The way you use social media may just be affecting your happiness, according to a new study by UBC Okanagan.
Derrick Wirtz, an associate professor of teaching in psychology at the Irving K. Barber Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, took a close look at how people use three major social platforms—Facebook, Twitter and Instagram—and how that use can impact a person’s overall well-being.
“Social network sites are an integral part of everyday life for many people around the world,” said Wirtz. “Every day, billions of people interact with social media. Yet the widespread use of social network sites stands in sharp contrast to a comparatively small body of research on how this use impacts a person’s happiness.”
Even before social isolation became the norm amid COVID-19, Wirtz said social media has transformed how we interact with others. Face-to-face, in-person contact is now matched or exceeded by online social interactions as the primary way people connect. While most people gain happiness from interacting with others face-to-face, Wirtz notes that some come away from using social media with a feeling of negativity—for a variety of different reasons.
One issue is social comparison. Participants in Wirtz’s study said the more they compared themselves to others while using social media, the less happy they felt.
“Viewing images and updates that selectively portray others positively may lead social media users to underestimate how much others actually experience negative emotions and lead people to conclude that their own life—with its mix of positive and negative feelings—is, by comparison, not as good,” he said.
Wirtz notes that viewing other people’s posts and images while not interacting with them lends itself to comparison without the mood-boosting benefits that ordinarily follow social contact, undermining well-being and reducing self-esteem. “Passive use, scrolling through others’ posts and updates, involves little person-to-person reciprocal interaction while providing ample opportunity for upward comparison.”
As part of his research, study participants were asked about four specific functions of Facebook—checking a news feed, messaging, catching up on world news and posting status or picture updates. The most frequently used function was passively checking one’s news feed. Participants primarily used Facebook without directly connecting with other users, and the negative effects on subjective well-being were consistent with this form of use.
During COVID-19, Wirtz notes people naturally turn to social media to reduce feelings of social isolation. Yet, his research (conducted before the pandemic) found that although people used social media more when they were lonely, time spent on social media only increased feelings of loneliness for participants in the study. “Today, the necessity of seeing and hearing friends and family only through social media due to COVID-19 might serve as a reminder of missed opportunities to spend time together.”
The more people used any of these three social media sites, the more negative they reported feeling afterward. “The three social network sites examined—Facebook, Twitter and Instagram—yielded remarkably convergent findings,” he said. “The more respondents had recently used these sites, either in aggregate or individually, the more negative effect they reported when they responded to our randomly-timed surveys over a 10-day period.”
Wirtz’s study also included offline interactions with others, either face-to-face or a phone call. Comparing both offline communication with online, he was able to demonstrate that offline social interaction had precisely the opposite effect of using social media, strongly enhancing emotional well-being.
But all is not lost, Wirtz says, as this research also reveals how people can use social media positively, something more important than ever during COVID-19. He suggests people avoid passively scrolling and resist comparing themselves to other social media users. He also says people should use social media sites to enable direct interactions and social connectedness—for example, talking online synchronously or arranging time spent with others in-person, when possible and with proper precautions.
“If we all remember to do that, the negative impact of social media use could be reduced—and social networks sites could even have the potential to improve our well-being and happiness,” he adds. “In other words, we need to remember how we use social media has the potential to shape the effects on our day-to-day happiness.”
Wirtz’s study was recently published in the Journal of Happiness Studies.
Media Beat: November 26, 2020 | FYIMusicNews – FYI Music News
The pop singer has joined manager Andrew Gertler in launching Permanent Content, a company that will focus on scripted and documentary projects that reflect issues important to young people. The first project is a doc about himself. – Yahoo News
I f you’re interested in saving a little money on your taxes, the Digital News Tax Credit could go along way. That is, assuming you’re eligible for it. To get the digital news tax credit, you need to have paid money for subscription media in 2020. That includes online newspaper subscriptions and other paid media services. The media outlet you subscribed to also has to be approved. The main criteria is that the news outlet be Canadian. If it’s any mainstream Canadian newspaper, it’s likely approved. The catch is you will get back $75 on the cap of $500 spent on subscriptions. – The Motley Fool
The media may take credit for the Biden victory, as it conducted the campaign; almost no one voted for Biden, an undistinguished and bumbling wheel-horse who was on his way to the political glue factory until he was rescued by the Democratic party elders to prevent a victory by Marxist Sen. Bernie Sanders. The media’s credit for that is mitigated by the terrible failure of the phony polls and predictions of a great repudiation of Trump, and the further erosion of public trust in the media to levels that are far below those enjoyed by the president it laboured so relentlessly to destroy. – Conrad Black, National Post (FYI addendum: Trump pardoned Black, the former media mogul who was jailed for fraud and obstruction of justice in the US, shortly after he wrote a book praising the US president.)
California’s Silicon Valley shapes our lives. From the websites where we do our household shopping to the video-streaming services we watch to the companies which provide our email, almost all are based in this corner of the United States.
Until recently, that is. The rise of TikTok, an app whose parent company is the Chinese firm ByteDance, has struck at the heart of Silicon Valley’s supremacy. Along with other digital products coming out of China, TikTok has the potential to reshape the future of technology – a future in which the culture and the interests of Shanghai or Beijing could mould the industry more than that of San Francisco Bay. – Chris Stokel-Walker, BBC
When the internet got involved in music, everything changed. Sales tanked and cheques shrank. That retirement fund was no longer assured. This goes a long way to explaining why so many heritage acts from the 1960s, ’70s, and ’80s — think Eagles, Fleetwood Mac, and Guns N’ Roses — went back on the road. They had to make up for that lost revenue somehow. David Bowie was the first to find an equitable solution with his so-called “Bowie Bonds”. – Alan Cross, Global News
Seattle-headquartered MediaNet, which was acquired by SOCAN in 2016, will provide licensing, catalogue, and rights management services for Echelon through its MediaNet Enterprise product integration, which allows music applications to access over 85 million tracks. – Music Business Worldwide
Chappelle posted a video to his Instagram page titled “Unforgiven” in which he explained his reasons for pulling “Chappelle’s Show” from Netflix after not being paid by ViacomCBS. The video was filmed during a recent stand-up set and the comedian is urging his fans to boycott sites streaming the material. – Zack Sharf, IndieWire
German media giant Bertelsmann said Wednesday that its Penguin Random House division is buying rival Simon & Schuster, in a megadeal that would reshape the U.S. publishing industry.
Penguin Random House, already the largest American publisher, will buy the New York-based Simon & Schuster, whose authors include Stephen King, Hillary Clinton and John Irving, from TV and film company ViacomCBS for $2.17 billion in cash. – The Canadian Press
France is going forward with its plan to tax big tech companies. The government has sent out notices to tech giants, as reported by the Financial Times, Reuters and AFP. There could be retaliation tariffs on French goods in the U.S. – Tech Crunch
The announcement follows months of bargaining between Google, French publishers and news agencies over how to apply revamped EU copyright rules, which allow publishers to demand a fee from online platforms showing extracts of their news. – Reuters
Instead of encoding the identifier or watermark in the video content, Amazon proposes to add it to the manifest data. As a result, Amazon’s solution can be more easily applied at the individual level. This can be useful to protect content on Amazon’s own streaming service, but other rightsholders may want to use it as well. – TorrentFreak
Mick Jagger and Steve McQueen held court from its tufted red booths. Beautiful girls frugged in cages above its dance floor. The most famous club in rock history, the Whisky a Go Go on the Sunset Strip, launched a generation of music, from the Byrds and Buffalo Springfield to Frank Zappa and the Doors. – David Kamp, Vanity Fair archives
Loblaw acquires technology from Torstar to accelerate media platform Français – Canada NewsWire
BRAMPTON, ON, Nov. 26, 2020 /CNW/ – Loblaw Companies Limited (TSX: L; “Loblaw”) today announced Loblaw Inc.’s acquisition of technology and the related team from Eyereturn Marketing Inc., a subsidiary of Torstar Corporation. The transaction complements and strengthens Loblaw Media, the company’s full-service digital marketing agency launched in 2019.
With this new technology and expertise, Loblaw Media can better connect brands and consumers online through targeted ad campaigns and promotions. It will reduce the company’s reliance on third-party media technology to create and serve ad campaigns and be integrated into Loblaw Media’s proprietary audience targeting and measurement platform.
“This acquisition is an important milestone for us, adding immediate capability and credibility to our growing media business,” said Uwe Stueckmann, Loblaw’s Chief Customer Officer. These team members are some of the best and brightest in the ad technology space. Together, we’ll take Loblaw Media to the next level, delivering outstanding campaigns with meaningful insights for our clients and promotions for our customers.”
Loblaw Media uses transaction-based insights to help brands plan and deliver more relevant campaigns, and to help deliver more relevant ads to customers. Loblaw is uniquely positioned in the media space due to its strong digital connection to customers. This is driven primarily by the company’s loyalty program, PC Optimum, which provides Loblaw Media with specific, anonymized target audiences based on real in-store and online purchase histories.
About Loblaw Companies Limited
Loblaw Companies Limited is Canada’s food and pharmacy leader and the nation’s largest retailer. Loblaw provides Canadians with grocery, pharmacy, health and beauty, apparel, general merchandise, financial services, and wireless mobile products and services. With more than 2,400 corporate, franchised and Associate-owned locations, Loblaw, its franchisees, and Associate-owners employ approximately 200,000 full- and part-time employees, making it one of Canada’s largest private sector employers.
Loblaw’s purpose – Live Life Well® – puts first the needs and well-being of Canadians who make one billion transactions annually in the companies’ stores. Loblaw is positioned to meet and exceed those needs in many ways: convenient locations; more than 1,050 grocery stores that span the value spectrum from discount to specialty; full-service pharmacies at nearly 1,400 Shoppers Drug Mart® and Pharmaprix® locations and close to 500 Loblaw locations; PC Financial® financial services; affordable Joe Fresh® fashion and family apparel; and three of Canada’s top consumer brands in Life Brand®, no name® and President’s Choice®.
SOURCE Loblaw Companies Limited
For further information: [email protected]
Launch of next generation Intelligent Media Reputation Crawler opens up new business opportunities – GlobeNewswire
Copenhagen, Nov. 26, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — After extensive and successful testing, Hypefactors will launch version 4.0 of the Intelligent Media Reputation Crawler in the Hypefactors tech platform. This will benefit all current and future customers as well as open up new business segments and opportunities. The launch is planned for Monday 30. November 2020.
As one of few media intelligence companies in the world, Hypefactors has developed a proprietary advanced crawler technology, searching, finding, and enriching relevant media mentions in near real-time.
With version 4.0, more than 4 million articles are streamed in continuously, as big data and enriched using custom-built automated machine learning (ML) solutions. Add to this that more than 2 million social media posts, pictures, and videos are processed daily. The machine-learning-based Artificial Intelligence (AI) enables a unique level of automation, scale and precision combined that is unreported in science and business. This specialized application of AI on media data turns our big data into smart data for the users.
Highlights of version 4.0 are:
- Machine-learned advertisement detector
- AI-assisted automated detection of new relevant media sources
- Global media impact indicators
- Time-series analysis using AI-based publication date recognition across all languages
- More accurate impression/readership estimation
- Unmatched machine-learned reputation assessment
Through these updates, more media sources from non-Western regions have been added, incl. from Latin America, the Middle East, and Asia. Also, more niche sites and blogs have been added. This has significantly expanded our global media coverage.
The development providing users with the market’s most accurate streams of relevant media data, has been made possible using recent theoretical advances in machine learning, and supported by Google and Amazon cloud solutions through the Silicon Valley-based accelerator Founder Friendly Labs, in which Hypefactors was invited to join in 2019.
The milestone implementation will provide new business potential beyond the communications departments. R&D, Business Intelligence, Marketing, and Sales could benefit from injecting relevant and smart media intelligence data into their operations.
Hypefactors’ unique tech assets are now even stronger. The Intelligent Media Reputation Crawler vers. 4.0 strengthens the company’s platform and technological asset base and is expected to make a positive contribution to the commercial development of the company.
About Hypefactors A/S
Hypefactors is an integrated AI-powered Earned Media tech platform to support better media intelligence and reputation management.
Hypefactors combine data, analytics, technology, and tools to provide a unified and easy-to-use experience. With all the tools to automate and ease the work, and all the facts to document the results. In addition to media monitoring across the different media channels, the platform provides access to a number of facts, incl. automated documentation of the monetary value and quality assessment of each third party media mention. The platform also contains other time-saving tools such as automatically-generated media reports and a mobile app giving access to real-time media mentions. The company is listed at Nasdaq Growth Market in Copenhagen, Denmark.
For more information, please contact:
Casper Janns, CEO: Tlf.: +45 20167481, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Pierre André Montjovet, Chairman of the Board: Tlf: +41 (0)78 922 33 0,
1306 Copenhagen K
Kapital Partner ApS
Jesper Ilsøe, tlf. +4526802728
1608 Copenhagen V
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