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Developing investment cases for transformative results – World – ReliefWeb

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CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION

This toolkit is designed to support UNFPA regional and country offices to develop country investment cases in support of one or more of the transformative results. It provides a concise and practical guide on how to develop a national investment case, including a step-by-step guide on:

  • How to prepare for the investment case
  • How to estimate the cost of the investment using standardized tools
  • How to develop investment scenarios to determine the scale of the impact that can be attributed to the investment
  • How to frame the investment angle
  • How to use the investment case in national advocacy efforts.

BACKGROUND

UNFPA embraces the vision set forth in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the targets included in the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) through its strategic plan (2018-2021) with the goal to, “achieve universal access to sexual and reproductive health, realize reproductive rights, and reduce maternal mortality to accelerate progress on the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) agenda, to improve the lives of women, adolescents and youth, enabled by population dynamics, human rights, and gender equality”, (UNFPA, 2019) (UNFPA, 2017). UNFPA’s work is organized around three transformative, people-centred results in the period leading up to 2030. These results include: (a) ending preventable maternal mortality; (b) ending the unmet need for family planning; and (c) ending gender-based violence (GBV) and harmful practices including female genital mutilation (FGM) and child, early and forced marriage (Figure 1).

These transformative results reflect UNFPA’s mandate, comparative advantage, work experience, and capacity for advancing elements of the SDGs, and, in particular, are most closely aligned to Goal 3 (ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages), Goal 5 (achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls), Goal 10 (reduce inequality within and among countries), Goal 16 (promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable, and inclusive institutions at all levels), and Goal 17 (strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development) (United Nations, 2019). The transformative results reflect UNFPA’s prioritization and commitment to achieving SDG 3 and SDG 5, and are aligned with:

  • Target 3.1: By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to fewer than 70 per 100,000 live births.

  • Target 3.7: By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including family planning, information and education and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes.

  • Target 5.2: Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation.

  • Target 5.3: Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation (FGM).

  • Target 5.6: Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action, and the outcome documents of their review conferences.

UNFPA, together with its partners across the globe, plans to attain the three transformative results by 2030 through three consecutive strategic planning cycles: (a) Strategic Plan 2018-2021, which sets the vision and starts action; (b) Strategic Plan 2022-2025 to consolidate gains; and (c) Strategic Plan 2026-2030 to accelerate achievements.

COST OF THE TRANSFORMATIVE RESULTS UNFPA IS COMMITTED TO ACHIEVING BY 2030

In 2019, ground-breaking research by UNFPA and its partners determined the cumulative global price tag to achieve the three transformative results by 2030 for the first time (UNFPA, 2019). This analysis used aggregate country-level estimates from several different data sources and was guided by tailored tools and clear methodology. It revealed that achieving the three transformative results by 2030 in priority countries will cost $264 billion, of which $42 billion is currently projected to be provided by donors during this period in the form of development assistance. This means that new investments of $222 billion are required to meet the three transformative results by 2030 (Table 1) to be raised from mostly domestic resources, including government expenditures.

PURPOSE OF TOOLKIT

This toolkit follows UNFPA’s Guidance to Country Offices Volume I (UNFPA), which provides a roadmap and the information required for management and staff at UNFPA headquarters and regional and country offices intending to develop thematic investment cases. This toolkit, or Volume II of the Guidance, builds on Volume I and provides UNFPA country offices and investment case implementers with a stepwise approach to develop thematic investment cases to meet the transformative results by 2030. There is an individual toolkit for each transformative result; based on the respective needs and priorities in their settings, countries can choose to develop investment cases for one or more of the transformative results.

The toolkit is divided into seven chapters to guide users through the process of developing their own country investment case(s), including how to use their investment cases in advocacy efforts with partners.

The toolkit is intended for use by UNFPA business unit management and staff, as well as those carrying out the costing portion of the investment case, and provides a comprehensive guide to help users prepare and plan for the development of the national investment case, ensuring technical consistency in the application of tools and across all phases of the approach including the validity of cost estimates, investment scenarios and the scale of impact attributable to the targeted investment (UNFPA).

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German Hydrogen Utility HH2E Wins Investment From UK Firms – BNN

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(Bloomberg) — London-based private equity company Foresight Group Holdings Ltd. and investment firm HydrogenOne Capital Growth Plc acquired stakes in HH2E AG and will help the new hydrogen company to develop green energy projects in Germany. 

Foresight and HydrogenOne have taken minority equity stakes in HH2E and agreed to co-invest in energy projects, the German company said in a statement on Monday. HH2E — co-founded by Andreas Schierenbeck, former chief executive officer at utility Uniper — plans 2.7 billion euros ($2.8 billion) of investment to build 4 gigawatts of green hydrogen and green heat-production capacity by 2030. 

“Germany has one of the largest industrial and manufacturing sectors in the world,”  said Schierenbeck. “Leaders in these sectors know they must secure the supply of energy, control energy costs, and find low- or zero-carbon solutions soon. HH2E will be producing green hydrogen located close to the industries that need it.”

Germany aims to get almost 100% of its electricity from renewables by 2035, and is racing to expand green energy capacities as it tries to pivot away from reliance on Russian natural gas. The country plans to install 10 gigawatts of electrolyzer capacity by 2030 to scale up the hydrogen market. 

Russia’s Invasion Supercharges Push to Make a New Green Fuel

The two British investment companies will provide most of the capital needed for HH2E’s first five green hydrogen projects, which will need a total of 500 million euros in development costs and have an initial capacity of 500 megawatts. Some of them have the potential to be expanded to 1 gigawatt, according to Schierenbeck. 

HH2E seeks to produce green hydrogen cheaper than grey hydrogen — made from natural gas — in the coming years. It is “clear that the economics of green hydrogen are better than the grey and blue, as the latter two depend heavily on the cost of natural gas and carbon,” said Schierenbeck.

“This financing agreement enables a massive acceleration of our development plans,” said HH2E co-founder Mark Page. 

©2022 Bloomberg L.P.

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It's an ideal time for adopting the Number One defensive investing strategy for retirees – The Globe and Mail

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The best way to protect your retirement savings from a market crash is to safely park enough money to cover your income needs for two to three years.

Until 2022, safe parking has meant dead money. Now, with interest rates rising, you can adopt this strategy with a smile on your face. Rates were high enough in mid-May that you could build a three-year ladder of guaranteed investment certificates earning an average return of as much as 3.8 per cent.

A feature of every stock market crash I’ve seen as a personal finance and investing writer is the senior distraught over the idea of having to sell hard-hit stocks and equity funds to cover the minimum annual required withdrawal from a registered retirement income fund. In both the 2008 and 2020 crashes, the federal government allowed a 25 per cent reduction in the minimum RRIF withdrawal for those years. But that’s only a limited benefit and, anyway, seniors shouldn’t depend on the feds for help with their investment portfolios every time stocks plunge.

The best strategy for protecting a RRIF against inevitable stock market declines is to keep a reserve of money to draw from when selling stocks or equity funds would lock in a serious loss. At bare minimum, have enough money for one year. At best, try for two to three years.

You could keep this money in a high interest savings account, where rates have recently climbed to between 1.5 and 2 per cent at best among alternative bands and credit unions. If you have the financial flexibility to lock money into a GIC, the best one-, two- and three-year rates in mid-May were 3.35, 3.95 and 4.1 per cent, respectively.

Those rates were available from alt banks that sometimes don’t offer RRIF accounts. An alternative is to see what GIC rates your broker offers for RRIFs. Online brokers have unusually competitive GIC rates right now – not as high as alternative GIC issuers like Oaken Financial and EQ Bank, but close.

With a three-year GIC ladder, you invest equal amounts in terms of one through three years and invest each maturing GIC into a new three-year term. If a two-year term seems a better fit for you, try that. They key is to have cash safely stowed so that you can give your stocks time to recover from the next stock market decline.

— Rob Carrick, personal finance columnist

This is the Globe Investor newsletter, published three times each week. If someone has forwarded this e-mail newsletter to you or you’re reading this on the web, you can sign up for the newsletter and others on our newsletter signup page.

Stocks to ponder

Colliers International Group Inc. (CIGI-T) On May 3, the global real estate services and investment management company reported solid first-quarter earnings results and increased its 2022 outlook. Yet, high inflation, rising interest rates and concerns about a potential recession continue to weigh on stock markets, including Colliers, which is down 23 per cent year-to-date. There has been opportunistic buying on this price weakness, with the company repurchasing nearly 1 million shares in March and April. As well, the chief executive officer recently invested over $17-million in shares of Colliers. Should investors consider buying shares as well? Jennifer Dowty looks at the investment case.

The Rundown

Now is the perfect time to slay these five investing myths

During volatile times like this, it’s important not to let myths sabotage your investing plan. Some of these myths are so pervasive and ingrained in our culture that many people don’t question them. They reflect the way investing is portrayed in the media, from financial websites and business channels to movies and the evening news, where dramatic events – especially ones in which people make or lose a lot of money – get the most attention. John Heinzl presents five of the most common investing myths. Become familiar with them so that, to paraphrase Rudyard Kipling, you can keep your head while everyone else is losing theirs.

Also see:

Tim Kiladze: The human flaws that fuelled this market crash – and why they keep failing us when investing

Rob Carrick: A five-step plan for dealing with the sad fact that almost every investment is falling lately

Gordon Pape: Seeking places to hide during the current investing storm

Know your history before buying the current dip

Investors who bought stocks in the depths of the great financial crisis in early 2009 were quickly rewarded. So were those who bought the dip in the early days of the COVID pandemic. Will that same bounce occur again? Don’t count on it. Share prices will no doubt eventually recover from their recent weakness – they always do – but reaping the rewards is likely to require more patience this time around, says Ian McGugan.

Also see: Signs of market bottom elude investors after steep selloff

Bank stocks are reflecting a lot of risk. Now let’s look at the reward

Canadian big bank stocks have tumbled more than 14 per cent over the past three months, as concerns about an oncoming recession rattle equity markets. The potential rewards of buying into this dip are becoming hard to ignore, says David Berman.

Why the Canadian dollar is poised to surge

Forex traders beware: economist David Rosenberg and his team believe any dip in the Canadian dollar should be bought. In fact, they think the loonie is considerably undervalued and will soon zoom up to 83 cents (U.S.). Here’s why.

Also see: ‘TINA’ still driving hedge funds’ bullish dollar view

Why this portfolio manager sold his Magna stock (and wishes he’d bought Disney)

Money manager Denis Taillefer is holding a lot of cash, awaiting what he calls ‘peak interest rate hawkishness.’ Brenda Bouw speaks to the senior portfolio manager at Caldwell Investment Management Ltd. to find out what he has been buying and selling.

Others (for subscribers)

BlackRock’s Rieder: Summer rally coming in U.S. bonds but bull market likely over

The most oversold and overbought stocks on the TSX

Monday’s analyst upgrades and downgrades

Monday’s Insider Report: CEO and CFO are buying this high-yielding REIT with a 32% gain forecast

Globe Advisor

Major asset managers want bigger share of thematic ETF market as number of offerings increase

Reasons why the tech stock crash may be far from over

Are you a financial advisor? Register for Globe Advisor (www.globeadvisor.com) for free daily and weekly newsletters, in-depth industry coverage and analysis, and access to ProStation – a powerful tool to help you manage your clients’’ portfolios.

Ask Globe Investor

Question: I have stocks in my TFSA and in my cash account. There’s one investment in my TFSA that I think will pay off but will take longer to do so than some in my cash account.

I’m thinking of transferring the one in my TFSA out in kind, creating plenty of room so that I can transfer in some of the investments that are closer to the finish line. What do you think of this strategy? – Chantal M.

Answer: Your logic puzzles me. The main objective of a TFSA is to maximize the tax-sheltered profits on your invested money. But your suggested approach would do the opposite. Let’s look at the two sides of your equation.

You say the stock in the TFSA looks promising but will take longer to pay off. But as its value grows in the TFSA, those gains will be tax-free. Moving the stock to your cash account will mean all the gains from the time of the switch will become taxable when you sell.

Meantime, you want to move stocks that are “closer to the finish line” into the TFSA. To what end? If they are that close to your sell objective, most of your gain is already taxable. Remember, when you make a contribution in kind, the Canada Revenue Agency considers that as a sale at the market price on the day the shares go into the TFSA. You are taxed accordingly. If you really plan to sell soon, moving those shares into the TFSA will not be of much benefit.

You need to consider the potential profit of each stock, not from the time you bought it but from the day it goes into (or comes out of) the TFSA. Those with the highest long-term growth potential should be in the plan.

–Gordon Pape

What’s up in the days ahead

Bonds have been producing terrible returns this year, but many investors still want to hold them as a stabilizer in a balanced portfolio. Are short-term bond funds the way to go? Gordon Pape will have some fixed income advice.

Click here to see the Globe Investor earnings and economic news calendar.

Share your investing successes (or misfires)

Are you interested in being interviewed about your first stock purchase? Globe Investor is looking for Canadians to discuss their experience as part of this new, ongoing feature. If you’d like to be interviewed, please write to: jcowan@globeandmail.com with “My First Stock” in the subject line and include a short description of your first stock purchase.

Compiled by Globe Investor Staff

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New Zealand Plans More Digital Skills Investment to Bridge Gap – BNN

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(Bloomberg) —

New Zealand will make a new investment in the digital technologies sector with the aim of increasing skills development and encouraging local companies to market their talents globally.

The government will allocate NZ$20 million ($13 million) over four years from this week’s budget, Minister for the Digital Economy David Clark said in a statement Monday in Wellington. The spending will support the growth of the Software-as-a-Service community and take a new a marketing initiative led by industry in partnership with government, to the world, he said.

“Through this new funding, the SaaS Community can build its momentum further and expand its network,” Clark said. ‘It will also support the delivery of short courses for digital skills development.”

The government wants to address a shortfall of investment in technology education that has created a skills gap and forced several local companies to shift offshore to find the talent they need. A report from the OECD highlighted a weak pipeline of advanced information technology skills while Wellington-based game developer Pikpok this year opened a studio in Colombia to tap talent there that isn’t available at home.

“We know for the digital sector to grow, it needs access to the right people,” said Clark. “Historically, there has been a ‘skills mismatch’, but the key to future success is training our domestic talent with the right skills, and encouraging New Zealanders to participate, whatever their background.”

Changes to the immigration system will help alleviate some of the immediate pressures on industry, with key roles including software engineers entitled to fast track residency, he said.

©2022 Bloomberg L.P.

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