Over the past few months, the planet Mars has been steadily brightening and is now at its peak.
While it takes Earth 365 days to orbit once around the sun, Mars lies farther away from the sun taking 687 days to complete one lap. Every 26 months and an odd number of days, Earth catches up with slower Mars, allowing us to see greater detail on its surface through the eyepiece of a telescope.
With a separation of 60 million kilometres on October 6 Mars is big and bright.
Dubbed the “red” planet, Mars appears more orange than red and is the result of a large amount of rust otherwise known as iron oxide that covers much of the Martian landscape. It is now rising in the east after sunset and is visible all night long. Jupiter and Saturn are still seen in the western sky and set at midnight.
Mercury is also in the west close to the Sun and harder to locate.
Before the night ends, brilliant Venus is seen rising in the east around 4 a.m. The days of the week were derived from these five wandering planets along with the Sun and the moon.
As the latter months of 2020 tick by, Mars will continue to dim as our distance increases. Our next close encounter occurs in December 2022.
Ever since the first successful flyby by NASA’s Mariner 4 in July of 1965, dozens of missions have been sent to Mars to learn its secrets and answer to the ultimate question, is there life on Mars?
With the help of orbiters, landers and rovers, more and more discoveries are being made.
One of the key ingredient to finding life is water. Every living organism on Earth requires water and scientist believe Mars had oceans some three billion years ago. As the planet continued to cool from its early creation, it lost its magnetic field protecting it from deadly solar radiation.
The solar winds blew away the atmosphere and the water evaporated.
There have been more recent discoveries of saltwater locked up in the permafrost.
The next mission carrying and rover Perseverance and a small helicopter named Ingenuity is currently on its seven-month journey to reach the planet in February 2021.
Known as “The Backyard Astronomer”, Gary Boyle is an astronomy educator, guest speaker and monthly columnist for the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada.
OSIRIS-REx collects sample from Bennu asteroid after 2-year orbit – KOKI FOX 23
“Even though we have some work ahead of us to determine the outcome of the event — the successful contact, the TAGSAM gas firing, and back-away from Bennu are major accomplishments for the team. I look forward to analyzing the data to determine the mass of sample collected,” Dante Lauretta said in a statement, according to CNN. Lauretta is the principal investigator for the mission and is a professor at the University of Arizona Lunar and Planetary Laboratory.
Space: Astronauts uncovered a leak at the space station ISS with a tea bag – three are back on earth – Pledge Times
Spacemen of the International Space Station ISS have shown ingenuity. The astronauts made use of a tea bag in space. Three of them have now returned to earth.
- Russia and the USA share the International space station ISS.
- However, there is one at the station about 400 kilometers above the earth leak.
- The crew tried to fix the air leak using a Tea bags to detect.
Update from October 22nd, 4:40 p.m. Three of the astronauts who boarded the International Space Station (ISS) with help of a Tea bags one leak have found (see first report), have returned to Earth safely after almost 200 days on the ISS. The US astronaut Chris Cassidy and the Russian cosmonauts Anatoly Ivanishin and Ivan Wagner landed on Thursday in the Kazakh steppe, as photos by the Russian space agency Roskosmos show.
The three spacemen were in April ISS broken up. Because of the Corona pandemic Wagner, Iwanischin and Cassidy had to be in quarantine a good month before the start of their six-month mission. At that time they could not personally say goodbye to their families. It was the third mission on board the ISS for Cassidy and Ivanishin. Wagner, on the other hand, made his first flight to the space station. In a tweet before his return to earth, the 35-year-old wrote: “Mom, I’m coming home.”
‘Mama, I’m coming home!’
Tonight we, the #ISS-63 crew are returning to Earth. This was a busy and very interesting flight! Hope that was interesting!
– Ivan Vagner (@ ivan_mks63) October 21, 2020
First report from October 19, 2020: Space: Leak found at space station ISS – household goods are the solution
Moscow – spaceman the International Space Station have a possible Air leak with help of a Tea bags tracked down. This had flown in weightlessness in the direction of the leak, said cosmonaut Anatoly Ivanishin according to the state agency Tass. “We have several photos and videos of the direction of flight of the teabag.” He reckons with “actually having found the probable leak”. It should start with a duct tape be sealed.
The space travelers have been occupied with the leak in the station about 400 kilometers above the earth for weeks. They had to spend a weekend in the Russian segment in August because they were looking for the hole in another part of the station. According to earlier information from the Russian space agency Roscosmos the leak is “extremely insignificant” and harmless to the astronauts and cosmonauts.
– Intl. Space Station (@Space_Station) October 19, 2020
Space station ISS: “Air pressure continues to drop”
“Of the Air pressure continues to fall, but not as quickly, ”said Ivanishin. The crew now wants to better seal the crack and keep an eye on the situation. “Perhaps we should use the more effective patches from our partners,” said the Russian spaceman, referring to his American colleagues.
A short time later that is Oxygen system Elektron-WM failed according to Roscosmos. A spokesman for Roskosmos confirmed, however, that there is no danger for the crew, as the oxygen system in the US segment of the ISS continues to function normally.
ISS: Russian aerospace veteran: “All modules in the Russian segment are worn out”
Currently hold up six spacemen in the ISS. The crew had only last week Reinforcement got after a Soyuz capsule with three spacemen on board after a flight in Record time has docked with the ISS. So far, there have been three space travelers on the ISS, who were also under strict conditions in the spring corona-Pads started. They are supposed to return to earth in October.
The space station crew expanded to six people today when the Soyuz crew ship hatch opened at 7:07 am ET just a few hours after the Exp 64 crew launched from Kazakhstan. More … https://t.co/9L5DaJFRSa pic.twitter.com/skxgdiKKJH
– Intl. Space Station (@Space_Station) October 14, 2020
It wasn’t until April Oxygen leak found in the ISS, which is more than two decades old. The Russian aerospace veteran Gennadi Padalka told the Ria-Novosti news agency that the station’s Russian equipment had long exceeded its shelf life: “All modules in the Russian segment are worn“Said the cosmonaut who holds the record for the most days spent in space. The equipment was actually only designed for a service life of 15 years. (ck / dpa)
Most recently, an asteroid named “Bennu” was on a dangerous course towards Earth in space. Even a ninth planet in our solar system is said to have been discovered.
List of rubric lists: © Nasa / dpa
NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy, Russian counterparts return safely to Earth from space station
MOSCOW – A trio of space travelers safely returned to Earth on Thursday after a six-month mission on the International Space Station.
The Soyuz MS-16 capsule carrying NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy, and Roscosmos’ Anatoly Ivanishin and Ivan Vagner landed on the steppes of Kazakhstan southeast of the town of Dzhezkazgan at 7:54 a.m. (2:54 GMT) Thursday.
After a brief medical checkup, the three will be taken by helicopters to Dzhezkazgan from where they will depart home.
Cassidy will board a NASA plane back to Houston, while Vagner and Ivanishin will fly home to Star City, Russia.
The crew smiled as they talked to masked members of the recovery team, and NASA and Roscosmos reported that they were in good condition.
As part of additional precautions due to the coronavirus, the rescue team members meeting the crew were tested for the virus and the number of people involved in the recovery effort was limited.
Cassidy, Ivanishin and Vagner spent 196 days in orbit, having arrived at the station on April 9. They left behind NASA’s Kate Rubins and Roscosmos’ Sergey Ryzhikov and Sergey Kud-Sverchkov, who arrived at the orbiting outpost a week ago for a six-month stay.
Cassidy, returning from his third space mission, has now spent a total of 378 days in space, the fifth highest among U.S. astronauts.
While serving as the station’s commander, Cassidy welcomed SpaceX Demo-2 crew Robert Behnken and Douglas Hurley, the first NASA astronauts to launch to the space station on an American spacecraft from American soil since the retirement of the space shuttle fleet in 2011.
Cassidy and Behnken completed four spacewalks for a total of 23 hours and 37 minutes, becoming two of only four U.S. astronauts to complete 10 spacewalks.
Before the crew’s departure, Russian cosmonauts were able to temporarily seal the air leak they tried to locate for several months. The small leak has posed no immediate danger to the station’s crew, and Roscosmos engineers have been working on a permanent seal.
In November, Rubins, Ryzhikov and Kud-Sverchkov are expected to greet NASA’s SpaceX first operational Crew Dragon mission comprising NASA astronauts Mike Hopkins, Victor Glover and Shannon Walker, and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency astronaut Soichi Noguchi.
Source: – Fox News
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