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The Daily — Canada's international investment position, first quarter 2022 – Statistique Canada



Released: 2022-06-10

Canada’s net international investment position

$1,150.0 billion

First quarter 2022

Canada’s net foreign asset position, the difference between Canada’s international financial assets and international liabilities, was down by $352.6 billion to $1,150.0 billion at the end of the first quarter of 2022, its lowest level since the end of the third quarter of 2020.

The revaluation effect resulting from market price changes (-$248.1 billion) contributed the most to the decrease in Canada’s net foreign asset position. Global stock markets moved in different directions in the first quarter. While the Canadian stock market grew by 3.1%, the US and European stock markets fell by 4.9% and 9.2%, respectively. Canada’s international investment position is strongly exposed to the performance of stock markets. At the end of the first quarter, 72.5% of Canada’s international assets and 48.2% of its liabilities were held in the form of equities.

The decline in the net foreign asset position was the first one since the first quarter of 2020 when global equity markets fell sharply at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Chart 1 

Canada’s net international investment position

The revaluation effect resulting from fluctuations in exchange rates (-$74.3 billion) further decreased Canada’s net foreign asset position. Over the first quarter, the Canadian dollar gained 1.5% against the US dollar, 3.9% against the euro, and 6.9% against the Japanese yen. At the end of the quarter, 96.8% of Canada’s international assets were denominated in foreign currencies, compared with 34.9% of its international liabilities.

On a geographical basis, Canada’s net foreign asset position with the United States was down by $139.6 billion to $833.8 billion at the end of the first quarter, and was down by $213.0 billion to $316.2 billion with the rest of the world.

Chart 2 

Chart 2: Contributors to the change in the net international investment position

Contributors to the change in the net international investment position

Canada’s international assets down significantly

Canada’s international assets were down by $393.1 billion to $7,350.6 billion at the end of the first quarter, almost offsetting the strong growth of the previous quarter. The downward revaluation attributable to market price changes (-$217.3 billion) led the decline, followed by revaluation resulting from fluctuations in exchange rates (-$110.6 billion). Substantial sales of foreign equity securities by Canadian investors also contributed to the decline. At the end of the quarter, 70.7% of Canada’s international assets were held by the financial sector.

On the other side of the ledger, Canada’s international liabilities were down by $40.5 billion to $6,200.6 billion. Financial transactions (-$45.4 billion) such as the withdrawal of currency and deposits in Canada by non-residents as well as the downward revaluation coming from the fluctuations of the Canadian dollar against foreign currencies (-$36.3 billion) contributed to the overall reduction. Revaluations due to market price changes (+$30.8 billion), led by higher Canadian equity prices, moderated the decline. At the end of the quarter, financial corporations’ international liabilities represented 44.7% of Canada’s total international liabilities, compared with 40.3% for non-financial corporations.

The financial sector was by far the largest contributor to Canada’s net asset position to the rest of the world at the end of the first quarter, their international assets exceeding their international liabilities by $2,425.7 billion. On the other hand, non-financial corporations and the government sector both posted a net foreign liability position.

Chart 3 

Chart 3: Canada's international assets and liabilities

Canada’s international assets and liabilities

Canada’s gross external debt declines

Canada’s gross external debt, or the value of Canadian debt instruments held by foreign investors, was down by $174.5 billion to $3,213.4 billion in the first quarter in market value terms, a first decline in one year. It represented 119.1% of Canada’s gross domestic product, down from 130.2% in the previous quarter and the lowest level since the first quarter of 2019. The financial sector, largely deposit-taking corporations, was the greatest contributor to the decline (-$111.5 billion), followed by the government sector (-$40.8 billion). At the end of March, the financial sector still contributed to the highest proportion of Canada’s gross external debt (56.6%), followed by the government sector (20.1%).

Chart 4 

Chart 4: Canada's gross external debt as a percentage of gross domestic product

Canada’s gross external debt as a percentage of gross domestic product

  Note to readers


The international investment position is the value and composition of Canada’s assets and liabilities to the rest of the world.

Canada’s net international investment position is the difference between Canada’s assets and liabilities to the rest of the world. An excess of international liabilities over international assets can be referred to as Canada’s net foreign debt. An excess of international assets over international liabilities can be referred to as Canada’s net foreign assets.

Foreign direct investment is presented on an asset–liability principle basis (that is, a gross basis) in the international investment position. Foreign direct investment can also be presented on a directional principle basis (that is, a net basis), as shown in supplementary foreign direct investment tables 36-10-0008-01, 36-10-0009-01 and 36-10-0659-01. The difference between the two foreign direct investment conceptual presentations resides in the classification of reverse investment such as (1) Canadian affiliates’ claims on foreign parents, and (2) Canadian parents’ liabilities to foreign affiliates. Under the asset–liability presentation, (1) is classified as an asset and included in direct investment assets, and (2) is classified as a liability and included in direct investment liabilities.

Next release

International investment position data for the second quarter of 2022 will be released on September 9, 2022.


The Economic accounts statistics and International trade statistics portals are available from the Subjects module of the Statistics Canada website.

The Canada and the World Statistics Hub (Catalogue number13-609-X) is available online. This product illustrates the nature and extent of Canada’s economic and financial relationship with the world through interactive graphs and tables. This product provides easy access to information on trade, investment, employment and travel between Canada and a number of countries, including the United States, the United Kingdom, Mexico, China, and Japan.

The product Canada’s international trade and investment country fact sheet (Catalogue number71-607-X) is available online. This product provides easy and centralized access to Canada’s international trade and investment statistics, on a country-by-country basis. It contains annual information for nearly 250 trading partners in summary form, including charts, tables and a short analysis that can also be exported in PDF format.

The Methodological Guide: Canadian System of Macroeconomic Accounts (Catalogue number13-607-X) is available.

The User Guide: Canadian System of Macroeconomic Accounts (Catalogue number13-606-G) is also available.

Contact information

For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; or Media Relations (

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Island's largest investment in affordable housing taking shape in Saanich | BC Gov News – BC Gov News



Ahmed Hussen, federal Minister of Housing and Diversity and Inclusion –

“Everyone deserves a safe place to call home. Our government remains committed to working with our partners to ensure our seniors have access to housing that meets their needs. Today’s announcement is another important step in the right direction and will go a long way to support families in Saanich. This is the National Housing Strategy at work.” 

Parm Bains, Member of Parliament for Steveston–Richmond East –

“This investment from the National Housing Co-investment Fund is improving the economic and social well-being of the individuals, seniors and families who will soon call Nigel House their home and will make Saanich a better place to live. When people have a secure and stable home, they gain the confidence they need to succeed and fulfill their potential.”

Fred Haynes, mayor, District of Saanich

“It’s amazing what can happen when multiple stakeholders, including our local community associations, take a collaborative and proactive approach to challenges like housing. This project caters to a wide range of housing needs in Saanich and I look forward to seeing how it will enhance our community over the years to come.”

Derrick Bernardo, president and CEO, Broadmead Care –

“Broadmead Care has had a dream for years to build a new Nigel House. We are excited to see housing, health and social services coming together to make this dream a reality and more. The new Nigel House will be part of a beautiful community campus of care with a focus on aging in place, research and innovation.”

Geoffrey Ewert, CEO, Garth Homer Society –

“The Nigel Valley Project is a remarkable collaborative effort with the goal of meeting the needs of our diverse community. What we are creating is more than just housing – we are creating an inclusive community where people from all walks of life feel a true sense of belonging and have a place that feels like home.”

Bruce Homer, board chair, Garth Homer Foundation –

“The Nigel Valley project amplifies what can be achieved when stakeholders collaborate for the good of the community as a whole. Garth Homer is proud to be a part of this transformative initiative.”

Virginia Holden, executive director, Greater Victoria Housing Society –

“Greater Victoria Housing Society is really thrilled that we can increase the amount of affordable rental homes available in Saanich. We are very grateful to be a part of this strong partnership with the Province and other community non-profit organizations that will result in a transformation of this neighbourhood, and create a community where everyone feels at home.”

Chris Forester, executive director, Island Community Mental Health (ICMH) –

“Providing housing and recovery-oriented supports to people living with mental health challenges is at the heart of our work. ICMH is proud to partner in bringing 800 homes and the creation of an inclusive community to the Nigel Valley to serve so many of those in need.”

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Indigenous-led Winnipeg organizations' $620M investment plan proposes new hospital, housing –



A hospital for Indigenous people and hundreds of new housing units are among the spending priorities laid out in an investment plan released Wednesday by a coalition of Indigenous-led organizations in Winnipeg.

The Winnipeg Indigenous Executive Circle — a coalition of 32 member organizations that work to support Winnipeg’s Indigenous population — is proposing a 10-year, $620-million spending plan, which it believes will make Winnipeg a better, healthier place for its communities.

“It’s essentially just laying out … in dollar terms, where we need help and where we see funding gaps that we need to actually hit these objectives,” co-chair Kendall Joiner said at at the Neeginan Centre on Higgins Avenue, where the plan was unveiled on Wednesday.

Spending proposals are broken down into four priority areas: health and well-being, housing and homelessness prevention, supports for families, and employment and education. 

One of the big-ticket items in the plan is a hospital specifically serving Indigenous people, estimated to cost $65 million.

The plan also calls for a commitment to build hundreds of new housing units, including supportive housing and units with rent geared to income, expected to cost at least $347 million.

Other priorities include $1 million for cultural programming through the Winnipeg Indigenous Friendship Centre and $1.2 million for the creation of Indigenous research institutes.

Leaders of the Winnipeg Indigenous Executive Circle —  whose membership includes organizations like Ma Mawi Wi Chi Itata Centre, End Homelessness Winnipeg and the Eagle Urban Transition Centre — say the goals in the plan would promote and elevate the work Indigenous-led groups are already doing.

“We’re a community that’s always been told, ‘this is what you need to do to move forward,'” said Crystal Laborero, chief executive officer of the coalition group.

“I think we’re in a day and a time that we are now realizing that … we have a lot of leaders in the community that are looking to make change for the urban Indigenous community and we have the solutions. We’re the experts in our field, so we feel that we can do this.”

The coalition says the plan shows governments and donors exactly what it would take to make Winnipeg a more welcoming and safer place for people who are First Nations, Métis and Inuit.

Success will be measured not by dollar value, but by how willing governments are to come to the table as equals, and how willing they are to understand that the Indigenous-led groups that make up the coalition know exactly what their communities need, the Winnipeg Indigenous Executive Circle said.

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Credit Suisse Nabs Truist's Wolfgram for Tech Investment Banking – BNN



(Bloomberg) — Credit Suisse Group AG hired Rick Wolfgram as a managing director within its technology investment-banking group.

Wolfgram, who’s based in San Francisco, will report to Brian Gudofsky, the Swiss lender’s global head of technology investment banking, according to a memo to staff seen by Bloomberg News. A spokesman confirmed the memo’s contents, declining to comment further. 

Wolfgram was most recently a managing director at Truist Financial Corp., where he led internet and digital media investment banking. He’s worked on transactions including initial public offerings for Coursera Inc., DoubleVerify Holdings Inc., NerdWallet Inc., Udemy Inc. and Snap Inc., as well as a high-yield offering for Inc., Gudofsky said in his memo. Wolfgram joined Truist in 2012 after working at ThinkEquity. 

Earlier this month, David Miller, Credit Suisse’s global head of investment banking and capital markets, said the Zurich-based firm plans to hire roughly 40 managing directors as part of its broader effort to rebuild. 

©2022 Bloomberg L.P.

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