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Deer Frolic Beneath Dusty Pink Sky as 'Worm Moon' Sets in Minnesota – Yahoo News Canada

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The Canadian Press

The latest numbers on COVID-19 in Canada for Sunday, March 28, 2021

The latest numbers of confirmed COVID-19 cases in Canada as of 7:30 p.m. ET on Sunday March 28, 2021. There are 965,404 confirmed cases in Canada. <b>_ Canada: 965,404 confirmed cases (43,590 active, 898,934 resolved, 22,880 deaths).<sup>*</sup>The total case count includes 13 confirmed cases among repatriated travellers.</b> There were 4,321 new cases Sunday. The rate of active cases is 114.69 per 100,000 people. Over the past seven days, there have been a total of 30,466 new cases. The seven-day rolling average of new cases is 4,352. There were 28 new reported deaths Sunday. Over the past seven days there have been a total of 204 new reported deaths. The seven-day rolling average of new reported deaths is 29. The seven-day rolling average of the death rate is 0.08 per 100,000 people. The overall death rate is 60.2 per 100,000 people. There have been 27,346,309 tests completed. <b>_ Newfoundland and Labrador: 1,016 confirmed cases (six active, 1,004 resolved, six deaths).</b> There was one new case Sunday. The rate of active cases is 1.15 per 100,000 people. Over the past seven days, there has been two new case. The seven-day rolling average of new cases is zero. There have been no deaths reported over the past week. The overall death rate is 1.15 per 100,000 people. There have been 218,755 tests completed. <b>_ Prince Edward Island: 156 confirmed cases (12 active, 144 resolved, zero deaths).</b> There were zero new cases Sunday. The rate of active cases is 7.52 per 100,000 people. Over the past seven days, there have been a total of eight new cases. The seven-day rolling average of new cases is one. There have been no deaths reported over the past week. The overall death rate is zero per 100,000 people. There have been 123,708 tests completed. <b>_ Nova Scotia: 1,711 confirmed cases (25 active, 1,620 resolved, 66 deaths).</b> There were two new cases Sunday. The rate of active cases is 2.55 per 100,000 people. Over the past seven days, there have been a total of 23 new cases. The seven-day rolling average of new cases is three. There have been no deaths reported over the past week. The overall death rate is 6.74 per 100,000 people. There have been 414,886 tests completed. <b>_ New Brunswick: 1,577 confirmed cases (115 active, 1,432 resolved, 30 deaths).</b> There were six new cases Sunday. The rate of active cases is 14.72 per 100,000 people. Over the past seven days, there have been a total of 87 new cases. The seven-day rolling average of new cases is 12. There have been no deaths reported over the past week. The overall death rate is 3.84 per 100,000 people. There have been 260,514 tests completed. <b>_ Quebec: 308,311 confirmed cases (7,837 active, 289,827 resolved, 10,647 deaths).</b> There were 917 new cases Sunday. The rate of active cases is 91.4 per 100,000 people. Over the past seven days, there have been a total of 5,972 new cases. The seven-day rolling average of new cases is 853. There were two new reported deaths Sunday. Over the past seven days there have been a total of 48 new reported deaths. The seven-day rolling average of new reported deaths is seven. The seven-day rolling average of the death rate is 0.08 per 100,000 people. The overall death rate is 124.17 per 100,000 people. There have been 7,036,923 tests completed. <b>_ Ontario: 343,140 confirmed cases (18,405 active, 317,408 resolved, 7,327 deaths).</b> There were 2,448 new cases Sunday. The rate of active cases is 124.92 per 100,000 people. Over the past seven days, there have been a total of 14,266 new cases. The seven-day rolling average of new cases is 2,038. There were 19 new reported deaths Sunday. Over the past seven days there have been a total of 86 new reported deaths. The seven-day rolling average of new reported deaths is 12. The seven-day rolling average of the death rate is 0.08 per 100,000 people. The overall death rate is 49.73 per 100,000 people. There have been 12,226,419 tests completed. <b>_ Manitoba: 33,922 confirmed cases (1,179 active, 31,809 resolved, 934 deaths).</b> There were 55 new cases Sunday. The rate of active cases is 85.48 per 100,000 people. Over the past seven days, there have been a total of 570 new cases. The seven-day rolling average of new cases is 81. There was one new reported death Sunday. Over the past seven days there have been a total of seven new reported deaths. The seven-day rolling average of new reported deaths is one. The seven-day rolling average of the death rate is 0.07 per 100,000 people. The overall death rate is 67.72 per 100,000 people. There have been 581,892 tests completed. <b>_ Saskatchewan: 33,031 confirmed cases (1,950 active, 30,648 resolved, 433 deaths).</b> There were 248 new cases Sunday. The rate of active cases is 165.44 per 100,000 people. Over the past seven days, there have been a total of 1,394 new cases. The seven-day rolling average of new cases is 199. There were three new reported deaths Sunday. Over the past seven days there have been a total of 15 new reported deaths. The seven-day rolling average of new reported deaths is two. The seven-day rolling average of the death rate is 0.18 per 100,000 people. The overall death rate is 36.74 per 100,000 people. There have been 651,440 tests completed. <b>_ Alberta: 146,340 confirmed cases (7,698 active, 136,659 resolved, 1,983 deaths).</b> There were 644 new cases Sunday. The rate of active cases is 174.09 per 100,000 people. Over the past seven days, there have been a total of 4,406 new cases. The seven-day rolling average of new cases is 629. There were three new reported deaths Sunday. Over the past seven days there have been a total of 20 new reported deaths. The seven-day rolling average of new reported deaths is three. The seven-day rolling average of the death rate is 0.06 per 100,000 people. The overall death rate is 44.85 per 100,000 people. There have been 3,654,483 tests completed. <b>_ British Columbia: 95,677 confirmed cases (6,362 active, 87,866 resolved, 1,449 deaths).</b> There were zero new cases Sunday. The rate of active cases is 123.59 per 100,000 people. Over the past seven days, there have been a total of 3,737 new cases. The seven-day rolling average of new cases is 534. There were zero new reported deaths Sunday. Over the past seven days there have been a total of 28 new reported deaths. The seven-day rolling average of new reported deaths is four. The seven-day rolling average of the death rate is 0.08 per 100,000 people. The overall death rate is 28.15 per 100,000 people. There have been 2,143,116 tests completed. <b>_ Yukon: 73 confirmed cases (one active, 71 resolved, one deaths).</b> There were zero new cases Sunday. The rate of active cases is 2.38 per 100,000 people. Over the past seven days, there have been a total of one new cases. The seven-day rolling average of new cases is zero. There have been no deaths reported over the past week. The overall death rate is 2.38 per 100,000 people. There have been 8,487 tests completed. <b>_ Northwest Territories: 42 confirmed cases (zero active, 42 resolved, zero deaths).</b> There were zero new cases Sunday. Over the past seven days, there have been a total of zero new cases. The seven-day rolling average of new cases is zero. There have been no deaths reported over the past week. The overall death rate is zero per 100,000 people. There have been 15,825 tests completed. <b>_ Nunavut: 395 confirmed cases (zero active, 391 resolved, four deaths).</b> There were zero new cases Sunday. Over the past seven days, there have been a total of zero new cases. The seven-day rolling average of new cases is zero. There have been no deaths reported over the past week. The overall death rate is 10.16 per 100,000 people. There have been 9,785 tests completed. This report was automatically generated by The Canadian Press Digital Data Desk and was first published March 28, 2021. The Canadian Press

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SpaceX lands NASA launch contract for mission to Jupiter's moon Europa – Euronews

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By Steve Gorman

LOSANGELES – Elon Musk’s private rocket company SpaceX was awarded a $178 million launch services contract for NASA‘s first mission focusing on Jupiter’s icy moon Europa and whether it may host conditions suitable for life, the space agency said on Friday.

The Europa Clipper mission is due for blastoff in October 2024 on a Falcon Heavy rocket owned by Musk’s company, Space Exploration Technologies Corp, from NASA‘s Kennedy Space Center in Florida, NASA said in a statement posted online.

The contract marked NASA‘s latest vote of confidence in the Hawthorne, California-based company, which has carried several cargo payloads and astronauts to the International Space Station for NASA in recent years.

In April, SpaceX was awarded a $2.9 billion contract to build the lunar lander spacecraft for the planned Artemis program that would carry NASA astronauts back to the moon for the first time since 1972.

But that contract was suspended after two rival space companies, Jeff Bezos’s Blue Origin and defense contractor Dynetics Inc, protested against the SpaceX selection.

The company’s partly reusable 23-story Falcon Heavy, currently the most powerful operational space launch vehicle in the world, flew its first commercial payload into orbit in 2019.

NASA did not say what other companies may have bid on the Europa Clipper launch contract.

The probe is to conduct a detailed survey of the ice-covered Jovian satellite, which is a bit smaller than Earth’s moon and is a leading candidate in the search for life elsewhere in the solar system.

A bend in Europa’s magnetic field observed by NASA‘s Galileo spacecraft in 1997 appeared to have been caused by a geyser gushing through the moon’s frozen crust from a vast subsurface ocean, researchers concluded in 2018. Those findings supported other evidence of Europa plumes.

Among the Clipper mission’s objectives are to produce high-resolution images of Europa’s surface, determine its composition, look for signs of geologic activity, measure the thickness of its icy shell and determine the depth and salinity of its ocean, NASA said.

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NASA’s Europa Clipper will fly on SpaceX’s Falcon Heavy – The Verge

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NASA’s Europa Clipper will start its journey to Jupiter’s icy moon aboard a Falcon Heavy rocket built by SpaceX. NASA will pay SpaceX $178 million to launch the vehicle in October 2024.

The Europa Clipper got the green light from NASA in 2015. It will fly by the moon 45 times, providing researchers with a tantalizing look at the icy world, believed to have an ocean lurking under its icy crust. The Clipper is equipped with instruments that will help scientists figure out if the moon could support life.

For years, the Clipper was legally obligated to launch on NASA’s long-delayed Space Launch System (SLS). But with the SLS perpetually delayed and over budget, NASA has urged Congress to consider allowing the Europa Clipper to fly commercial. Switching to another vehicle could save up to $1 billion, NASA’s inspector general said in 2019.

NASA got permission to consider commercial alternatives to the SLS in the 2021 budget, and started officially looking for a commercial alternative soon after.

The SLS has powerful allies in Congress, who have kept the costly program alive for years, even as it blew past budgets and deadlines. The first flight of the SLS was originally supposed to happen in 2017. That mission — launching an uncrewed trip around the Moon — has since been pushed to November 2021, and keeping to that new schedule remains “highly unlikely” according to NASA’s Office of Inspector General, a watchdog agency.

SpaceX first launched its Falcon Heavy rocket in 2018, and started flying satellites in 2019. Earlier this year, NASA selected the rocket as the ride to space for two parts of a planned space station orbiting the Moon.

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Researchers Develop Genome Techniques to Analyze Adaptation of Cattle – AZoCleantech

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Jared Decker, a fourth-generation cattle farmer, has been aware of cattle suffering from health and productivity problems when they are moved from one location to another. The shift is from a region where they had spent generations to another place with a different climate, grass, or elevation.

Jared Decker is on a mission to help farmers learn more about what their cattle need to thrive. Image Credit: University of Missouri.

Decker, as a researcher at the University of Missouri, looks at the chances of using science to resolve this issue, thereby serving a dual purpose to enhance the cattle’s welfare and sealing the leak in an almost $50 billion industry in the United States.

When I joined MU in 2013, I moved cattle from a family farm in New Mexico to my farm here in Missouri. New Mexico is hot and dry, and Missouri is also hot but has much more humidity. The cattle certainly didn’t do as well as they did in New Mexico, and that spurred me to think about how we could give farmers more information about what their animals need to thrive.

Jared Decker, Associate Professor and Wurdack Chair, Animal Genetics, College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources 

The study was published in the journal PLOS Genetics on July 23rd, 2021.

Decker and his research team have revealed the proof exposing the fact that cattle are losing their key environmental adaptations. The researchers regard this as a loss due to the lack of genetic information available to farmers.

After assessing the genetic materials dating back to the 1960s, the team determined particular DNA variations linked with adaptations that could someday be used to develop DNA tests for cattle. These tests could help educate the farmers regarding the adaptability of cattle from one environment or another.

We can see that, for example, historically cows in Colorado are likely to have adaptations that ease the stress on their hearts at high altitudes. But if you bring in bulls or semen from a different environment, the frequency of those beneficial adaptations is going to decrease. Over generations, that cow herd will lose advantages that would have been very useful to a farmer in Colorado.

Jared Decker, Associate Professor and Wurdack Chair, Animal Genetics, College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources, University of Missouri

The research team included then-doctoral student Troy Rowan who had examined 60 years’ worth of bovine DNA data from tests of cryo-preserved semen produced by cattle breed associations. They observed that, as time runs, the genes related to higher fertility and productivity increased as a result of careful selection by farmers. Also, many genes relating to environmental adaptations have decreased.

According to Decker, the farmers are not to be blamed as there are no affordable methods available at present to identify the suitability of cattle for a specific environment. The study also proposes easy-to-use cattle DNA tests that focus on the particular adaptations identified in the study.

Such adaptations include resistance to vasoconstriction, which is a process of blood vessel narrowing that takes place at high elevation and puts excessive stress on the heart. Also creating resistance to the toxin in the grass can result in vasoconstriction and tolerance for increased temperature or humidity. All these factors tend to decline over generations when the cattle are shifted from the associated surroundings.

Sometimes, natural and artificial selection are moving in the same direction, and other times there is a tug of war between them. Efficiency and productivity have vastly improved in the last 60 years, but environmental stressors are never going to go away. Farmers need to know more about the genetic makeup of their herd, not only for the short-term success of their farm, but for the success of future generations.

Jared Decker, Associate Professor and Wurdack Chair, Animal Genetics, College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources

The first widely adopted genetic test for cattle was developed at the University of Missouri in 2007. Decker and Rowan are looking forward to giving further details of the development. Both the researchers grew up on farms with a desire to use research to help farmers to balance farm traditions of America with the requirement for eco-friendly business practices.

As a society, we must produce food more sustainably and be good environmental stewards. Making sure a cow’s genetics match their environment makes life better for cattle and helps farmers run efficient and productive operations. It’s a win-win,” concluded Decker.

Journal Reference:

Rowan, T. N., et al. (2021) Powerful detection of polygenic selection and evidence of environmental adaptation in US beef cattle. PLOS Genetics. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1009652.

Source: https://missouri.edu/

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