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Getting to know Canada’s immigration categories – Canada Immigration News



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A recent announcement that as of July, Canada will resume Express Entry invitations to all candidates is welcome news for those who had their immigration plans put on hold by the COVID-19 pandemic.

However, Express Entry is just one way to immigrate to Canada and with an overwhelming number of pathways, it can be difficult to know where to start. Understanding Canada’s immigration categories is a good first step.

Economic Class

The economic class is the largest source of immigration to Canada. Those who are eligible for any of the more than 100 pathways are seen as able to contribute the most to Canada’s economy and have an easier time integrating into the Canadian job market.

Discover if You Are Eligible for Canadian Immigration

Express Entry

The main federal economic class immigration pathway is called Express Entry. Through Express Entry, there are three programs:

  • The Federal Skilled Worker Program is designed for any applicant who meets specific language, education, and work experience. Work experience is categorized using the National Occupational Classification system. This system is used to determine if a candidate is eligible for an economic class immigration program. Each occupation has a code and is assigned a skill level.
  • The Federal Skilled Trades Program is an option for those with at least two years of experience in a skilled trade in the five years before applying, as well as required language skills in either English or French.
  • The Canadian Experience Class is available to those who have already worked for at least one year in Canada and who meet language skills criteria.

Through each pathway, eligible applicants upload their profile to the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) website and are given a score using the Comprehensive Ranking System. This score, based on criteria such as education, language skills and work experience, is used to rank candidates. The higher the score, the more likely you are to receive an Invitation To Apply for permanent residence.

IRCC invites the highest-ranking candidates every two weeks.

Provincial Nomination Program

Newcomers seeking permanent residency can opt to apply to the Provincial Nomination Program (PNP). Each Canadian province and territory (with the exceptions of Quebec and Nunavut) has a PNP, which allows them to nominate immigration candidates for permanent residence.

There are two types of PNP. Enhanced PNPs invite Express Entry candidates to apply for a provincial nomination. If an Express Entry candidate successfully applies for a provincial nomination, they are eligible for an additional 600 CRS points.

Provinces that participate in the PNP also have base streams that operate outside of the Express Entry system. Through these immigration programs, it is possible to apply directly to a provincial government, although the application may take longer to process.

Getting a provincial nomination is not the same as becoming a permanent resident. In Canada, only the federal government can issue permanent residency status. However, a provincial nomination can greatly support a Canadian immigration application.


The province of Quebec does things a little differently. Quebec has a special agreement with the federal government that allows it to choose immigrants. Quebec is the only province in Canada with French as the official language, and as such, many of its immigration programs require applicants to have French language skills.

Quebec has unique immigration programs. For example, skilled workers can apply to the Quebec Skills Workers Program, which is similar to the Federal Skilled Worker Program. It is also possible to take advantage of pilot programs that encourage immigration by those with experience in the food industry, orderlies and those who are experienced in artificial intelligence and tech.

Family class

After economic class immigration, family class sponsorship is the second-most common path for immigration to Canada. Canada welcomes over 100,000 newcomers a year through family sponsorship. Two main pathways make this possible: the Spouses, Partners and Children’s Program and the Parents and Grandparents Program.

Spouses and partners

Canadian citizens and permanent residents can sponsor a spouse, common-law partner and any dependent children. They must be able to prove that they can financially support their partner and any dependent children for a certain length of time known as an undertaking, in this case three years, regardless of any change to a financial situation in the future. Applicants need to show proof of a relationship such as a marriage certificate, photos or proof of shared expenses. It is important to note that Canada welcomes those in same-sex relationships and all sponsorship requirements are identical for same-sex partners and spouses.

Parents and grandparents

Parents and Grandparents can be sponsored by any Canadian citizen or permanent resident. To sponsor a parent or grandparent, you must meet a minimum income requirement and be prepared to support your relatives for an undertaking of 20 years. The minimum income requirement can be met by factoring in the income of a spouse or common-law partner.

Sponsor your family for Canadian immigration

Refugees and humanitarian class

Canada has long been seen as a haven for refugees and asylum seekers. Refugees are seeking escape from persecution, war or disasters in their home country.

There are three main categories to enter Canada as a refugee or as a humanitarian class immigrant.

Resettled refugees

Government-assisted refugees are referred to IRCC through the United Nations High Commission for Refugees. These referrals are designed to bring them to Canada where they will be supported by the government for one year.

Privately Sponsored Refugees are brought to Canada through the sponsorship of non-government groups. Sponsors are often faith groups, NGOs or groups of five or more people who work together to resettle refugees within their community, for any reason. Private sponsors must support refugees for at least one year.

Blended-visa office referred refugees are a mix of the first two categories. Upon arrival to Canada, they are supported by the Canadian government for six months and are supported by private sponsors for the other six months.

Asylum claimants in Canada

Those seeking asylum can submit a claim for refugee status after arriving in Canada. If their claim is approved by the Refugee Protection Division of the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, they will receive permanent residence.

Humanitarian and compassionate Claimants

Humanitarian and compassionate grounds can be used to apply for permanent residence in cases where the applicant would not normally be eligible.

When an application is submitted, IRCC will evaluate how settled the applicant is as well as family ties, any dependents and what awaits them if they are to return to their home country. This pathway is used less frequently and is designed for exceptional cases.


When it comes to deciding how to immigrate to Canada, knowing which category to apply to is a great place to start.

Whether you are a skilled worker, looking to sponsor family or seeking refugee status, understanding the basics will save time, stress and money on the journey to Canada.

Discover if You Are Eligible for Canadian Immigration

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CP NewsAlert: Wildfire roars into Jasper, Alta., townsite; multiple structures ablaze



EDMONTON – Parks officials say a wildfire is now inside the Jasper, Alta., townsite. Crews are battling multiple structure fires and are trying to protect key infrastructure.

More coming.

The Canadian Press. All rights reserved.

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Wildfire reaches outskirts of Jasper, Alta., as first responders ordered to leave



EDMONTON – Parks officials say one of two wildfires bearing down on the Jasper, Alta., townsite has reached the southern outskirts of the community.

All first responders have been ordered out of Jasper National Park for their safety and to give fire crews more room to operate.

Two fires whipped by strong winds are bearing down on the town, from the north and the south.

Katie Ellsworth, with Parks Canada, said the southern one reached the outskirts of the townsite just before 6 p.m.

A last-ditch effort to reroute the fire to natural barriers like Highway 16 and the Athabasca River failed.

About 5,000 live in Jasper, and they, along with about 20,000 visitors, had to flee at a moment’s notice Monday night when the fires flared up.

This report by The Canadian Press was first published July 24, 2024.

The Canadian Press. All rights reserved.

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Severe Thunderstorms Cause Significant Damage and Power Outages in Ontario



A series of severe thunderstorms swept across the region on the afternoon of Wednesday, July 24, leaving a trail of damage and widespread power outages. The day began with Environment Canada issuing a Severe Thunderstorm Watch, which escalated to a Severe Thunderstorm Warning by the afternoon. Additionally, a Tornado Warning was issued, and there were numerous reports of a tornado forming in the sky, although no official confirmation of a touchdown has been made yet.

Damage and Disruptions

L’Orignal and Surrounding Areas:

  • The severe weather caused extensive damage to trees and properties in and around L’Orignal.
  • Highway 17 experienced a closure for several hours between Cassburn Road and Blue Corner Road due to storm-related debris and hazards.


  • The heavy rainfall led to at least one storm sewer overflow, resulting in flooding in a parking lot and along Hamilton Street near the Main Street intersection.

Power Outages

Hydro One:

  • Over 2,800 customers were reported without electricity, predominantly affecting areas within Champlain Township, Alfred and Plantagenet, The Nation Municipality, and North Glengarry.


  • Nine localized outages were reported, impacting an unspecified number of customers in Grenville-sur-la-Rouge, Brownsburg-Chatham, Harrington, Wentworth, and Gore.

Meteorological Impact

Severe Weather Alerts:

  • The day began with a Severe Thunderstorm Watch, which escalated to a Severe Thunderstorm Warning as conditions worsened.
  • A Tornado Warning was also issued, raising significant concern among residents and prompting safety measures.

Sightings and Warnings:

  • Residents reported sightings of a tornado forming in the sky, but there has yet to be any official confirmation of it touching down.

Response and Recovery

Road and Infrastructure:

  • Efforts are underway to clear debris and repair damage caused by the severe weather, particularly along major routes like Highway 17.
  • Local authorities and emergency services are working to manage the aftermath and restore normalcy.


  • Hydro One and Hydro-Québec crews are actively working to restore power to affected areas, prioritizing regions with the highest impact.

Community Impact

The severe thunderstorms have had a profound impact on the communities within the affected regions. The storm’s intensity and the resulting damage have underscored the importance of preparedness and swift response in the face of extreme weather events. Local authorities are urging residents to stay informed about weather updates and to take necessary precautions during such events.

Safety Measures:

  • Environment Canada continues to monitor the situation and provide updates.
  • Residents are advised to remain indoors during severe weather and avoid flooded areas.

The recent storms serve as a reminder of the power of nature and the necessity of community resilience and preparedness. As recovery efforts continue, the focus remains on ensuring the safety and well-being of all affected residents.

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