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The lessons Canada can take from the U.S.'s mishandling of COVID-19 – CBC.ca

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Nearly two months ago, a health-care adviser to two U.S. presidents burst out in frustration when asked whether Americans would see a quick spike in new COVID-19 cases as states reopened.

Zeke Emanuel, who served in the Obama White House and has informally advised President Donald Trump, expressed exasperation that people kept looking for an immediate effect.

Launching into a sermon about the mathematical realities of exponential growth rates, Emanuel said the disastrous consequences of reopening too early would only emerge around early summer.

“Two months, not two weeks,” Emanuel said in early May. “That’s likely when you’ll see the effects of what we’re doing today. … That’s when people will recognize, ‘Wow, now we’ve got 1,000 cases today, 3,000 cases tomorrow, 6,000 the next day.'”

He predicted the country would awaken to the disaster around mid-July. 

It’s happening ahead of schedule.

Few people wear masks as they walk on the beach pier in Oceanside, California, on Monday, despite rising COVID-19 case numbers in the state. (Mike Blake/Reuters)

The U.S. has surpassed 127,000 deaths and case counts are rising rapidly in numerous states, mainly in the south. An alarming surge has forced Texas to pause its reopening plans. Hospitalizations have hit record highs in Arizona and in California.

Florida has backpedaled on its reopening bullishness. A governor who recently accused the media of fear-mongering over COVID-19 — wagging his finger at reporters over what he characterized as “black helicopter” conspiracy theories — was forced to announce Friday that bars would close again as Florida experienced an astronomical spike in positive tests.

“This is what happens when you reduce social distancing measures and you have community transmission ongoing and those two things collide and it just spreads,” said Jason Kindrachuk, an assistant professor of viral pathogenesis at the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg and Canada Research Chair of emerging viruses.

Kindrachuk said that Canadians would be well-advised to take lessons from the American response to the pandemic. 

“We can take that information and posit here in Canada that as we reduce social distancing, especially in regions that are more population-dense, we’re likely going to see a resurgence in cases, because ultimately the virus is still in our communities and it’s still able to spread.”

U.S. South hard-hit

On Friday, the troubling trendline in the U.S. prompted the White House to resume its previously suspended coronavirus press conferences. Vice-President Mike Pence maintained the country is largely better off than a few weeks ago, but said 16 states have rising case totals and, more worryingly, a rising percentage of positive test rates.

While this virus is an evolving phenomenon, rendering any broad conclusions risky, here’s what we know about the places in the U.S. experiencing outbreaks: they’re mostly in the south; mostly in states that reopened early and aggressively and resisted the widespread use of masks; and mostly run by Republicans, unlike an earlier wave that primarily struck northern, Democrat-led states.

The rapid increase in cases and hospitalizations is due to the push to reopen states without first establishing proper systems of tracking and treating cases, said Dr. Amesh Adalja, an infectious disease physician and senior scholar at the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security. 

“It’s never been a question whether or not we would get more cases when people started to socially interact,” he said. “The question always was, could we keep those cases occurring at a pace that was manageable?”

Adalja said, “clearly in those states that are under stress right now, there hadn’t been enough preparation for these cases.”

He said states facing a strain on their health-care systems squandered opportunities during lockdowns to expand their capacity and prepare for a spike in cases. 

People line up to get tested for COVID-19 at a drive through testing site in Phoenix, Ariz. on June 20. (Matt York/Associated Press)

“From the very beginning, this outbreak has really been mismanaged in terms of what the government response should have been,” he said. “People thought that they could get away with going back to the norm – not realizing the virus was still there.”

Adalja said some parts of the U.S. that were spared large outbreaks of COVID-19 early in the pandemic wrongly assumed they wouldn’t be hit hard after lifting lockdown measures — or that they could adequately handle the number of new cases.

He said that’s the main takeaway for Canada as provinces hit hard by COVID-19, like Ontario and Quebec, move to lift lockdown measures.

“What you can learn is that the virus hasn’t disappeared, that social interaction is going to drive new cases,” Adalja said. “The key thing is: Can you handle those new cases?”

U.S. testing more, finding more cases

The initial debacle over the lack of testing in the U.S. is well-documented, as are Trump’s boasts about the amount of testing and his later suggestions that the government should reduce tests, because they only reveal more positive cases.  

Another story about U.S. testing is less well-known. It’s that the U.S. has surged ahead of Canada in testing per capita, thanks to public-private partnerships.

In Canada, all COVID-19 testing is done through the health-care system at hospitals or designated testing sites. But in the U.S., different people have different access to tests. 

For example, Washington, D.C., resident Carlos Sabatino said he got a test in 20 minutes. Feeling some symptoms, he went to a drive-thru at a CVS Pharmacy, was handed a kit, told how to perform a nasal swab, cleaned the kit with sanitary wipes and gave it back.

Three days later, he went online and got the results, which declared him COVID-free. His health insurance covered the cost. “The whole experience, door to door, took 45 minutes,” he said. “I was surprised how efficient it is.… Frankly, I was impressed.”

Sabatino learned about the pharmacy’s testing after giving up trying to get a test from the city government. He was deterred by the brutally long lines and the news that he would only get results by mail, in a week.

But Sabatino is one of the lucky ones. Disparities in U.S. health care are a constant problem.

Some Americans have access issues, while others describe ghastly insurance bills. Video from some locations in the U.S. south shows huge lineups.

WATCH | Large lineups at U.S. testing sites:

Traffic is seen at a standstill as drivers wait at drive-thru COVID-19 test sites in the U.S. 1:11

This pandemic has exposed deep inequalities in U.S. health care, with Black Americans less likely to access care and far likelier to become critically sick

This week, a former U.S. health-insurance executive said the system had failed and he apologized for previously disparaging Canadian public health care. 

Testing capacity was slow to ramp up in the U.S. early in the pandemic, leaving the virus ample time to spread across the country before it could be exposed. Even now, testing shortages are being reported in the latest hot spots.

That’s why experts say the percentage of tests turning up positive results in the U.S. is drastically higher per capita than in Canada. If you test early and often, you identify cases quickly. If you test late, early cases will be missed and the positivity rate will be higher.

For each positive case in Canada, an average of 110 people are being tested. In the U.S., that number currently sits at about one for every 17 tests

“When I look at the U.S. scenario, it’s … almost like watching a train wreck in slow motion, because a lot of it is quite predictable, mostly because they were really, really behind on getting testing started,” said Dr. Lynora Saxinger, an infectious disease physician at the University of Alberta. 

“They’re expanding their testing now, but the percent positivity of their test is still going up, which is horrifyingly scary.”

Saxinger said that leaves only one tool to address the rising case numbers in the U.S. – reinstating lockdown measures, which is what Texas and Florida have done.

“The problem that I see coming is if you open when you don’t have the capacity to control things, it’s really hard to get the genie back in the bottle, because the populace is not down with that,” Saxinger said. 

“I don’t know how well the reinstitution of public health measures will go if a place has had the more stringent measures, releases them and then goes back.”

In U.S., masks turn political

One difference between the Canadian and American experience is that partisan politics has infected the U.S. response. 

Seemingly every aspect of this pandemic has taken on a partisan tinge, from social distancing to medicine — for instance, being for or against hydroxychloroquine, once thought to be an effective COVID-19 treatment, became a proxy for whether Americans were pro- or anti-Trump.

Masks have also become something of a political status symbol. 

Even masks have become political. Joe Biden, left, always wears one in public. Trump, right, has mocked Biden and a reporter for wearing them. (Jim Bourg/Reuters, Drew Angerer/Getty Images)

“There is a sense of, ‘This is the US of A and I can do whatever I damn well please,'” said Dr. Linsey Marr, an expert in the transmission of viruses by aerosol at Virginia Tech. There are “certain segments [of the population] that are very anti-government, that don’t want to be told what to do.”

That much was acknowledged by the country’s largest movie chain: AMC Theatres said masks had become politicized and would not be mandated for moviegoers. In the ensuing public uproar, it reversed course.

A Pew survey this month found a 23-percentage-point gap between Democrat and Republican voters on whether they claim to wear masks in stores all or most of the time.

WATCH: Trump holds controversial rally in Tulsa, Okla.:

U.S. President Donald Trump’s first campaign rally in months didn’t have the attendance he bragged about, but the Tulsa, Okla., event was a glimpse at what animates supporters and at Trump’s playbook for re-election. 2:27

The president’s own statements helped shape that conversation. They include early predictions that COVID-19 would quickly disappear, mockery of politicians and reporters for wearing masks and his repeated demands that states reopen faster than recommended by the White House’s own guidelines.

In battling the spread of COVID-19, masks may be a game-changer. An investigation by the Philadelphia Inquirer found a strong correlation between a state’s mask rules and its recent case rate. 

“The irony here is that if everyone were willing to put on a mask, I think we could get back closer to normal without having this huge spike in cases,” said Marr. “Otherwise, we’re all going to be restricted in our movements and the economy.” 

Trump rally exposes divide

When it comes to masks, staunch Trump supporters made their feelings clear at a recent indoor rally in Tulsa, Okla.

A minuscule percentage of the crowd wore masks — this despite a surge in cases in that state and news that a handful of Trump campaign staffers had tested positive.   

Event organizers were even handing out masks. Most attendees took one. Few put them on.

U.S. President Donald Trump held a campaign rally at the BOK Center in Tulsa, Okla. on June 20 while infection rates in the state continue to rise. (Win McNamee/Getty Images)

“Science [has come] out to show this coronavirus is a lot less deadly than people thought it was going to be,” said rallygoer Jason Yeadon. “I think the numbers are overblown and data will show that in the end.” 

He blamed the “supposed professionals” for pressuring elected officials to shut down the economy and insisted governments overreacted in the first place. 

‘I’m not a prophet’

The current spike in cases across the U.S. comes as no surprise to Zeke Emanuel, the former Obama health-care adviser.

“Anybody who’s studied two weeks of epidemiology could have predicted this,” he said in a follow-up interview this week. “I’m not a prophet — this was entirely predictable.”

Saxinger said given the high percentage of the population in both the U.S. and Canada still susceptible to COVID-19 infection, neither country is out of the “line of fire” when it comes to major outbreaks of the disease. 

“Although we might be feeling like we dodged that bullet, that bullet is still possible in a lot of places in Canada,” she said. 

“People are just so hungry for everything to be normal and so they’re acting like it is – but it clearly is not. The virus is not gone and as soon as you start mingling, it starts going up.”

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COMMENTARY: Canada and the U.S. are neighbours but miles apart when it comes to COVID-19 – Globalnews.ca

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The COVID19 pandemic has shone a light on the core strengths of Canada’s health-care system while at the same time laying bare the serious shortcomings of the American system.

In this country, we have started to flatten the curve. Ontario and Quebec are not quite as far along as other provinces, but their spread rate of the virus has slowed considerably.

If we stick to adhering to public health protocols – keeping our physical distance, wearing a mask in many situations, not congregating in large crowds – there is every reason to think the curve will continue to flatten while the pandemic continues.

Read more:
B.C. reports 25 COVID-19 cases, most since May 8

Not so on the other side of the border.

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The COVID-19 situation in the United States is almost out of control in many places. States like California, Arizona, Texas and Florida are getting steamrolled by the deadly virus that is rampaging through them.

Even neighboring Washington, which thought it had the virus almost under control mere weeks ago, has seen a resurgence in case numbers, hospitalizations and deaths.

There seem to be many reasons for the stark differences between the two countries’ experience in fighting off the virus.

Perhaps the most important difference is that Canada’s response to COVID-19 is being driven and determined by public health officials, and not by politicians.

Read more:
President Donald Trump playing politics with the pandemic: experts

People like B.C. Provincial Health Officer Dr. Bonnie Henry and federal Public Health Officer Dr. Theresa Tam have been in charge for the most part and they are being guided by science rather than politics.

Canadian political leaders, meanwhile, have primarily been responsible for devising financial aid packages for the millions of people hit hardest by the virus and have stayed out of the health side of the response.

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Contrast that to the United States where, in some cases, elected officials (notably President Donald Trump) publicly clash with public health experts and ignore or override their advice.

Dr. Anthony Fauci, the respected U.S. infectious disease expert, has almost disappeared from public view. Evidently, that is because the Trump administration does not want him offering the country expert advice.

Can you imagine if the B.C. government tried to muzzle Henry? A pitchfork-waving mob would instantly materialize in the streets.

Read more:
British Columbians snapping up Dr. Bonnie Henry merchandise

Another key difference is that Canadians tend to follow rules created for the benefit of the larger community. We don’t chafe under state controls and when someone like Dr. Henry says, for example, that there will be no mass gatherings of people there generally is not (the public protests against racism are notable exceptions).

Americans, on the other hand, love to boast about their constitutionally protected personal rights and have been thumbing their noses at things like crowd limits since the pandemic began. In fact, the current surge in COVID-19 cases in the U.S. can be traced back to the Memorial Day long weekend in late May, when huge crowds gathered to celebrate.

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Finally, it cannot be a coincidence that a country with a public health-care system is doing so much better fighting COVID-19. It allows us to take a centralized approach to taking on the virus.

The U.S., on the other hand, has a private system that has led to a decentralized approach. The result is a hodge-podge of results (within states, some neighboring counties have differing “lockdown” rules; some hospitals do not even report case numbers or deaths).

Two countries side-by-side, yet we could not be further apart in this pandemic.

Keith Baldrey is the legaslative bureau chief for Global BC, based at the Legislature in Victoria, B.C.

© 2020 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.

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Canada's UNESCO natural wonders – CBC.ca

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A wild horse grazes at Dungeon Provincial Park in Newfoundland and Labrador’s Bonavista Peninsula, part of Discovery Geopark, which has just been named a UNESCO Global Geopark. (EB Adventure Photography/Shutterstock)

Nova Scotia’s Cliffs of Fundy and the Discovery Global Geopark in Newfoundland and Labrador received official status Friday as UNESCO Geoparks — a designation that recognizes sites and landscapes of international geological significance. They join three other Canadian UNESCO Geoparks and a collection of other UNESCO-designated Canadian sites. Here’s a look at some of Canada’s impressive natural wonders recognized by the UN agency. 

Cliffs of Fundy, N.S.

The Cliffs of Fundy Global Geopark in Nova Scotia stretches along a roughly 165-kilometre drive, with about 40 designated sites from Debert to the Three Sisters cliffs, past Eatonville, out to Isle Haute. The area is the only place on Earth where geologists can see both the assembly of supercontinent Pangea 300 million years ago and its breakup 100 million years later.

(Kayla Hounsell/CBC)

Discovery Global Geopark, N.L.

The Discovery Global Geopark in Newfoundland and Labrador’s Bonavista Peninsula, a rugged coastline that overlooks views of caves, arches and sea stacks.

(Shutterstock)

Stonehammer Geopark, N.B.

Stonehammer Geopark covers 2,500 square kilometres across southern New Brunswick, stretching from Lepreau Falls to Norton, Saint John and Grand Bay-Westfield to St. Martins. It became Canada’s first UNESCO Geopark in 2010. This couple walks on the ocean floor at low tide to view caves carved into the red sandstone by the Bay of Fundy.

(Kevin Bissett/The Canadian Press)

Tumbler Ridge Geopark, B.C.

The Tumbler Ridge Geopark includes part of the eastern Hart Ranges of the northern Rocky Mountains in British Columbia. The area is notable for fossils, including the northernmost prints of brontosaurus, the most complete dinosaur skeleton ever found in the province and, below, ankylosaurus footprints preserved in rock.

(Pecold/Shuttestock)

Percé, Que.

The most noticeable landmark at Percé Geopark is the Percé Rock, a massive limestone stack 433 metres long, 90 metres wide and 88 metres at its highest point, rising from the Gulf of St. Lawrence in Quebec near the village of Percé.

(Marika Wheeler/CBC)

Nahanni National Park, N.W.T.

Canada’s first entry on the UNESCO list, in 1978, this preserve protects a portion of the Mackenzie Mountains Natural Region, including massive canyons, sulphur hot springs, alpine tundra and the spectacular rapids of the South Nahanni River.

(GeGiGoggle/Shutterstock)

Pimachiowin Aki 

An expanse of boreal shield became Canada’s first mixed cultural and natural World Heritage Site in 2018. Pimachiowin Aki is nearly 30,000 square kilometres of boreal land straddling the Ontario-Manitoba border, where Anishinaabe peoples have lived for thousands of years.

(Matt Medler/International Boreal Conservation Campaign/The Associated Press)

Dinosaur Provincial Park, Alta.

A World Heritage Site 75 million years in the making, this spot in the heart of Alberta’s badlands has been a destination for paleontologists since dinosaur fossils were first discovered here in 1884. UNESCO also recognized the provincial park’s “particularly beautiful scenery” when adding it to the World Heritage list in 1979.

(Elena Elisseeva/Shutterstock)

Writing-on-Stone Provincial Park, Alta.

Writing-on-Stone Provincial Park, also known by its Blackfoot name Áísínai’pi, became Alberta’s sixth World Heritage Site in 2019. According to the provincial government, the park is home to the most significant concentration of rock carvings and paintings on the North American prairies, some of which date back 2,000 years. 

(Paul Karchut/CBC)

Joggins Fossil Cliffs, N.S. 

Nova Scotia’s Joggins Fossil Cliffs, regarded as the best record of life in the Coal Age 300 million years ago, was added to the exclusive ranks of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2008. The fossil cliffs are home to enormous fossilized trees and what’s believed to be the remains of the world’s oldest reptile. 

(Joggins Fossil Institute)

Kluane/Wrangell-St.Elias/Glacier Bay/Tatshenshini-Alsek

The first binational entry on UNESCO’s list, named in 1979, the agency describes this 97,000-square-kilometre site as “an impressive complex of glaciers and high peaks on both sides of the border between Canada (Yukon Territory and British Columbia) and the United States (Alaska). It  includes the 5,959-metre-high Mount Logan, Canada’s highest peak.

This massive reserve is home to some of the world’s fastest-moving glaciers and the largest non-polar icefield on the planet.

(Chuck Stoody/The Canadian Press)

Mistaken Point, N.L. 

Mistaken Point, on the southeastern point of the Avalon Peninsula, is home to the oldest-known evidence of Earth’s first large, complex, multicellular life forms — a 565-million-year-old sea floor that holds a collection of fossils known as the Ediacaran biota.

Mistaken Point became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2016. 

(UNESCO)

Wood Buffalo National Park

Wood Buffalo, which straddles the Alberta-Northwest Territories border, is one of the world’s largest freshwater deltas and a breeding ground for millions of migratory birds from four continental flyways.

But it has been deteriorating for decades. In 2014, the Mikisew Cree asked UNESCO to examine the park and see if it still merited designation as a World Heritage Site.

UNESCO is considering the park’s status, while Parks Canada considers a $27.5-million plan to rescue it.

(Lennard Plantz/CBC)

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Canadian economy adds 953000 jobs in June, unemployment rate falls – CTV News

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OTTAWA —
Nearly one million more Canadians had jobs in June, Statistics Canada says, as businesses forced to close by the pandemic began to reopen and the country continued to recoup steep losses over March and April.

Statistics Canada’s labour force survey released Friday showed 953,000 jobs were added last month, including 488,000 full-time and 465,000 part-time positions. The unemployment rate fell to 12.3 per cent after hitting a record-high of 13.7 per cent in May.

As in May, even though more people found jobs, more people also looked for work as the labour force grew by about 786,000 after a gain of 491,000 in May, bringing it to within 443,000 of its pre-pandemic level.

Statistics Canada said the unemployment rate would have been 16.3 per cent had it included in unemployment counts those who wanted to work, but did not look for a job.

Job gains were made in every province, including by 378,000 in Ontario, marking the first increase since the COVID-19 shutdown, Statistics Canada said. It didn’t include any gains in Toronto as restrictions in that city loosened after the survey week.

Despite the good news, economist Jim Stanford said there remains a historic crisis in the job market with high unemployment and hundreds of thousands who have left the labour force altogether.

Also, gains nationally were not shared equally among groups, with women, youth and low-wage workers still slower to rebound, which Stanford said could be problematic if those jobs don’t ever come back.

“I worry about a coming second round of layoffs motivated not by health restrictions, but by companies deciding their businesses are going to be permanently smaller. So that would be qualitatively different and in a way worse,” said Stanford, director of the Centre for Future Work in Vancouver.

“We aren’t remotely out of the woods yet, but this was a really encouraging step forward.”

Some three million jobs were lost over March and April due to the pandemic, and 2.5 million more had their hours and earnings slashed. By last month, some 3.1 million were affected by the pandemic, including 1.4 million who weren’t at work due to COVID-19.

Brendon Bernard, an economist at Indeed Canada, said recapturing jobs at the same pace in the coming months will be tougher.

“A lot of areas of the economy still aren’t running at full capacity,” Bernard said. “So while doors may be open and customers might be coming in, business hasn’t come back to normal.”

Despite the overall improvement, the oil and gas industry continues to struggle.

The PetroLMI Division of Energy Safety Canada says direct oil and gas employment fell by more than 6,700 positions in June compared with May, with about 70 per cent of the net job losses in Alberta.

Compared with a year earlier, employment in the oil and employment sector was down 17 per cent.

The overall job losses were unprecedented in speed and depth compared with previous recessions, Statistics Canada said, and the rebound to date sharper than previous downturns.

Ottawa’s response has been equally unprecedented: a deficit of at least $343.2 billion this fiscal year as the Trudeau Liberals dole out some $230 billion in emergency aid.

In June, 28.3 per cent of Canadians aged 15 to 69 reported receiving some form of federal aid since mid-March, Statistics Canada said. Meanwhile, the proportion of households reporting difficulty paying the bills dropped to 20.1 per cent in June from 22.5 per cent in May.

“Without the federal government being there to support Canadian workers, Canadian businesses and the Canadian provinces and territories, we would be in a bigger mess in this country right now,” Hassan Yussuff, president of the Canadian Labour Congress said in an interview this week.

The Bank of Canada and federal government believe the worst of the economic pain from the pandemic is behind the country, but Canada will face high unemployment and low growth until 2021.

In a statement, federal Employment Minister Carla Qualtrough touted the overall jobs numbers as a sign the government’s plan was working, before adding many Canadians still “face real challenges during this time.”

She and other ministers are now reshaping programs so fewer workers stay on the $80-billion emergency benefit, and more get tied to jobs through the $82-billion wage subsidy program.

“We understand the need for those emergency programs. We also understand as we reopen and recover, we have to move away from emergency programs and into stimulus and recovery,” said Leah Nord, senior director of workforce strategies for the Canadian Chamber of Commerce.

She said there are other issues to resolve around health and safety in the workplace, transit, and child care to help more Canadians get back to work.

In provinces where daycares reopened for children five and under, employment levels returned to pre-pandemic levels for fathers in June, but not for mothers. Similarly, mothers with children under 18 were more likely than fathers to work less than half their usual hours in June, Statistics Canada said.

Job gains have come at a faster clip for men. Their unemployment rate hit 12.1 per cent in June compared to 12.7 per cent for women. And the underutilization rate — which counts those who are unemployed, those who want a job but didn’t look for one, and those working less than half their usual hours — was 28.3 for women and 25.5 per cent for men.

Economist Armine Yalnizyan said the numbers underscore the need to provide child care as well as options for schooling in the fall so mothers can work.

The alternative, she said, could pull back any economic gains.

“It means that even if there are jobs, some women won’t be able to take them because there’s no way they can leave their kids,” said Yalnizyan, a fellow on the future of workers at the Atkinson Foundation.

“So we are looking at the potential for an economic depression instead of talking about paces of recovery and pivoting to building to better.”

This report by The Canadian Press was first published July 10, 2020.

Here’s a quick look at Canada’s June employment (numbers from the previous month in brackets):

  • Unemployment rate: 12.3 per cent (13.7)
  • Employment rate: 56.0 per cent (52.9)
  • Participation rate: 63.8 per cent (61.4)
  • Number unemployed: 2,452,600 (2,619,200)
  • Number working: 17,427,400 (16,474,500)
  • Youth (15-24 years) unemployment rate: 27.5 per cent (29.4)
  • Men (25 plus) unemployment rate: 9.5 per cent (11.1)
  • Women (25 plus) unemployment rate: 10.4 per cent (11.8)

Here are the jobless rates last month by province (numbers from the previous month in brackets):

  • Newfoundland and Labrador 16.5 per cent (16.3)
  • Prince Edward Island 15.2 per cent (13.9)
  • Nova Scotia 13.0 per cent (13.6)
  • New Brunswick 9.9 per cent (12.8)
  • Quebec 10.7 per cent (13.7)
  • Ontario 12.2 per cent (13.6)
  • Manitoba 10.1 per cent (11.2)
  • Saskatchewan 11.6 per cent (12.5)
  • Alberta 15.5 per cent (15.5)
  • British Columbia 13.0 per cent (13.4)

Statistics Canada also released seasonally adjusted, three-month moving average unemployment rates for major cities. It cautions, however, that the figures may fluctuate widely because they are based on small statistical samples. Here are the jobless rates last month by city (numbers from the previous month in brackets):

  • St. John’s, N.L. 11.6 per cent (10.5)
  • Halifax 11.9 per cent (10.5)
  • Moncton, N.B. 9.1 per cent (8.8)
  • Saint John, N.B. 11.5 per cent (11.1)
  • Saguenay, Que. 12.9 per cent (13.3)
  • Quebec City 11.9 per cent (11.9)
  • Sherbrooke, Que. 11.6 per cent (10.9)
  • Trois-Rivieres, Que. 12.6 per cent (13.0)
  • Montreal 15.1 per cent (14.0)
  • Gatineau, Que. 11.0 per cent (11.0)
  • Ottawa 9.0 per cent (7.7)
  • Kingston, Ont. 12.4 per cent (10.8)
  • Peterborough, Ont. 9.5 per cent (9.5)
  • Oshawa, Ont. 11.8 per cent (10.1)
  • Toronto 13.6 per cent (11.2)
  • Hamilton, Ont. 12.1 per cent (10.3)
  • St. Catharines-Niagara, Ont. 12.9 per cent (12.6)
  • Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo, Ont. 12.2 per cent (10.3)
  • Brantford, Ont. 12.6 per cent (11.3)
  • Guelph, Ont. 14.9 per cent (12.9)
  • London, Ont. 12.6 per cent (11.7)
  • Windsor, Ont. 15.2 per cent (16.7)
  • Barrie, Ont. 10.8 per cent (11.6)
  • Greater Sudbury, Ont. 9.4 per cent (8.4)
  • Thunder Bay, Ont. 11.1 per cent (10.4)
  • Winnipeg 11.7 per cent (10.3)
  • Regina 11.6 per cent (10.6)
  • Saskatoon 14.1 per cent (12.4)
  • Calgary 15.6 per cent (13.4)
  • Edmonton 15.7 per cent (13.6)
  • Kelowna, B.C. 10.2 per cent (9.6)
  • Abbotsford-Mission, B.C. 8.8 per cent (7.5)
  • Vancouver 13.1 per cent (10.7)
  • Victoria 11.0 per cent (10.1)

This report by The Canadian Press was first published July 10, 2020.

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