, the test went off without a hitch 13 consecutive times.

For SpaceX the test marks a significant step after an explosion during tests of Crew Dragon in April that engulfed the empty capsule in fire and smoke.

The incident was set off by a leaking component and completely destroyed the capsule – a glitch that has contributed to SpaceX’s delayed timeline for Crew Dragon, which it’s developing for NASA.

Once the rocket hits orbit, the capsule breaks away and glides towards the ISS

Once the rocket hits orbit, the capsule breaks away and glides towards the ISS

Once the rocket hits orbit, the capsule breaks away and glides towards the ISS

Following a few trips around Earth, the Dragon heads safely back to Earth. Last month, SpaceX shared a video to its Twitter account showing the Dragon capsule completing a crucial test of its parachute

Following a few trips around Earth, the Dragon heads safely back to Earth. Last month, SpaceX shared a video to its Twitter account showing the Dragon capsule completing a crucial test of its parachute

Following a few trips around Earth, the Dragon heads safely back to Earth. Last month, SpaceX shared a video to its Twitter account showing the Dragon capsule completing a crucial test of its parachute

CEO Elon Musk noted that the Crew Dragon capsule should be 'physically ready' in February, but added it will probably take a few more months to complete critical safety tests

CEO Elon Musk noted that the Crew Dragon capsule should be 'physically ready' in February, but added it will probably take a few more months to complete critical safety tests

CEO Elon Musk noted that the Crew Dragon capsule should be ‘physically ready’ in February, but added it will probably take a few more months to complete critical safety tests

Those delays recently caught the ire of NASA Administrator, Jim Bridenstine who held a joint conference with SpaceX CEO Elon Musk after maligning the company on Twitter.

‘I have been focused on returning to realism when it comes to costs and schedules,’ said the NASA Administrator.

‘So I was signaling – and I haven’t done it just to SpaceX but to all of our contractors – that we need more realism built into the development timelines.’

WHAT IS SPACEX’ CREW DRAGON CAPSULE?

The March 2 test, the first launch of U.S. astronauts from U.S. soil in eight years, will inform the system design and operations (Artist's impression)

The March 2 test, the first launch of U.S. astronauts from U.S. soil in eight years, will inform the system design and operations (Artist's impression)

The March 2 test, the first launch of U.S. astronauts from U.S. soil in eight years, will inform the system design and operations (Artist’s impression)

The capsule measures about 20 feet tall by 12 feet in diameter, and will carry up to 7 astronauts at a time. 

The Crew Dragon features an advanced emergency escape system (which was tested earlier this year) to swiftly carry astronauts to safety if something were to go wrong, experiencing about the same G-forces as a ride at Disneyland. 

It also has an Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) that provides a comfortable and safe environment for crew members. 

Crew Dragon’s displays will provide real-time information on the state of the spacecraft’s capabilities, showing everything from Dragon’s position in space, to possible destinations, to the environment on board.  

Those CRS-2 Dragon missions will use ‘propulsive’ landings, where the capsule lands on a landing pad using its SuperDraco thrusters rather than splashing down in the ocean. 

 That will allow NASA faster access to the cargo returned by those spacecraft, and also build up experience for propulsive landings of crewed Dragon spacecraft.

 

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NASA successfully tags asteroid Bennu: What you need to know about the mission – CNET

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Artist’s conception of NASA’s Osiris-Rex spacecraft and the asteroid Bennu.


NASA/Goddard/University of Arizona

Editors’ note: Osiris-Rex has touched down on Bennu. Our coverage of the event is here. Our answers to questions about the mission are below.

NASA’s Osiris-Rex spacecraft briefly touched down on a large asteroid Tuesday to snag some rocks and dust from its surface to be returned to Earth for study. On Wednesday, NASA revealed the first batch of images. The event marks a major first for NASA and a boon for science, space exploration and our understanding of the solar system. 

The touch-and-go, or TAG, sample collection of asteroid 101955 Bennu was deemed a success at around 3:12 p.m. PT. NASA broadcast the TAG maneuver live on NASA TV and the agency’s website. You can find a video at the end of this piece. For answer to your mission questions, read on. 

When did the mission begin?

Osiris-Rex as a concept has been in existence since at least 2004, when a team of astronomers first proposed the idea to NASA. After more than a decade of development, the spacecraft launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on Sept. 8, 2016, atop an Atlas V rocket from United Launch Alliance, a joint venture of Lockheed Martin and Boeing. The spacecraft spent the next 26 months cruising to Bennu, officially arriving on Dec. 3, 2018.

Since then, the mission team has spent nearly two years orbiting the diamond-shaped space rock, surveying and mapping its surface to select the best sampling spot. In recent months, rehearsals led up to the sample collection attempt. 


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NASA successfully lands Osiris-Rex spacecraft on an asteroid…

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Why Bennu?

Bennu is what’s called a “rubble pile” asteroid, meaning it was formed in the deep cosmic past when gravity slowly forced together remnants of an ancient collision. The result is a body shaped something like a spinning top with a diameter of around one-third of a mile (500 meters) and a surface strewn with large rocks and boulders. 

Bennu is thought to be a window into the solar system’s past: a pristine, carbon-rich body carrying the building blocks of planets and of life. Some of these resources, such as water and metals, could also be worth mining at some point in the future for use on Earth or in space exploration. 

The asteroid has one other characteristic that makes it particularly interesting to scientists, and humans in general. It has a chance of impacting Earth in the distant future. On NASA’s list of impact risks, Bennu is ranked No. 2. Current data shows dozens of potential impacts in the final quarter of the 22nd century, although all only have a minute chance of actually happening. 

How does TAG work?

For anyone who’s ever dabbled with robots or maybe even entered a robotics competition, the Osiris-Rex mission would seem to be the ultimate culmination of a young roboticist’s dreams. The touch-and-go sampling procedure is a complex, high-stakes task that’s been building to a key climactic moment for years. If it succeeds, it will play a role in history and our future in space. 

The basic plan was for Osiris-Rex to touch down on Bennu at a rocky landing site dubbed Nightingale. The van-size spacecraft would need to negotiate building-size boulders around the landing area to touch down on a relatively clear space that’s only as large as a few parking spaces. However, a robotic sampling arm was the only part of Osiris-Rex to actually set down on the surface. One of three pressurized nitrogen canisters was fired to stir up a sample of dust and small rocks that could then be caught in the arm’s collector head for safe keeping and return to Earth. 

The descent to the surface of Bennu took roughly four hours, about the time it takes the asteroid to make one full revolution. After this slow approach, the actual TAG sample collection procedure remarkably lasted only a few seconds. 

Preparing for TAG did not go exactly as planned. Mission organizers initially hoped the surface of Bennu would have plenty of potential landing spots covered primarily with fine materials comparable to sand or gravel. It turns out the surface of Bennu is extremely rugged with no real welcoming landing spots. 

After spending much of the last two years reevaluating the mission, the team decided to try “threading the needle” through the boulder-filled landscape at Nightingale.

It’s all paid off, so far. Osiris-Rex was able to touch down, but we won’t know for sure if it collected a sample until later in October. Fortunately, if the tag was unsuccessful, the spacecraft can try again. It’s equipped with three nitrogen canisters to fire and disrupt the surface, which means the team gets up to three tries at nabbing a sample. 

Then what?

Immediately after collecting its sample, Osiris-Rex fired its thrusters to back away from Bennu. The spacecraft will continue to hang around above Bennu for the rest of 2020 before finally performing a departure maneuver next year and beginning a two-year journey back to Earth. 

On Sept. 24, 2023, Osiris-Rex is scheduled to jettison its sample return capsule, which will land in the Utah desert and be recovered for study. 

Hasn’t this been done before?

Yes. Japan’s Hayabusa spacecraft successfully returned tiny grains of the asteroid 25143 Itokawa to Earth in 2010. Its successor, Hayabusa-2, fired a special copper bullet at the large asteroid Ryugu in 2019 and then retrieved some of the shrapnel. That sample is on its way back to Earth.  

How can I watch? 

The CNET Highlights channel covered the event live. You can rewatch the stream below:

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Trio who spent six months on space station return to Earth safely – World News – Castanet.net

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A trio of space travellers safely returned to Earth on Thursday after a six-month mission on the International Space Station.

The Soyuz MS-16 capsule carrying NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy, and Roscosmos’ Anatoly Ivanishin and Ivan Vagner landed on the steppes of Kazakhstan southeast of the town of Dzhezkazgan Thursday. After a brief medical checkup, the three will be taken by helicopters to Dzhezkazgan, from where they will depart home.

Cassidy will board a NASA plane back to Houston, while Vagner and Ivanishin will fly home to Star City, Russia.

The crew smiled as they talked to masked members of the recovery team, and NASA and Roscosmos reported that they were in good condition.

As part of additional precautions due to the coronavirus, the rescue team members meeting the crew were tested for the virus and the number of people involved in the recovery effort was limited.

Cassidy, Ivanishin and Vagner spent 196 days in orbit, having arrived at the station on April 9. They left behind NASA’s Kate Rubins and Roscosmos’ Sergey Ryzhikov and Sergey Kud-Sverchkov, who arrived at the orbiting outpost a week ago for a six-month stay.

Cassidy, returning from his third space mission, has now spent a total of 378 days in space, the fifth highest among U.S. astronauts.

While serving as the station’s commander, Cassidy welcomed SpaceX Demo-2 crew Robert Behnken and Douglas Hurley, the first NASA astronauts to launch to the space station on an American spacecraft from American soil since the retirement of the space shuttle fleet in 2011.

Cassidy and Behnken completed four spacewalks for a total of 23 hours and 37 minutes, becoming two of only four U.S. astronauts to complete 10 spacewalks.

Before the crew’s departure, Russian cosmonauts were able to temporarily seal the air leak they tried to locate for several months. The small leak has posed no immediate danger to the station’s crew, and Roscosmos engineers have been working on a permanent seal.

In November, Rubins, Ryzhikov and Kud-Sverchkov are expected to greet NASA’s SpaceX first operational Crew Dragon mission comprising NASA astronauts Mike Hopkins, Victor Glover and Shannon Walker, and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency astronaut Soichi Noguchi.

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Watch NASA's Spacecraft Touch Down on a Tiny Asteroid – Futurism

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Touchdown Confirmed

NASA has finally released footage from a truly epic moment: the agency’s OSIRIS-REx spacecraft touching down on asteroid Bennu’s surface to scoop up a bunch of space rocks.

Years have led up to this moment. Finally, on Tuesday, the spacecraft made its careful approach to go in for a bite. The tiny spacecraft spent two years orbiting Bennu, an asteroid 500 meters across, which was more than 200 million miles away from Earth at the time.

Kicking Up Rocks

OSIRIS-REx only touched the surface of the space rock for about six seconds, according to NASA, near the Nightingale crater, a crater about 66 feet across near Bennu’s north pole.

“Bottom line is from analysis of the images that we’ve gotten down so far, is that the sampling event went really well, as good as we could have imagined it would,” principal investigator Dante Lauretta said during a press conference following the touchdown. “And I think the chances that there’s material inside […] have gone way up way up based on the analysis of the images.”

Mission Nightingale

The OSIRIS-REx team chose the site because prior scans showed a variety of rocky surface materials. Scientists also believe the rocks are relatively young at the crater compared to the rest of the asteroid, meaning that a sample could give them the best insights into Bennu’s history.

Immediately following the collection maneuver, the spacecraft burned its boosters to back away and gain a safe distance.

While it was an incredible feat for NASA to pull off, it’s not the first time a space agency has collected samples from an asteroid. The Japanese space agency’s Hayabusa spacecraft became the first to do so in 2010 when it sampled a few micrograms of material from the Itokawa asteroid.

READ MORE: Stunning images show NASA’s OSIRIS-REx spacecraft stirring up rocks on an asteroid [The Verge]

More on the mission: For the First Time In Its History, NASA Successfully Collects Sample From Asteroid

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