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1 in 5 deaths globally are due to sepsis, study says — many more than previously estimated – CNN

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The study, published Thursday in the journal the Lancet, found that sepsis has killed fewer people over the last couple decades, but still accounts for 1 in 5 deaths globally.
Florida man has 25% of his skin stripped from his body in his fight against flesh-eating bacteria
The study estimates that in 2017 there were 48.9 million cases of sepsis worldwide and 11 million deaths. That means 19.7% of all deaths globally were sepsis-related. Previous global estimates were significantly lower.
When someone has sepsis, their body essentially overreacts to an infection. This out-of-control immune responses can cause organs to shut down. Deaths from sepsis in 2017 peaked in early childhood, declined in early adulthood and rose again among the elderly.
In 2017, an estimated 20.3 million sepsis cases and 2.9 million deaths worldwide were among children younger than 5 years old. Many were newborns.
Researchers came to these higher numbers looking at more than 109 million individual death records and trends from 1990 through 2017. The data came from the Global Burden of Disease study, which reports on 282 primary causes of deaths in 196 countries and territories.
The researchers used records of people who were hospitalized with sepsis and people with sepsis who were not treated in a hospital. Earlier studies focused on hospital records only, and most past studies did not capture the global scope of the issue.
Man dies after being licked by his dog and contracting rare infectionMan dies after being licked by his dog and contracting rare infection
This new study found that the number of sepsis cases fell 37% and deaths fell more than 52% since 1990, but was still a significant problem in parts of the world such as sub-Saharan Africa, South and East Asia and Oceania.
From 1990 until 2017, the most common underlying cause of sepsis was diarrheal disease, and the the most common underlying cause of sepsis-related deaths was lower respiratory infections. The most common injury that started sepsis was an injury from a car accident. Maternal disorders such as postpartum infections were the most common non-communicable disease that resulted in sepsis. Antimicrobial resistance was also noted as an important driver of sepsis, particularly in hospitals and clinics.
“We are alarmed to find sepsis deaths are much higher than previously estimated, especially as the condition is both preventable and treatable,” author Dr. Mohsen Naghavi, a professor of health metrics sciences at the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington School of Medicine, said in a press release. “We need renewed focus on sepsis prevention among newborns and on tackling antimicrobial resistance, an important driver of the condition.”

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'We're in crisis mode': Infectious disease specialist calls on residents to reduce activities during second wave COVID-19 – CTV Edmonton

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OTTAWA —
As the second wave of COVID-19 continues in Ottawa, an infectious disease specialist is calling on residents to take precautions into their own hands.

“Right now, we’re in crisis mode,” said Dr. Abdu Sharkawy, CTV News Infectious Disease Specialist, in an interview with CTV News Ottawa.

“Only do what you have to do. I don’t want to use the term lockdown, but I think you really have to reduce your social circle,” said Dr. Sharkawy.

Speaking with CTV Morning Live Wednesday morning, Dr. Sharkawy said until the second wave of the virus settles down, people should be limiting trips and avoiding any special gatherings that aren’t essential.

“It’s not business as usual, every decision that you make, whether it’s work, school, socially related or otherwise it’s going to have an impact throughout your community,” said Dr. Sharkawy.

“Let’s take it upon ourselves, everybody needs to be accountable.”

Meanwhile, the idea of a second lockdown is a worrying one for some small businesses, like the King Eddy in the Byward Market.

“I’m not really sure who could survive another lockdown to be honest with you,” said Johnny Bonney, assistant general manager of the King Eddy.

Bonney said with the recent spike in COVID-19 cases and the second wave of the virus affecting the city, business has already declined.

He’s hopeful to be able to continue to welcome patrons safely.

“We’re doing everything we can to make it safe, and to continue for it to be safe, not only for our customers, but for our employees, so I think people should be able to dine out with confidence,” Bonney said.

Ottawa Public Health said due to the rising number of COVID-19 cases it would consider new closures and restrictions, but with a targeted approach to address possible sources of COVID-19.

Ottawa Public Health’s Medical Officer of Health Dr. Vera Etches told Council that she does not want to have to shut things down.

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Common Cosmetic Dental Procedures and Their Benefits

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If you aren’t confident in your smile, then you aren’t living your best life. That might seem dramatic, but it’s true. If you don’t like to show your smile, then your confidence and self-esteem suffer, and your mental health can be affected. Not only that, but studies have shown that smiling can make you feel happier, as opposed to the other way around. If you aren’ smiling, then you aren’t as happy as you can be. Luckily, there are options. Cosmetic dentistry has come a long way over the past few decades, and there is bound to be a proven treatment that can get you the bright, brilliant smile you’ve always wanted.  

Teeth Whitening

Tooth whitening is perhaps the most common cosmetic dental procedure of them all. Teeth can get stained or damaged over time, often from certain food and drinks. Teeth also get stained from smoking. You can get a take home whitening kit, but for the best results, contact a dental professional. Not only is teeth whitening a quick and easy way to brighten your smile, but it is cost-effective too. 

Bonding

If the stains on your teeth are too deeply ingrained, or you have chips in your teeth, then dental bonding might be the right choice for you. Bonding material is malleable and can be molded to the outside of your teeth to hide imperfections. Bonding is a popular choice, but the material is not permanent. It can deteriorate over time, meaning that you may need to have the procedure performed several times throughout your life. 

Veneers

Veneers are a more long-lasting solution than dental bonding. The dentist will take a mold of the teeth to manufacture a porcelain shell that fits directly over the affected spot. This shell is hard, and colored to match the surrounding teeth so that it doesn’t stand out. Veneers are a perfect option for people who have staining that is so ingrained that it cannot be removed through whitening and bleaching. Many people will choose a veneer over dental bonding simply because it will last longer. 

Implants

One of the most detrimental things to an otherwise wonderful smile is a missing tooth. That’s where dental implants come into play. An implant is a titanium rod that is surgically placed into the gum to act as a root. The dentist can then install a replacement artificial tooth onto the implanted rod. This is a permanent solution instead of using dentures or other temporary fixes. They are relatively easy to maintain and can be treated just like your regular teeth. As long as your gum stays healthy enough to support the implant, it will remain in place. 

Crowns

Crowns function similarly to veneers, in that they cover up decay and damage. Anytime you see a performer with gold teeth, they are most likely crowns, but they are most often much more subtle. They are manufactured with acrylic or porcelain, and custom-made to fit the mouth into which they are being applied. They are then fused to the metal rods implanted into the teeth. They are made so that they match in shape and color with the surrounding teeth, so no one would know that they are not natural. 

Invisalign Braces

You might think that braces are only for children, but adults may need them as well. It could be from teeth that were neglected in youth, or from recent trauma, but adults getting braces is more common than you might think. However, since adults don’t want to look like children, invisalign braces are a great solution. They can fix misalignments and protruding teeth just like regular braces, but they are almost impossible to notice unless someone examines the mouth closely. This way, adults can still feel their own age even while wearing them. 

Dental Abrasion

Since discoloration is such a huge issue for many people, it stands to reason that there are several options to help get teeth back to their natural shine. Abrasion is a process that involves removing stains by essentially sanding down the surface of the tooth. It will only work on very shallow stains, and will not work on stains that have penetrated inside the tooth. However, once the stains are removed through abrasion, they are gone forever. 

 

These are some of the more common cosmetic dental procedures, however you may need something different to fix your smile. While it’s important to know what options are out there, do not visit your cosmetic dentist from Calgary and assume you will get one of the procedures over the others. Your dentist will assess your situation, including the health of your entire mouth, to determine the best course of action. It may be one of these most common options, or it may be something different. There is always new innovation and data in dentistry to come up with techniques to improve smiles at affordable prices. No matter what, in the end your dentist can give you the brightest smile possible so that you can feel confident and happy again. 

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Ottawa’s top doc explains when (and when not to) get tested for COVID-19

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With testing centres in Ottawa stretched to the max — resulting in long wait times and strains on supplies and staff — city councillors spent the morning asking Ottawa’s top doctor for clarity on who should seek COVID-19 testing, while clearing some confusion over the recently invoked Section 22.

And what Dr. Very Etches revealed Wednesday, was just how close the city is to being “in the red” on the pandemic level amid the continued and consistent rise in cases.

In fact, families should only seek testing if they are experiencing symptoms.

There is also no need for a whole family to get tested if just their child has symptoms.

“We do not use orders in those situations,” Etches explained. “We problem solve with people. The orders are for when someone is just refusing to help, and we need to make sure we are protecting folks who are contacts, and stopping spreading in vulnerable settings.”

And while some workplaces and schools say they require a negative test before returning, it’s not actually a rule or requirement by Ottawa Public Health.

Due to the volume of testing and capacity issues, turnaround times for test results are now at five days, OPH reports.

Source: – OttawaMatters.com

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