TORONTO – Interdisciplinary artist Michael Snow, known in Canada and internationally for his abstract painting, public sculptures and the experimental 1967 film “Wavelength,” has died.
The Toronto-born artist died Thursday, said Tamsen Greene, senior director of New York’s Jack Shainman Gallery, which represented Snow. He was 94.
The National Gallery of Canada said in a statement that Snow was a “formidable ambassador” for the art world whose work challenged and changed perceptions.
Some of his most recognizable projects were public artworks, including the Toronto Eaton Centre’s geese installation “Flight Stop,” created in 1979, and the Rogers Centre’s “The Audience,” a sculpture of excited fans that was revealed as part of the SkyDome’s opening in 1989.
Snow experimented with various media throughout his artistic career, including film, paintings, sculptures, photography and music. Still, for many cinephiles, he may be known best for influencing the name of Wavelengths, the experimental film program at the Toronto International Film Festival.
TIFF chief executive Cameron Bailey called Snow’s work transformative in the visual arts.
“Quietly, he demolished boundaries,” Bailey said in a statement focused on his contributions to film.
“His staggering attentiveness to the specifics of time and space led to masterpieces such as ‘La Region Centrale’ and ‘So Is This,’ the film that opened my eyes to new possibilities in experimental cinema.”
Bailey added that “Wavelength,” noted for its 45-minute camera zoom, “remains his most potent gift.”
An interview with Snow as part of the “TIFF Uncut” podcast series in 2017 outlined his teenage interest in art and how a few chance encounters offered him incredible opportunities.
Snow said he began playing music in high school and not long after made his way to Europe, where through a period of the 1950s he spent time “trying to find myself, looking at art and hitchhiking around.” He also spent those years sketching, a practice he embraced more fully upon his return to Toronto, where he enrolled in the Ontario College of Art, now known as OCAD University.
An exhibition of his work at the University of Toronto’s Hart House led him to meet George Dunning, a Canadian film producer and director who would go on to make the Beatles’ 1968 animated film “Yellow Submarine.”
Dunning was years away from that psychedelic project, but he was taken by Snow’s early work, telling him that “whoever had done those drawings was someone who must be interested in the movies.”
Turns out, Snow wasn’t. He says he “very rarely went” to the cinema, but he was intrigued by the notion of applying his knowledge to animation and accepted a job offer from Dunning to learn how to animate.
“My introduction to film came that way. I didn’t have any particular interest in it and it came from being introduced to the mechanics of it, what it is frame by frame,” Snow said on the TIFF podcast.
Snow moved to New York during the 1960s and was exposed to Manhattan’s experimental film world.
He would return north to present at the 1967 Montreal Expo a series of silhouette sculptures inspired by his Walking Woman figure, an ongoing series of projects he created throughout the 1960s.
The same year, he screened “Wavelength,” a 45-minute short film which takes place entirely inside a loft apartment as the camera slowly zooms in on a window frame, interrupted four times by events that play out on screen.
Early on, two women listen to John Lennon’s “Strawberry Fields Forever,” and shortly after they leave the shot, a man staggers into frame and falls on the ground, seemingly the victim of a murder. The zoom continues until he’s out of the camera’s view, eventually finishing with a woman who enters the loft and calmly phones a man to report that she’s found a body.
“Wavelength” won the grand prize at the Knokke Experimental Film Festival that year, exposing Snow to new audiences and encouraging him to further explore making experimental films.
Snow wouldn’t ignore his other artistic passions in the years that followed.
In 1970, he was featured in a solo exhibition at the Venice Biennale and in 1974, he was a part of the Canadian Creative Music Collective, an improvisation group that founded Toronto’s Music Gallery.
He continued making experimental short films too, while exhibiting some of his other works around the world, including at the Art Gallery of Ontario.
Christopher Cutts, owner of the Christopher Cutts Gallery in Toronto, said in Snow’s later life, his influence in art and film was paramount.
“Now was he making new work? Not as much, but he was a busy guy flying all over the world,” he said. “I remember sending his works to Barcelona and the Guggenheim Museum.”
Cutts has exhibited Snow’s work at his gallery, namely his “Power of Two” installation in 2005.
He said despite Snow’s small stature, he remembers that he took up all the oxygen in the room based on his presence.
“He was special,” he said. “We lost one of our icons, for sure.”
Snow was awarded the Order of Canada in 1981 and upgraded to a Companion of the Order of Canada in 2007.
In 2000, organizers at TIFF commissioned him alongside David Cronenberg and Atom Egoyan to participate in “Preludes,” a series of short films marking the 25th anniversary of the festival.
This report by The Canadian Press was first published Jan. 6, 2023.
Architects Embrace AI Art Generator Midjourney – Bloomberg
7 Leading Curators Predict the Defining Art Trends of 2023 – Artsy
Jan 30, 2023 11:57PM
In 2022, we witnessed a rise in neo-surrealist art, NFTs, and textile-based art practices. These were trends that were bubbling to the surface by the end of 2021, but weren’t fully realized until the spring of the following year. Now, many other styles are emerging as key genres that may have their moment this year.
Artsy spoke to seven leading curators who lent their expertise and shared their insights on which styles and themes may newly emerge or continue to garner attention in 2023. Many anticipate that the sociopolitical climate will continue to inform artists’ practices, with some predicting a rise in more provocative art that critiques religion and systemic oppression.
Other curators are looking to Latin American new media practices, and are excited by how artists like Castiel Vitorino Brasileiro and Xandra Ibarra use video and installation to create immersive environments that challenge the separation between the screen and the body. Meanwhile, others are intrigued by the possibilities and questions that AI will continue to raise in relation to authorship in the art world.
All the curators expressed an overall interest in artists who push the limits of their given medium, and continue to expand upon their practices in innovative ways. Overall, there is excitement and hopeful promise that 2023 will bring about a year of artistic risks.
Independent Curator; Co-Founder, Artnoir
Portrait of Larry Ossei-Mensah by Aaron Ramsey. Courtesy of Larry Ossei-Mensah.
Larry Ossei-Mensah predicts that abstraction by artists of color will become even more prominent in 2023. The genre, Ossei-Mensah believes, is essential to shifting the public’s belief that artists of color should only make representational work that is immediately legible. As an example, he pointed to the divisive reaction towards Hank Willis Thomas’s recently unveiled public sculpture The Embrace (2022). Ossei-Mensah also expects that abstract masters like Mo Booker, Raymond Saunders, Howardena Pindell, Emma Amos, Atta Kwami, and Barbara Chase Riboud will receive overdue recognition in 2023 as more institutions reexamine their bodies of work in relation to the younger generation they’ve inspired.
Ossei-Mensah anticipates that criticism by writers of color, specifically those who engage with abstract art’s relationship to cultural practice, will be particularly impactful on the art world. He cited the work of Hilton Als, Robin Givhan, Folsade Ologundudu, and Doreen St. Felix as ones to watch. Additionally, he listed the 2023 solo exhibitions of artists Chase Hall, Guadalupe Maravilla, Ming Smith, Tomashi Jackson, Frank Stewart, Amoako Boafo, Kennedy Yanko, and Anoushka Mirchandani as indicative of what’s to come this year.
Hans Ulrich Obrist
Artistic Director, Serpentine Galleries
Portrait of Hans Ulrich Obrist by Andrew Quinn. © Andrew Quinn.
Hans Ulrich Obrist is looking towards the work of Black, Indigenous, and Latinx artists who are rethinking notions of ownership, land, and the body in relation to futurity. He is particularly excited by immersive and interactive new media art, like video games. As he explained, “Video games are to the 21st century what movies were to the 20th century, and novels to the 19th century. Today, it’s much easier for artists to develop their gaming environments.”
Obrist referenced the work of Gabriel Massan at the Serpentine Galleries as a key example of an artist who is “uncovering new meanings on video games and phenomenology…that invites players to activate a fantastical and disorienting world populated with Massan’s digital sculptures, bespoke animation, films, camerawork, and sound developed by his collaborators,” he said. Obrist situates Massan within an incredible generation of artists from Brazil, including Jota Mombaça and Ventura Profana, who use technology to reexamine futurity and a sense of place while in dialogue with decolonial thought and practice.
Adrián Villa Rojas, Yinka Shonibare, and Otobong Nkanga, as Obrist noted, are similarly starting transnational dialogues that imagine a new future for us all. “As artist Ian Cheng often told me, at the heart of his art is a desire to understand what a world is,” Obrist said. “Now more than ever, the dream is to be able to possess the agency to create new worlds.”
Curator, New Museum
Portrait of Vivian Crockett by Ciara Elle Bryant. Courtesy of the New Museum.
Vivian Crockett is fascinated by what will emerge in the fields of new media art, film, and photography, particularly by artists of color from Latin America. In 2022, more opportunities arose for critical reflection on Latin American art and artists, as evident at the Whitney Biennial “Quiet as It’s Kept,” and the Focus and Platform sections of The Armory Show. This will likely continue through 2024 as Adriano Pedrosa mounts the 60th edition of the Venice Biennale’s international exhibition, becoming the first Latin American curator in its 122-year history.
When approaching Latin American art, Crockett emphasized that an understanding of the continent’s political landscapes is crucial. “There is an increased acknowledgement of white supremacist logic affecting Latin American countries, both historically and in the present moment, resulting in more explicit conversations around race, class, and Indigenous struggles for autonomy,” she said.
In terms of the media art that is attracting her interest, Crockett is looking forward to the transnational conversations that the Sharjah Biennial and São Paulo Bienal will provoke. Stateside, she is excited by the major video and media exhibitions taking place at MoMA and the Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth later this year, as well as Isaac Julien’s survey at Tate Britain and Ja’Tovia Gary’s solo show at Paula Cooper Gallery.
Curator, Bronx Museum
Portrait of Eileen Jung. Courtesy of the Bronx Museum.
Eileen Jung predicts that land art, Indigeneity, and immersive art practices will take center stage in 2023. In particular, she pointed to artists who use conceptual art to navigate history and memory, including Firelei Báez, Chloë Bass, Maria Berrio, Andrea Chung, Joana Choumali, Sean Desiree, Abigail DeVille, Anaïs Duplan, Scherezade García, Guadalupe Maravilla, Daniel Lie, and Jodie Lyn-Kee-Chow. Jung added, “Each of these artists have unique perspectives and contributions, and through their work, they’ve introduced a level of newness and depth to the overall artistic zeitgeist.”
Jung further elaborated that artists who provide counternarratives to the dominant historical record, and push the boundaries of their medium across abstract and figurative painting as well as sculpture, will continue to set the trends. She specifically noted the practices of Derek Fordjour, Tomashi Jackson, Sara Jimenez, Anina Major, Natalia Nakazawa, Angel Otero, Kevin Quiles Bonilla, Amina Ross, Tariku Shiferaw, Jean Shin, and Saya Woolfalk. Jung added that the critical scholarship of Lisa Lowe, Anna L. Tsing, and Saidiya Hartman will continue to inform artistic pulses.
She remains excited for new rediscoveries in 2023, like how ceramics has been in recent years. “Another area that is often overlooked are those artists who are self-taught, often labeled as ‘outsider artists’ (e.g., those whose work does not reflect an overt influence from the mainstream art world), and are bringing a new energy to the field,” Jung wrote to Artsy.
Curator, Montclair State Galleries
Montclair, New Jersey
Portrait of Jesse Firestone by Jenna Bascom Photography, LLC’s Associate Photographer Nelson. Courtesy of Montclair State Galleries.
Jesse Firestone is on the lookout for more genre-breaking art in 2023. In particular, they point to outsider art practices—like using humor or making provocative works with unconventional material and subject matter—as big trends for the year. “I think performance artists who embrace failure while taking their work seriously, but aren’t self-serious, will receive a lot more attention,” they said. “There is a lot to learn from this type of work and I think people are hungry to see how we can work with imperfection, messiness, and unpredictability. 2023 is a year of embracing risk.”
Firestone’s attention to risk comes out of crypto art’s tumultuous year in 2022. The incredibly rapid rise and subsequent fall of NFTs have demonstrated that, while artists will continue to innovate art with new technology, some trends might crash as fast and they rose. Firestone believes that artists will continue to learn from the market and reflect upon the failures of these experiences in their work. Because of the NFT crash, Firestone sees physical media art, or art that embraces the body, as major for 2023. This is work they actively support as a curator: “Ultimately I like being able to provide artists with the space to stretch, take risks, and succeed in those efforts,” Firestone said.
Rachel Vera Steinberg
Curator, Smack Mellon
Portrait of Rachel Vera Steinberg by Inna Svyatsky. Courtesy of Smack Mellon.
Rachel Vera Steinberg is excited for a greater number of artists to further deepen the mystery of art production across sculpture and computer-generated art. She is inspired by artists who push the boundaries of the medium they are working in, as well as the space in which they exhibit. She cited the work of Emily Clayton, Tomi Faison, and Charisse Pearlina Weston as key examples. Steinberg also anticipates more conceptually driven work in relation to text- and discourse-based art, like K Allado-McDowell’s recent book Amor Cringe (2022), which was co-written with AI software.
Additionally, Steinberg predicts that last year’s challenges around systemic injustice will usher in artists addressing class and social equity in the art world. “One of the most impactful trends from this past year was the proliferation of AI image generators,” she said. “It’s hard to forecast this as a direction, but it has the potential to further call into question images as receptacles of meaning.”
Separately, Steinberg believes that more artworks inspired by religion will reach the fore in 2023. “I feel like we are entering a moment of reconsidering religion, inclusive of, but also beyond, its relationship to spirituality,” she explained. “I see this formally in visual symbols and materiality: For example, in the way an artist like Tammy Nguyen incorporates metal leaf to reference illuminated manuscripts, but also in other modes of production that are trending, such as a heightened interest in metal work.”
Director, Chisenhale Gallery
Portrait of Zoé Whitley by James Gifford-Mead. Courtesy of Zoé Whitley.
Zoé Whitley is looking to painters who are embracing unconventional materials or pushing the limits of their painting practice to render something vibrantly different and new. “The artists who currently inspire me defy genre expectations,” she said.
Furthermore, Whitley is looking forward to artists collaborating more with nonprofit organizations. She hopes that these partnerships, and their accompanying resources, will support ambitious art practices and culminate into long-running exhibitions that a greater number of viewers will be able to see and experience.
These later points are greatly influenced by Tricia Hersey’s manifesto Rest is Resistance (2022) and Avery Gordon’s Ghostly Matters: Haunting and the Sociological Imagination (1997), which both argue for a process of slowing down with media materials to allow for their presence to be felt, haunting the audience.
Ayanna Dozier is Artsy’s Staff Writer.
Tom Sachs Reveals New McDonald's Public Art – HYPEBEAST
Over the weekend, contemporary visionary Tom Sachs took to Instagram to reveal a new public art piece.
Sachs is taking street art to the next level, showcasing the process of his “Enamel on Trailer” piece that he painted on the side of a red trailer in the middle of Connecticut. The post features a series of images of Sachs painting his own rendition of the McDonald’s golden arches and branding. The piece includes signage on the bottom right corner of the trailer and appears to be dated in 2022. A closer look sees that Sachs finds perfection in imperfection as paint leaves streaks from the dripping.
The caption of the Instagram also showcases the dimension as well as the location of the piece — Max Power Motors in New Milford, Connecticut, and is “on display 24/7.” The post also shows a Google Map zoom in on where Max Power Motors is located in the world, giving fans who might be interested or passing by, a chance to view the work.
Take a look below.
In other art news, here is an official look at Jahan Loh’s Doraemon Sofubi toys.
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