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7 Things to Know Before You Invest in Land




how to invest in land

If the financial meltdown of 2008 taught investors that land isn’t necessarily a surefire asset, the market’s subsequent rebound shows that land continues to be a lucrative investment. By understanding your options and doing your homework, you can find a land investment ideal for your portfolio. Whether it’s an apartment building or an exchange-traded fund for wheat, a land investment can bolster your financial returns. Here are your options and how they work. For more help with investing in land, consider working with a financial advisor.

Types of Land Investments

Investing in land isn’t a one-size-fits-all proposition. Investors with varying amounts of wealth and risk tolerance might gravitate toward a specific type of land investment. Use the following list to gauge which land investments appeal to you.

Commercial and Residential Land Investments

Commercial and residential properties have broad appeal because investors of all sizes can access them. For example, you might not be able to afford an apartment building, but you can purchase shares in a real estate investment trust (REIT) as you would purchase shares of a company’s stock.

REITs allow you to focus on one type of real estate, such as residential properties, or combine any number of types from every sector of land investments. That said, REITs are generally diversified whether you choose one or multiple types of real estate investments. In addition, as with investing in company stock, your investments can typically be as small or large as you like.

The downside of investing in REITs is that you won’t have any actual land to use or inhabit. Therefore, if owning your investment properties appeals to you, purchasing land may be a preferable route if you can afford it.

Livestock and Crop Farmland

Becoming a homesteader allows you to directly own your investment in a specific property. Living on and running your farm or ranch might be your dream come true – and the potential returns are icing on the cake. However, raising crops and livestock is expensive and risky. As a result, deep pockets and the ability to shoulder stress are all but necessary to manage this type of investment.

Crops and livestock are just the beginning of investing in agricultural land. For instance, you could cultivate an orchard, vineyard, mineral development land, timber farm or recreational land. Generally, these investments require less up-front capital than crops and also allow you to live on the land.

Specialized Agricultural Investments

On the other hand, if farming interests you but owning land doesn’t, exchange-traded notes (ETNs) and exchange-traded funds (ETFs) are a less costly way to get exposure to agricultural land. For example, the Teucrium Corn Fund provided a 35.1% return over the past year through investments in corn futures.

Like crops and livestock, you can purchase shares of ETFs and ETNs for specialized land if running your own timber operation seems overwhelming. Through these funds, you’ll have exposure to land rich in timber, oil and more and see healthy returns without owning an acre.

Tips for Investing In Land

how to invest in landhow to invest in land
how to invest in land

If investing in land seems daunting, following these tips can help you make the most of your investments:

Understand Your Investment

Dotting each “i” and crossing each “t” can be irritating, but it’s usually worthwhile. Details like zoning laws, property lines, parking and whether an old apartment building has lead paint can make the difference between a profitable investment and a financial headache. Additionally, a title search can help ensure you would own the land outright with no disputes.

Research the Region

Every piece of land sits in a place where employment, household income and population interact and fluctuate. Ideally, the land you invest in will be located in a region on track to experience upticks in these crucial factors.

Follow Your Risk Tolerance

It’s recommended that investors don’t go against the grain of their preferences. If you’re risk averse, investing in areas with high population and income might be the solution. Buying land in a region with consistent demand and healthy economic activity can help offset the possibility of losing a fortune on a land investment.

Check the Water Waitlist

Some municipalities forbid new hookups to city water because of water shortages. For example, the city of Cambria in California hasn’t approved new water connections for two decades. As a result, reviewing your city’s water situation is critical before building new residential or commercial properties.

Verify the Tax Situation

Every municipality has different tax stipulations that can affect your investment’s profitability. For example, your city might charge income tax to residents and businesses. In addition, you might receive special tax breaks for using land in a specific way, such as farming.

Review Your Mineral Rights

As with taxes, mineral rights can vary based on region. For instance, your investment might grant ownership of the land you want but not what lies a few feet beneath the surface. This scenario could lead to legal mining or drilling by other parties with no financial benefits for you.

Play It Cool During Negotiations

When haggling over a desired piece of land, it’s recommended to leave your emotions at the door. Even if you’re excited about the deal, allowing emotions to lead the way can result in poor judgments and mistakes during negotiations.

Key Considerations When Investing in Land

Investing in land involves more than finding a plot and making an offer. Legal issues can render the most attractive land a lousy investment for reasons out of your control. For example, your municipality might tightly control how you can use the land in question, ruining plans for potential buildings or farms. Plus, part of the property might be legally accessible to your neighbors due to land easements.

Furthermore, bordering a body of moving or standing water can affect land accessibility and create floodplain conditions. As a result, it’s essential to review the land’s deed to understand the legal ramifications of ownership.

Once you’ve ruled out legal impingements, examine the land’s utility connections. Paying for new water or electrical lines can eat into investing profits significantly. In addition, proximity to towns and cities, the likelihood of attracting trespassers and how the land will impact your taxes are all vital to consider.

Is Investing In Land Right For You?

how to invest in landhow to invest in land
how to invest in land

Several solid reasons might lead you to invest in land. First, you might aspire to own and operate a farm or vineyard and enjoy the financial returns as a side benefit. Or, as an investor looking to diversify their portfolio, you might invest in REITs with a proven track record. On the other hand, you might do your homework on a commercial or residential property and start collecting rent.

Investing in land might not be suitable for you if you don’t want to do extra research on your investments or take on more risk. While real estate in its many forms can be a lucrative investment, uninformed decisions generally result in losing money.

The Bottom Line

You can invest in land through residential and commercial property, farmland and specialized agricultural investments. In addition, you can invest by directly purchasing land or buying shares of REITs, which give you a diversified slice of the real estate market, spreading risk across numerous assets.

When investing in land, it’s recommended to research the relevant factors in your situation, such as tax obligations, title status and environmental implications. That said, the work is typically worth it and land can be a profitable asset for any investor.

Investment Tips

  • Land investments can be intimidating, especially if you’ve never purchased property other than your home. That’s where a financial advisor can help. Finding a qualified financial advisor doesn’t have to be hard. SmartAsset’s free tool matches you with up to three financial advisors who serve your area, and you can interview your advisor matches at no cost to decide which one is right for you. If you’re ready to find an advisor who can help you achieve your financial goals, get started now.
  • While it would be great to be a real estate mogul, the reality is that most investors don’t have millions to throw at land. Not to worry – here’s how you can invest in real estate with little money.

Photo credit: ©, © Tungateja, ©

The post How to Invest in Land appeared first on SmartAsset Blog.

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Investment regulator imposed $14M in enforcement penalties in latest fiscal year



TORONTO — Canada’s investment product regulator says it imposed more than $14 million in fines and other financial enforcements in its last fiscal year.

The Canadian Investment Regulatory Organization (CIRO) says the total also includes imposed costs and the forced return of ill-gotten profits.

The regulator says it also ordered suspensions and permanent prohibitions in a significant proportion of proceedings against individuals.

Enforcement efforts included a $2 million fine against Fortrade Canada for recommending a high-risk product to unsophisticated retail clients, and a $1.7 million fine and permanent ban on securities-related business against Paul Walker for a range of misconduct including soliciting more than $1.5 million in investments for an outside business activity.

CIRO was created at the start of 2023 through a combination of the Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada and the Mutual Fund Dealers Association of Canada.

The new self-regulatory organization says it is focused on harmonizing its regulatory approach to create more consistency and timeliness with enforcement action.

This report by The Canadian Press was first published July 16, 2024.

The Canadian Press



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Conditions on Simandou investment now satisfied



LONDON, July 15, 2024–(BUSINESS WIRE)–All conditions have now been satisfied for Rio Tinto’s investment to develop the Simandou high-grade iron ore deposit in Guinea, including the completion of necessary Guinean and Chinese regulatory approvals. The transaction is expected to complete during the week of 15 July 2024.

Along with the recent approval by the Board of Simfer1, this allows Simfer to invest in and fund its share of co-developed rail and port infrastructure being progressed in partnership with Winning Consortium Simandou2 (WCS), Baowu and the Republic of Guinea.

More than 600 kilometres of new multi-use trans-Guinean railway together with port facilities will allow the export of up to 120 million tonnes per year of mined iron ore by Simfer and WCS from their respective Simandou mining concessions in the southeast of the country3. Together, this will be the largest greenfield integrated mine and infrastructure investment in Africa.

Rio Tinto Executive Committee lead for Guinea and Copper Chief Executive Bold Baatar said: “We thank the Government of Guinea, Chinalco, Baowu and WCS for their partnership in reaching this milestone towards developing the world class Simandou project.

“Simandou will deliver a significant new source of high-grade iron ore that will strengthen Rio Tinto’s portfolio for the decarbonisation of the steel industry, along with trans-Guinean rail and port infrastructure that can make a significant contribution to the country’s economic development.”

Under the terms of the transaction, Simfer will acquire a participation in the WCS project companies constructing rail and port infrastructure, commit to perform a portion of the construction works itself and commit to funding its share of the overall co-developed infrastructure cost, in an aggregate amount of approximately $6.5 billion (Rio Tinto share approximately $3.5 billion)4.

Chalco Iron Ore Holdings Ltd (CIOH) has now paid its share of capital expenditures incurred or required by Simfer to progress critical works up to completion. A first payment of approximately $410 million, for expenditures until the end of 2023, was made on 28 June 2024, and a second payment of approximately $575 million, for 2024 expenditures, was made on 11 July 2024. These amounts settle all expenditures incurred up to date.

The co-developed infrastructure capacity and associated cost will be shared equally between Simfer, which will develop, own and operate a 60 million tonne per year5 mine in blocks 3 and 4 of the Simandou Project, and WCS, which is developing blocks 1 and 2.

Under the co-development arrangement, Simfer and WCS will deliver separate infrastructure scopes to leverage expertise. Simfer will construct the approximately 70 kilometre Simfer spur rail line and a 60 million tonne per year transhipment vessel (TSV) port, while WCS will construct the dual track approximately 536 kilometre main rail line, the approximately 16 kilometre WCS spur rail line and a 60 million tonne per year barge port.

Once complete, all co-developed infrastructure and rolling stock will be transferred to and operated by the Compagnie du Transguinéen (CTG) joint venture, in which Simfer and WCS each hold a 42.5% equity stake and the Guinean State a 15% equity stake6.

First production from the Simfer mine is expected in 2025, ramping up over 30 months to an annualised capacity of 60 million tonnes per year5 (27 million tonnes Rio Tinto share). The mine will initially deliver a single fines product before transitioning to a dual fines product of blast furnace and direct reduction ready ore.

Simfer’s capital funding requirement for the Simandou project as a whole is estimated to be approximately $11.6 billion, of which Rio Tinto’s share is approximately $6.2 billion, broken down as follows.

US dollars in billions (nominal terms) Simfer


  Rio Tinto
Mine and TSVs, owned and operated by Simfer
Development of an initial 60Mt/a mine at Simandou South (blocks 3 & 4), to be constructed by Simfer $5.1 $2.7
Co-developed infrastructure, owned and operated by CTG once complete
Simfer scope (funded 100% by Simfer during construction)

Rail: a 70 km rail-spur from Simfer mine to the mainline, including rolling stock
Port: construction of a 60Mt/a TSV port

$3.5 $1.9
WCS scope (funded 34% by Simfer during construction)

Port and rail infrastructure including an approximately 552 km trans-Guinean heavy haul rail system, comprised of a 536 km mainline and a 16 km WCS rail spur

$3.0 $1.6
Total capital expenditure (nominal terms) $11.6 $6.27

Rio Tinto’s share of expected capital investment remaining to be spent from 1 January 2024 is to be $5.7 billion. Rio Tinto’s expected funding requirements for 2024 and 2025 are included in its share of capital investment guidance for this period, with project funding expected to extend beyond this timeframe.

Further details on the Simandou project can be found in the 2023 Investor Seminar presentation at

As Chinalco, Baowu, China Rail Construction Corporation and China Harbour Engineering Company are Chinese state-owned entities, and given Chinalco indirectly holds 11.2% of shares in the Rio Tinto Group, they, and WCS, may be considered to be associates of a related party of Rio Tinto for the purpose of the UK Listing Rules. Rio Tinto’s funding commitment pursuant to the infrastructure co-development arrangement (Rio Tinto share $3.5bn) is a smaller related party transaction for the purposes of Listing Rule 11.1.10R and this announcement is, therefore, made in accordance with Listing Rule 11.1.10R(2)(c).

1 Approval has been granted by the Board of Simfer Jersey Limited, a joint venture between the Rio Tinto Group (53%) and Chalco Iron Ore Holdings Ltd (CIOH) (47%), a Chinalco-led joint venture of leading Chinese SOEs (Chinalco (75%), Baowu (20%), China Rail Construction Corporation (2.5%) and China Harbour Engineering Company (2.5%)). Simfer Infraco Guinée S.A.U. will deliver Simfer Jersey’s scope of the co-developed rail and port infrastructure, and is, on the date of this notice, a wholly-owned indirect subsidiary of Simfer Jersey Limited, but will be co-owned by the Guinean State (15%) after closing of the co-development arrangements. Simfer S.A. is the holder of the mining concession covering Simandou Blocks 3 & 4, and is owned by the Guinean State (15%) and Simfer Jersey Limited (85%).
2 WCS is the holder of Simandou North Blocks 1 & 2 (with the Government of Guinea holding a 15% interest in the mining vehicle and WCS holding 85%) and associated infrastructure. WCS was originally held by WCS Holdings, a consortium of Singaporean company, Winning International Group (50%) and Weiqiao Aluminium (part of the China Hongqiao Group) (50%). On 19 June 2024, Baowu Resources completed the acquisition of a 49% share of WCS mine and infrastructure projects with WCS Holdings holding the remaining 51%. In the case of the mine, Baowu also has an option to increase to 51% during operations. After Closing, Simfer will hold 34% of the shares in the WCS infrastructure entities during construction with WCS holding the remaining 66%.
3 WCS holds the mining concession for Blocks 1 and 2, while Simfer S.A. holds the mining concession for blocks 3 and 4. Simfer and WCS will independently develop their mines.
4 A true-up mechanism will apply between Simfer and WCS to equalise most of their costs of constructing the co-developed rail and port infrastructure. The figures shown here are pre-equalisation.
5 The estimated annualised capacity of approximately 60 million dry tonnes per annum iron ore for the Simandou life of mine schedule was previously reported in a release to the Australian Securities Exchange dated 6 December 2023 titled “Simandou iron ore project update“. Rio Tinto confirms that all material assumptions underpinning that production target continue to apply and have not materially changed.
6 Ownership of the rail and port infrastructure will transfer from CTG to the Guinean State after a 35 year Operations Period, with Simfer retaining access rights on a non-discriminatory basis and at least equivalent to all Third Party Users.
7 By the end of 2023, Rio Tinto spent $0.5 billion (Rio Tinto share) to progress critical path works. Rio Tinto’s share of expected capital investment remaining to be spent from 1 January 2024 was $5.7 billion.

This announcement is authorised for release to the market by Andy Hodges, Rio Tinto’s Group Company Secretary.

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Rio Tinto plc
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Category: Simandou



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BlackRock Pulls Ad Featuring Trump Rally Shooter Thomas Matthew Crooks



A screengrab of Thomas Crooks from the BlackRock ad that aired in 2022.

Thomas Matthew Crooks, the 20-year-old who shot at former president Donald Trump at a rally in Pennsylvania, had briefly appeared in a 2022 advertisement for BlackRock Inc, the world’s largest money manager.

The ad, filmed at the Bethel Park High School in Pennsylvania, featured Crooks and several other unpaid students in the background, said the investment giant in a statement. Crooks graduated from the school in 2022.

BlackRock said it has pulled the ad but the video will be available to authorities. The ad, however, is being widely shared by social media users.

“The assassination attempt on former President Trump is abhorrent. We’re thankful former President Trump wasn’t seriously injured, and thinking about all the innocent bystanders and victims of this awful act, especially the person who was killed,” the company added in its statement.

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BlackRock, whose earnings figures are expected today, has faced scrutiny after shooting incidents since some of its index funds own shares in gunmakers.

Trump Assassination Attempt

Trump survived an assassination attempt on Saturday after a gunman opened fire at him at a rally in Pennsylvania ahead of the Presidential elections. The attack left him with a bloodied face as the former president said the bullet pierced his “upper part of right ear”.

Latest and Breaking News on NDTV

A bystander died in the attack while shielding his family and Crooks – a registered Republican – was shot dead by a Secret Service sniper.

Trump, whose Republican candidature will be finalised today, shared a message of unity after the attack and said Americans must not allow “evil to win”. “It was God alone who prevented the unthinkable from happening,” he said on social media.

Biden, too, appealed to the nation to “lower the political temperature” in a rare Oval Office address. “Politics must never be a literal battlefield, God forbid a killing field,” he said.

The US markets are expecting Trump trades to gain momentum after the attack. It has already been pinning hopes for the return of Republicans, especially after Biden’s poor performance in last month’s debate. Those trades are likely to take deeper hold as the attack sparks a wave of sympathy and support for Trump.


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