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Iran’s foreign minister tests positive for COVID-19

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Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amirabdollahian has tested positive for COVID-19, the foreign ministry’s spokesman said.

“His general condition is good and he continues working from quarantine,” Saeed Khatibzadeh told state media late on Monday, adding that the minister’s agenda of visits had changed.

Earlier on Monday, the foreign ministry reported that Amirabdollahian was going to India by the end of November to attend a meeting at the Indo-Iranian Joint Economic Commission.

No further indication were made by Khatibzadeh on whether the foreign minister would be able to go to New Delhi this month.

The foreign minister of Iran does not take a direct part in negotiations over the resumption of a 2015 nuclear deal, which should resume by the end of this month.

 

(Reporting by Dubai Newsroom; Editing by Kim Coghill)

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Young adults with prior self-harm and eating disorders report mental health issues during the pandemic – News-Medical.Net

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Young adults with previous self-harm or eating disorders reported higher levels of depression and anxiety during the pandemic, even when restrictions had eased, according to new research.

The study, led by the University of Bristol and funded by Elizabeth Blackwell Institute, Medical Research Council and Medical Research Foundation, has been published in the Journal of Eating Disorders. It looked at questionnaire information for 2,657 individuals from world-renowned health study Children of the 90s (also known as the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children) before and during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Researchers analyzed the relationship between previous reports of eating disorder symptoms and self-harm before the pandemic, and mental health problems (symptoms of depression and anxiety) and mental wellbeing during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study also assessed whether lifestyle changes, such as more sleep, relaxation techniques, or visiting green space, could be linked to mental health and wellbeing in young adults with and without previous eating disorder symptoms or self-harm.

Researchers studied questionnaire data from 2017, when the participants were then aged 25 years, as well as data taken during the pandemic in 2020.

At age 25, 32% of the 2,657 young adults reported at least one eating disorder symptom, 9% reported self-harm, and 5.5% reported both an eating disorder symptom and self-harm in the last year.

During the pandemic, those with previously reported eating disorder symptoms and/or self-harm had more symptoms of depression and anxiety, and worse mental wellbeing, compared to individuals without previous symptoms. This remained the case after adjusting for their pre-pandemic levels of depression, anxiety and mental wellbeing.

Lifestyle changes appeared to have little effect on the increased risk for mental health problems in those with prior eating disorder symptoms or self-harm.

Eating disorders and self-harm are common and troubling mental health problems among young adults. In the UK, approximately 1.25 million people are living with an eating disorder and almost 1 in 15 adults report self-harm.

Our research has highlighted individuals with prior self-harm and eating disorder symptoms are key risk groups and further longitudinal research is needed to understand their ongoing mental health as well as risk and protective factors.

Individuals with previous eating disorder symptoms and self-harm should be considered vulnerable to depression and anxiety throughout the pandemic and beyond. Funding for rapid and responsive service provision is essential to reduce the impact of the pandemic on those with mental health problems.”

Dr Naomi Warne, Lead Author, Senior Research Associate, Centre for Academic Mental Health, University of Bristol

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5 Common Cosmetic Dental Procedures

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Nothing makes a first good impression quite like a healthy and friendly smile. Radiating confidence and warmth, a smile can speak volumes about a person without them saying a word.

Unfortunately, not everyone is naturally blessed with a perfectly proportioned and straight set of pearly whites. From overbites to crookedness, discoloration to gaps, there can be a whole host of reasons why you might want to tend to your teeth.

To help you find the right treatment for you this article will highlight some of the most common cosmetic dental procedures that are available.

Braces

Orthodontics have come a long way since the days of unsightly metal braces which can add to one feeling self-conscious about their smile.

With a range of discrete alternatives on the market which are cleverly disguised to blend with your teeth, braces need no longer hold the stigma they once used to, nor be exclusively for children only.

Treatments such as ceramic braces, Six Month Smiles or Invisalign clear aligners offer you the option to straighten your teeth whilst wearing less noticeable or invisible braces.

Dental Veneers

Veneers are made from ceramic or porcelain and fit onto the front of the teeth to create a new surface. The finished result is a homogeneous looking smile.

The whole process usually takes a few weeks from consulting to fitting and  involves filing down the tooth enamel to prevent the veneers sticking out too much and to allow them to bond to the tooth effectively.

This procedure is ideal for people who have chipped or broken teeth, discoloration that can’t be resolved by bleaching, or small teeth and if well looked after, veneers can last around a decade.

Bleaching

A common treatment that can now be done at home, tooth bleaching or whitening,is a relatively quick and inexpensive way to achieve a glowing smile.It is ideal for people who already have healthy, aligned teeth that do not require much correction or for people who do not want to invest too much on a dental procedure.

Most dentists, such as Eastport Dental in NE Calgary, offer teeth whitening procedures and it is best to consult with them before trying an over-the-counter bleach yourself.

Dental Contouring

Dental contouring, also known as odontoplasty or enameloplasty, deals with the reshaping of the tooth’s enamel.

The procedure involves the removal of small amounts of enamel to improve misshapen, overly long or chipped teeth to create a more uniform appearance. To undergo this procedure your teeth must be healthy and strong and the enamel must be thick enough to withstand removal.  Although rare, the risk is that too much enamel is removed leaving the tooth prone to decay or breakage.

Bonding

Dental bonding is a cosmetic procedure that addresses cracked, broken or stained teeth by applying a soft resin which is hardened with a special light, bonding it to the tooth.

Bonding is one of the least expensive and simplest cosmetic dental procedures and can also be used to close gaps as well increase the length of teeth.

Although bonding can last several years, the resin material used in this procedure is not as strong as a healthy tooth and can break or chip from biting or chewing on hard food.

With these five cosmetic dental procedures on the market a celebrity smile need no longer be exclusively for the rich and famous.

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Why are Canadians going vegan?

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You may have noticed that veganism has been in the news a lot lately. Whether it is due to new vegan companies going public, new vegan meat substitutes being invented, or scientists discussing the impact of meat consumption on the climate, veganism has been popping up in the headlines on a fairly regular basis.

It should not surprise you to learn that veganism is on the rise in Canada as more and more people transition away from omnivorous or vegetarian diets to entirely plant-based diets and meals. According to a report from 2020, roughly 850,000 vegans were residing in Canada, along with 2.3 million Canadians who self-identified as vegetarian. Another report from 2021, which the Angus Reid Institute conducted, found that 22% of Canadians who regularly consume meat and meat-based products would like to reduce their meat consumption.

Veganism is on the rise in Canada – and around the world. However, if you do not know any vegans or have not researched the diet, you may not fully understand why hundreds of thousands of Canadians choose to go plant based. Keep reading to learn about this diet and why so many Canadians are reaching for the tofu.

 

Why go vegan?

Every vegan has their reasons for choosing a vegan diet, but it is a combination of health, ethics, and climate change for most people. A diet heavy in plants and plant-based products (such as tofu and olive oil) is one of the healthiest diets around. Some nutritionists suggest that vegan diets are healthier than the Mediterranean diet.

For ethical vegans, the choice to go vegan is motivated primarily by concerns for animal welfare. Many people transition to vegetarianism, and after a few years, they learn about the cruelty of the egg and dairy industry. Even if you choose free-range eggs and organic milk, at the end of the day, an animal is being exploited just so that you can enjoy your coffee and croissant. This concern motivates vegetarians and non-vegans to make the plant-based transition.

Finally, meat consumption and the consumption of eggs and dairy has an incredibly detrimental impact on the climate. Meat consumption is higher than ever. The process of raising, breeding, slaughtering, and processing billions of animals is incredibly resource intensive. These large land animals eat much more of the grain and soy than a person could eat, and they do not produce an equivalent amount of meat or dairy.

 

Incorporating self-care into your daily life

Many people have turned to veganism to feel physically better, meet specific weight goals, or reduce their carbon footprint. Veganism is often tied to wellness and self-care because it is viewed as a product of Los Angeles white women such as Amanda Chantal Bacon. However, this is a reductive and unfortunate stereotype as it pushes away many would-be vegans and dissuades them from giving it a try.

Taking care of your body and providing it with a nutritious, well-rounded diet is important, no matter who you are. Eating a healthy, well-rounded diet is heavy in fruits, vegetables, simple proteins, and healthy fats is one way to practice self-care and take care of your body.

Another way to incorporate self-care into your daily schedule is to set aside time for yourself. Whether that means working out, reading a book, listening to music, or playing a few games at online casinos, it is important to have time set aside to do what you enjoy and find interesting.

It might surprise readers to learn that online casinos have steadily grown in popularity and are now set to eclipse their physical counterparts – brick-and-mortar casinos and betting shops. As the industry grows and develops, it is likely that those physical buildings and shopfronts could be converted into other community spaces.

  

How to make the transition

Many vegans will transition without first understanding how to cook balanced vegan meals and care for their nutritional needs. Suppose that you are considering moving to veganism. In that case, it is important first to do your research and take the time to understand the supplements that you may need to stay healthy after cutting out or reducing animal products.

On top of supplements and vitamins, you will also need to understand the types of macronutrients that are important to consumers daily. Many new vegetarians and vegans are actually ‘carbatarians’ when they start.  They are left eating veggie burgers and chips because they do not understand how to create balanced and healthy meals.

The good news is that there are now hundreds, if not thousands, of vegan bloggers out there who are creating delicious, nutritionally dense meals that are easy to make. If you are seriously considering making the change, you should first research and practice your cooking skills. It may take a little time to get used to seasoning tofu, making seitan, or finding handy swaps for eggs, but many online resources and books are available to inspire your new diet.

 

The future of veganism in Canada

It is no longer the case that being vegan means that you will be eating tasteless black bean burger patties and potatoes for the rest of your life. More than ever, there are now thousands of vegan meat, dairy, and egg alternatives that can be easily used and incorporated into meals.

As more and more vegan and plant-based companies go public and become incredibly successful and popular, more people will likely give the diet a try and also just become more familiar with plant-based products. It is almost as if an entirely new segment of the market has opened up for business, and many companies are jumping at the chance to fill this gap. It is now very easy to make that change, learn a new skill, and embrace new eating habits as a vegan in Canada.

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