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Where provinces and territories stand on travel restrictions as Omicron concerns rise –



The federal government is advising Canadians to avoid non-essential travel outside Canada as the Omicron variant spreads rapidly worldwide. Incoming travellers are subject to testing and self-isolation requirements based on their vaccination status.

But when it comes to travel within Canada, the rules vary. Individual provinces and territories may have their own set of restrictions and quarantine rules that people must follow in addition to federal guidelines.

For people travelling by plane or train between jurisdictions, a federal policy currently requires everyone 12 and up to show proof of vaccination to board domestic or international flights departing from most airports in Canada, as well as VIA Rail and Rocky Mountaineer trains.

Here’s a look at some of the other rules travellers may face depending on the province or territory they are entering.

(There may be additional or separate rules for travellers coming from outside of Canada or children under the age of 12; check each jurisdiction’s website for details.)

Newfoundland and Labrador

Nearly everyone 12 and up entering Newfoundland and Labrador must submit this travel form within 30 days of their expected travel date, with limited exemptions.

If a traveller is fully vaccinated:

  • Starting Dec. 21, incoming travellers must self-isolate for five days upon arrival and take a rapid COVID-19 test every day for five days, after which point they can leave isolation if all results are negative. 

  • Rotational workers can follow modified self-isolation for those five days but must also book a PCR test between Days 0-3. Anyone who has visited a post-secondary institution outside the province in the past 14 days must also take a PCR test within their first days of arrival.

If a traveller is not fully vaccinated:

  • Travellers must self-isolate until they receive the negative results from a PCR test taken on Day 7 or later, or self-isolate for 14 days if they choose not to be tested. 

  • They must avoid vulnerable people and are barred from visiting long-term care facilities, sporting events and large crowded settings in the first 14 days after they arrive.

On Dec. 17, the province banned any travel around the province for sporting events, recreation and arts events, though teams can continue to play within their own region.

WATCH | Canada tightens testing rules for international travellers:

All travellers will once again need a molecular COVID-19 test before arriving in Canada

2 days ago

Duration 45:48

Friday, December 17 – Canada is increasing testing requirements for international travellers and dropping its travel ban on flights from 10 African countries as the government tries to quash the spread of the highly transmissible Omicron variant. Starting Tuesday, all travellers will once again need to get a COVID-19 molecular test before returning to Canada. We’ll talk to someone from the travel and hospitality industry about what the changes mean. 45:48

Prince Edward Island

All travellers aged eight and up will be tested at the points of entry, regardless of immunization status and how long they were outside of the province.

Fully vaccinated:

  • Travellers can apply for the PEI Pass, which can be used multiple times and allows entry into the province without the need to self-isolate.

Not fully vaccinated:

  • With some exceptions, travellers to P.E.I. who are not fully vaccinated must self-isolate for eight days and obtain another negative test result on Day 8 to leave self-isolation.

  • They must complete a self-isolation declaration.

P.E.I. announced new travel-related measures on Dec. 2, including a ban on children under 12 travelling to participate in interprovincial sporting tournaments or art and cultural events.

Nova Scotia

Nearly everyone ages 12 and up must complete this safe check-in form before entering Nova Scotia from another province or territory. This includes people who are fully vaccinated.

Those who don’t need to complete the form (full list of exemptions here) include travellers who are following the COVID-19 Protocol for Atlantic Canada Travel. This guidance applies to people who travel between Nova Scotia and another Atlantic province regularly or for certain reasons.

Fully vaccinated:

Not fully vaccinated:

  • Travellers may need to self-isolate for seven days, at which point they can leave self-isolation 1) if they receive two negative test results or 2) without getting tested if they have official documentation showing they recently recovered from COVID-19. 

  • Certain travellers who are not fully vaccinated, such as some essential workers, are exempt from the self-isolation requirement but may need to follow a separate protocol.

On Dec. 1, Nova Scotia announced new rules for children 11 and under that prohibit travelling into or out of the province to participate in arts or sports games, competitions and tournaments.

Passengers arrive at Montreal’s Central Station on Oct. 6, 2021. A federal policy requires everyone 12 and up to show proof of vaccination to board VIA Rail and Rocky Mountaineer trains in Canada. (Ryan Remiorz/The Canadian Press)

New Brunswick

All travellers ages 12 and up must pre-register online here and provide proof of vaccination (or proof of medical exemption), with some exceptions.

Fully vaccinated:

Not fully vaccinated:

  • Travellers must self-isolate for 14 days or until they obtain a negative test result on Day 10 or later. They will be required to register for each trip into the province.

  • Travellers who have proof of a medical exemption don’t need to self-isolate and can apply for a multi-use pass.


Travellers arriving from another province or territory don’t need to self-isolate, but the province says non-essential travel should be avoided.

Travel to the territories of Nunavik and the Cree Territory of James Bay is restricted to essential reasons (humanitarian, for work or to obtain health care). Those entering the regions are subject to conditions including a 14-day quarantine.


Travellers arriving from another province or territory don’t need to self-isolate unless they have COVID-19 symptoms.

In Thunder Bay, officials are asking residents to avoid all non-essential travel outside the region regardless of vaccination status.

WATCH | Advice for travellers in the era of Omicron:

‘Rules are changing all the time:’ Advice for travellers in the era of omicron

13 days ago

Duration 0:52

Richard Smart, president and CEO of the Travel Industry Council of Ontario, says working with a professional travel advisor may help travellers navigate the ecosystem of shifting rules and restrictions. 0:52


Fully vaccinated:

  • Travellers are not required to self-isolate. However, they are strongly advised to get a COVID-19 test on Day 1 of arrival, and again on Day 10.

Not fully vaccinated:

  • With some exceptions, travellers must self-isolate for 14 days, regardless of test results or whether they are showing symptoms.

Manitoba also has a public health order in place restricting travel to northern Manitoba and remote communities.


Saskatchewan’s website does not list any province-specific travel restrictions, but notes travellers returning from an out-of-province trip do not have to self-isolate.

However, passengers who travelled on flights with confirmed cases of COVID-19 are asked to self‑monitor for symptoms for 14 days after their arrival.


As with other provinces and territories, travellers in Alberta must follow federal requirements for travel within Canada.

WATCH | Canada warns against non-essential travel abroad: 

Canada warns against non-essential travel abroad as Omicron spreads

4 days ago

Duration 3:14

The federal government is urging Canadians to stay home or, if they must travel, to plan ahead for quarantine and ensure they have travel insurance coverage. 3:14

British Columbia

As with other provinces and territories, travellers in British Columbia must follow federal requirements for travel within Canada.

That means proof of vaccination is required for those ages 12 and up on plane, train and cruise ships. However, BC Ferries does not require proof of vaccination.


While there are no restrictions barring entry into Yukon, the territory’s health officials recommend avoiding travel between communities until further notice.

Some First Nations governments and communities may have additional travel advisories in place, which can be found here.

Northwest Territories

Non-residents are currently not allowed to enter the territory for leisure travel unless they are travelling to a remote tourist location. Certain other non-residents may qualify for an exemption

All residents entering the territory, regardless of vaccination status, must submit a Self-Isolation Plan (SIP).

On Dec. 17, the territory loosened isolation requirements for some travellers while introducing some new testing requirements for fully vaccinated travellers.

Fully vaccinated:

  • Travellers are not required to self-isolate once they have an approved SIP.

  • Those travelling into small communities (as defined here) or who either work or volunteer with vulnerable populations must take a Day 0 or 1 test, followed by a Day 8 test.

Not fully vaccinated:

  • Travellers must self-isolate for 10 days but can end self-isolation early on Day 8 if they obtain a negative test taken by a health-care provider.

  • Those travelling into small communities must complete their self-isolation in a larger centre.

A Canadian North ATR 42-500 aircraft takes off from the Iqaluit airport in December 2020. Travellers who depart or connect through Iqaluit airport must meet the federal travel requirements for vaccination and testing. (David Gunn/CBC)


All travellers who depart or connect through Iqaluit airport (including people who travel from Iqaluit to another Nunavut community) must meet the federal travel requirements for vaccination and testing. 

While Ottawa has barred unvaccinated travellers over the age of 12 from boarding a plane or train in Canada, it is accepting a valid COVID-19 molecular test as an alternative for passengers from remote communities and in other limited situations.

The federal requirements don’t apply to travellers flying between Nunavut communities who do not transit through the Iqaluit airport.

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Change your Perspective (Plastic use)



Ditch the Disposables (Plastic use).
Since 1950, the world has produced 9.2 tonnes of plastic, of which only 10% has been recycled. Did you know? that a single-use bag is used for only 12 minutes? Here are some small actions we can do that could add up to huge results.
There are many ways to reduce the use of disposable items:
Bring your own reusable mugs( many coffee shops offer discounts when you bring in your own mug).
Bring your own bags shopping.
Refuse single-use plastics like straws and utensils.
Use reusable alternatives like beeswax wraps and containers for food storage.

Swap, Share, and Repair

In today’s society products are short-lived and disposable. Sharing and repairing are some of the best ways to reduce household waste and money.
There are many actions we can take to extend a product’s lifespan.
Shop at thrift stores.
Borrow or rent instead of buying new, especially for a tool or appliance that you can only use occasionally.
Use the library system to borrow or download your next read.
Sell or give away items you no longer use.
Learn how to make basic repairs. Local repair groups are a great resource.
Get to know your local repair shops. Always go local.

Food-Just Eat In.

Did you know that 1/4 of the food the average household buys is thrown out, and half of that food is edible? The average Canadian household spends $1,766.00 on food that is wasted over a year and that costs the Canadian economy$49 billion annually.
What to do?
Make a meal plan.
Make a grocery list and stick to it.
Practice first in, first out positioning new products behind older ones.
Get creative with leftovers.
Understand best before dates and store food properly.
Participate in The Circular Economy.
A circular economy means moving towards a system of production and consumption that involves reusing, sharing, leasing, repairing, refurbishing, and recycling materials and products as long as possible.
Above all else, put pressure upon corporations that make your favorite products and products that you consume daily. You must demand better, longer-lasting, and longer-lasting products. Better ways to package items, and always buy locally, as it guarantees freshness and accountability. If you are not satisfied with a product, it is easier to communicate with a local firm other than one a world away.
Buying Locally is a democratic process we can all enjoy.
Saving our world, increasing local employment, and saving money all lie within our personal preview.
I know the holidays are upon us, but there is a point when we will need to stand firm against the wasteful economic system we live within. Waste not – Want not. Buy what you need, and not what corporate Canada tells you to buy.
We are the sum total of the choices we have made. it was true in Eleanor’s time and also in ours. We get the society we have made. Do you want your children to have a bright future? Make changes today.
Steven Kaszab
Bradford, Ontario
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Coronavirus: Canada Post employees punished for N95 masks – CTV News



Canada Post workers risk being sent home from work if they wear masks other than ones issued by the corporation, even if their masks are an upgrade in safety.

Employees who buy their own N95 masks and bring them to work are being told to switch to company issued cloth masks or risk being sent home.

“The mask requirements, like our vaccine mandate, are mandatory and necessary under direction from the (Employment and Social Development Canada [ESDC]),” a spokesperson for Canada Post said in an emailed statement. “Therefore anyone at work must comply.”

“If they don’t have the masks we’ve provided, we have additional masks and disposable medical masks on hand. If an employee still does not wish to comply, they are asked to leave the workplace.”

Canada Post said Public Health Agency of Canada supports the use of cloth masks and that the company following directives from the ESDC that require employees to wear company supplied masks to ensure their quality.

“The company fully supports these guidelines and therefore requires all employees to wear a Canada Post-supplied face covering, which is either a reusable cloth face covering or a disposable medical mask,” Canada Post said.

“Canada Post continues to monitor best practices and recommendations with respect to face coverings, and will update our requirements accordingly.”

In an emailed statement to, Canadian Union of Postal Workers (CUPW) National President Jan Simpson said the union is “concerned” that Canada Post is refusing to allow its members to wear N95 masks.

“Research on the new Omicron variant has established it is more transmissible through shared air than earlier variants,” he said in the statement.

“The union has asked Canada Post to provide N95 masks or suitable alternatives to all postal workers, and at the very least, allow those who’ve purchased their own N95 or KN95 masks to wear them. As COVID-19 continues to spread rapidly, Canada Post Corporation should be doing everything in its power to protect postal workers, who continue to help people stay home and stay safe.”

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From howitzers to heli-bombs: Canadian province fights rising avalanche risk



British Columbia is rolling out the big guns – literally – to control avalanches that are forcing closures on some major roads for the first time in decades as the Western Canadian province grapples with a snowier-than-usual winter.

B.C. was rocked in 2021 by extreme weather events, including a record-breaking heatwave, wildfires and unprecedented rains that washed out highways and cut off Vancouver, its main city and home to Canada’s busiest port, from the rest of the country.

The province, Canada’s third-largest by population, uses bombs thrown from helicopters, remote-triggered explosives, and a howitzer gun manned by Canada’s military to keep roads safe. But frequent closures for avalanche control are disrupting critical routes to Vancouver.

At the start of this month, B.C.’s alpine snowpack was 15% higher than average, according to the Weather Network channel.

Extreme winter weather, including November’s torrential precipitation, a deep freeze in late December and an early January thaw, has created weak layers in the snowpack, making steep mountain slopes more prone to avalanches that can release without warning onto valleys below.

“It’s been such a volatile fall and winter season so far, we have had rare ‘extreme’ avalanche warnings go out for parts of (B.C.’s) south coast in December and the risk is still considerable in the interior,” said Tyler Hamilton, a Weather Network meteorologist.

Avalanche control missions involve closing sections of highways while teams use explosives to pre-emptively trigger smaller slides, preventing the snowpack from becoming too deep and unstable.

This winter a section of Highway 1 through the Fraser Canyon, 150 km (93 miles) northeast of Vancouver, needed avalanche control for the first time in 25 years, B.C.’s Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure said.

Along Highway 99 north of Vancouver, avalanche control and risk-reduction activities are three times the seasonal average, with some slide paths producing avalanches big enough to hit the highway for the first time in more than a decade.

Avalanche control in Allison Pass further south on Highway 3, another key route connecting Vancouver to the rest of Canada, has also been above average, the ministry said.


All three highways were damaged by the November floods, and a busy avalanche control season is putting further strain on provincial resources. The Coquihalla Highway near Hope only reopened to regular traffic on Wednesday, and provincial authorities said record snow and avalanche risk had delayed repairs to Highway 1 through the Fraser Canyon.

Further east in the province, avalanche teams in Rogers Pass, a rugged 40-km section of Highway 1 running beneath 135 slide paths in Glacier National Park, are dealing with nearly 30% more snowfall than usual and control missions are also above average.

Highway 1 is Canada’s main east-west artery and approximately 3,000 vehicles traverse Rogers Pass every day in winter. A major Canadian Pacific rail line runs parallel to the highway.

Avalanche control missions involve soldiers from the 1st Regiment of the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery, which is stationed in Rogers Pass in winter. They use a howitzer to fire shells packed with 4 kg (8.8 lbs) of explosives in the direction of loaded avalanche paths at 17 different locations along the highway.

“Our goal is to bring down as much snow as we can and bring the hazard down to a point where it’s safe to open the highway,” said Jim Phillips, acting avalanche operations coordinator for Parks Canada, which runs avalanche control in the national parks.

The Rogers Pass program has been running since the highway opened in 1961. Before that, CP trains crossing the Selkirk Mountains in winter ran a higher risk of deadly snow slides, including one that killed 62 railway workers in 1910.

So far this winter the team has fired 333 howitzer rounds, produced 197 controlled avalanches and closed the highway for 43 hours over seven separate days.

Phillips said his team also uses heli-bombing and remote-trigger systems to set off detonations, and spends C$600,000 ($480,346) a year on explosives alone.

“It’s a balancing act. You want to keep traffic moving and minimize closures, but also minimize risk to people using the transportation corridor,” he added.

And winter weather in Canada is far from over.

Avalanche control is typically needed until late April or early May, depending on the snowpack, and the Weather Network forecasts above average winter storm systems returning to B.C. in February and March.

“We’re still in a La Niña situation,” said the Weather Network’s Hamilton, referring to a weather pattern that tends to result in above-average precipitation and cold temperatures in B.C.

($1 = 1.2491 Canadian dollars)


(Reporting by Nia Williams; Editing by Paul Simao)

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