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FDA approves first US Ebola vaccine: What you should know – SlashGear

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The United States Food and Drug Administration has approved of an Ebola vaccine for the first time in history. This announcement was made just weeks after a similar approval by the World Health Organization. The vaccine goes by the name of Ervebo, and it’s already been “assessed in approximately 15,000 individuals in Africa, Europe and North America.” This vaccine’s approval process, though rigorous, was done in relatively short order thanks to the efforts of the FDA and associated medical and scientific groups due to the urgent need for this vaccine as outbreaks continue to occur.

It works

Several major tests have been done with this Ebola vaccine called Ervebo over the course of the past several years. The largest individual test was conducted in Guinea during the 2014-2016 outbreak in individuals 18 years of age and older. During this test, Ervebo was administered to 3,537 contacts and contacts of contacts of individuals with laboratory-confirmed EVD.

In the Guinea test, two different sorts of vaccine, either an “immediate” vaccination with Ervebo or a 21-day “delayed” vaccination with Ervebo. EVD has an incubation period that ranges from 2 to 21 days.

Of 2,108 individuals in the “immediate” test, “Ervebo was determined to be 100% effective in preventing Ebola cases with symptom onset greater than 10 days after vaccination.” Just 10 cases of EVD out of 1,429 individuals in the “delayed” (21-day) test showed positive for EVD.

Per the release from the FDA this week, most commonly reported side effects of the vaccine included “pain, swelling and redness at the injection site, as well as headache, fever, joint and muscle aches and fatigue.”

Best to be prepared

There is no evidence and no reason to suspect that the FDA’s approval of an Ebola vaccine means any sort of significant risk of contracting Ebola exists in the USA at this time. “While the risk of Ebola virus disease in the U.S. remains low, the U.S. government remains deeply committed to fighting devastating Ebola outbreaks in Africa, including the current outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo,” said Anna Abram, FDA Deputy Commissioner for Policy, Legislation, and International Affairs. Fighting Ebola anywhere in the world is important, as Peter Marks, M.D., Ph.D., director of the FDA’s Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, says, Ebola “knows no borders.”

“The FDA’s approval of Ervebo is a major advance in helping to protect against the Zaire ebola virus as well as advancing U.S. government preparedness efforts,” said Marks. “The research approach used to study the effectiveness and safety of this vaccine was precedent-setting during a public health emergency and may help create a model for future studies under similar circumstances.”

You can learn more about the path this vaccine has taken in our earlier release from November 13, Ebola vaccine approved by WHO for first time ever.

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Canada signs deal with Pfizer for millions of pediatric COVID-19 vaccine doses- PM Trudeau

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Canada has signed a deal with  Pfizer Inc to receive 2.9 million doses of their pediatric COVID-19 vaccine shortly after it is approved for use by Health Canada, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said on Thursday.

“We will be receiving enough doses in Canada to ensure that all children in Canada, aged five to 11, can receive the vaccine,” said Trudeau. The vaccine is currently being reviewed by Health Canada.

 

(Reporting by Julie Gordon in Ottawa, Editing by Franklin Paul)

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Canada government, provinces agree COVID-19 vaccine travel passport – officials

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Canada’s federal government and the 10 provinces have agreed on a standard COVID-19 electronic vaccination passport allowing domestic and foreign travel, government officials told reporters on Thursday.

The deal prevents possible confusion that could be caused if each of the provinces – which have primary responsibility for health care – issued their own unique certificates. The officials spoke on the condition they not be identified.

The document will have a federal Canadian identifying mark and meets major international smart health card standards.

“Many (countries) have said they want to see a digital … verifiable proof of vaccination, which is what we’re delivering,” said one official.

In addition, federal officials are talking to nations that are popular with Canadian travelers to brief them about the document.

The Liberal government of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced earlier this month that from Oct 30, people wishing to travel domestically by plane, train or ship would have to show proof of full vaccination.

 

(Reporting by David Ljunggren; Editing by Alistair Bell)

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The Ottawa area's weekly COVID-19 vaccination checkup: Oct. 21 – CBC.ca

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Highlights:

  • Updates to Ontario and Quebec’s proof-of-vaccination systems.
  • More details on the reopening of the U.S. land border.
  • Another step toward approval of a vaccine for children age five to 11.
  • Ottawa hits some major vaccination milestones.

Every Thursday, CBC Ottawa brings you this roundup of COVID-19 vaccination developments throughout the region. You can find more information through links at the bottom of the page.

There have been more than 3.5 million doses administered in the wider Ottawa-Gatineau region, which has about 2.3 million residents.

That’s about 25,000 doses in the last week, slightly fewer than the previous weekly count.

Provincial picture

Ontario’s proof-of-vaccination QR codes can be used starting Friday. People can still give paper or PDF proof, but the QR codes and provincial app used to check them are meant to be more efficient.

Quebec has a new vaccination record specifically designed for use out of the province.

Proof of vaccination is now required for visitors to many health-care facilities in Quebec. While its unvaccinated health-care workers aren’t yet suspended without pay, they are losing their pandemic bonuses.

Most members of Parliament — and anyone else entering the House of Commons — will have to be fully vaccinated when Parliament returns on Nov. 22.

Ninety per cent of eligible Quebec residents have had at least one dose and 86 per cent are fully vaccinated.

Eighty-eight per cent of Ontario residents age 12 and up have at least one vaccine dose, while about 83 per cent are fully vaccinated.

Quebec is allowing bars and restaurants to reach full capacity under its vaccine passport and halving the two-metre distance rule as of Nov. 1.

One week later, the United States land border with Canada reopens to non-essential travel for the fully vaccinated, including those with mixed doses.

WATCH | The upcoming U.S. border rules: 

Travellers with mixed vaccine doses to be accepted in U.S.

5 days ago

CBC News explains the United States’ new stance on travellers with mixed vaccine doses. The country will now accept Canadians with mixed vaccines, including AstraZeneca, when the new rules begin on Nov. 8. 3:15

After submitting its trial data, Pfizer has officially asked Health Canada to approve its vaccine for children age five to 11.

Ontario’s health minister says the province will be ready to go when the first such vaccine is available.

WATCH | What expanded eligibility may look like: 

COVID-19 vaccines for kids could face hurdles after approval

Health Canada is reviewing data for the first COVID-19 vaccine for younger children, but even if it’s approved, the hurdles could include vaccine supply, distribution and getting some parents on board. 3:38

Ottawa

The capital still has regular and pop-up clinics for anyone eligible to get a first, second or third dose, has neighbourhood vaccine hubs, and is bringing mobile vaccine clinics to those who request it.

There are pop-ups Friday afternoon at the Banff-Ledbury Pavilion and Saturday at Communauté Catholique Congolaise Bondeko d’Ottawa-Gatineau in Vanier.

More than 1.6 million doses have now been given to Ottawa residents.

Of the city’s total population of just over one million, 78 per cent of residents have had at least one dose, including 90 per cent of residents born in 2009 or earlier.

Seventy-five per cent of the total population is fully vaccinated, as are 86 per cent of eligible residents.

This combined bar and line graph shows vaccination numbers for Ottawa residents born in 2009 or earlier. Every age demographic is above 85 per cent fully vaccinated except for two: 18 to 29 and 30 to 39. Both moved slightly closer to that mark in the last week. (Ottawa Public Health)

An infectious disease specialist said this high level of vaccination will begin to reflect in a declining number of new cases — even among people who don’t have the vaccine.

Western Quebec

CISSSO continues to list recurring, mobile and pop-up clinics online.

The Outaouais has distributed more than 596,000 doses — combined first, second and third — among a population of about 386,000.

All in a Day8:57How to talk about COVID-19 breakthrough cases

Cardiologist and epidemiologist Dr. Christopher Labos talks to us about how to talk about COVID-19 breakthrough cases and possible side effects from taking the COVID-19 vaccines in a way that doesn’t contribute to vaccine hesitancy. 8:57

Kingston, Frontenac and Lennox & Addington

It’s managing smaller clinics and mobile clinics to better reach areas with lower vaccination rates, with options shared regularly online and on its social feeds.

A mobile clinic is coming to the Addington Highlands Community Centre in Denbigh Thursday afternoon.

The region, with a population of about 213,000, has had more than 328,000 vaccine doses — combined first, second and third — given to residents.

The health unit has now given a first dose to about 89 per cent of its population 12 and older, and about 85 per cent of eligible people have been fully vaccinated.

WATCH | What it means when a health unit is around 90% vaccinated: 

Ottawa reaches 90 per cent of residents with first dose, offering hope for herd immunity

2 days ago

Dr. Gerald Evans, an infectious disease specialist at Queen’s University, said Ottawa’s high rate of vaccination means case numbers should decline, even among those who aren’t vaccinated. 1:01

Eastern Ontario Health Unit

About 324,000 vaccine doses have been administered among a population of about 209,000. About 90 per cent of residents 12 and older are partially vaccinated, and about 86 per cent are fully vaccinated.

Details for its regular and pop-up vaccine clinics are regularly shared on its website and social media. There are clinics Thursday at Cornwall’s Benson Centre and Friday at Rockland’s Jean-Marc Lalonde Arena.

Leeds, Grenville and Lanark.

The health unit has given nearly 296,000 doses to residents, seeing 97 per cent of its eligible population with at least one dose and about 94 per cent of those residents have at least two doses.

The unit is posting walk-up vaccine locations on Twitter and online. Upcoming options include Prescott’s Leo Boivin Arena Thursday and the Christian Reformed Church in Athens Friday.

It’s making sure people saw the updated guidance they don’t have to space out flu and COVID-19 shots.

WATCH | Hospital workers in Ottawa area mostly vaccinated against COVID-19

Majority of Ottawa-area hospital staff fully vaccinated as deadline arrives

6 days ago

Dr. Alan Drummond, an emergency room physician at the Perth and Smiths Falls District Hospital, says health care providers have an obligation to get vaccinated in order to keep patients safe — and those unwilling to do so should find other careers. 0:55 

Hastings Prince Edward 

There are regular clinics in Bancroft, Belleville and Picton. It lists community clinics on its website.

About 256,000 doses have been administered to this area’s residents. Another 5,200 or so doses have been given at CFB Trenton.

Eighty-nine per cent of the local population 12 and older has now had a first dose. Eighty-two per cent are fully vaccinated.

When ready, the Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte say their clinic for kids age five to 11 will operate out of the Mohawk Community Centre.

Renfrew County

The health unit regularly shares pop-up and walk-in clinic information online. There are clinics in Arnprior and Deep River Thursday.

With a population of about 109,000, Renfrew County has distributed about 154,000 doses as of its last update Oct. 12.

About 87 per cent of its eligible population, including military at Garrison Petawawa, have at least a first dose and about 83 per cent are fully vaccinated.

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