Amanda Jetté Knox doesn’t know who tried to throw a bottle at them from a vehicle while walking home in Ottawa last month, but remembers the feeling of it barely missing their head.
“[It] hit my bangs as it went by,” said Jetté Knox, who identifies as non-binary and uses she/they pronouns. “[They] called me a f–king freak and drove off.”
It was the first time Jetté Knox experienced anything so violent but the proud activist and author has endured plenty of hateful comments since publicly sharing their family’s story several years ago. One of Jetté Knox’s four children is non-binary and came out in 2014; the next year, Jetté Knox’s spouse came out as transgender woman.
Now, they are closely watching the anti-LGBTQ hate billowing in the United States, where gender diversity and gender expression have become popular targets for Republican politicians, far-right groups and online trolls.
Jetté Knox, and other advocates and experts, see it spreading in Canada as well.
Threatening phone calls recently led to a family-friendly drag performance at Victoria café being called off, while other drag-queen storytime events at public libraries elsewhere in Canada have also been subject to intimidation. Pride flags have been ripped down and/or destroyed in London, Ont., Delta, B.C., and Ottawa. In early June, a 17-year-old was arrested in Mississauga, Ont., for allegedly threatening to carry out a mass shooting at a West Palm Beach, Fla., Pride celebration.
“It feels like it’s just a matter of time before we start seeing more of this in our own backyard,” Jetté Knox told CBC News.
“I’m a pretty positive person, but I’m worried right now.”
Hate ‘spilling over the border,’ says prof
Anti-trans and anti-LGBTQ hatred is something that is always “simmering,” including in Canada, said Prof. Barbara Perry, director of the Centre on Hate, Bias and Extremism based at Ontario Tech University in Oshawa.
A survey released by Statistics Canada in 2020 found transgender people had a greater likelihood of experiencing physical or sexual violence than non-transgender people in Canada. They were also more likely to experience “inappropriate behaviours” in public, at work, and online, which Statistics Canada defined as acts that “make people feel unsafe or uncomfortable” and have a lasting impact on mental and physical health.
But it appears far-right groups here have become more emboldened by what Perry describes as the “horrific narratives and policy shifts” seen in the U.S.
Since the start of this year, the U.S.-based Human Rights Campaign has documented more than 300 proposed bills, introduced in 36 states, that directly target transgender rights, gender diversity and expression. These include attempts to investigate families helping affirm their child’s gender identity to outright limiting education and conversation about LGBTQ people, restricting trangender children from participation in sports, and even going so far as to attempt to bar children from attending drag performances.
“That’s spilling over the border, obviously, into the Canadian narrative as well, and informing the far-right here,” Perry told CBC News.
Advocates accused of ‘grooming’ children
Harmful language aimed at smearing transgender people, and those who support them, as preying upon or indoctrinating children is routinely used online and in right-wing media — in particular, “grooming” or “groomer.”
It’s a trope long been used to disparage LGBTQ people that’s seeing a steep rise in usage online.
Jetté Knox said they get called a groomer online “almost every day” because of their gender identity, because they’re raising non-binary child, or because of their activism for transgender rights.
It’s also happened in person. They were travelling in the United States recently and attended a Virginia school board meeting, with friends and their children, to recognize Pride Month. Protesters hurled insults at them.
“Some pretty awful things were said,” Jetté Knox recalled. “We were told we were indoctrinating children.”
The Canadian Anti-Hate Network has documented that narrative appearing in far-right political discourse in this country.
WATCH | A Human Rights Campaign montage of language used against transgender people:
Cancer. Terrorist. Problem.<br><br>These are the ways anti-LGBTQ+ lawmakers nationwide are describing the people they serve. <a href=”https://t.co/NrS2LlgRZq”>pic.twitter.com/NrS2LlgRZq</a>
It’s actually far-right groups who are “grooming” people, said Perry, slowly luring new followers to their ideologies by latching onto their concerns and uncertainties.
Some far-right, religious and other groups have portrayed gender-affirming care for transgender youth as “child abuse” and push to restrict access to health care such as hormones to delay puberty and promote development consistent with a child’s gender identity.
Various medical groups, including the American Medical Association, say such policies are “dangerous” and “foregoing gender-affirming care can have tragic health consequences.”
It’s a means of “lending credibility and legitimacy” to extreme views, Perry explained, because they’re presented as “protecting the vulnerable.”
Transphobia a ‘gateway’ to far-right ideology
Focusing on transgender and gender-diverse youth is one way of gaining public approval for broader acceptance of anti-transgender policies and attitudes, said Florence Ashley, a doctoral candidate at the University of Toronto Faculty of Law and Joint Centre for Bioethics whose work revolves around trans rights.
“Transphobia tends to oftentimes be the sort of like gateway into the far-right,” said Ashley, who uses they/them pronouns.
They noted how social media algorithms also play a role in this. The U.S. non-profit Media Matters For America, for example, examined how anti-trans content on TikTok served as a gateway to far-right and white supremacist content, conspiracy theories and even calls to violence.
Ashley also highlighted similarities the current climate of transphobia has with what’s known as the “great replacement” conspiracy theory disseminated by far-right and white nationalist movements, and in some conservative media outlets. It’s a racist claim that white people are being systematically replaced by immigrants.
The feeling of “losing power in society,” they explained, makes it easier to blame the people you perceive as “trying to replace you.”
It’s something that happens “in times of crisis and high anxiety as we’ve seen over the last couple of years,” said Perry. “We’re always looking for scapegoats, looking for somewhere to direct our anger or fears or anxieties.”
Political power balance can change in an instant
While gender identity and expression are protected under the Canadian Human Rights Act and Criminal Code, Jetté Knox is unnerved by the emergence of “more far-right parties,” some of which have candidates who criticize gender diversity and expression.
They worry voters may not be keeping as close an eye on the comments and promises such candidates make about gender diversity issues because it doesn’t an affect their lives the way it impacts Jetté Knox’s LGBTQ family.
Ashley warned it only takes a “shift in political power for groups to really start asserting their will on a population” and that’s why people in Canada should be closely watching what’s happening in the U.S.
They noted how the recent U.S. Supreme Court, stacked with conservative justices during Donald Trump’s single term in office, overturned Roe v. Wade, the nearly 50-year-old decision that enshrined the right to access abortion. That ruling could set a precedent to reverse decisions on same-sex marriage and same-sex intimacy for consenting adults, something Justice Clarence Thomas alluded to in his concurring opinion on the Roe v. Wade ruling.
Jetté Knox urged those who care about the rights and freedoms of gender-diverse people to vote.
“Watching those rights being attacked elsewhere puts a lot of fear in me because it means that they can be attacked in Canada too,” they said. “I think that those things will be challenged and I think that we have to get ready for it.”
Creating a positive online space for trans people
Despite the apparent rise of online slurs and hate against LGBTQ people, young transgender people like Vancouver’s Noah Yang are helping maintain positivity in online spaces and inform others about transgender experiences.
Yang, who uses the pronouns he and him, shares his gender-affirmation journey on Instagram. He said he’s fortunate to have only experienced negativity “a handful of times” and has largely received encouragement.
“It was unexpected that showing the physical scars and the physical changes would inspire people and, you know, open people’s eyes up to … what can really happen throughout someone’s transition.”
He acknowledges not everyone has the ability to drown out the negativity being directed at gender-diverse people. But, for Yang, the importance visibility outweighs any hate.
“I do think it is beneficial because I feel that, you know, it’s not just trans folks who see the page,” he said.
Ageism: Does it Exist or Is It a Form of ‘I’m a Victim!’ Mentality? [ Part 3 ]
Your age is irrelevant.
This is the third column of a 4-part series dealing with ageism while job hunting.
Career coaches and job search experts claim you can fool employers about your age and beat ageism. The truth is, regardless of your age, nobody can “beat” ageism.
Say you land an interview by concealing your age using experts’ tips and tricks. When you meet the hiring manager, will your age not become evident? Deflecting your age until an in-person or Zoom interview is pointless. At some point during the hiring process, your age will be revealed.
Then there’s the Internet, which “experts” never mention. Employers Google candidates to determine if they’re interview-worthy, which’ll turn up many ways to assess the candidate’s age:
- Your graduating years.
- The years you played minor league baseball.
- The picture your son, who tagged you, posted on Facebook, in August 2004, of you dropping him off at university.
- The whitepaper, Advancing Asian Markets Are Undermining Globalization, you wrote back in 1994 for the brokerage firm you were working at.
- Last March, you tweeted you were celebrating your 25th wedding anniversary.
There’s plenty of information on the Internet, either placed by you or not, that employers can use to determine your age. The Internet has made attempting to hide one’s age from employers futile. Employers can easily determine, even find, your age outside of your resume and LinkedIn profile. Hence, the advice to leave off dates, etc., seems illogical to me. It’s actually telling that you’re trying to hide your age when you leave off dates.
Employers can find almost anything about potential candidates thanks to the Internet. (e.g., age, place of birth, your social media posts). Consequently, employers won’t schedule an interview if they see something they don’t like about a candidate. The Internet allows employers to exercise their biases, right or wrong, before contacting a candidate. When you apply and don’t hear anything, the reason(s) is unknown to you. It’s a guess—a pacifying belief—to say you’re not getting interviews because of your age.
An employer invites you to an interview because you have the skills, experience, and qualifications they’re looking for, and your digital footprint has passed their scrutiny. If you’re not hired, it’s not because of your age. Assuming you didn’t arrive late, dressed professionally, built rapport with your interviewer, and didn’t knock over the picture of their dog, you weren’t hired because (the two most common reasons):
- You didn’t sell yourself as the solution to the problem the position was created to solve, or (brace yourself)
- There were better candidates.
Obviously, candidates get rejected for various reasons, not just the ones I mentioned. However, rejected candidates often use excuses, such as ageism, to justify why they weren’t selected rather than evaluating their interviewing skills.
You’re not owed friendship, love, respect, health, or making a living. Everything in life—everything worthwhile—must be earned. No matter how old you are, you need to earn (READ: prove) why you deserve to be on an employer’s payroll.
Now that you know you can’t beat ageism, what can you do? As regular readers of my columns know, my first advice to jobseekers is to find their tribe. Look for where you belong and will be welcomed. Pursue the right employers! My advice to “find your tribe” applies not just to ageism but to overcoming all perceived “isms.” An undeniable fact: As humans, we prefer to be around people we feel comfortable with.
When you focus on where you belong, your job search will be much more successful.
I’m confident there are just as many employers who value the experience a seasoned candidate will bring to their company as there are employers who prefer less seasoned candidates for what they’ll not bring to their company. (I know, this is a bit of a mind pretzel. Flip it around in your head for a few minutes. Slowly it’ll make sense.)
Regardless of whether you consider yourself young or old, you can make your age irrelevant by:
- Demonstrating your ability to generate revenue, save money, improve processes, improve safety, etc. (Share your expertise and track record of delivering results.)
- Adopt a consulting mindset. (Treat interviews as consulting conversations. Show curiosity and a learning mindset.)
- Communicating your confidence in your ability to hit the ground running. (This isn’t your first rodeo.)
- Show you’re energetic and enthusiastic.
Look at that; I provided ways to negate your age over which “older candidates” have more leverage.
Whatever your age, remember, an interview isn’t about you. It’s about convincing your interviewer you’re the best solution to their problems. Remember, you were vetted before getting the interview; your age isn’t an issue.
Next week, in my final column of this series, I’ll discuss having the right mindset to cope with ageism during job searches.
Nick Kossovan, a well-seasoned veteran of the corporate landscape, offers advice on searching for a job. You can send Nick your questions at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Canada eyes cash for critical minerals in Biden's big new climate bill – CBC News
A historic climate bill just passed by the U.S. Congress could have implications in entrenching Canada’s role in the shift toward clean transportation.
The legislation that passed last week established preferential tax treatment for electric vehicles assembled anywhere in North America.
That made-in-North-America approach generated some news headlines by bringing an amicable resolution to a months-long Canada-U.S. irritant.
Less noticed in the bill was a pot of money containing hundreds of millions of dollars to jump-start a new domestic industry in components for electric-vehicle batteries.
The ripple-effects could eventually be felt across the border, up into remote Canadian mining communities.
At issue is growing U.S. concern about becoming dependent on its great geopolitical rival, China, for the critical minerals powering future vehicles.
President Joe Biden invoked the U.S. Defense Production Act earlier this year allowing him to fund projects that would lessen dependence on U.S. rivals.
He’s now getting the funds to do it: $500 million US set aside in this incoming law, after another $600 million was tucked into a recent Ukraine assistance bill, atop an older multibillion-dollar loans program.
Those funds are now at Biden’s disposal to enact his stated plan to develop new suppliers for lithium, nickel, cobalt, graphite and manganese, as well as heat pumps.
An ‘opportunity’ for Canada
Could some of that money create new battery-component projects in Canada? Canadian officials are hopeful it will.
They point to a document recently posted on the White House website, from a binational panel: It explicitly mentions Canada being included as a domestic source under the U.S. Defense Production Act and says that creates potential co-operation opportunities on critical minerals.
“There is an opportunity the way [the bill is] structured — to take advantage of some of that,” Kirsten Hillman, Canada’s ambassador to Washington, told CBC News in an interview.
“This will spur domestic production [in the U.S.]. It also includes Canada as a domestic source. So we look forward to shared opportunities.”
The broader story of the new bill, which Biden will soon sign, is that it’s by far the most significant U.S. federal action ever against climate change.
It passed with relatively little media coverage last Friday, with the country’s politics distracted by the FBI search of former president Donald Trump’s home.
What’s in that big climate bill
But analysts who’ve studied the bill have predicted a major impact on carbon emissions through its more than $400 billion Cdn in tax credits and subsidies for a wide range of energy projects.
Those estimates project U.S. greenhouse-gas emissions will fall faster now to anywhere between 31 per cent and 42 per cent from 2005 levels, which would take the U.S. significantly closer to achieving its 2030 target under the Paris accord.
The so-called Inflation Reduction Act would remove one billion tons of greenhouse gasses from the atmosphere, says Princeton University’s Zero Lab — that’s equivalent to reducing two per cent of all current global emissions.
But there’s uncertainty in the projections: One reason the estimates vary so widely is it’s far from clear how quickly new energy projects will get started.
Here’s an example of that uncertainty: The much-discussed electric vehicle credit.
For almost a year, it was a festering irritant in Canada-U.S. relations. An earlier version of the bill, previously known as Build Back Better, allowed only U.S.-assembled vehicles to access certain tax credits.
What happened to that EV tax irritant?
That triggered threats of trade retaliation. Ottawa warned that the bill violated the new North American trade deal and would wipe out auto jobs and investment in Canada.
The head of Canada’s Automotive Parts Manufacturers Association, Flavio Volpe, called the friendlier language in the new, final, bill a relief for Canadian jobs: “It’s a bullet dodged,” he said.
“Probably more of a missile dodged.”
But wait. There’s an important caveat in the new, friendlier language. U.S. auto-makers are now calling the new credit practically useless, under current conditions.
For an electric car to qualify for the maximum $7,500 US in the new version of the credit, the car’s battery will increasingly need North American components: from 50 per cent of the battery in 2024, to 100 per cent in 2028.
The problem? North America doesn’t make that many battery components.
“[No vehicles] would qualify for the full credit when additional sourcing requirements go into effect. Zero,” said a letter from a U.S. auto industry lobby group.
An analysis for the non-partisan U.S. Congressional Budget Office projected that only a tiny percentage of vehicles will wind up receiving the tax credit.
In a 10-year fiscal forecast for the bill, the CBO estimated the U.S. treasury will wind up paying out just enough to deliver the full credit to slightly over 1 million vehicles over a decade.
The bottom line: Very few cars are expected to have enough North American components to qualify.
That’s where Canadian mining comes in.
A key architect of the final version of the bill, U.S. Sen. Joe Manchin, has repeatedly stated his skepticism about the original plan.
He said it made no sense to rush into the electric-vehicle age while America’s chief adversary still has a stranglehold on vital inputs.
But after Manchin visited Canada earlier this year, he opined that the two countries should be working more closely together on minerals.
This new bill appears designed to do just that, through the tax credits for North American vehicles, and the cash for critical-minerals projects.
If U.S. mining companies want access to some of that money, they can submit proposals to the American government.
Quebec mining project
One company eyeing U.S. public funds happens to have an important investment in Quebec.
Keith Phillips, president of North Carolina-headquartered Piedmont Lithium, said he’s not yet clear on what conditions the U.S. government will set and what projects it’s looking to fund.
More details about the administration of the bill will be revealed in regulations to be drafted in the coming months.
“I’m not sure anyone’s entirely clear on what the priorities are,” Phillips said in an interview.
His company is a minority investor in a Quebec lithium mine that’s now forecast to begin producing next year.
The next goal is to build a plant in Quebec for value-added processing with the majority partner, Australia’s Sayona Mining.
The project is in its infancy and there’s no site picked out yet.
Phillips said a similar plant would cost $600 million US to build in the U.S. and he said public money is a lifeline for projects that banks have little history of supporting.
“Of course it would be a priority,” he said of figuring out the potential for U.S. federal loans.
“If government assistance could be involved, it’s very helpful.”
Building a North American battery industry
The Canadian government also recently budgeted $4 billion to develop the country’s critical minerals sector.
Yet North America is starting way behind.
Canada, for instance, has a minute share of the world’s discovered deposits of lithium, cobalt and manganese.
Brian Kingston, head of the Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers’ Association, said he’s relieved by some of the changes in the U.S. bill.
But he’s still concerned — that auto-makers can’t meet the zero-emissions sales targets set by Ottawa without major improvements, in charging capacity, energy infrastructure and sales incentives.
As for a North American battery supply chain, he said: “[It] won’t emerge overnight.”
Inflation in Canada falls to 7.6% in first decrease in a year – CBC News
Canada’s inflation rate fell to 7.6 per cent in July, according to a report Tuesday from Statistics Canada, marking the first time in 12 months that the rate has decreased from the previous month.
In June, inflation hit a 39-year high of 8.1 per cent, with gasoline prices the single biggest contributor to the overall rate increase.
By contrast, gasoline prices declined on a monthly basis in July, according to the agency’s consumer price index. Consumers paid 9.2 per cent less for gasoline in July than they did in June, a monthly decline not seen since April 2020.
Ontario saw a 12.2 per cent monthly decline in gas prices — the largest of any province — after the provincial government implemented a gas and fuel tax cut on July 1. But some consumers have already made significant lifestyle changes to balance out the high costs.
“I had to sell my truck and buy a smaller car,” said Cameron Benn, a small business owner based in Brampton, Ont. He said at one point this year, he was paying $1,200 monthly for gas.
“I got to the point where it just … didn’t make sense to have [the truck] anymore,” he said, adding that the situation “sucks” because he loved the truck.
The overall downward trend, which was expected by economists, indicates that skyrocketing inflation is starting to ease up. But it’s still a long way from the Bank of Canada’s 2.2 per cent target.
While inflation went up by 0.1 per cent compared to June, measures of core inflation increased, said Tu Nguyen, an economist with consulting firm RSM Canada.
That means “inflation remains pervasive across all aspects of life and not just concentrated in a few categories such as gasoline and food,” she said, adding that it will “be a while” until households can breathe a sigh of relief.
“Wage growth continues to lag inflation, resulting in households losing purchasing power. Grocery prices are still climbing due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine and resulting global food shortages.”
Groceries rise at fastest pace since Aug. 1981
Even as the cost of gas declined, prices at grocery stores rose at 9.9 per cent year-over-year, their fastest pace since Aug. 1981.
Bakery products, non-alcoholic beverages, eggs and fresh fruit are among the items seeing faster price growth. Baked goods in particular are up 13.6 per cent as the Russian invasion of Ukraine has contributed to surging wheat prices.
Higher prices for services like flights (up by 25.5 per cent), natural gas (12.4 per cent) and hotel stays (10.1 per cent) were notable contributing factors to the month-over-month increase due to a busier travel season.
Monthly rent is going up, too, according to the StatsCan report. With high interest rates sidelining buyers who can’t afford to take out mortgages, the rental market has expanded and rent prices are accelerating at a faster pace than in June.
Bank of Canada must continue to act: economist
Royce Mendes, an economist with Desjardins, told CBC News it’s clear that “the Bank of Canada has to continue to act.”
Last month, the Bank of Canada hiked rates a full percentage point to 2.5 per cent — the most recent in an ongoing and aggressive campaign to cool runaway inflation.
WATCH | Bank of Canada issues largest interest rate hike in nearly 25 years:
While it is widely expected that more rate hikes are to come, the question is whether the bank will issue a 50 basis point hike or a 75 basis point hike.
Even with today’s downward trending annual inflation rate, it remains to be seen how much that number will decrease without further action. As such, Mendes says he is cautious in declaring that inflation has peaked.
“There’s still a lot of inflation to come down and show up in the official statistics. And there’s still a lot of uncertainty with regards to the global economy, particularly with what’s going on in the Ukraine and what could happen this fall,” he said.
“So while I am cautiously optimistic that inflation has peaked, I’m not sure that it’s completely a done deal.”
Ageism: Does it Exist or Is It a Form of ‘I’m a Victim!’ Mentality? [ Part 3 ]
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