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International trade bans imposed on N.L. and N.S. poultry after avian flu kills 1000s of birds

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The European Union and nine countries, including the U.S., have put trade restrictions on some poultry products from two Atlantic Canadian provinces after a deadly strain of avian flu was identified at a Nova Scotia turkey farm.

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency says that on Feb. 3,  it confirmed the presence of highly pathogenic avian influenza, subtype H5N1, in a commercial flock in western Nova Scotia.

About 12,000 turkeys on the farm died because of the virus. About half died after becoming infected with bird flu and the rest were culled to prevent its spread.

On Feb. 4, CFIA notified the World Organisation for Animal Health that it had discovered a bird flu outbreak in a commercial poultry flock in Nova Scotia. Canada’s animal health status then changed to “not free” from the disease, prompting several countries to place trade restriction on some Canadian poultry products.

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It’s the first time H5N1 has been found in a commercial flock in North America since an outbreak in western Canada in 2015. The 2015 outbreak resulted in the deaths of millions of commercially-raised birds in both the U.S. and Canada.

On Feb. 1, the CFIA also confirmed the presence of H5N1 in a backyard flock in eastern Nova Scotia. The agency said the backyard flock does not produce birds for sale and is considered a non-poultry detection.

 

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency placed part of a St. John’s area exhibition farm under quarantine and posted this sign on a gate there in December. (Mark Quinn/ CBC)

 

The following are the international trade restrictions imposed in early February:

  • European Union: live birds, hatching eggs, animal products for pet food manufacturing, raw pet food, and edible poultry meat and poultry products including eggs and processed egg products originating from the control zone in Nova Scotia until further notice. There are no restrictions on thermally processed pet food (dry or canned) originating from the control zone in Nova Scotia.
  • United States: live birds, raw pet food, and edible poultry meat and poultry products such as eggs originating from the control zone in Nova Scotia, except the products for human consumption which were cooked to reach a minimum internal temperature of 740 C until further notice.
  • Russian Federation: live poultry and poultry products from Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador.
  • Hong Kong: restrictions only to products from western Nova Scotia.
  • South Africa: all heat-treated products from Canada are allowed entry into South Africa. However, only poultry products that were packaged before Jan. 17 will be allowed entry.
  • South Korea: live poultry, poultry meat and edible eggs originating from Canada.
  • Philippines: live poultry, poultry meat and edible eggs originating from Canada.
  • Mexico: live poultry and poultry products from Nova Scotia.
  • Japan: live poultry, hatching eggs, poultry meat and meat products originating from Nova Scotia.
  • Taiwan: restrictions only to the province of Nova Scotia.

Same deadly bird flu strain identified earlier in Newfoundland

The same H5N1 avian flu strain was also found in Newfoundland in late 2021.

In mid-December, CFIA reported the H5N1 bird flu strain killed more than 400 birds on an exhibition farm in St. John’s.

More than 350 birds died there and another 60 birds, including geese, peacocks, guinea fowl and an emu, were euthanized in an effort to contain the virus.

The agency also reported that birds at a backyard farming operation died or were culled in January after H5N1 was identified at the facility on Newfoundland’s Avalon Peninsula.

 

A swath of countries around the world aren’t buying specific chicken products from the region during the outbreak. (Francois Lenoir/Reuters)

 

Both locations had ponds where farm birds could mingle with wild birds, and both owners had chickens that died suddenly.

The CFIA suspects the source of infections at the two Avalon Peninsula locations are wild, aquatic, long-range migratory birds.

The agency drew out a 10-kilometre control zone around both facilities, putting them under quarantine, and says it continues to monitor wild and domestic birds in the region through surveillance and sampling. Federal officials say they are also contacting farms and people with birds in the area to ask if any birds are showing signs of the disease.

But because neither of the Newfoundland outbreaks were on commercial farms that sold birds, Canada’s “free of avian influenza” status remained in place.

Wild birds tested positive

Federal officials said the strain at the two locations has also been identified in wild birds in Newfoundland.

Wild bird surveillance done by Environment and Climate Change Canada and the Canadian Wildlife Health Cooperative found two birds with the same virus.

On Feb.9, Environment and Climate Change Canada emailed CBC News an update reporting that so far, seven dovekie carcasses collected in Newfoundland and Labrador have tested negative for avian influenza.

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Get your top stories in one quick scan – CBC.ca

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Good morning! This is our daily news roundup with everything you need to know in one concise read. Sign up here to get this delivered to your inbox every morning.

The COVID emergency might end after 3 long years — but the virus is still a threat

It’s now been more than three years since SARS-CoV-2 began its march around the world, first as a virus totally foreign to humans, and later as an evolving pathogen capable of sneaking past our sharpened immune systems, infecting even those who’ve built up immunity from prior infections or vaccinations.

On Friday, a World Health Organization (WHO) committee is set to meet to consider whether the COVID-19 pandemic still represents a global public health emergency.

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Multiple experts who spoke to CBC News said that regardless of what WHO decides in the days ahead, COVID-19 will remain a threat to our collective health for years to come — for a slate of different reasons — even as governments and the public move on.

“I know this is what happens at the end of pandemics,” Toronto-based microbiologist Dr. Allison McGeer said, “but watching it in real time is a bit depressing.”

WATCH | How WHO will decide if the COVID-19 emergency is over: 

How WHO will decide if the COVID-19 emergency is over

12 hours ago

Duration 5:04

There are reasons to be hopeful about the trajectory of the COVID-19 pandemic, even though this virus has claimed millions of lives.

By now, a majority of Canadians are vaccinated, which largely protects against serious illness. Drugs like Paxlovid are available for higher-risk groups, and critical care physicians have learned how to better treat those who do fall seriously ill.

As of mid-2022, vaccinated and boosted Canadians were three times less likely to be hospitalized — and five times less likely to die — than people who hadn’t gotten a single shot, federal figures show. 

Data from a B.C. research team also suggests SARS-CoV-2 has infected most of the population at least once, offering many people a blend of protective immunity through both viral exposure and vaccines. But most doesn’t mean everyone, McGeer stressed.

COVID-19 still killed hundreds of Canadians each week throughout much of the last year, and even now, the virus keeps finding new victims with grim regularity, she said, including isolated seniors and other high-risk individuals who managed to avoid the virus while taking precautions.

“We have too many older people who are as yet uninfected for it to plateau,” said McGeer. Read more on this story here.

Fashion flip

A model wears an upside-down blue dress at a fashion show in Paris.

(Stephane de Sakutin/AFP/Getty Images)

A model presents a creation for Viktor & Rolf during the haute couture spring-summer 2023 Fashion Week in Paris on Wednesday.

In brief

Canada is considering contributing four Leopard 2 tanks to Ukraine, senior sources told CBC News — but no decision has been made. The government could announce the donation of tanks as early as Thursday, the sources said. CBC News is not identifying the confidential sources because they were not authorized to speak publicly. One source said Canada is likely to send Ukraine the A4 variant of the tank — the oldest in the Canadian military’s inventory. Canada bought the A4s from the Netherlands during the Afghan war. The Globe and Mail first reported the number of tanks that Canada may send to Ukraine’s war effort. Read more here.

Alberta Premier Danielle Smith should call an independent investigation into contact between her office, the justice minister’s office and Crown prosecutors to put questions to rest, one political scientist says. Sources have told CBC News that Smith, over several months, asked for updates on cases or inquired whether it would be possible to abandon them. University of Calgary political science Prof. Lisa Young says questions about the actions of Smith and her staff may follow them until an impartial third party can look at the evidence. “There’s a lot of smoke around this, which suggests there is a fire,” Young said Wednesday. “And it’s very clear that there’s now a perception that something has gone on here. Which means, we need clarity.” Read the full story here.

As the union representing tens of thousands of federal public servants prepares to hold strike votes across the country, one expert in labour negotiations says we should be prepared for more contract disputes thanks to high inflation. Earlier this week, the Public Service Alliance of Canada (PSAC) announced it will hold strike votes for another 120,000 federal public servants, just two weeks after taking the same step for 35,000 taxation employees. The main issue during talks, which started in June 2021, appears to be wage increases, with PSAC asking for an annual increase of 4.5 per cent for 2021, 2022 and 2023. The government has countered by offering a 2.06 per cent raise on average over four years, an amount PSAC labelled as “insulting.” The negotiations have stalled, which doesn’t surprise Robert Hickey, an associate professor of industrial relations at Queen’s University. “The bargaining environment has been fundamentally changed by inflation,” said Hickey. “What PSAC is asking seems high, but in the context of relatively high inflation it’s not outside the ballpark for a starting offer.” Read more on this story here.

LISTEN | AI-generated essays are a growing concern, so this Canadian student created a free app to detect them: 

The extent of real estate fraud and its links to organized crime

3 days ago

Duration 3:26

Nearly a year after discovering something was wrong with their property, Stephanie and Derrick are sharing their story to sound the alarm on how they say current identification requirements in real-estate transactions are failing to protect homeowners from fraud. CBC Toronto is not using the couple’s real names because they are the victims of identity theft. “All the things you need to provide to buy a house, no one ever checks if those match up when you sell a house,” alleges Derrick. “You trust these institutions to protect you and it feels like they’re doing whatever they can to do things as fast and as cheap as possible.” The couple says the fraudsters who impersonated them to sell their house consistently spelled one of their last names wrong through the transaction, which was inconsistent with the fake ID they were using. Read the full story here.

WATCH | The extent of real estate fraud and its links to organized crime: 

Bank of Canada hikes interest rates again to 4.5%

13 hours ago

Duration 2:40

If you are one of those Canadians who remain confident that central bank governor Tiff Macklem has a good handle on the economy, the future looks pretty bright. “It’s working,” Macklem boasted at Wednesday’s monetary policy news conference. Yes, another quarter-point rate hike means Canadians paying off their mortgages will now be forking out 4.25 percentage points more than they expected just two years ago. And yes, interest costs on those lines of credit so many Canadians still carry will rise above seven per cent instead of the two per cent when the bank lent them the money. But according to Wednesday’s monetary policy report, not only does the Bank of Canada seem to think it may have inflation pretty well licked, Macklem said he expects the Canadian economy will pay a relatively mild price over the next six to nine months compared to some of the most worrying predictions. Not everyone shares his optimism, and even Macklem admits it won’t be painless. Read more here

WATCH | Bank of Canada hikes interest rates again to 4.5%: 

Day 69:03AI-generated essays are a growing concern, so this Canadian student created a free app to detect them

Edward Tian, 22, of Toronto created GPTZero in response to the wildly successful artificial intelligence content-generating app ChatGPT, to give people a way to ascertain whether writing samples were produced by humans or bots. ChatGPT came out in November, and was released by San Francisco-based OpenAl. Users can ask it questions and assign it to produce things such as essays, poetry or computer code. It then scrapes text from across the internet to formulate a response. When it surfaced, educational institutions were concerned about it being used for cheating. Tian’s program, GPTZero, which was released in early January, is free and was designed to red flag AI-generated writing. “I think writing can be so beautiful,” said the computer science and journalism student. “There are parts and qualities of human writing that the machines can never do.” Read Tian’s conversation with Day 6 host Brent Bambury

Now for some good news to start your Thursday: It took 50 years, and it was worth every minute for Vic Mercredi to see his face on an NHL rookie card. Mercredi is one of eight Indigenous NHLers to be featured in the First Peoples Rookie Card series, from trading card company Upper Deck. He still plays hockey casually with his kids and grandkids, but it’s been five full decades since he was drafted by the Atlanta Flames. The picture on his card features a young Mercredi — a photo taken back during his first day of training camp for the purpose of cards and programs. “Fifty years later? Better late than never,” Mercredi said with a chuckle. “It is quite an honour to have something like that at this point in my life.” Read more on this story here.

Nothing is Foreign: ‘No future here,’ says man who fled Russia after getting draft notice

As Russia’s invasion of Ukraine drags on, experts say Vladimir Putin is preparing to do what was once unthinkable: launch another wave of mobilization. 

Russian military analysts say Putin is preparing the country for a long war and needs the extra recruits. In addition, Ukrainian intelligence officials have also claimed that a second round of mobilization is imminent.

But what do ordinary Russians think? This week, Nothing is Foreign speaks to a Russian man who fled when he first received his draft notice. He says that if the war effort persists, he does not see a future for himself and his family in Russia.

Nothing is Foreign28:54‘No future here,’ says man who fled Russia after getting draft notice

Today in history: January 26

1891: Famed Montreal brain surgeon Dr. Wilder Penfield is born in Spokane, Wash. He accurately mapped the cortical areas related to speech for the first time. He also discovered that stimulation of the temporal lobes provoked startlingly vivid recollections — proof of the physical basis of memory.

1905: The world’s largest uncut diamond is found in South Africa. The 3,100-carat Cullinan diamond weighed more than 600 grams.

1950: India becomes a sovereign democratic republic — the first within the Commonwealth.

2006: Hudson’s Bay, Canada’s oldest company, accepts a friendly $1.5-billion takeover offer from U.S.-based Maple Leaf Heritage Investments, headed by Jerry Zucker.

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Northumberland Hills Hospital declares COVID-19 outbreak – 93.3 myFM

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Northumberland Hills Hospital has declared an outbreak in COVID-19 cases.

The hospital is experiencing its first surge in COVID-19 cases since October 2022.

They’ve temporarily paused visiting to NHH’s Inpatient Rehabilitation Unit due to four active COVID-19 cases among admitted inpatients.

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Visiting continues as usual outside the unit unless patients are in isolation for COVID-19 infection or exposure.

Written by Lee McConnell

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Top doctor says Ontario 'must remain vigilant' past flu peak, COVID variant advances – TimminsToday

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TORONTO — Ontario’s top doctor says even though COVID-19 and flu activity is declining, the province “must remain vigilant” as a more transmissible variant gains ground. 

In a statement, Dr. Kieran Moore says parts of Ontario are reporting a rise in the number of cases of the more easily spreadable XBB 1.5 variant of COVID-19. 

He says while the new strain has not been associated with more severe illness, infections could climb as it becomes the “main variant in Ontario.”

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Moore says Ontario is seeing a decline in COVID, respiratory syncytial virus and flu activity throughout the province, offering some relief to hard-hit hospitals.

In recent weeks, Ontario pediatric hospitals have ramped up surgeries after a three-month surge of flu and RSV cases pushed them to redeploy staff to intensive care units and emergency departments. 

Moore says flu cases peaked at the end of November and continue to decline.

This report by The Canadian Press was first published Jan. 26, 2023. 

The Canadian Press

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