Connect with us

News

How can I move to Canada from the U.S.?

Published

 on

 

Canada and US Flags flying next to eachother

Canada and US Flags flying next to eachother

As a resident of the U.S. looking to immigrate to Canada, you have several options at your disposal.

The option you pursue will depend on your individual circumstances and goals.

Achieving your Canadian immigration goal will require U.S. residents to meet specific criteria aligned with the program they apply for.

Economic Class: Express Entry

Express Entry is the Canadian government’s primary method for bringing foreign skilled workers to this country but it is not a Canadian immigration program itself. Express Entry is simply the name given to the online system used to cumulatively manage skilled worker applications from three different programs — the Canadian Experience Class (CEC), the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), and the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP).

The Express Entry system works by granting an Invitation to Apply (ITA) — a requirement to apply for permanent residence in Canada through Express Entry — to the top-scoring candidates in the pool.

Express Entry’s process for handing out ITAs relies on the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), which scores and ranks candidates in all three above programs (the CEC, FSWP, and FSTP) based on a variety of factors. Based on a cut-off score that changes prior to every bi-weekly Express Entry draw, ITAs will be sent out to a number of the highest-scoring Express Entry candidates that can then submit an application for Canadian permanent residence.

Get a Free Express Entry Assessment

Economic Class: Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP)

Canada has Provincial Nominee Programs in 11 of the country’s 13 combined provinces and territories, excluding Quebec and Nunavut, which allow each province to “hand-pick” immigration hopefuls that they believe will help them address labour market needs particular to the region.

There are two types of PNPs: “enhanced” programs, which are aligned with Express Entry; and “base” programs which operate independently from the Express Entry system.

Enhanced programs pull from the Express Entry pool of candidates. A provincial nomination through one of these PNPs will add 600 points added to a candidate’s CRS score for Express Entry. This will essentially guarantee that any PNP recipient will receive an ITA in a subsequent Express Entry draw.

Meanwhile, base PNPs can be an option for people ineligible for Express Entry. To immigrate through a base PNP, you apply to the province, and if you are eligible, get a nomination. With your certificate in hand, you can then apply for permanent residence in Canada through the federal government.

Work: the Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA)

As of July 2020, the agreement formerly known as NAFTA was replaced by the Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA). Through CUSMA, residents of the U.S. have a simpler path to working in Canada because the employer that they work for in this country will be permitted to skip the lengthy and sometimes expensive process involved with filling out a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA).

An LMIA assesses the expected impact of introducing a foreign national to Canada’s labour market. So long as an employer can demonstrate that hiring a foreign worker will have either a positive or neutral impact on Canada’s labour market, this process should go smoothly.

CUSMA work permits break down into the following four categories.

CUSMA Professionals: People who qualify as CUSMA Professionals must be equipped to work in Canada in one of approximately 60 targeted occupations. CUSMA Professionals are required to have “pre-arranged employment in Canada, or a service contract with a Canadian company, in an occupation that corresponds to their professional qualifications.” They may also be required to provide education credentials and proof of work experience depending on their targeted occupation.

CUSMA Intra-Company Transfers (ICTs): Under this category, CUSMA ICTs who are being temporarily transferred to work for the Canadian branch, subsidiary or affiliate of their US or Mexican employer must be presently employed at the Mexican or American company in question; have continuously worked a minimum of one year (out of the last three) in a comparable position to the one they will be occupying in Canada and have the nature of their work be deemed “managerial, executive, or involving specialized knowledge”.

CUSMA Traders: To be eligible for a work permit under this category, CUSMA Traders must prove that they are entering Canada with the intention of carrying out “substantial trade” between Canada and their home country (either the United States or Mexico).

Note: Substantial trade takes place when “more than 50% of the trade [occurs] between Canada and one of the other countries”, as calculated based on either the volume or value of the goods/services being exchanged by the Trader’s employer.

CUSMA Investors: A CUSMA Investor is someone who has made a sizeable investment in a new or existing business within Canada and is attempting to enter the country to develop and direct that business rather than partake in hands-on work. This would require a determination that the individual has a controlling stake in the company and can demonstrate that they will be directing, controlling, and guiding employees. Essential staff members of the CUSMA Investor may also be granted work permits under this category.

Work: Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) and the International Mobility Program (IMP)

U.S. residents are eligible to receive a work permit under either the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) or the International Mobility Program (IMP), but work permits given through the TFWP require an LMIA and IMP work permits do not. The other difference between the TFWP and the IMP is their goals, as the TFWP is intended to fill labour market gaps while the IMP is designed to generally broaden Canada’s economic, social, and cultural interests.

The TFWP and the IMP are just two examples of options that U.S. residents have to explore coming to Canada temporarily. Several other immigration programs exist to help people living in the U.S. come to Canada with permanent residency.

Schedule a Free Work Permit Consultation with the Cohen Immigration Law Firm

Family Sponsorship

Canada provides its permanent residents and citizens with the ability to sponsor their spouses, common-law partners, children, parents, and grandparents — assuming they are medically and criminally admissible. Specific circumstances would allow Canadians to sponsor other relatives (siblings, aunts, uncles) as well.

Spouses and common-law partners living in the U.S. can be brought to Canada by their partners if they meet eligibility criteria that include being 18 years of age or older and being in an ongoing, genuine relationship with a Canadian who can financially support you and any children you may have. During the spousal/common-law partner sponsorship decision process, the U.S. resident in the relationship may also be able to obtain a Spousal Open Work Permit (SOWP).

Sponsor your family for Canadian immigration

Study: Study Permits and Post-Graduation Work Permits (PGWP)

Those living in the U.S. and wanting to study in Canada must obtain a study permit, which can be done after receiving a letter of acceptance from a Canadian Designated Learning Institution (DLI).

Immigrating to Canada through certain programs will require U.S. residents to complete an educational program from a Canadian DLI, which in many cases will also qualify interested individuals for a Post-Graduate Work Permit (PGWP). A PGWP would allow the recipient of the permit to work in Canada for up to three years.

This combination of work and study experience in Canada will open many immigration pathways to current residents of the U.S., but several immigration options remain available for those who have completed their education and simply want to come to Canada for work — especially if the individual is a U.S. citizen.

Discover your options to study in Canada

Proof of Citizenship

As a resident of the U.S., Americans who are born to a first-generation Canadian citizen may explore the opportunity to acquire Canadian citizenship for themselves.

Whether the American’s Canadian parent is alive or deceased, a Proof of Citizenship from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) can grant citizenship in Canada to a U.S. resident if they are able to demonstrate that their biological or legal parent was in fact a Canadian citizen when they were born. Evidence used as proof in this situation can include such things as the Canadian parent’s birth certificate, Canadian citizenship card, or citizenship certificate.

Get a Free Legal Consultation on Applying for Proof of Canadian Citizenship

Source link

Continue Reading

News

Jade Eagleson, MacKenzie Porter, the Reklaws among leading CCMA nominees

Published

 on

Jade Eagleson and MacKenzie Porter are the leading nominees at this year’s Canadian Country Music Association Awards.

The singer-songwriters each received six CCMA nods, including for entertainer of the year and album of the year.

Eagleson is also nominated for male artist of the year and songwriter of the year, while Porter will be vying for female artist of the year and video of the year trophies.

Porter is also co-hosting the CCMAs with U.S. country music star Thomas Rhett in Edmonton on Sept. 14, with the bash set to air on CTV.

Sibling duo the Reklaws and last year’s leading nominee Josh Ross are each nominated in five categories, including entertainer of the year.

Rounding out the list of top nominees are Owen Riegling, Dallas Smith and the High Valley band, with four nods each.

This report by The Canadian Press was first published July 18, 2024.

The Canadian Press. All rights reserved.



Source link

Continue Reading

News

Bissell Recalls 3.3 Million Steam Cleaners Due to Burn Hazard

Published

 on

NEW YORK — Bissell is recalling approximately 3.3 million “Steam Shot Handheld Steam Cleaners” across North America due to a burn hazard. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission and Health Canada issued notices on Thursday detailing the risk, which has led to over 150 reported injuries.

The recall affects select models of the Bissell-branded steam cleaners, which can spew hot water or steam while in use or heating up. This malfunction poses a burn risk to users. Bissell has received 183 reports of hot water or steam expelling from the devices, including 157 minor burn injuries. Of these, 145 injuries occurred in the U.S. and 12 in Canada as of June 4, according to Health Canada.

Consumers are advised to immediately stop using the recalled steam cleaners. They should contact Bissell for either a refund or store credit. Impacted customers can choose between $60 (CA$82) in store credit or a $40 (CA$55) refund for each affected unit. Detailed instructions for identifying the recalled models, cutting the product cord, and uploading photos are available on Bissell’s website.

Bissell emphasized that “safety is our top priority,” and the company opted for a voluntary recall “out of an abundance of caution.”

The affected steam cleaners, manufactured in China, were sold at major retailers such as Target and Walmart, as well as online platforms including Bissell’s website and Amazon, from August 2008 through May 2024. About 3.2 million units were purchased in the U.S. and nearly 355,000 in Canada.

For more information on the recall and to register for a refund or store credit, consumers can visit Bissell’s website.

Continue Reading

News

Court Ruling on CRA Audit Condones Government Overreach, Says Leading Muslim Charity

Published

 on

The Muslim Association of Canada (MAC) has expressed strong disapproval of a recent Ontario Court of Appeal decision, claiming it allows the federal government to violate Charter rights with impunity. The court’s decision upheld a ruling that permits the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) to continue its audit of MAC, a process the charity alleges is tainted by systemic bias and Islamophobia.

MAC, an organization that promotes community service, education, and youth empowerment, serves over 150,000 Canadians through its mosques, schools, and community centers. The association argues that the CRA’s audit infringes on their Charter rights, specifically the guarantees of equality, freedom of religion, expression, and association.

The association initially sought to halt the audit through the Ontario Superior Court, arguing that the audit process was fundamentally biased. However, Superior Court Justice Markus Koehnen rejected their request last year, stating it was premature to intervene in the ongoing federal review. Koehnen acknowledged the validity of many of MAC’s arguments but emphasized that court involvement was inappropriate while the audit process was still active.

The Ontario Court of Appeal recently upheld Justice Koehnen’s decision, agreeing that the challenge was premature. The panel of judges found no error in the previous ruling, emphasizing the necessity of allowing the CRA’s internal processes to conclude before judicial intervention.

MAC’s representative, Sharaf Sharafeldin, criticized the decision, stating that the “prematurity principle” imposes significant legal and administrative burdens on charities. These costs, according to Sharafeldin, lead to financial hardship, reduced programs, and compromised charitable work, preventing effective challenges to Charter violations by the time the audit is completed.

In a statement, MAC highlighted that the decision disproportionately harms visible minorities and disadvantaged communities, who already suffer from systemic discrimination by government agencies.

The federal government has argued that the CRA’s selection of MAC for audit and subsequent review did not infringe upon Charter rights. The audit process includes potential internal appeals within the CRA, appeals to the Tax Court of Canada in the event of financial penalties, and to the Federal Court of Appeal if charitable status is revoked.

This ruling underscores the tension between government oversight and the protection of Charter rights, particularly for minority and disadvantaged communities. The outcome of this case could set a significant precedent for how charitable organizations can challenge perceived systemic bias and government overreach in Canada.

Continue Reading

Trending