Investments into Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) have to be more than double their current levels, reaching $384 billion a year by 2025 and $674 billion by 2050 to deal with the global crises of climate change, biodiversity loss and land degradation, according to a UN report.
The UN report entitled the “State of Finance for Nature” said that doubling investments into protecting and managing the world’s ecosystems is the key to address those triple crises. The authors reveal that NbS are still significantly under-financed.
The report comes 10 days after the end of the COP27 and a week before the start of the UN Conference on Biodiversity (COP15 CBD) in Montreal, Canada. COP15 is where nations will try to agree on a deal to protect nature and wildlife from further losses and degradation.
Authors of the report said in a statement that UNEP urges governments to come up with an agreement at COP15 mandating countries to require the financial sector to align investments with nature-positive goals.
Investments in Nature-Based Solutions (NBS)
According to one of the authors who is the director of McKinsey & Company Robin Smale, Nature-based Solutions refer to:
“Actions to protect, conserve, restore, sustainably use and manage natural or modified terrestrial, freshwater, coastal and marine ecosystems, which address social, economic and environmental challenges effectively and adaptively, while simultaneously providing human well-being, ecosystem services and resilience and biodiversity benefits are all considered as nature-based solutions…”
The current global investments in NB$&%S are around $154 billion per year. But that amount has to increase to $384 billion by 2025 to tackle the triple crisis of land degradation, climate, and nature as the chart shows.
Last year, investments into nature-based solutions was at around $133. But this estimate will be altered as the scope of NbS and how they’re assessed keeps on changing, too. Take for instance the case of marine NbS; they are the newest inclusion to the report’s latest edition.
- In contrast, investments from governments in economic activities that pollute the air are 3x to 7x higher than financing for NbS.
These subsidies are highest in the sectors of energy and agriculture estimated at $340 billion – $530 billion a year and $500 billion a year, respectively. The report suggested phasing out of these investments.
Nature and The Economy
The authors of the report further noted that:
“This report is a reminder that lots of short-term efforts to boost gross domestic product (GDP) by Governments… without paying attention to the fact that nature underpins many economies, will impose greater costs for both present and future generations in the years to come.”
In fact, about 50% of global GDP is dependent on healthy and well-functioning ecosystems. So, countries have to go beyond just the economics of GDP and consider the principles of natural capital accounting and circular economy.
According to one author, there are already trends pointing to that direction and considering nature in making investment decisions.
Meanwhile, the report also found that governments spend $500 billion-$1 trillion a year on potentially damaging subsidies. And with ~100 parties to last year’s biodiversity summit in Kunming, China, they weren’t able to agree to fund nature conservation efforts in poorer countries.
Over a decade ago in Japan, world leaders who signed a biodiversity pact in 2010 have set targets to cut loss by 2020. Unfortunately, none of those goals were also met.
NbS and Carbon Markets
The third major point of UNEP’s report was the need for private investments in nature-based solutions.
Financing from the private sector accounts for only 17% despite their pledges to reduce deforestation and carbon emissions. With this, the report recommended that private investors will have to “combine ‘net zero’ with ‘nature positive’.”
That means they must do the following actions:
- Create a sustainable supply chain
- Reduce activities that negatively impact climate and biodiversity,
- Offset any unavoidable activities through high-integrity nature markets,
- Pay for ecosystem services, and
- Invest in nature-positive activities.
Closing the nature-finance gap means directing additional investments in ecosystem restoration, protection, and sustainable land management. The chart below shows how much financing NbS requires to meet the 1.5 degree scenario.
Carbon markets have a role to play in propelling private financing for NbS. And public investments can’t scale up soon due to several issues that governments face, said the report. So working on creating standards and ensuring integrity in carbon markets is crucial.
An officer from the UNEP noted that including NbS in the COP climate summit agenda wasn’t possible before. Making it to the cover text of COP27 and the upcoming COP15 in Montreal is a success.
Discussions on mitigation finance were still not enough but “ambition without finance does not lead to action” the officer said. Financial commitments are vital for negotiations to be in good faith, she added.
The report was released by the UNEP along with the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) of Germany, the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and the European Commission.
Zacks Investment Ideas feature highlights: Alphabet, Tesla, Shopify, Amazon and Palo Alto
For Immediate Release
Chicago, IL – February 2, 2023 – Today, Zacks Investment Ideas feature highlights Alphabet GOOGL, Tesla TSLA, Shopify SHOP, Amazon AMZN and Palo Alto Networks PANW.
Which of These Stocks Has Been the Best Buy, Post-Split?
Stock splits have been a regular occurrence in the market over the last several years, with many companies aiming to boost liquidity within shares and knock down barriers for potential investors.
Of course, it’s important to remember that a split doesn’t directly impact a company’s financial standing or performance.
In 2022, several companies performed splits, including Alphabet, Tesla, Shopify, Amazon and Palo Alto Networks. Below is a chart illustrating the performance of all five stocks over the last year, with the S&P 500 blended in as a benchmark.
As we can see, PANW shares have been the best performers over the last year, the only to outperform the general market.
However, which has turned in a better performance post-split? Let’s take a closer look.
We’re all familiar with Tesla, which has revolutionized the EV (electric vehicle) industry. It’s been one of the best-performing stocks over the last decade, quickly becoming a favorite among investors.
Earlier in June of 2022, the mega-popular EV manufacturer announced that its board approved a three-for-one stock split; shares began trading on a split-adjusted basis on August 25th, 2022.
Since the split, Tesla shares have lost roughly 40% in value, widely underperforming relative to the S&P 500.
Palo Alto Networks
Palo Alto Networks offers network security solutions to enterprises, service providers, and government entities worldwide.
PANW’s three-for-one stock split in mid-September seemingly flew under the radar. The company’s shares started trading on a split-adjusted basis on September 14th, 2022.
Following the split, PANW shares have struggled to gain traction, down roughly 15% compared to the S&P 500’s 3.3% gain.
Shopify provides a multi-tenant, cloud-based, multi-channel e-commerce platform for small and medium-sized businesses.
SHOP shares started trading on a split-adjusted basis on June 29th, 2022; the company performed a 10-for-1 split.
Impressively, Shopify shares have soared for a 50% gain since the split, crushing the general market’s performance.
Alphabet has evolved from primarily being a search engine into a company with operations in cloud computing, ad-based video and music streaming, autonomous vehicles, and more.
Last February, the tech titan announced a 20-for-1 split, and investors cheered on the news – GOOGL shares climbed 7% the day following the announcement. Shares started trading on a split-adjusted basis on July 18th, 2022.
Alphabet shares have sailed through challenging waters since the split, down 10% and lagging behind the S&P 500.
Amazon has evolved into an e-commerce giant with global operations. The company also enjoys a dominant position within the cloud computing space with its Amazon Web Services (AWS) operations.
AMZN’s 20-for-1 split was a bit of a surprise, as it was the company’s first split since 1999. Shares started trading on a split-adjusted basis on June 6th, 2022.
Following the split, Amazon shares have lost roughly 18% in value, well off the general market’s performance.
Stock splits are typically exciting announcements that investors can receive, with companies aiming to boost liquidity within shares.
Interestingly enough, only Shopify shares reside in the green post-split of the five listed.
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$13 million investment in Campbellford Memorial Hospital
The Campbellford Memorial Hospital will be receiving a $13 million investment from the Ontario Government to address infrastructure concerns.
The announcement was made at the hospital by Northumberland—Peterborough South MPP David Piccini.
The $13 million is broken down as follows:
- $9,639,900 will be going to CMH as one-time capital funding to address the HVAC and generator
- $1,874,929 for reimbursement of CMH’s COVID-19-related capital expenses
- $771,797 in COVID-19 incremental operating funding
- up to $600,000 in one-time funding to support the hospital’s in-year financial and operating pressures
- $163,600 in pandemic prevention and containment funding
- $81,132 through the Health Infrastructure Renewal Fund
- $46,884 in health human resources funding.
Interim President and CEO Eric Hanna welcomed the news, saying much needs to be done about the HVAC and generator.
At the announcement, Hanna spoke of the issues with the generator.
“I’ve got the wee little generator up at the lake and then I’m thinking well, everything should be going well at the hospital,” Hanna told the audience in attendance.
“You get a call from the person in charge who says, ‘Guess what Eric? Generator didn’t start. Oh, so what does that mean? There’s no power in the hospital.’ That’s happened a couple of times in the past year and the generator is over 30 years old.”
Hanna says the solution was not as easy as replacing the generator.
“You can go buy the generator and that may be about a million dollars. But then when we found out afterwards, we came to hook up the new generator to the electrical distribution system and said it won’t work with that because your electrical distribution system is 1956. You can’t plug this generator into that. So now we’re putting close to $5 million into a whole electrical distribution system so the generator will work. It’s part of that ongoing thing and that’s why these costs continue to go up.”
The HVAC system was also something addressed by Hanna.
“It’s a contract close to $7 million to replace that. This wing, for example. There’s no fresh air in this wing. It hasn’t worked in here for 15 years. So now this is administrative areas and the concern was that in some of the patient carriers, it wasn’t working either. So – having those discussions with David (Piccini) and saying what we have to do to correct this.”
Chile’s Enap Set to Slash Debt Burden That Weighed on Investment
(Bloomberg) — Enap, Chile’s state oil and gas company, plans to use near-record earnings to slash its debt burden, while increasing investment in its refineries and in exploration and production.
The company aims to reduce its debt load to about $3 billion “medium term” from the current $4.3 billion, Chief Executive Officer Julio Friedmann said in an interview. Plans include a bond sale in the first half of this year to refinance some securities.
The improved financial position — with 2022 profit surging to $575 million — comes after Enap’s oil and gas operations in Egypt, Ecuador and Argentina got a boost from high crude prices, while healthy international refining margins benefited plants in Chile. Those trends are expected to extend into this year and next, enabling the company to pre-pay some short-term obligations. About half of the current debt burden matures in the next three years.
“We are going to issue bonds,” the MIT-trained executive said Wednesday from the Aconcagua refinery in central Chile. “We are closely evaluating the local and international markets.”
At the same time, Friedmann, who took the reins at Enap in November, plans to increase capital expenditure to about $700 million this year from $550 million last year.
The increase comes after underinvestment in the past few years because of Covid restrictions and the heavy debt load. Spending will focus on making treatment processes cleaner and upgrading infrastructure, as well as a more aggressive approach to increasing gas reserves in the far south of the country, he said.
Enap plans to expand in both liquefied petroleum gas and natural gas markets in Chile, focusing on the wholesale business and eventually selling directly to large-scale consumers such as mines. Organizational changes to enable the expansion will be announced soon. There are no plans to enter the final distribution business, Friedmann said. The company wants to supply more gas to southern cities as a way of replacing dirtier fuels such as wood and diesel.
Enap and its partners are also preparing pipelines and a refinery near Concepcion to start receiving crude from Argentina’s Neuquen basin sometime this year in an arrangement that could supply as much as 30% of its needs.
While there’s plenty of potential do collaborate more with energy-rich Argentina, particularly in the Magallanes area, that would require greater long-term visibility on supplies from the neighboring country, Friedmann said.
He sees a role for Enap in the development of green hydrogen in Chile. It’s in talks with three companies to enable its facilities in Magallanes to be used to receive all the wind turbines, electrolyzers and other equipment that will be needed to make the clean fuel. Enap is also evaluating its own small pilot plants and will consider whether to take up options to enter other green hydrogen projects as an equity partner.
While the company will maintain its focus on meeting rising demand for traditional fuels, it anticipates new regulation that will require lower emissions. It’s also looking closely at clean-fuel options for aviation, Friedmann said.
(Adds clean fuel plans in last paragraph. I previous version corrected spelling of CEO’s surname.)
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