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Jupiter's newest Flyby offered the most amazing views. – haveeruonline

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Jupiter's newest Flyby offered the most amazing views.

Jupiter.

The largest planet in the solar system-twice as much as all other planets combined. This enormous world was formed from the same clouds of dust and gas that became our sun and the rest of the planet.

But Jupiter Was the eldest son Of our planetary family. The massive gravitational field of the first planet, Jupiter, most likely formed the rest of the entire solar system.

Jupiter may or may not have played a role in the position where all planets orbit around the sun. This is because the asteroid belt is a vast area that can be occupied by other planets. Jupiter’s gravity.

Gas giants such as Jupiter also throw entire planets out of the solar system or head towards stars.

Millions of years later, the formation of Saturn probably helped Jupiter escape this fate.

Jupiter can also act as a “comet catcher”. Otherwise, comets and asteroids that could fall into the inner solar system and attack a rocky world like Earth would instead be captured by Jupiter’s gravitational field and ultimately Jump into the clouds of Jupiter.

But at different times in Earth’s history, Jupiter May have had the opposite effect, Throwing an asteroid in our direction-it’s generally a bad thing, but water-rich rocks that lead to the blue planet we know today may have entered Earth.

Jupiter is a window into our solar system’s past. The past, literally shrouded under Jupiter’s clouds, is the reason why Juno, the spacecraft currently orbiting Jupiter, was so named. Mythical Jupiter’s wife Juno was able to peek into the cloud cloak that Jupiter uses to conceal himself and his injustice.

But in this case we are looking at our own history through the clouds of Jupiter. Juno entered Jupiter’s orbit on July 5, 2016 after traveling for almost five years to reach the gas giant.

Falling into Jupiter’s gravitational well, Juno reached a speed of 210,000 km/h. This is one of the fastest speed records ever set by any human-made object.

Juno is on a very eccentric 53-day orbit. During the Perijove or nearest orbital approach, Juno scans Jupiter at an altitude of 4,200 km, then sweeps 8.1 million km outward. Juno’s orbit is designed to navigate the weak areas of Jupiter’s incredibly powerful magnetic field.

Second power over the sun itself, Jupiter’s magnetic field accelerates high-energy particles emanating from the Sun, creating a powerful band of radiation surrounding the planet.

In addition to agile navigation, Juno’s electronics are enhanced against radiation through a “radiation vault”, a 1 cm thick titanium shell that houses sensitive scientific equipment.

One of the devices that dazzle us all on Earth is JunoCam. RGB color cameras visually image Jupiter’s clouds as the probe buzzes each orbit in 2 hours, consuming as little Jupiter’s radiation time as possible.

Most recently, Juno completed Perijove 29, some photos published by “Software Engineer, Planetary and Climate Data Wrangler, Scientific Data Visualization Artist”. Kevin Gil.

Kevin is absolutely amazing Flickr page He publishes images processed by Juno as well as other missions like Saturn’s. Cassini And HiRISE Camera orbit Mars Mars reconnaissance orbit.

OK. Last reason I came here: See Juno’s Perijove 29, handled by Kevin Gill (click on each image to see its full size).

Jupiter in Juno PJ29-c. (NASA/JPL/Kevin Gil)

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50353627451 a9fa985b6eJupiter in Juno PJ29-c. (NASA/JPL/Kevin Gil)

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50353886952 bf2d3931bcJupiter in Juno PJ29-c. (NASA/JPL/Kevin Gil)

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50354101847 08071ae129Jupiter in Juno PJ29-c. (NASA/JPL/Kevin Gil)

50354243256 a7e10b77c1

50354243256 a7e10b77c1Jupiter in Juno PJ29-c. (NASA/JPL/Kevin Gil)

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50357320841 d7b91c2e95Jupiter in Juno PJ29-c. (NASA/JPL/Kevin Gil)

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50360879938 78cd2d56deJupiter in Juno PJ29-c. (NASA/JPL/Kevin Gil)

You can also follow Kevin’s work on Twitter (Huh) And Instagram (Bong Bong).

JunoCam isn’t really part of Juno’s main science mission. However, the camera serves the main function. Let Juno travel with us.

I think it’s really great. Sometimes astrophotography is more thought of as art than science.

But as an astrophotographer, I believe that this image inspires future scientists, raises a general awareness of ongoing scientific missions and public support for science funding. Speaking of which, what has our science discovered about the largest and greatest worlds?

One of Jupiter’s greatest mysteries is in its heart. Juno helped solve the ongoing debate about how Jupiter formed in the planetary science community.

There were two possibilitiesThe first is that Jupiter began as a rocky world, a nucleus that is about 10 times the mass of the Earth. The gravitational force of this nucleus attracted the surrounding hydrogen and helium until the formation of Jupiter as we know it. Its original rocky world was buried under a swirling vortex.

The second possibility is that the vortex of the rotating circular planetary disk of our early solar system collapsed on its own and Jupiter formed directly without a rocky core. Both theories account for different conditions when the solar system begins. Juno is not a solid core, but “ambiguous” or “Dilution“main point.

Jupiter appears to have been formed from a rock body, but its core is spread throughout Jupiter’s interior rather than being located at the center of the planet.

The dilution of the nucleus appears to be the result of a massive planet-sized impact on Jupiter that broke the initial nucleus and spread it over half the diameter of Jupiter.

Imagine being there for an event like that. Jupiter is swallowing up planets in our solar system that we never knew. The history of our place in space has been revealed.

We also learned that Jupiter’s winds dive deep beneath the outer clouds, the Great Red Spot is hundreds of kilometers deep, and from Jupiter’s North Pole and Antarctica we have seen huge cyclones capable of swallowing the country.

Cyclone size comparison JPL Caltech NASA

Cyclone size comparison JPL Caltech NASAJupiter Antarctic Cyclone in infrared with size comparison with US and Texas. (JPL / NASA / Caltech)

Jupiter is currently the brightest object in the night sky after sunset. If the sky is clear and you can see, look south!

Remember that the bright spot is a huge world hundreds of times the size of the Earth and millions of kilometers away, but potentially one of the key elements of your existence. Jove is amazing.

This article was originally published by the publisher Universe today. read Original article.

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NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy, Russian counterparts return safely to Earth from space station – Fox News

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A trio of space travelers safely returned to Earth on Thursday after a six-month mission on the International Space Station.

The Soyuz MS-16 capsule carrying NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy, and Roscosmos’ Anatoly Ivanishin and Ivan Vagner landed on the steppes of Kazakhstan southeast of the town of Dzhezkazgan at 7:54 a.m. (2:54 GMT) Thursday.

After a brief medical checkup, the three will be taken by helicopters to Dzhezkazgan from where they will depart home.

NASA RELEASES NEVER-BEFORE-SEEN PICTURES OF BENNU, AN ASTEROID THAT MAY HOLD THE BUILDING BLOCKS OF LIFE

Cassidy will board a NASA plane back to Houston, while Vagner and Ivanishin will fly home to Star City, Russia.

In this photo released by Rosaviatsiya, NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy sits in a chair shortly after the landing near town of Dzhezkazgan, Kazakhstan, Thursday, Oct. 22, 2020.
(Rosaviatsiya via AP)

The crew smiled as they talked to masked members of the recovery team, and NASA and Roscosmos reported that they were in good condition.

In this photo released by Roscosmos Space Agency, NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy sits in a chair shortly after landing near town of Dzhezkazgan, Kazakhstan, Thursday, Oct. 22, 2020.

In this photo released by Roscosmos Space Agency, NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy sits in a chair shortly after landing near town of Dzhezkazgan, Kazakhstan, Thursday, Oct. 22, 2020.
(Roscosmos Space Agency, via AP)

As part of additional precautions due to the coronavirus, the rescue team members meeting the crew were tested for the virus and the number of people involved in the recovery effort was limited.

Cassidy, Ivanishin and Vagner spent 196 days in orbit, having arrived at the station on April 9. They left behind NASA’s Kate Rubins and Roscosmos’ Sergey Ryzhikov and Sergey Kud-Sverchkov, who arrived at the orbiting outpost a week ago for a six-month stay.

In this photo released by Roscosmos Space Agency, Roscosmos' cosmonauts Anatoly Ivanishin, left, and Ivan Vagner sit in fchairs shortly after the landing near town of Dzhezkazgan, Kazakhstan, Thursday, Oct. 22, 2020.

In this photo released by Roscosmos Space Agency, Roscosmos’ cosmonauts Anatoly Ivanishin, left, and Ivan Vagner sit in fchairs shortly after the landing near town of Dzhezkazgan, Kazakhstan, Thursday, Oct. 22, 2020.
(Roscosmos Space Agency via AP)

Cassidy, returning from his third space mission, has now spent a total of 378 days in space, the fifth highest among U.S. astronauts.

NASA’S OSIRIS-REX SPACECRAFT MAKES HISTORIC TOUCHDOWN ON ASTEROID BENNU

While serving as the station’s commander, Cassidy welcomed SpaceX Demo-2 crew Robert Behnken and Douglas Hurley, the first NASA astronauts to launch to the space station on an American spacecraft from American soil since the retirement of the space shuttle fleet in 2011.

In this photo released by Rosaviatsiya, Roscosmos' cosmonaut Anatoly Ivanishin sits in a chair shortly after the landing near town of Dzhezkazgan, Kazakhstan, Thursday, Oct. 22, 2020.

In this photo released by Rosaviatsiya, Roscosmos’ cosmonaut Anatoly Ivanishin sits in a chair shortly after the landing near town of Dzhezkazgan, Kazakhstan, Thursday, Oct. 22, 2020.
(Rosaviatsiya via AP)

Cassidy and Behnken completed four spacewalks for a total of 23 hours and 37 minutes, becoming two of only four U.S. astronauts to complete 10 spacewalks.

In this photo released by Rosaviatsiya, Russian rescue team helicopters land near a Russian Soyuz MS-16 capsule, left, landed near town of Dzhezkazgan, Kazakhstan, Thursday, Oct. 22, 2020. Rosaviatsiya via AP

In this photo released by Rosaviatsiya, Russian rescue team helicopters land near a Russian Soyuz MS-16 capsule, left, landed near town of Dzhezkazgan, Kazakhstan, Thursday, Oct. 22, 2020. Rosaviatsiya via AP
(Rosaviatsiya via AP)

Before the crew’s departure, Russian cosmonauts were able to temporarily seal the air leak they tried to locate for several months. The small leak has posed no immediate danger to the station’s crew, and Roscosmos engineers have been working on a permanent seal.

The Soyuz MS-16 capsule carrying NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy, and Roscosmos' Anatoly Ivanishin and Ivan Vagner landed on the steppes of Kazakhstan, southeast of the town of Dzhezkazgan, on Thursday.

The Soyuz MS-16 capsule carrying NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy, and Roscosmos’ Anatoly Ivanishin and Ivan Vagner landed on the steppes of Kazakhstan, southeast of the town of Dzhezkazgan, on Thursday.
(Roscosmos Space Agency via AP)

In November, Rubins, Ryzhikov and Kud-Sverchkov are expected to greet NASA’s SpaceX first operational Crew Dragon mission comprising NASA astronauts Mike Hopkins, Victor Glover and Shannon Walker, and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency astronaut Soichi Noguchi.

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NASA Astronaut Kate Rubins Votes From Space – TMZ

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NASA successfully tags asteroid Bennu: What you need to know about the mission – CNET

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Artist’s conception of NASA’s Osiris-Rex spacecraft and the asteroid Bennu.


NASA/Goddard/University of Arizona

Editors’ note: Osiris-Rex has touched down on Bennu. Our coverage of the event is here. Our answers to questions about the mission are below.

NASA’s Osiris-Rex spacecraft briefly touched down on a large asteroid Tuesday to snag some rocks and dust from its surface to be returned to Earth for study. On Wednesday, NASA revealed the first batch of images. The event marks a major first for NASA and a boon for science, space exploration and our understanding of the solar system. 

The touch-and-go, or TAG, sample collection of asteroid 101955 Bennu was deemed a success at around 3:12 p.m. PT. NASA broadcast the TAG maneuver live on NASA TV and the agency’s website. You can find a video at the end of this piece. For answer to your mission questions, read on. 

When did the mission begin?

Osiris-Rex as a concept has been in existence since at least 2004, when a team of astronomers first proposed the idea to NASA. After more than a decade of development, the spacecraft launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on Sept. 8, 2016, atop an Atlas V rocket from United Launch Alliance, a joint venture of Lockheed Martin and Boeing. The spacecraft spent the next 26 months cruising to Bennu, officially arriving on Dec. 3, 2018.

Since then, the mission team has spent nearly two years orbiting the diamond-shaped space rock, surveying and mapping its surface to select the best sampling spot. In recent months, rehearsals led up to the sample collection attempt. 


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NASA successfully lands Osiris-Rex spacecraft on an asteroid…

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Why Bennu?

Bennu is what’s called a “rubble pile” asteroid, meaning it was formed in the deep cosmic past when gravity slowly forced together remnants of an ancient collision. The result is a body shaped something like a spinning top with a diameter of around one-third of a mile (500 meters) and a surface strewn with large rocks and boulders. 

Bennu is thought to be a window into the solar system’s past: a pristine, carbon-rich body carrying the building blocks of planets and of life. Some of these resources, such as water and metals, could also be worth mining at some point in the future for use on Earth or in space exploration. 

The asteroid has one other characteristic that makes it particularly interesting to scientists, and humans in general. It has a chance of impacting Earth in the distant future. On NASA’s list of impact risks, Bennu is ranked No. 2. Current data shows dozens of potential impacts in the final quarter of the 22nd century, although all only have a minute chance of actually happening. 

How does TAG work?

For anyone who’s ever dabbled with robots or maybe even entered a robotics competition, the Osiris-Rex mission would seem to be the ultimate culmination of a young roboticist’s dreams. The touch-and-go sampling procedure is a complex, high-stakes task that’s been building to a key climactic moment for years. If it succeeds, it will play a role in history and our future in space. 

The basic plan was for Osiris-Rex to touch down on Bennu at a rocky landing site dubbed Nightingale. The van-size spacecraft would need to negotiate building-size boulders around the landing area to touch down on a relatively clear space that’s only as large as a few parking spaces. However, a robotic sampling arm was the only part of Osiris-Rex to actually set down on the surface. One of three pressurized nitrogen canisters was fired to stir up a sample of dust and small rocks that could then be caught in the arm’s collector head for safe keeping and return to Earth. 

The descent to the surface of Bennu took roughly four hours, about the time it takes the asteroid to make one full revolution. After this slow approach, the actual TAG sample collection procedure remarkably lasted only a few seconds. 

Preparing for TAG did not go exactly as planned. Mission organizers initially hoped the surface of Bennu would have plenty of potential landing spots covered primarily with fine materials comparable to sand or gravel. It turns out the surface of Bennu is extremely rugged with no real welcoming landing spots. 

After spending much of the last two years reevaluating the mission, the team decided to try “threading the needle” through the boulder-filled landscape at Nightingale.

It’s all paid off, so far. Osiris-Rex was able to touch down, but we won’t know for sure if it collected a sample until later in October. Fortunately, if the tag was unsuccessful, the spacecraft can try again. It’s equipped with three nitrogen canisters to fire and disrupt the surface, which means the team gets up to three tries at nabbing a sample. 

Then what?

Immediately after collecting its sample, Osiris-Rex fired its thrusters to back away from Bennu. The spacecraft will continue to hang around above Bennu for the rest of 2020 before finally performing a departure maneuver next year and beginning a two-year journey back to Earth. 

On Sept. 24, 2023, Osiris-Rex is scheduled to jettison its sample return capsule, which will land in the Utah desert and be recovered for study. 

Hasn’t this been done before?

Yes. Japan’s Hayabusa spacecraft successfully returned tiny grains of the asteroid 25143 Itokawa to Earth in 2010. Its successor, Hayabusa-2, fired a special copper bullet at the large asteroid Ryugu in 2019 and then retrieved some of the shrapnel. That sample is on its way back to Earth.  

How can I watch? 

The CNET Highlights channel covered the event live. You can rewatch the stream below:

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