Restricting immigration has proven costly to the U.S. economy, according to a new report.
On June 22, 2020, American President Donald Trump signed an Executive Order to limit the number of employment-based visas the U.S. would issue for the rest of 2020. This includes new employment-based visas under the H-1B, H-2B, J, and L categories. The purpose of this Executive Order, according to the Trump administration, is to protect American workers during the coronavirus pandemic.
In a new study, the Brookings Institution, which is a leading U.S. research institute, estimates this Executive Order has cost the U.S. economy $100 billion. Brookings estimates the order has resulted in 200,000 fewer foreign workers and their dependents being able to enter the U.S. this year.
When comparing the valuations of Fortune 500 companies before and after the announcement, Brookings found a $100 billion decline in the market valuation of the companies following the Executive Order.
One thing to keep in mind, however, is that market valuations of Fortune 500 companies have been volatile throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. Moreover, the fall in market valuations does not necessarily mean that $100 billion was “lost”, since the market valuation of the Fortune 500 will likely recover following the pandemic.
Nonetheless, the study underscores the importance of immigration to the U.S. economy. Similarly, immigration is of significant importance to Canada’s economy, which is why Canada continues to target over 340,000 new permanent residents per year.
Canada’s open immigration system and economic and social similarities has resulted in more U.S. residents immigrating to Canada in recent years.
How U.S. residents and citizens can immigrate to Canada.
Canada has over 100 different merit-based immigration streams for those who want to obtain permanent residence as skilled workers from the U.S.
Immigration candidates are assessed on their age, education, English skills, work experience, family ties in Canada, and other criteria such as whether they have worked and/or studied in Canada, and whether they have pre-arranged employment. You do not need a job offer however to succeed under Canada’s immigration system.
A step-by-step guide on how to immigrate to Canada if you live in the U.S. Fill out a free immigration assessment form for assistance: https://www.canadavisa…
Express Entry is Canada’s main application management system for skilled workers.
Every two weeks, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) holds Express Entry draws.
The highest scoring candidates receive invitations to apply for permanent residence.
After you submit your permanent residence application, IRCC aims to process your application and confer permanent residence status on you within six months or less.
After Express Entry, the second best way to immigrate from the U.S. as a skilled worker is through the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP).
Almost all of Canada’s provinces and territories operate the PNP to nominate immigrants who can meet their local labour market needs. You can apply directly to a province or territory’s PNP. If you obtain a nomination certificate, you can go ahead and submit a permanent residence application to IRCC.
If you are eligible for Express Entry, your best option is to submit an Express Entry profile. In addition to being considered by IRCC, provinces and territories can review your profile and issue you with an invitation to apply to their PNP. You can then use the nomination certificate you obtained to get an extra 600 points under Express Entry which essentially guarantees you will be successful through Express Entry.
Work permit options for U.S. residents and citizens
Work permits in Canada fall under two categories.
Some work permits require a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA).
Canada uses the LMIA to determine how foreign workers may impact the Canadian labour market. Some jobs that require an LMIA mandate that Canadian employers submit an LMIA application to the Canadian government. If the government agrees the hiring of the foreign worker will not hurt Canadian workers, your LMIA application will be approved.
Most foreign workers do not need do not require an LMIA. For instance, U.S. citizens may be eligible to work in Canada without needing an LMIA if their job in Canada falls under the provisions of the United States-Canada-Mexico-Agreement (USMCA). This agreement is called “CUSMA” in Canada and used to go by “NAFTA”.
Another popular option since 2017 for U.S. residents and citizens alike is Canada’s Global Talent Stream. The GTS gives priority processing to tech talent who wish to enter Canada. Although an LMIA is required, it typically takes the Canadian government about one month to review applications.
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Dan Davies- Weekly Column – Horgan lacks plan to rebuild B.C. economy – Energeticcity.ca
The good news is we now see a light at the end of the tunnel. We’re able to start planning and thinking about rebuilding —about heading out to local businesses, about being able to start saving again for the future and plotting a path to personal economic recovery.
The bad news is John Horgan, and the NDP don’t seem to have a plan in place for rebuilding British Columbia — and the latest proof is in the Public Accounts for 2020/21.
Normally, these are just dry numbers, and they pass without much notice. This time is different. The numbers don’t lie, and they show where B.C. is at and, more importantly, where the province must go in the coming days.
The provincial deficit sits at $5.5 billion — which is a lot of money. Taxpayer-supported provincial debt has increased by $13.5 billion in 2020/21, with total provincial debt now at $87 billion. This works out to $16,919 in debt for every British Columbian.
Now, the Official Opposition backed the government in providing support, even when John Horgan was bungling the rollout of things like support for small businesses.
But we’ve also been clear that we need a plan to rebuild the economy. It’s not just enough to hope; we need a roadmap that clearly lays out how we ensure there are jobs in every corner of the province. The NDP hasn’t done that, except to spend $500,000 on a consultant from England.
We’re all doing the hard work of figuring out how to get ahead in our personal lives. It’s not too much to expect Premier Horgan to do the same for British Columbia. It’s time for him to do his job and create a B.C. jobs plan.
What freight rail tells us about the economy – Marketplace
Warren Buffett was once asked which economic indicator he would choose if he were stranded on a desert island with access to only one set of economic statistics. There are lots of indicators out there — consumer confidence, inflation and unemployment.
But Buffett picked freight rail traffic. And for good reason.
“What we move is the economy. It’s the tangible economy,” said Ian Jefferies, CEO of the Association of American Railroads. “And so as the economy goes, rail goes. So when rail is doing well, it usually means the economy is running pretty strong.”
Right now rail is doing well, especially when it comes to intermodal train traffic, Jeffries said. That’s when products travel in containers from ship to truck or train.
“The highest volumes we’ve ever seen”
“For the first half of 2021 … intermodal traffic was the highest volumes we’ve ever seen,” he said.
Intermodal train traffic was up more than 17% from the first half of last year, Jeffries said. No surprise there, because train shipments fell off when the pandemic started, like the rest of the economy. But intermodal traffic was also more than 5% higher than in 2019, which was a good year. These intermodal trains are brimming with the imported products consumers are demanding.
“This is a good sign,” said Diana Furchtgott-Roth, a former deputy at the Transportation Department now teaching at George Washington University. “It’s a good sign first of all that people have money to spend. And second, it’s good that they have confidence to spend.”
So, the freight rail tea leaves are pointing squarely toward more economic growth, right? Actually, Furchtgott-Roth said that this year, it’s complicated.
Jammed ports can cause problems on the rails
U.S. ports are backed up with a traffic jam of ships full of imports. Because of that whole intermodal thing, problems at the ports can cause problems on the rails. Plus, shipments for the holidays are starting now.
It could take longer for imported products to reach store shelves, Furchtgott-Roth said.
“If we don’t have enough goods shipped by rail, if the congestion continues, the prices will be higher,” she said.
Freight rail also tells us about U.S. exports. Right now, rail shipments of grain are down. That’s kind of weird, since farmers are producing plenty, said Joseph Schofer, who teaches civil and environmental engineering at Northwestern University. Grain might also be caught up in the international shipping snag, he said, or maybe it’s a storage issue.
“If you don’t have enough storage, you can’t move product and the system slows down or freezes up,” he said.
Ore, metal and chemical shipments are up
Rail shipments of other raw materials like ores, metals and chemicals are up, Schofer said; they’re going to U.S. factories, which are ordering a lot of supplies right now.
“Because they have either expectations that they can sell more products, or they have firm orders for more products,” he said.
Either way, Schofer said, it’s a vote of confidence in the economy, pointing the way to more economic growth this fall. How much growth depends on COVID-19, of course, but also how long it takes to unclog the ports and sort out storage issues and other bottlenecks that could cut into the rail shipments the economy needs to keep humming.
Nova Scotia election: party leaders talk economy with Halifax Chamber of Commerce – CTV News Atlantic
Nova Scotia’s Liberal leader pitched himself as a deficit slayer before a business audience on Wednesday, contrasting his budget balance goals with the spending plans of his Progressive Conservative opponent.
The differing spending strategies were on display as the two party leaders, along with the head of the province’s NDP, responded to questions posed by members of the Halifax Chamber of Commerce and debated each other.
“We need to make sure that we are living within our means,” Liberal Leader Iain Rankin told the business crowd. “The spending that is proposed by both opposition parties is in the billions — adding structural deficits that we cannot incur right now.”
Tory Leader Tim Houston has presented a costed platform that projects $553 million in new spending in Year 1 if he’s elected, with about 80 per cent of that dedicated to health care.
Houston and NDP Leader Gary Burrill told the chamber they planned to run deficits to address needs in health care, housing and long-term care.
In contrast, Rankin spoke of targeted spending to ensure the province can get back to balanced budgets over the next four years. The Liberal leader insisted that a more measured approach to spending would help preserve core government services and prevent future tax increases.
“This government has clearly shown that we will keep taxes low,” he said. “When we got back to (budget) balance four times we reduced taxes for small businesses, we reduced taxes for income tax.”
But Houston said big spending is needed to address challenges, particularly in the health-care sector, in which he proposes to invest an additional $430 million. “We need to be up front and honest,” he said. “Big spending is required to fix health care after eight years of neglect.”
The Tory leader said that even with his new proposed spending, his plan would return the province’s ledger to balance within six years.
Houston highlighted his party’s $140-million program that would allow companies to pay lower taxes if they put more money toward workers’ salaries.
“That’s a very specific government policy that will put more money into the hands of those working families that are struggling to pay for groceries, struggling for housing,” he said.
Meanwhile, Burrill said the NDP — which held only five seats at the legislature’s dissolution — said deficit spending is required during a time when the economy is trying to recover from one of its biggest contractions in recent history.
Burrill also said a $70-million tax break given to the province’s larger corporations that took effect just prior to the pandemic effectively prevented the government from helping small businesses in a meaningful way during the lockdowns.
He warned that if the Liberals win the Aug. 17 election, they will likely cut hundreds of millions of dollars in government spending in order to achieve balanced budgets. The Liberals, Burrill added, balanced budgets during their prior mandate by cutting a film tax credit and rural economic development programs.
The NDP leader also pointed out that most jurisdictions in Canada are not planning to return to balanced budgets for the next six to eight years.
Later in the day, the Liberals, who had been revealing their campaign planks in separate announcements, released their entire platform, estimating the cost of their promises at $454.7 million over four years, including $93.2 million in Year 1.
About $127 million is committed to health care, $77.8 million to skills and job training and $183 million toward economic and business initiatives.
“It is a plan that sets this province on a clear course to recover from the pandemic,” Rankin told reporters.
The Liberal leader presented four new proposals in the platform, including a $30-million, 10-year funding commitment for the Centre for Ocean Ventures and Entrepreneurship in Dartmouth, N.S., which is dedicated to researching new technologies for the ocean.
Rankin promised $6 million for the cultural sector, including for a new $3-million “content creator fund” to help boost local talent. The Liberal leader also pledged to create a new cabinet position: minister of digital government, responsible for overseeing initiatives in the digital economy.
This report by The Canadian Press was first published Aug. 4, 2021.
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