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U.S. tax credit could rev up electric vehicle production in Canada – CBC News

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Canadian automakers breathed a sight of relief Thursday after U.S. lawmakers scrapped part of a massive incentive package for electric vehicles that would have excluded those assembled in Canada from a proposed consumer tax credit.

The $7,500 US credit for “clean vehicles” — which include battery-electric, plug-in hybrid and hydrogen fuel cell — is part of $369 billion in proposed new spending on energy- and climate-related initiatives included in the Inflation Reduction Act.

U.S. senators Chuck Schumer and Joe Manchin, both Democrats, reached a deal late Wednesday to include the credit and a series of other tax and investment measures aimed at expanding the clean energy sector and spurring adoption of EVs in the bill, which hopes to revive an economy struggling to dig out from under 9.1 per cent inflation.

The deal was a surprise, coming less than two weeks after Manchin, a centrist Democrat whose vote is needed to get the bill through the evenly divided Senate, had said he would not support an extensive climate bill President Joe Biden was hoping to pass until inflation was under control.

The Senate is expected to vote on the bill next week before it goes to the Democratic-controlled House of Representatives. 

In a composite photo, U.S. Democratic Sen. Chuck Schumer, left, speaks at a media conference. U.S. Democratic Sen. Joe Manchin, right, speaks to reporters outside a Senate Committee hearing room.
U.S. Democratic senators Chuck Schumer, left, and Joe Manchin have agreed to do away with a restriction that would have limited a proposed electric vehicle tax credit to American-made electric vehicles. If it passes, it will now apply to cars made anywhere in North America. (J. Scott Applewhite/The Associated Press)

Canada lobbied hard to be included

Flavio Volpe, CEO of Canada’s Automotive Parts Manufacturers’ Association, said the importance of the proposed amendment could not be overstated and, coupled with the hundreds of millions of dollars the Canadian government is funnelling into EV and battery manufacturing, should give the EV sector the boost it needs.

“This couldn’t be a bigger vote of confidence in the North American auto sector,” he told CBC’s Katie Simpson. “All of these new investments in Canada now have an incredible runway to have this rebirth of Canada’s auto sector.”

Around 5.6 per cent of new car sales in the U.S. are electric and about 12.6 per cent are electric and plug-in hybrid. In Canada, it’s 5.8 and 7.7, respectively.

Volpe said the “Buy American” restriction in the original Build Back Better bill posed a worse threat to the Canadian auto industry than any of the trade restrictions the previous administration of Donald Trump had imposed.

Although Canadian consumers won’t directly benefit from the tax credit, the hope is that incentivizing EV consumers in the U.S. will spur manufacturers to make new investments in Canada and rev up related industries, such as critical mineral mining, to help meet growing demand on both sides of the border. 

It means “job security for anyone who exports cars and parts to the U.S.” from Canada, Volpe said, “which is 85 per cent of our exports.”

Volpe was part of the team of Canadian industry representatives, government officials and diplomats who lobbied Manchin and other U.S. lawmakers relentlessly to get Washington to include Canadian-assembled cars in the credit and to recognize how seamless the cross-border auto parts and manufacturing supply and production chains are.

“We’re one integrated market, especially in automotive. There is absolutely no border here,” he said. 

Good news for workers, says minister

Canada’s ambassador to the U.S., Kirsten Hillman, was one of the people meeting with senators and lobbying on behalf of Ottawa over the last nine months. She was relieved to see that work seems to have paid off.

“The bottom line is the Canadian auto sector, the Canadian battery sector, our critical minerals sector are being treated on a level playing field with our American neighbours, so we’re thrilled about that,” she said.

Kirsten Hillman, Canada’s ambassador the U.S., said the EV tax credit has the potential to benefit not just Canadian auto manufacturers but also companies that produce batteries and mine critical minerals. (CBC)

International Trade Minister Mary Ng said the development is good news for workers and manufacturers.

“As the bill moves through Congress, we will continue to advocate for the importance of maintaining these integrated supply chains and growing a greener and more prosperous future for North America,” she said.

The proposed legislation includes a separate $4,500 credit for used EVs and a $10 billion investment tax credit to build clean-technology manufacturing facilities. 

To be eligible for the consumer tax credits, vehicles must be priced at $55,000 or lower for new cars and $80,000 or less for pickup trucks, SUVs and vans.

They must also contain batteries that have a certain percentage of material sourced from countries that the U.S. considers free trade partners. That could be good news for Canadian mining companies supplying those critical minerals.

To qualify for the credit, U.S. consumers have to earn no more than $150,000 if they’re filing for the tax credit individually or $300,000 for joint filers. For used cars, the eligibility limit is $75,000 and $150,000, respectively.

WATCH | International Trade Minister Mary Ng relieved at EV news: 

Canadian politicians welcome U.S. electric vehicle tax credit

1 day ago

Duration 6:13

Canadian politicians are celebrating after U.S. lawmakers backed a ‘buy North American’ amendment to proposed legislation which would give Americans a tax credit for purchasing electric vehicles.

Will require ramp-up in battery production

Analyst Sam Fiorani of Pennsylvania-based AutoForecast Solutions stressed that most EV incentives to date have benefited the manufacturers, not the buyers, and that’s not likely to change since such incentives are meant to inspire companies to develop new products.

“Until a couple of years ago, [GM] sold their Chevy Bolts with a $7,500 incentive. After the incentive went away, the price of the Volt dropped by $7,000 almost immediately,” he said. “So all that incentive was going to General Motors, not to the end user. 

“We can expect that to continue.

Nevertheless, the price cap should help get more entry-level EVs into more hands eventually, Fiorani said, although it will take time to get more cheaper models on the market.

“It’s going to take a long time to build up the infrastructure to provide batteries, batteries being the most expensive part of the whole vehicle,” he said.

Refined tellurium, shown at the Rio Tinto Kennecott refinery in Magna, Utah, is used in the production of solar panels. It is one of the so-called critical minerals that are in high demand as countries around the world invest in green technologies and cleaner energy sources. (Rick Bowmer/The Associated Press)

Shortages of minerals and semiconductors, the critical materials needed to produce batteries and other EV components, have driven up prices and incentivized manufacturers to direct resources to higher-end vehicles, says Scotiabank analyst Rebekah Young.

Canada could eventually help meet some of the demand for critical minerals such as cobalt and lithium but will need to step up its extraction capacity, she said.

“To meet global EV demand, we’re going to see some of these mineral requirements increase by sevenfold at least,” she said. We have the reserves, not necessarily the production capacity.”

She said Canada and the U.S. are both still catching up to other parts of the world.

“In China, I think EVs are within 10 per cent price parity of an [internal combustion] engine, but they’re much smaller vehicles and they’ve got many more players and many more models,” Young said. “We’re still biased toward big vehicles, [with] lots of material inputs.”

Geothermal mud pots near the shore of the Salton Sea in Niland, Calif., where Controlled Thermal Resources is mining for lithium, a critical component of rechargeable batteries. (Marcio Jose Sanchez/The Associated Press)

Unionized-plant requirement dropped

Under the amendment, the credit will no longer be limited to manufacturers with sales of 200,000 EVs or fewer, which will benefit large companies such as Tesla, GM and Toyota, which have sold more than that.

The vehicles won’t have to be assembled in unionized plants as originally proposed, a provision unions on both sides of the border were hoping would survive.

“Protecting and enhancing workers’ rights throughout this transition is not just an option for governments and lawmakers; it is essential to ensuring a just transition,” said Lana Payne, secretary-treasurer of Unifor, which represents Canadian autoworkers, in a news release.

Workers install a battery onto the chassis of a Ford Focus electric vehicle at the Michigan Assembly Plant in Wayne, Mich. The original bill would have required vehicles to come from unionized plants in order to qualify for the credits. (Rebecca Cook/Reuters)

Unifor praised the lifting of the U.S. assembly requirement and said it was the result of aggressive lobbying by unions, industry and government.

“The reality is that auto manufacturing in Canada and the United States is deeply integrated, and our production volumes are tied to the much larger sales market in the U.S.,” said Unifor Auto Council chairperson John D’Agnolo. 

Louise Blais, who also participated in the negotiations to include Canada in the credit during her time as Canada’s consul-general in Atlanta, Ga., called it a “huge win” and said it wasn’t a given the lobbying efforts would succeed.

But she cautioned that Canadian manufacturers and governments have to take a look at some of the other incentives that will flow to energy and climate-related projects and industries if the bill passes, which could lure some manufacturers south.

The proposed legislation includes $20 billion in loans to build new clean vehicle manufacturing facilities and $30 billion for additional production tax credits to accelerate U.S. manufacturing of solar panels, wind turbines, batteries and critical minerals processing as well as $2 billion in cash grants to retool existing auto manufacturing facilities.

“There’s a lot of provisions in there that will really further incentivize manufacturers to manufacture clean technology like solar panels and others in the United States,” said Blais, who is now a senior adviser with the Business Council of Canada and divides her time between Atlanta and Quebec. 

“So, we really need to take a close look at this in Canada and make sure that we do not lose our competitiveness in some of these sectors as a result of this.”

WATCH | Canadian manufacturers welcome news of EV tax credit:

U.S. electric vehicle tax credit brings relief to Canadian auto industry

2 hours ago

Duration 2:06

A new U.S. climate deal has brought relief to Canada’s auto sector, with the agreement changing the terms of an electric vehicle tax credit to include vehicles built in Canada.

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Iran protests: Canada sanctioning 'morality police' – CTV News

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Canada will be imposing new sanctions on Iran as a result of a continuing violent crackdown on protesters, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said Monday.

The sanctions will be levelled on “dozens of individuals and entities, including Iran’s so-called morality police,” the prime minister said.

“We’ve seen Iran disregarding human rights time and time again, and now we see with the death of Mahsa Amini and the crackdown on protests,” Trudeau said, referencing the death of a 22-year-old who was detained for allegedly violating the country’s forced veiling laws. Her death has sparked outrage and has prompted a wave of international demonstrations, seeing some women cut their hair or burn their hijabs in revolt.

“To the women in Iran who are protesting and to those who are supporting you, we stand with you. We join our voices, the voices of all Canadians, to the millions of people around the world demanding that the Iranian government listen to their people, end their repression of freedoms and rights, and let women and all Iranians live their lives and express themselves peacefully,” Trudeau said.

While no official notice of the new sanctions has been published by Global Affairs Canada, the prime minister noted they come in addition to outstanding measures Canada has taken against Iran.

In an email to CTV News, Adrien Blanchard, press secretary to Foreign Affairs Minister Melanie Joly said that Trudeau “announced Canada’s intention” to issue these sanctions, pledging more details “in due course.” 

Joly, as well as MPs from all parties, have spoken out about the escalating tensions and use of force against civilians in Iran, with the House of Commons unanimously passing a motion last week offering “solidarity to the women of Iran who are fighting for their rights and freedoms.”

With files from CTV News’ Michael Lee 

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Maine power workers cross border without incident to help in Nova Scotia

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OTTAWA — Nova Scotia Power says there were no issues delaying American power crews from crossing the border to help repair the electrical grid from the devastation of hurricane Fiona.

On Sunday, the utility company and Nova Scotia Premier Tim Houston had both said an issue related to the controversial ArriveCan app was delaying power crews from crossing into Canada.

Health Minister Jean-Yves Duclos said this morning that the order making the app mandatory and requiring that foreign citizens be vaccinated to come to Canada will expire on Friday.

Power crews helping to restore electricity are considered essential workers and are exempt from the border measures.

In a new statement Monday afternoon, Nova Scotia Power spokeswoman Jacqueline Foster says there was some confusion about the app but it is now confirmed there were no problems.

Versant Power says 15 line workers and two mechanics left Bangor, Maine, for Canada early Monday morning without issue, and Central Maine Power reports more than a dozen two-person crews and 10 support workers crossed the border without incident at around 7 a.m. Monday.

“We now know there were not any issues with ArriveCan,” said Foster. “Our contractor crews have made their way over the border and we are grateful to have them as part of our restoration efforts here in Nova Scotia.”

The Canada Border Services Agency reported that it cleared 19 power trucks at the Third Bridge border crossing in St. Stephen, N.B., just after 7 a.m. Monday. The CBSA said the average processing time was between 30 and 60 seconds per vehicle.

The ArriveCan app has been fodder for heated political debates for months and Conservatives have repeatedly demanded that the government shut it down.

During question period on Monday, Conservative Leader Pierre Poilievre cited the allegations that ArriveCan delayed power crews to demand that the app be scrapped ahead of schedule.

He asked, “Will the prime minister suspend the ArriveCan app today, not Saturday, so that no more holdups happen at the border for those who are trying to help those in desperate need?”

Trudeau said he can “confirm that there were no delays at any border because of ArriveCan or otherwise.”

The utility company had said Sunday that crews were physically stuck at the border, but confirmed a few hours after question period on Monday that this had never been the case.

Foster suggested the error was a result of “confusion” after a concern arose Friday — before the storm actually hit — that crews from Maine might not be able to cross the border because of ArriveCan.

No New Brunswick border crossings reported issues over the weekend.

This report by The Canadian Press was first published Sept. 26, 2022.

 

Mia Rabson, The Canadian Press

 

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Former top civil servant, medical association president appointed as senators

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OTTAWA — Ian Shugart, a longtime bureaucrat and the country’s top civil servant during the first part of the COVID-19 pandemic, has been tapped for a seat in the Senate.

Dr. Gigi Osler, a Winnipeg surgeon, University of Manitoba professor and president of the Federation of Medical Women in Canada, is also set to become a senator.

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced the picks today after the two were recommended to him by the independent advisory board for appointments to the upper chamber.

Shugart, who will represent Ontario, stepped down as the clerk of the Privy Council in early 2021 to undergo cancer treatments and formally retired in May after a long public service career.

Trudeau also appointed him to the King’s Privy Council today, adding his name to a list that includes past and present cabinet ministers and people “honoured for their contributions to Canada,” according to the Prime Minister’s Office.

Osler, who will represent Manitoba, became the first female surgeon and the first racialized woman to hold the presidency at the Canadian Medical Association in 2018.

This report by The Canadian Press was first published Sept. 26, 2022.

 

The Canadian Press

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