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'Too dangerous' to pull 4-year-old Canadian orphan out of ISIS camp, Trudeau says – CTV News

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TORONTO —
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said it was “too dangerous” to send in Canadian diplomats to remove four-year-old Canadian orphan Amira from the al-Hol detention camp — after Kurdish authorities confirmed they found the child over the weekend.

In a one-on-one interview with CTV News’ Chief Anchor and Senior Editor Lisa LaFlamme, Trudeau said that he was aware of the little girl’s story, but that the safety of Canadians who work in the Middle East needs to be considered.

“Right now we’ve qualified it as too dangerous for Canadian officials to go into Syria and into those refugee camps,” he said.

It has been almost a year since Amira was discovered wandering alone in the Syrian town of Baghouz after her family — Canadians who had left the country in 2014 to fight for ISIS — were killed in an airstrike.

Amira was taken to the detention camp in northeastern Syria where she was living with a surrogate family, in a situation that Minister of Public Safety Ralph Goodale has previously called “horrendous.”

Life inside the camp is often described as desperate, with lack of water and access to medical care major concerns for the more than 11,000 foreign women and children of ISIS fighters are detained.

It is estimated that at least 33 Canadians women and children are detained in al-Hol and a second nearby camp.

Amira’s uncle and grandparents in Canada have been calling on the Canadian government to rescue the child for months — using other countries like Sweden, Australia and France as examples of governments who have sent in personnel to extract women and children left behind after the years of war with the caliphate.

The government has previously told Amira’s family that she must undergo a DNA test to prove that she is a Canadian citizen before she can be issued travel papers — which would take months.

This past summer Amira’s uncle, who wishes to remain anonymous, was determined to go to Syria himself to try to locate her and bring her home, but Kurdish Foreign Affairs Minister Dr. Abdulkarim Omar advised him not to travel until her location was confirmed.

This weekend, Kurdish authorities sent a message saying that Amira had finally been located.

“We informed the Canadian authorities about her whereabouts,” Omar said. “The Canadian government is aware of Amira’s situation right now.”

Canada has yet to formally request the child’s release, something her uncle is hopeful will change now that she has finally been located.

“Now that she’s found, we’d hoped immediate action would take place and that she could be home as soon as possible,” Amira’s uncle said.

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Residential schools: How the U.S. and Canada share a troubling history – CBC.ca

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WARNING: This story contains distressing details.

A member of the U.S. federal cabinet says she wept when she heard news from Canada about what are believed to be unmarked burial sites of children’s remains near a former residential school.

The news made Deb Haaland think of her own Pueblo ancestors such as her grandmother, who as a girl was taken from her family, put on a train and placed in the American version of a residential school for five years.

After crying, Haaland took action.

The New Mexico politician now leads the federal department that ran U.S. assimilation schools — she’s the first Indigenous person to do so. 

And she’s launched an investigation into their legacy.

U.S. Interior Secretary Deb Haaland in the first Indigenous person to run the department that operated U.S. assimilation schools. (Brian Snyder/Reuters)

In a memo last month to the Department of the Interior, she said the news from Canada should prompt a reflection on what Americans refer to as native boarding schools. 

She requested a report by next year on the schools, their cemeteries and on the possibility of finding unidentified remains.

“I know that this process will be painful. It won’t undo the heartbreak and loss we feel,” she said in a speech announcing the initiative. 

“But only by acknowledging the past can we work toward a future we’re all proud to embrace.”

It’s only fitting that movements to assess the legacy of assimilation schools in both Canada and the U.S. should occur simultaneously.

That’s because they’ve been intertwined from the start. That point was made several years ago in Canada’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission report.

2 countries with a shared history

An architect of Canada’s residential schools policy, in a 1879 paper, looked at boarding schools just established in the U.S. and urged Canada to create similar ones.

On the basis of that paper from Nicholas Davin, Canada’s federal government opened three such schools, starting in 1883 in the future province of Saskatchewan.

Both countries borrowed ideas from reformatories being constructed in Europe for children of the urban poor, said the Truth and Reconciliation report.

Richard Pratt developed a model for boarding schools in the U.S. that influenced the creation of residential schools in Canada. (U.S. Library of Congress)

Haaland’s great-grandfather was taken to the institution that most influenced Canada’s program: the now-defunct Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Pennsylvania. 

The founder of that school, army officer Richard Pratt, infamously voiced the philosophy behind his program: “Kill the Indian [in him] … and save the man,” meaning Indigenous peoples should be assimilated, not exterminated.

That philosophy inflicted waves of trauma on families.  

‘Our house was a battleground’

Warren Petoskey, a Lakota and Odawa man from Michigan, said one generation of children would be separated from their parents, and it affected their own parenting of the next generation.

He said his father wouldn’t talk about his experiences at a boarding school — just like his grandfather before him refused to.

Petoskey said his aunt was slapped in the face by a teacher for speaking her mother tongue, and another woman he knows was punched and suffered lifelong damage to her jaw.

Warren Petoskey, 76, is still trying to learn his ancestral language and says assimilation schools did incalculable damage to his family. (Submitted by Warren Petoskey)

His aunt also described how a janitor would sexually abuse female students, one of them a member of his family he says was scarred for life.

“I never could understand growing up why our family was so dysfunctional,” said Petoskey, 76.

“Our house was a battleground.”

Petoskey has spent a lifetime trying to learn his ancestral language, Anishinaabe, which his father refused to teach him.

Taught to loathe own culture

Students were taught to hate their own culture.

It’s not just that lessons presented a rose-tinted version of American history that glossed over uncomfortable details, like Thomas Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence — which talks about all men being created equal and then refers to Indigenous peoples as “merciless Indian savages.”

Young men in a metalworking class at the Carlisle assimilation school in Pennsylvania in 1904. (U.S. Library of Congress)

It was occasionally rendered more explicit.

In South Dakota, James Cadwell recalls that at his church-run boarding school, decades ago, students were assigned to read books that referred to Indigenous peoples as savages.

“I’ve often thought, as I’ve gotten older, ‘How detrimental was that to me as a young man?’ ” Cadwell said in an interview.

Then there were rumours, Petoskey said, about children who died while at the schools and were quietly buried. 

Re-examining burial sites

A project is underway to discover whether there were any deaths covered up at the Michigan school Petoskey’s father attended, the Mount Pleasant Indian Industrial Boarding School

The ​​Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe is working with archeological researchers to better understand the history of the property that once housed the school, which operated from 1893 to 1934.

Ione Quigley, the Rosebud Sioux’s historic preservation officer, attends a ceremony in Carlisle, Pa., on July 14, where children buried at a boarding school were disinterred. (Matt Rourke/The Associated Press)

The official record shows several children died while attending the school. Yet the tribe’s own research raises broader questions: there’s no record for 227 students who were enrolled there ever returning home.

Frank Cloutier, a spokesman for the tribe, said there are several possible explanations: children might have run away, documents might have been lost or perhaps something more sinister occurred. 

“We don’t want to jump to those conclusions,” said Cloutier.

“We’re not naive in thinking that there won’t be any discoveries. But we want to handle this methodically and with some reverence and respect.”

He said the news headlines from Canada helped raise awareness of the issue.

Remains being brought home 

Ceremonies to repatriate the remains of children were already underway at the native boarding school founded by Pratt, Pennsylvania’s Carlisle school.

Gravestones of children who died at the Carlisle Indian Industrial School. The property now belongs to the U.S. Army War College, and the army has a process allowing family members to move relatives’ remains. (U.S. Library of Congress)

Lauren Peters brought home the body of her great-aunt, Sophia Tetoff. 

The Unangax̂ girl was taken from Alaska and spent five years at the school between 1901 and 1906, although, Peters said, she was rarely in a classroom and was mostly loaned out as a domestic worker.

The girl contracted tuberculosis and died. On her tombstone at the school, her name was misspelled and her tribe was misidentified.

This month, Peters saw to it that her relative was buried at home, in Alaska, in the same cemetery as her family, by a church on St. Paul Island.

She said she was deeply moved during the ceremony. 

Peters, a doctoral student in Native American studies at the University of California, credits a group of schoolchildren for starting the repatriation project. 

She said the Rosebud Sioux students were struck by the cemetery they saw when they stopped during a field trip at the site of the Pennsylvania school, which closed in 1918.

Lauren Peters, right, and her son, Andrew Peters, arranged to remove the remains of a relative who died in 1906 from the cemetery at the site of the former Carlisle Indian Industrial School. They held a funeral in Alaska where she was buried near her family members. (Curt Keester/U.S. army/Submitted by Lauren Peters )

“Out of the mouths of babes — they said: ‘Why are they still here? Why can’t we take them home?’ ” Peters said. 

“And that really started the process with the [U.S.] army,” which now owns the site. Relatives can file paperwork to move remains.  

Peters said Americans should brace for news similar to Canada’s about undocumented deaths. In fact, she said: “I think it’s going to be way worse,” because there were many more Indigenous boarding schools in the U.S., more than 500 in all.

What will U.S. inquiries find?

The author of a book on the history of American Indigenous boarding schools said he’s not certain the U.S. will find as many unmarked graves as appears to be the case in Canada.

David Wallace Adams said the U.S. schools, mostly government-run, were subject to more frequent inspections than the mostly church-run institutions in Canada. 

“It remains to be seen,” he said in an interview. 

Children in an undated photo play outside Michigan’s Mount Pleasant Indian Industrial Boarding School, which closed in 1934. The Saginaw Chippewa tribe is investigating what happened to 227 students who vanished from public records. (Submitted by the Ziibiwing Center of Anishinabe Culture & Lifeways)

Yet his book, Education For Extinction, chronicles in detail the coercion, abuse and deaths that did occur in these U.S. schools.

By 1926, more than 80 per cent of Indigenous school-age children were attending boarding schools in the U.S., Adams wrote.

The system was scathingly criticized in a 1928 think-tank report and again in a congressional study led by Sen. Robert Kennedy published after his death. 

“We are shocked at what we discovered,” said the 1969 report, Indian Education: A National Tragedy, A National Challenge.

“Others before us were shocked. They recommended and made changes. Others after us will likely be shocked.”

It called the treatment of Indigenous peoples a stain on the national conscience.

Around the same time, in 1968, President Lyndon Johnson gave a speech titled The Forgotten American. 

Lauren Peters arranged to have the remains of her great aunt, Sophia Tetoff, buried this month in a cemetery on St. Paul Island, Alaska, near her family. (Submitted by Lauren Peters)

He demanded an end to assimilationist policies and a shift toward self-determination. Johnson earmarked funds for community-driven curricula. A landmark 1975 law then shifted authority for government-run schools to the tribes.

The system today

The Department of the Interior still runs four off-reserve boarding schools today in Oklahoma, California, Oregon and South Dakota.

Haaland said these remaining schools bear little resemblance to their historical antecedents. 

Once, children were beaten for speaking their ancestral language.

“Now it’s encouraged,” Haaland told a Washington Post podcast.

“[Enrolment is also] voluntary.” 

U.S. Interior Secretary Deb Haaland attends a news conference at Bears Ears National Monument in Utah in April. (Rick Bowmer/The Associated Press)

Cadwell witnessed a culture shift first-hand. 

He recalls being a traumatized student, over a half-century ago, at a church-run boarding school in South Dakota.

He would cry himself to sleep during thunderstorms, with nobody to console him. 

He recalls an alcoholic priest who drank while driving kids around — the priest told them to keep quiet about his drinking,and let them smoke cigarettes. 

He later became a teacher at the same school, renamed Crow Creek Tribal School. Now semi-retired, Cadwell has taught industrial arts, the Dakota language, cultural programs and the planting of traditional crops like turnips.

“I don’t remember digging turnips [as a student]. I don’t remember going to dances,” he said in an interview.

“If you fell and hurt yourself, the nurturing was not there at all. There was no nurturing.”

Ciricahua Apache students are shown at the Carlisle school in Pennsylvania, around 1885. (U.S. Library of Congress)

__________________________________________________________________________

Support is available for anyone affected by the lingering effects of residential school and those who are triggered by the latest reports.

A national Indian Residential School Crisis Line has been set up to provide support for residential school survivors and others affected. People can access emotional and crisis referral services by calling the 24-hour national crisis line: 1-866-925-4419.

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What Canada did on Sunday at the 2020 Tokyo summer Olympic games – CTV News

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TOKYO —
Canada saw success in the pool, securing its first two medals. Take a look at what Canada did on Sunday at the 2020 Tokyo summer Olympic games:

BADMINTON

Women’s singles — Michelle Li, Markham, Ont. (1-0), def. Nikte Sotomayor of Guatemala, 2-0 (21-8, 21-9) to open the round-robin.

Men’s doubles — Jason Ho-Shue, Markham, Ont., and Nyl Yakura, Pickering, Ont. (0-2), lost 2-0 (21-14, 21-8) to Solgyu Choi and Seungjae Seo of South Korea.

BOXING

Women’s flyweight (48-51 kg) — Mandy Bujold, Kitchener, Ont., lost her opening match to Nina Radovanovic of Serbia, 5-0.

CANOE/KAYAK

Kayak

Women’s slalom — Florence Maheu, Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, Que., advances after placing 18th in qualifying (114.29).

Canoe

Men’s slalom — Cameron Smedley, Dunrobin, Ont., was 16th in qualifying (108.12), did not advance.

CYCLING

Women’s road race (137 km) — Karol-Ann Canuel, Amos, Que., finished 16th overall in three hours, 55 minutes and five seconds; Alison Jackson, Vermilion, Alta., 32nd (3:59:47); Leah Kirchmann, Winnipeg, 36th (3:59:47).

DIVING

Women’s three-metre springboard synchronized — Jennifer Abel, Laval, Que., and Melissa Citrini-Beaulieu, Saint-Constant, Que., won the silver medal with a score of 300.78.

EQUESTRIAN (DRESSAGE)

Individual — Brittany Fraser-Beaulieu, Saint-Bruno, Que., and her horse, All In, placed fourth in their group with a score of 71.677; Lindsay Kellock, Toronto, and Sebastien, were eighth in their qualifier group with a score of 65.404.

Team — Canada is ranked 11th with 6,605 points, and did not qualify for the Grand Prix.

FENCING

Women’s individual foil — Kelleigh Ryan, Ottawa, edged Azuma Sera, Japan, 12-11 in her opening match, defeated Adelina Zagidullina of Russia, 15-9, in the round-of-16, but was eliminated in the quarterfinals by Russian Larisa Korobeynikova, 15-11; Jessica Guo, Toronto, def. Anita Blaze, France, 15-12, but was eliminated by a 15-7 loss in the second round to Arianna Errigo, Italy; Eleanor Harvey, Hamilton, won 15-9 over Pauline Ranvier of France, but lost to American Lee Kiefer, 15-13, in the second round.

Men’s individual epee — Marc-Antoine Blais Belanger, Montreal, lost in the opening round to Chao Dong of China, 15-7.

GYMNASTICS (ARTISTIC)

Women’s individual all-around — Brooklyn Moors of Cambridge, Ont., placed 22nd in qualifying with a score of 53.966, and Ellie Black, Halifax, was 24th (53.699) — both will compete in the main draw; Shallon Olsen, North Vancouver, B.C., 46th (51.965) and Ava Stewart, Bowmanville, Ont., 58th (50.433), did not advance.

Women’s team — Canada placed 10th with 160.962 to earn a reserve spot.

Women’s beam — Ellie Black was sixth overall in qualifying with a score of 14.100 and will compete in the main draw; Brooklyn Moors, 25th (13.300), Shallon Olsen, 66th (12.066) and Ava Stewart, 67th (12.000), failed to advance.

Women’s floor exercise — Brooklyn Moors, 15th (13.533) to earn a reserve spot; Shallon Olsen, 29th (13.033), Ava Stewart, 51st (12.600) and Ellie Black, 63rd (12.266), did not qualify.

Women’s vault — Shallon Olsen earned a berth in the main competition after placing sixth in qualifying (14.699); Ellie Black has a reserve spot after ranking 12th (14.416); Brooklyn Moors and Ava Stewart did not register a result.

Women’s uneven bars — Brooklyn Moors, 46th (13.000), Ava Stewart, 50th (12.900), Ellie Black, 54th (12.800) and Shallon Olsen, 68th (11.900) — none advanced.

JUDO

Women’s 52 kilogram class — Ecaterina Guica, La Prairie, Que., lost her round-of-32 match to Charline van Snick, Belgium, 11 s1-0.

ROWING

Women’s single sculls — Carling Zeeman, Cambridge, Ont., placed second in her quarterfinal heat (7:57.58) and will race in the semifinals

Women’s double sculls — Jessica Sevick, Strathmore, Alta.; Gabrielle Smith, Unionville, Ont., finished second in their semifinal (7:09:44) and earned a berth in the medal race.

Women’s fours — Canada (Stephanie Grauer, Vancouver; Nicole Hare, Calgary; Jennifer Martins, Toronto; Kristina Walker, Wolfe Island, Ont.) placed fourth in the repechage (6:51.71) and will race in the B-final.

Men’s single sculls — Trevor Jones, Lakefield, Ont., placed second in his quarterfinal (7:17.65) and will compete in the semifinals.

Men’s lightweight double sculls — Patrick Keane, Victoria, and Maxwell Lattimer, Delta, B.C., were second in their repechage heat (6:36.79) and advanced to the semifinals

Men’s fours — Canada (Jakub Buczek, Kitchener, Ont.; Will Crothers, Kingston, Ont.; Luke Gadsdon, Hamilton; Gavin Stone, Brampton, Ont.) were fourth in the repechage (6:15.86) and will compete in the B-final.

SAILING

Laser Radial (one-handed dinghy) — Sarah Douglas, Toronto, finished 18th and fourth to rank sixth overall following the opening day of competition.

Women’s RS:X (windsurfer) — Nikola Girke, West Vancouver, B.C., was 25th, 23rd and 22nd in her races and stands 24th overall.

SHOOTING

Women’s 10-metre air pistol — Lynda Kiejko, Calgary, placed 47th in qualifying and did not advance.

SKATEBOARDING

Men’s street — Micky Papa, Vancouver, placed 10th in the preliminary with a total score of 30.39; Matt Berger, Kamloops, B.C., was 20th (4.02) — neither advanced.

SOFTBALL

Canada (2-2) lost to Japan, 1-0.

SWIMMING

Women’s 100 backstroke — Kylie Masse, Lasalle, Ont. (58.17) and Taylor Ruck, Kelowna, B.C. (11th) both advanced to the semifinal round after placing third and 11th, respectively, in qualifying.

Women’s 100 breastroke — Kelsey Wog; Winnipeg, was 23rd in qualifying (1:07.73); Kierra Smith, Kelowna, B.C., 24th (1:07.87) — neither advanced.

Women’s 100 butterfly — Margaret MacNeil of London, Ont., placed sixth overall in the semifinals (56.56) to earn a berth in the final; Katerine Savard, Pont-Rouge, Que., 16th, did not advance.

Women’s 400 freestyle — Summer McIntosh, Toronto, was fifth in qualifying (4:02.72) and will race in the final.

Women’s 4×100 freestyle relay — Canada (Kayla Sanchez, Toronto; Margaret MacNeil, London, Ont.; Rebecca Smith, Red Deer, Alta., Penny Oleksiak, Toronto) won Canada’s first medal of the Games with a silver in three minutes, 32.78 seconds.

Men’s 100 backstroke — Markus Thormeyer, Delta, B.C., was 19th in qualifying (53.80); Cole Pratt, Calgary. 26th (54.27), neither advanced.

Men’s 4×100 freestyle relay — Canada (Ruslan Gaziev, Toronto; Brent Hayden, Mission, B.C.; Yuri Kisil, Calgary Josh Liendo, Toronto) placed seventh in qualifying (3:13.00) and earned a berth in the final.

TABLE TENNIS

Women’s singles — Mo Zhang, Richmond, B.C., won her second-round match over Yana Noskova of Russia, 4-3.

TAEKWONDO

Women’s featherweight (49-57 kg) — Skylar Park, Winnipeg, won her opening bout over Australian Stacey Hymer, 25-15, but was eliminated in the quarterfinals after falling 18-7 to Lo Chia-Ling of Chinese Taipei.

TENNIS

Men’s singles — Felix Auger-Aliassime, Montreal, lost in the opening round to Max Purcell of Australia, 6-4, 7-6 (2).

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Saint John police officers ordered not to wear thin blue line patches – CBC.ca

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The Saint John Police Force has ordered its officers to stop wearing thin blue line patches following social media posts of officers sporting the controversial patch. 

Tweets posted on Thursday show Saint John police officers wearing the patches at King’s Square on July 3, while present at a protest being held by members of the community.

The patch has acquired various connotations, with some supporters saying wearing the patch is a sign of solidarity between officers while critics say it fosters a dangerous attitude of opposition between police officers and civilians.  

Community members say the protest on July 3 was about bringing awareness to the damage being done by colonialism, following ongoing news of the graves of Indigenous children being found at the sites of former residential schools.

It also followed the vandalization of the statue of Sir Samuel Leonard Tilley in the square. 

Saint John police declined an interview request and instead directed CBC News to its Twitter post

The post states that uniform standards have been discussed with officers.

“[The Saint John Police Force] has uniform standards that only allow issued items on the uniform — the thin blue line patch is not issued by the [the Saint John Police Force] thus is not part of our uniform and not authorized to wear,” the post said.

Cheryl Johnson is a Saint John resident who was at the protest and took the photos. She was alerted by a friend later in the month, who upon closer inspection, noticed some officers wearing the patches. 

“It was horrifying to discover that,” said Johnson in an interview. 

Johnson said she considered informing Saint John police about the patches, but had concerns that the matter would be neglected, so she posted the photos to social media. 

“I find that through Twitter, it can be very effective in quickly getting the message across and I was also interested to see what other folks thought about it,” said Johnson.

“We know that in policing, there is a history of violence and abuse, assault, so trying to publicly double down on the concept of us versus them makes me feel incredibly unsafe.”

Police forces across the country have distanced themselves from the patch.

The RCMP advised its officers to stop wearing the patches last fall, citing it was not an approved symbol or officially part of the uniform.

Ottawa police have also been banned from wearing the patches, while Montreal and Toronto police having been spotted wearing the patches this year.

Saint John Coun. David Hickey said he was disappointed to learn city police officers were wearing the patches. 

“What it comes down to is promoting that us versus them mentality and rhetoric that is becoming apparent in policing and I don’t want to see that,” said  Hickey.

David Hickey is the ward 3 city councilor for Saint John and the chair of the public safety committee. (David Hickey/Facebook)

He added that city officials have a duty to ensure Saint John residents feel comfortable interacting with their police department, but a shared level of respect needs to be achieved.

The wearing of thin blue line patches is facing additional scrutiny following protests in support of the Black Lives Matter movement and growing criticism toward the Blue Lives Matter counter movement, which began in the United States purporting the importance of valuing police officers’ lives. 

El Jones is an assistant professor of political studies at Mount Saint Vincent University and a community activist based in Halifax. 

Jones said the patches migrated from the United States, with the messaging behind the thin blue line being that the police are the only thing standing between order and chaos.

“You see a kind of imagining of society that’s quite dystopian…. You’re always in danger and the only thing keeping you safe is policing,” she said in an interview.

El Jones is an assistant professor of political studies at Mount Saint Vincent University and a community activist based in Halifax.  (Submitted by El Jones)

When looking at things through a lens of supposed order and chaos, Jones said often times policing punishes those who are already marginalized by society.

One of the most troubling connotations behind the patches, Jones noted, is them being worn in solidarity with officers accused of police brutality. 

“Particularly to Black people, it is quite frightening because it’s putting on your uniform, a sign of my solidarity with my fellow officers, and not with the idea of law and order,” said Jones.

The patch has also served as conduit for racist ideology, with authorities acknowledging that white nationalist groups have taken an interest in adopting the patch as a symbol.

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