Social media posts are contributing to panic buying and stockpiling over novel coronavirus fears, says a professor of psychology.
“Someone will post images on Instagram or on social media of overstuffed shopping carts and empty shelves in department stores,” said Steven Taylor, a professor at UBC and author of The Psychology of Pandemics: Preparing for the Next Global Outbreak.
“And that’s going to go viral and that’s going to create the illusion of urgency and scarcity, and that’s going to ramp up the panic buying.”
He told The Current’s Matt Galloway that by applying some media literacy people would realize these images are being circulated simply because they’re dramatic.
“Nobody’s posting images of calm shoppers and full department stores or supermarkets,” he said.
“When you look at these images, realise that this is not a statement of the way things really are.”
I was in the neighborhood so I decided to pop in at the Burnaby <a href=”https://twitter.com/costcocanada?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw”>@costcocanada</a> panacea seems to have created a doomsday scenario. The line extends the entire length of Costco and around the aisle. Been like this for over a week. <a href=”https://twitter.com/hashtag/COVID19?src=hash&ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw”>#COVID19</a> <a href=”https://t.co/1WtylOo9VH”>pic.twitter.com/1WtylOo9VH</a>
Last Wednesday, federal Health Minister Patty Hajdu suggested Canadians should prepare for possible illness as they would for a natural emergency such as severe weather — by stocking up with about a week’s worth of food, medicine and other basic supplies.
Health officials in Canada have reported 29 cases of COVID-19: 20 in Ontario, eight in British Columbia and one in Quebec.
Stores have seen an increase in shoppers stocking up, leading to long lines and empty shelves.
Taylor said that urge to stock up stemmed from the “herd effect,” driven by “fear contagion.”
“Imagine this, you’re on the Titanic and everyone is running for the lifeboats. Are you going to sit around and think about whether the ship is sinking?” he asked Galloway.
“No, you’re going to run as well, it’s almost a reflex reaction.”
He said that public health officials had to strike a balance between not causing undue alarm, but also ensuring people were motivated to protect themselves.
Individuals should also consider their own social obligations, he said.
“People should purchase responsibly and not hoard items,” he said.
“You need to have a sensible plan — how much toilet paper do you really need for a week?”
Prepare as a community, says expert
Public health expert Alison Thompson said that panic buying can put the supply chain under pressure, meaning shortages of essentials when people need them.
“There is no reason to go out and, you know, stock your bunker at this point in time,” said Thompson, who teaches public health ethics at the University of Toronto.
A friend sent me a picture from a supermarket in Milan?? <a href=”https://twitter.com/hashtag/COVID19italia?src=hash&ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw”>#COVID19italia</a> <a href=”https://twitter.com/hashtag/coronavirus?src=hash&ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw”>#coronavirus</a> <a href=”https://t.co/ooC0uCLKch”>pic.twitter.com/ooC0uCLKch</a>
“The [better] approach would be just add a couple of things at a time when you’re going to the grocery store, rather than like wiping out the entire shelf of dried pasta and taking it home.”
When shopping, she suggested picking up dried pasta, tomato sauce, canned soups and other nutritious, non-perishable foods. You should also pick up basic fever medication like acetaminophen or ibuprofen, and the versions suitable for children. (And don’t forget some extra toilet paper.)
Thompson said that responding to an outbreak would be more effective if communities can work together — both in terms of helping near neighbours, and considering people you work with or others you interact with on a regular basis.
“Is there someone in your neighbourhood that is vulnerable? Are they elderly and they have trouble getting out to the stores?” she asked.
By buddying up, people can ask each other for help — even just picking up groceries — with a quick phone call, she said.
“Having those sort of connections in the community in place is really helpful.”
Written by Padraig Moran, with files from CBC News. Produced by Alison Masemann, Mehek Mazhar and Anne Penman.
InvestorChannel's Media Watchlist Update for Monday, October 19, 2020, 16:30 EST – InvestorIntel
InvestorChannel’s Media Stocks Watchlist Update video includes the Top 5 Performers of the Day, and a performance review of the companies InvestorChannel is following in the sector.
Sources Include: Yahoo Finance, AlphaVantage FinnHub & CSE.
For more information, visit us at InvestorIntel.com or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org
– Quizam Media Corporation (QQ.CN) CAD 0.43 (4.88%)
– Network Media Group Inc. (NTE.V) CAD 0.15 (3.45%)
– Zoom Video Communications Inc. (ZM) USD 568.34 (1.67%)
– Wix.com Ltd. (WIX) USD 278.30 (0.7%)
– HubSpot, Inc. (HUBS) USD 311.64 (0.12%)
– Glacier Media Inc. (GVC.TO) CAD 0.22 (0.0%)
– GVIC Communications Corp. (GCT.TO) CAD 0.14 (0.0%)
– Lingo Media Corporation (LM.V) CAD 0.10 (0.0%)
– Media Central Corporation Inc. (FLYY.CN) CAD 0.01 (0.0%)
– Postmedia Network Canada Corp. (PNC-A.TO) CAD 1.60 (0.0%)
– Slack Technologies Inc. (WORK) USD 32.25 (0.0%)
– ZoomerMedia Limited (ZUM.V) CAD 0.07 (0.0%)
– Thunderbird Entertainment Group Inc. (TBRD.V) CAD 2.12 (-0.47%)
– MediaValet Inc. (MVP.V) CAD 2.53 (-0.78%)
– WOW! Unlimited Media Inc. (WOW.V) CAD 0.35 (-1.39%)
– Adobe Inc. (ADBE) USD 495.20 (-1.52%)
– Stingray Group Inc. (RAY-A.TO) CAD 5.65 (-1.74%)
– Corus Entertainment Inc. (CJR-B.TO) CAD 2.96 (-2.31%)
– Moovly Media Inc. (MVY.V) CAD 0.07 (-7.14%)
– QYOU Media Inc. (QYOU.V) CAD 0.07 (-7.14%)
Bell Media President Randy Lennox departing in 2021, Bell Group President Wade Oosterman to lead Bell Media forward – Canada NewsWire
MONTRÉAL, Oct. 19, 2020 /CNW Telbec/ – BCE Inc. (TSX: BCE) (NYSE: BCE) today announced that Bell Group President and Vice Chair Wade Oosterman will assume operational leadership of Bell Media in 2021 following the departure of Bell Media President Randy Lennox on January 4.
“On behalf of everyone at Bell, I would like to thank Randy for his leadership at Bell Media and his support of a smooth leadership transition in 2021,” said Mirko Bibic, President and CEO of BCE and Bell Canada. “A renowned executive in Canadian music and media, Randy joined Bell Media in 2015 and has transformed the company with a focus on content leadership and digital innovation. He reignited Crave and our other digital platforms, accelerated Canadian content creation with strategic investments, including the Noovo network in Québec and Pinewood Studios Toronto, and built exclusive partnerships with top international content brands like HBO Max, Starz and iHeartRadio. In a rapidly evolving media industry, Randy solidified Bell Media’s position as Canada’s #1 multimedia brand.”
“I look forward to working with Wade as he leads the Bell Media team in executing our imperatives to deliver the most compelling content to Canadians across every platform, while operating with agility and cost efficiency in a competitive and fast-changing marketplace,” said Mr. Bibic. “Already guiding overall Media strategy as Group President, Wade is known for building outstanding teams and delivering results across every segment of communications. Having also led our Mobility and Residential Services teams in his 14 years at Bell, Wade is exceptionally well positioned to leverage all of Bell’s assets to accelerate our leadership in media and TV.”
Mr. Oosterman has also served as Bell’s Chief Brand Officer since he joined the company. As he focuses fully on his role at Media, Bell today announced that Senior Vice President Brand Devorah Lithwick has been appointed SVP & Chief Brand Officer, effective January 2021.
“A seasoned executive with more than 25 years experience in Canadian brand development and marketing communications, Devorah is the ideal choice to become Bell’s next Chief Brand Officer,” said Mr. Bibic. “Joining us in 2006 as VP Brand and promoted to Senior VP in 2017, Devorah has been a critical leader in the transformation of Bell’s brand into one of the most valuable in Canada.”
Mr. Lennox joined Bell Media in 2015 as President of Content and Broadcasting and was promoted to Bell Media President in 2017, reporting to Group President Wade Oosterman. Acclaimed for his support of Canadian television and documentary film production, Mr. Lennox serves as Chair of The Banff World Media Festival, as well as on the boards of Music Canada, Canada’s Walk of Fame, Massey Hall and Roy Thomson Hall, and Ontario’s Culture Strategy Advisory Group.
A member of the Canadian Music and Broadcast Industry Hall of Fame and a Juno Awards recipient, Mr. Lennox was previously President and CEO of Universal Music Canada, where he helped launch the careers of Canadian stars including the Tragically Hip, Justin Bieber, Drake and Shawn Mendes.
Mr. Oosterman joined Bell in 2006 as President of Bell Mobility and Chief Brand Officer, and was promoted to President of Mobility and Residential Services in 2010, to Group President – responsible for strategic direction of Bell’s wireless, residential and media segments – in 2015, and additionally as Bell Vice Chair in 2018. A Canadian communications industry leader for more than 30 years, Mr. Oosterman has served as a senior wireless and brand executive with several publicly traded Canadian communications companies. He holds an MBA from the Ivey School at Western University, and serves on the boards of the Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF) and Telephone & Data Systems.
Canada’s largest communications company with more than 22 million consumer and business connections, Bell provides advanced broadband wireless, TV, Internet and business communication services throughout the country. Bell Media is Canada’s premier multimedia company with 35 television stations operated by CTV and Noovo, 29 specialty channels including the TSN and RDS sports networks, the Crave and Noovo.ca digital platforms, 109 radio stations in 58 markets, the country’s leading roster of digital news and entertainment brands, and the Astral out-of-home advertising network. Founded in Montréal in 1880, Bell is wholly owned by BCE Inc. (TSX, NYSE: BCE). To learn more, please visit Bell.ca or BCE.ca.
The Bell Let’s Talk initiative promotes Canadian mental health with national awareness and anti-stigma campaigns like Bell Let’s Talk Day and significant Bell funding of community care and access, research and workplace leadership initiatives throughout the country. To learn more, please visit Bell.ca/LetsTalk.
SOURCE Bell Canada
Who regulates social media? – TechCrunch
Social media platforms have repeatedly found themselves in the United States government’s crosshairs over the last few years, as it has been progressively revealed just how much power they really wield, and to what purposes they’ve chosen to wield it. But unlike, say, a firearm or drug manufacturer, there is no designated authority who says what these platforms can and can’t do. So who regulates them? You might say everyone and no one.
Now, it must be made clear at the outset that these companies are by no means “unregulated,” in that no legal business in this country is unregulated. For instance Facebook, certainly a social media company, received a record $5 billion fine last year for failure to comply with rules set by the FTC. But not because the company violated its social media regulations — there aren’t any.
Facebook and others are bound by the same rules that most companies must follow, such as generally agreed-upon definitions of fair business practices, truth in advertising, and so on. But industries like medicine, energy, alcohol, and automotive have additional rules, indeed entire agencies, specific to them; Not so social media companies.
I say “social media” rather than “tech” because the latter is much too broad a concept to have a single regulator. Although Google and Amazon (and Airbnb, and Uber, and so on) need new regulation as well, they may require a different specialist, like an algorithmic accountability office or online retail antitrust commission. (Inasmuch as tech companies act within regulated industries, such as Google in broadband, they are already regulated as such.)
Social media can roughly defined as platforms where people sign up to communicate and share messages and media, and that’s quite broad enough already without adding in things like ad marketplaces, competition quashing and other serious issues.
Who, then, regulates these social media companies? For the purposes of the U.S., there are four main directions from which meaningful limitations or policing may emerge, but each one has serious limitations, and none was actually created for the task.
1. Federal regulators
The Federal Communications Commission and Federal Trade Commission are what people tend to think of when “social media” and “regulation” are used in a sentence together. But one is a specialist — not the right kind, unfortunately — and the other a generalist.
The FCC, unsurprisingly, is primarily concerned with communication, but due to the laws that created it and grant it authority, it has almost no authority over what is being communicated. The sabotage of net neutrality has complicated this somewhat, but even the faction of the Commission dedicated to the backwards stance adopted during this administration has not argued that the messages and media you post are subject to their authority. They have indeed called for regulation of social media and big tech — but are for the most part unwilling and unable to do so themselves.
The Commission’s mandate is explicitly the cultivation of a robust and equitable communications infrastructure, which these days primarily means fixed and mobile broadband (though increasingly satellite services as well). The applications and businesses that use that broadband, though they may be affected by the FCC’s decisions, are generally speaking none of the agency’s business, and it has repeatedly said so.
The only potentially relevant exception is the much-discussed Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act (an amendment to the sprawling Communications Act), which waives liability for companies when illegal content is posted to their platforms, as long as those companies make a “good faith” effort to remove it in accordance with the law.
But this part of the law doesn’t actually grant the FCC authority over those companies or define good faith, and there’s an enormous risk of stepping into unconstitutional territory, because a government agency telling a company what content it must keep up or take down runs full speed into the First Amendment. That’s why although many think Section 230 ought to be revisited, few take Trump’s feeble executive actions along these lines seriously.
The agency did announce that it will be reviewing the prevailing interpretation of Section 230, but until there is some kind of established statutory authority or Congress-mandated mission for the FCC to look into social media companies, it simply can’t.
The FTC is a different story. As watchdog over business practices at large, it has a similar responsibility towards Twitter as it does towards Nabisco. It doesn’t have rules about what a social media company can or can’t do any more than it has rules about how many flavors of Cheez-It there should be. (There are industry-specific “guidelines” but these are more advisory about how general rules have been interpreted.)
On the other hand, the FTC is very much the force that comes into play should Facebook misrepresent how it shares user data, or Nabisco overstate the amount of real cheese in its crackers. The agency’s most relevant responsibility to the social media world is that of enforcing the truthfulness of material claims.
You can thank the FTC for the now-familiar, carefully worded statements that avoid any real claims or responsibilities: “We take security very seriously” and “we think we have the best method” and that sort of thing — so pretty much everything that Mark Zuckerberg says. Companies and executives are trained to do this to avoid tangling with the FTC: “Taking security seriously” isn’t enforceable, but saying “user data is never shared” certainly is.
In some cases this can still have an effect, as in the $5 billion fine recently dropped into Facebook’s lap (though for many reasons that was actually not very consequential). It’s important to understand that the fine was for breaking binding promises the company had made — not for violating some kind of social-media-specific regulations, because again, there really aren’t any.
The last point worth noting is that the FTC is a reactive agency. Although it certainly has guidelines on the limits of legal behavior, it doesn’t have rules that when violated result in a statutory fine or charges. Instead, complaints filter up through its many reporting systems and it builds a case against a company, often with the help of the Justice Department. That makes it slow to respond compared with the lightning-fast tech industry, and the companies or victims involved may have moved beyond the point of crisis while a complaint is being formalized there. Equifax’s historic breach and minimal consequences are an instructive case:
So: While the FCC and FTC do provide important guardrails for the social media industry, it would not be accurate to say they are its regulators.
2. State legislators
States are increasingly battlegrounds for the frontiers of tech, including social media companies. This is likely due to frustration with partisan gridlock in Congress that has left serious problems unaddressed for years or decades. Two good examples of states that lost their patience are California’s new privacy rules and Illinois’s Biometric Information Privacy Act (BIPA).
The California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) was arguably born out the ashes of other attempts at a national level to make companies more transparent about their data collection policies, like the ill-fated Broadband Privacy Act.
Californian officials decided that if the feds weren’t going to step up, there was no reason the state shouldn’t at least look after its own. By convention, state laws that offer consumer protections are generally given priority over weaker federal laws — this is so a state isn’t prohibited from taking measures for their citizens’ safety while the slower machinery of Congress grinds along.
The resulting law, very briefly stated, creates formal requirements for disclosures of data collection, methods for opting out of them, and also grants authority for enforcing those laws. The rules may seem like common sense when you read them, but they’re pretty far out there compared to the relative freedom tech and social media companies enjoyed previously. Unsurprisingly, they have vocally opposed the CCPA.
BIPA has a somewhat similar origin, in that a particularly far-sighted state legislature created a set of rules in 2008 limiting companies’ collection and use of biometric data like fingerprints and facial recognition. It has proven to be a huge thorn in the side of Facebook, Microsoft, Amazon, Google, and others that have taken for granted the ability to analyze a user’s biological metrics and use them for pretty much whatever they want.
Many lawsuits have been filed alleging violations of BIPA, and while few have produced notable punishments like this one, they have been invaluable in forcing the companies to admit on the record exactly what they’re doing, and how. Sometimes it’s quite surprising! The optics are terrible, and tech companies have lobbied (fortunately, with little success) to have the law replaced or weakened.
What’s crucially important about both of these laws is that they force companies to, in essence, choose between universally meeting a new, higher standard for something like privacy, or establishing a tiered system whereby some users get more privacy than others. The thing about the latter choice is that once people learn that users in Illinois and California are getting “special treatment,” they start asking why Mainers or Puerto Ricans aren’t getting it as well.
In this way state laws exert outsize influence, forcing companies to make changes nationally or globally because of decisions that technically only apply to a small subset of their users. You may think of these states as being activists (especially if their attorneys general are proactive), or simply ahead of the curve, but either way they are making their mark.
This is not ideal, however, because taken to the extreme, it produces a patchwork of state laws created by local authorities that may conflict with one another or embody different priorities. That, at least, is the doomsday scenario predicted almost universally by companies in a position to lose out.
State laws act as a test bed for new policies, but tend to only emerge when movement at the federal level is too slow. Although they may hit the bullseye now and again, like with BIPA, it would be unwise to rely on a single state or any combination among them to miraculously produce, like so many simian legislators banging on typewriters, a comprehensive regulatory structure for social media. Unfortunately, that leads us to Congress.
What can be said about the ineffectiveness of Congress that has not already been said, again and again? Even in the best of times few would trust these people to establish reasonable, clear rules that reflect reality. Congress simply is not the right tool for the job, because of its stubborn and willful ignorance on almost all issues of technology and social media, its countless conflicts of interest, and its painful sluggishness — sorry, deliberation — in actually writing and passing any bills, let alone good ones.
Companies oppose state laws like the CCPA while calling for national rules because they know that it will take forever and there’s more opportunity to get their finger in the pie before it’s baked. National rules, in addition to coming far too late, are much more likely also be watered down and riddled with loopholes by industry lobbyists. (This is indicative of the influence these companies wield over their own regulation, but it’s hardly official.)
But Congress isn’t a total loss. In moments of clarity it has established expert agencies like those in the first item, which have Congressional oversight but are otherwise independent, empowered to make rules, and kept technically — if somewhat limply — nonpartisan.
Unfortunately, the question of social media regulation is too recent for Congress to have empowered a specialist agency to address it. Social media companies don’t fit neatly into any of the categories that existing specialists regulate, something that is plainly evident by the present attempt to stretch Section 230 beyond the breaking point just to put someone on the beat.
Laws at the federal level are not to be relied on for regulation of this fast-moving industry, as the current state of things shows more than adequately. And until a dedicated expert agency or something like it is formed, it’s unlikely that anything spawned on Capitol Hill will do much to hold back the Facebooks of the world.
4. European regulators
Of course, however central it considers itself to be, the U.S. is only a part of a global ecosystem of various and shifting priorities, leaders, and legal systems. But in a sort of inside-out version of state laws punching above their weight, laws that affect a huge part of the world except the U.S. can still have a major effect on how companies operate here.
The most obvious example is the General Data Protection Regulation or GDPR, a set of rules, or rather augmentation of existing rules dating to 1995, that has begun to change the way some social media companies do business.
But this is only the latest step in a fantastically complex, decades-long process that must harmonize the national laws and needs of the E.U. member states in order to provide the clout it needs to compel adherence to the international rules. Red tape seldom bothers tech companies, which rely on bottomless pockets to plow through or in-born agility to dance away.
Although the tortoise may eventually in this case overtake the hare in some ways, at present the GDPR’s primary hindrance is not merely the complexity of its rules, but the lack of decisive enforcement of them. Each country’s Data Protection Agency acts as a node in a network that must reach consensus in order to bring the hammer down, a process that grinds slow and exceedingly fine.
When the blow finally lands, though, it may be a heavy one, outlawing entire practices at an industry-wide level rather than simply extracting pecuniary penalties these immensely rich entities can shrug off. There is space for optimism as cases escalate and involve heavy hitters like antitrust laws in efforts that grow to encompass the entire “big tech” ecosystem.
The rich tapestry of European regulations is really too complex of a topic to address here in the detail it deserves, and also reaches beyond the question of who exactly regulates social media. Europe’s role in that question of, if you will, speaking slowly and carrying a big stick promises to produce results on a grand scale, but for the purposes of this article it cannot really be considered an effective policing body.
(TechCrunch’s E.U. regulatory maven Natasha Lomas contributed to this section.)
5. No one? Really?
As you can see, the regulatory ecosystem in which social media swims is more or less free of predators. The most dangerous are the small, agile ones — state legislatures — that can take a bite before the platforms have had a chance to brace for it. The other regulators are either too slow, too compromised, or too involved (or some combination of the three) to pose a real threat. For this reason it may be necessary to introduce a new, but familiar, species: the expert agency.
As noted above, the FCC is the most familiar example of one of these, though its role is so fragmented that one could be forgiven for forgetting that it was originally created to ensure the integrity of the telephone and telegraph system. Why, then, is it the expert agency for orbital debris? That’s a story for another time.
What is clearly needed is the establishment of an independent expert agency or commission in the U.S., at the federal level, that has statutory authority to create and enforce rules pertaining to the handling of consumer data by social media platforms.
Like the FCC (and somewhat like the E.U.’s DPAs), this should be officially nonpartisan — though like the FCC it will almost certainly vacillate in its allegiance — and should have specific mandates on what it can and can’t do. For instance, it would be improper and unconstitutional for such an agency to say this or that topic of speech should be disallowed from Facebook or Twitter. But it would be able to say that companies need to have a reasonable and accessible definition of the speech they forbid, and likewise a process for auditing and contesting takedowns. (The details of how such an agency would be formed and shaped is well beyond the scope of this article.)
Even the likes of the FAA lags behind industry changes, such as the upsurge in drones that necessitated a hasty revisit of existing rules, or the huge increase in commercial space launches. But that’s a feature, not a bug. These agencies are designed not to act unilaterally based on the wisdom and experience of their leaders, but are required to perform or solicit research, consult with the public and industry alike, and create evidence-based policies involving, or at least addressing, a minimum of sufficiently objective data.
Sure, that didn’t really work with net neutrality, but I think you’ll find that industries have been unwilling to capitalize on this temporary abdication of authority by the FCC because they see that the Commission’s current makeup is fighting a losing battle against voluminous evidence, public opinion, and common sense. They see the writing on the wall and understand that under this system it can no longer be ignored.
With an analogous authority for social media, the evidence could be made public, the intentions for regulation plain, and the shareholders — that is to say, users — could make their opinions known in a public forum that isn’t owned and operated by the very companies they aim to rein in.
Without such an authority these companies and their activities — the scope of which we have only the faintest clue to — will remain in a blissful limbo, picking and choosing by which rules to abide and against which to fulminate and lobby. We must help them decide, and weigh our own priorities against theirs. They have already abused the naive trust of their users across the globe — perhaps it’s time we asked them to trust us for once.
UK Authorities Allege Russian Hackers Targeted the 2020 Olympics – Gizmodo
COVID-19 update for Oct. 19: 499 new cases, two additional deaths – Standard Freeholder
Flu vaccines on the way to primary health care providers – BlackburnNews.com
Silver investment demand jumped 12% in 2019
Iran anticipates renewed protests amid social media shutdown
Richmond BBQ spot speaks out about coronavirus rumours Vancouver Is Awesome
- Sports21 hours ago
Thornton spoke to Joe Montana before signing with Maple Leafs
- Investment18 hours ago
Manulife Investment Management named to PRI Leaders’ Group 2020 in recognition of ‘Cutting Edge’ Responsible Investment Practices
- Real eState19 hours ago
Canadian Real Estate Hottest Luxury Markets
- Business21 hours ago
China’s economy accelerates as virus recovery gains strength
- Tech21 hours ago
Got any signal up here? Nokia to build mobile network on moon
- Investment20 hours ago
City of Mississauga Applauds Roche Canada Jobs Investment in Life Sciences Industry
- Science20 hours ago
Losing flight had huge benefits for ants, Researchers Say
- Real eState20 hours ago
Real Estate Token Contracoin to List on ProBit Exchange