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Brains of adolescents with mental-health problems may be wired differently, study shows – News-Medical.net

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New research from University of Alberta neuroscientists shows that the brains of adolescents struggling with mental-health issues may be wired differently from those of their healthy peers.

This collaborative research, led by Anthony Singhal, professor and chair in the Department of Psychology, involved adolescents between the ages of 14 and 17 who had a history of mental-health problems, including depression, anxiety, and ADHD. This group of teens received magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans designed to examine the white matter of their brains and were compared to scans from a second set of adolescents in the same age range who did not have a history of mental-health issues.

The results of the study show clear differences in connective neural pathways, as a function of cognitive control, between the healthy adolescents and those struggling with mental-health issues.

We saw pathways that were less structurally efficient in the patients compared to the healthy controls. Moreover, those observations correlated with attentional control test scores. In other words, less neural efficiency in key pathways was associated with an overall reduced tendency to focus attention.”

Anthony Singhal, member of UAlberta’s Neuroscience and Mental Health Institute (NHMI)

The study is one of the first to show these results with adolescents, mapping onto previous studies conducted with adult participants.

“We can’t paint with broad strokes that we are talking about differences between people’s brains,” explained Singhal. “It’s just not that simple. But we do have to start somewhere, and this is a great jumping-off point.”

Journal reference:

Shafer, A.T., et al. (2019) Differences in attentional control and white matter microstructure in adolescents with attentional, affective, and behavioral disorders. Brain Imaging and Behavior. doi.org/10.1007/s11682-019-00211-7.

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Five big box stores fined for violating COVID-19 orders in one day | News – Daily Hive

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Multiple big box stores have been fined for failing to follow provincial COVID-19 orders.

Ontario’s Minister of Labour, Training, and Skills Development said on social media that inspectors had visited 110 retailers on January 16 as part of a weekend big box blitz.

As a result, five stores were fined for “failing to keep workers and customers safe,” Monte McNaughton tweeted.

McNaughton did not specify which retailers were fined.

On January 14, the Government of Ontario announced that approximately 50 ministry inspectors, as well as local bylaw and police officers, would be visiting big-box stores this weekend to ensure COVID-19 rules were being followed.

Inspectors were dispersed throughout Toronto, Hamilton, Peel, York, and Durham, which have been the province’s virus hotspots.

The government said the blitz would focus on ensuring workers and patrons were wearing masks, maintaining physical distance, and following health and safety measures.

Premier Doug Ford announced a second provincial State of Emergency on January 12. He has also issued a Stay at Home order, which went into effect January 14. Both measures will be in place for at least 28 days.

Under the Stay at Home order, people must only go out for essential trips, such as going to the grocery store or pharmacy, accessing healthcare services, exercising, or essential work.

To date, Ontario has seen 237,786 COVID-19 cases and 5,409 deaths.

Daily Hive has contacted McNaughton for more information and will update this story accordingly.

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Mental Illness in Canada

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Mental illnesses affect 6.7 million Canadians annually—but how prepared are we as a country to support those who are suffering?

The million-dollar question has been presented.

Regardless of mental illness now becoming a much more talked about thing than before. There are still many people that tend to misunderstand mental illnesses. About 6.7 million Canadians suffer from metal illnesses and therefore this is something that the government should actively become a part of overtaking.

Let’s get the numbers in a much more understandable term. 1 out of every 5 Canadians is suffering form a metal health disorder. This means that they are diagnosed with some sort of mental condition that would be treatable under common circumstances. Which means that this does not includes people who did not or cannot go to a problem doctor.

Out of those diagnosed with mental illness annually, depression and bipolar disorder, substance abuse disorder or addiction, eating disorders, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia and PTSD are among the most common.

In any given week, 500,000 Canadians aren’t able to work due to mental illness,”

says Hosseiny.

This is how serious this issue is and not to mention that by 2020 mental issues would be a leading cause of disability in most Canadian workplaces.

“an estimated $50 billion is lost annually through unemployment, absenteeism and presenteeism,”

This is clearly going to have not only a personal but an economical impact as well.

When it comes to mental illness, our public health system is still set up in a way that concentrates on treatment versus preventative measures.

“We’ve done a lot of great work to tackle the stigma and, as a result, people are coming out and having discussions [and seeking treatment],”

says Hosseiny.

“But the problem is that the system isn’t ready to respond to that.”

While many say Canada has universal health care, it’s really universal medical care as mental health and illness are still not treated in the same way as physical care.

The government would need to take proactive prevention measures that would allow them to limit

“We don’t wait until stage 4 to treat cancer, so why do we [wait so long] with mental illness?”

We have a great set of initiative by the recent government but then again due to a lack of funding on the projects and ideas things have seen a lag. Lagging on such matters can be dangerous as can leave people scared for life. They should be treated the same as people that are going through physical pain.

Though making sure services such as addiction counsel, psychologists and social workers are publicly funded would be a major leap in the right direction but there is still a lot of effort that is needed when it comes to educating people about these problems and actually take control of the matters and solving them for real.

Lack of funding for a developed economy seems like a joke. This needs to end and things need to take care of soon. With out proper mental health, people, children, workforce and every other aspect of life and economy could be severely and negatively be effected by this.

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Ontario inspectors find 36 stores violating COVID-19 rules during big-box safety blitz – CTV Toronto

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TORONTO —
Safety inspectors found more than 30 businesses violating COVID-19 safety rules during a big-box blitz across the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area, the Ministry of Labour, Training and Skills Development said Sunday. 

The ministry said that inspectors visited 110 stores on Saturday and found 31 stores in violation of provincial orders, which is equal to about 70 per cent compliance. 

The government said 11 formal warnings and 11 tickets were issued on Saturday as a result of the blitz. 

Five additional stores were found violating health orders on Sunday, Labour Minister Monte McNaughton said.  He added that on Saturday there were five box-box corporations slapped with fines.

The ministry did not name the stores they said were found violating the orders.

Individuals found violating the Occupational Health and Safety Act can be fined up to $100,000 and imprisoned for as long as a year, while corporations can be fined up to $1.5 million per charge.

More than 34,000 COVID-19-related workplace inspections have happened since the beginning of the pandemic.

McNaughton has said inspectors are focusing on compliance with masking and physical distancing rules, as well as other health guidelines. He said they have the authority to temporarily shut down facilities found to be breaching the rules, and to disperse groups of more than five people.

The government said big-box stores would remain a key target during the provincewide safety blitz. The ministry issued a document late last week saying inspections would also involve workplaces which reported COVID-19 outbreaks and businesses focused on manufacturing, warehousing, distribution centres and food processing.

Premier Doug Ford, who has faced criticism for allowing big-box stores to remain open for on-site shopping while smaller businesses are restricted to curbside pickup or online sales, vowed this week to crack down on big lineups and other infractions at large retailers.

The weekend blitz comes days after the province enacted an order requiring residents to stay at home for all but essential purposes, such as shopping for groceries or accessing health care.

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