Ottawa’s police chief has resigned after criticism that he did not do enough to stop COVID-19 protests that have paralyzed Canada’s capital city and forced Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to invoke emergency powers, a city official said on Tuesday.
A trucker-led movement calling on the government to lift vaccine mandates and other restrictions has occupied parts of downtown Ottawa since late January. It had also blocked a major U.S. border crossing until being cleared over the weekend.
With protesters still standing their ground outside Canada’s parliament and prime minister’s office, Ottawa Police Chief Peter Sloly has stepped down, Riley Brockington, an Ottawa city councillor, said on Twitter.
Sloly will publicly announce his decision later on Tuesday, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation reported. Ottawa police did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
Critics alleged that Sloly and other police officers were too permissive in their approach to the protests, which have inspired copycat movements across the world and posed a major challenge to Trudeau’s government.
Trudeau became only the second Canadian leader to invoke the Emergencies Act in peacetime, giving authorities broad powers including the ability to cut off protesters’ funding and reinforce provincial and local law enforcement with federal police.
‘WE’RE NOT LEAVING’
Protesters blockaded the Ambassador Bridge, a vital trade route between Windsor, Ontario, and Detroit, for six days before police cleared them out on Sunday. They have also shut down smaller crossings in Alberta, Manitoba and British Columbia.
A border crossing in Manitoba remained blocked on Tuesday, and protesters in downtown Ottawa vowed to defy Trudeau’s emergency orders.
“We’re not leaving. We’ve dug in this long,” said Gord, a cross-border truck driver from Manitoba who declined to give his last name. The use of emergency powers “is just another scare tactic,” he said while parked in front of parliament.
Danny Digenova, a protester from Montreal who stood near the entrance to parliament, said he was not concerned about the emergency powers and he would stay until restrictions are lifted.
Trudeau acted after concluding that law enforcement could not cope with the protesters, especially in Ottawa.
“This illegal occupation needs to end … the measure of success will be, can we get our supply chains back? Can we end the disruption to livelihoods of people who rely on trade to the United States?” Trudeau told reporters.
Protesters in Coutts, Alberta, planned to end their protest on Tuesday morning, the Canadian Broadcasting Corp reported, after 13 people were arrested on Monday with a cache of weapons, ammunition and bullet-proof vests.
As part of the Emergencies Act, Finance Minister Chrystia Freeland announced measures to choke off the protest movement’s funding, saying they could lose their commercial licenses, insurance and access to bank accounts.
“I suspect following the money and then turning the money off is probably a good strategy and not one that’s easily done … temporary short-term measures that wouldn’t normally be acceptable can be put in place,” Jack Lindsay, department chair for applied disaster and emergency studies at Brandon University in Manitoba.
(Reporting by David Ljunggren and Steve Scherer; Additional reporting by Nichola Saminather and Anna Mehler-Paperny; Writing by Rami Ayyub; Editing by Stephen Coates and Lisa Shumaker)
Prince Charles and Camilla kick off three-day Canadian tour, PM says reconciliation will be part of visit – CTV News
St. JOHN’S –
Prince Charles and Camilla, the Duchess of Cornwall, have arrived in St. John’s, N.L., to begin a three-day Canadian tour that includes stops in Ottawa and the Northwest Territories.
The royal couple’s itinerary in Newfoundland includes a welcome ceremony at the provincial legislature with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Gov. Gen. Mary Simon, followed by a visit to Government House, the official residence of Lt.-Gov. Judy Foote, the Queen’s representative in the province.
Outside the residence, they will take part in a reconciliation prayer with Indigenous leaders at the Heart Garden, which was built to honour Indigenous children who attended the province’s residential schools.
Earlier today, Trudeau said reconciliation will form part of the discussions Charles and Camilla engage in during their visit.
But the prime minister avoided answering when asked if he thinks the Queen should apologize for the legacy of residential schools.
Metis National Council President Cassidy Caron has said she intends to make a request for an apology to the prince and duchess during a reception Wednesday at Rideau Hall in Ottawa.
This report by The Canadian Press was first published May 17, 2022.
Getting to know Canada’s immigration categories – Canada Immigration News
A recent announcement that as of July, Canada will resume Express Entry invitations to all candidates is welcome news for those who had their immigration plans put on hold by the COVID-19 pandemic.
However, Express Entry is just one way to immigrate to Canada and with an overwhelming number of pathways, it can be difficult to know where to start. Understanding Canada’s immigration categories is a good first step.
The economic class is the largest source of immigration to Canada. Those who are eligible for any of the more than 100 pathways are seen as able to contribute the most to Canada’s economy and have an easier time integrating into the Canadian job market.
The main federal economic class immigration pathway is called Express Entry. Through Express Entry, there are three programs:
- The Federal Skilled Worker Program is designed for any applicant who meets specific language, education, and work experience. Work experience is categorized using the National Occupational Classification system. This system is used to determine if a candidate is eligible for an economic class immigration program. Each occupation has a code and is assigned a skill level.
- The Federal Skilled Trades Program is an option for those with at least two years of experience in a skilled trade in the five years before applying, as well as required language skills in either English or French.
- The Canadian Experience Class is available to those who have already worked for at least one year in Canada and who meet language skills criteria.
Through each pathway, eligible applicants upload their profile to the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) website and are given a score using the Comprehensive Ranking System. This score, based on criteria such as education, language skills and work experience, is used to rank candidates. The higher the score, the more likely you are to receive an Invitation To Apply for permanent residence.
IRCC invites the highest-ranking candidates every two weeks.
Provincial Nomination Program
Newcomers seeking permanent residency can opt to apply to the Provincial Nomination Program (PNP). Each Canadian province and territory (with the exceptions of Quebec and Nunavut) has a PNP, which allows them to nominate immigration candidates for permanent residence.
There are two types of PNP. Enhanced PNPs invite Express Entry candidates to apply for a provincial nomination. If an Express Entry candidate successfully applies for a provincial nomination, they are eligible for an additional 600 CRS points.
Provinces that participate in the PNP also have base streams that operate outside of the Express Entry system. Through these immigration programs, it is possible to apply directly to a provincial government, although the application may take longer to process.
Getting a provincial nomination is not the same as becoming a permanent resident. In Canada, only the federal government can issue permanent residency status. However, a provincial nomination can greatly support a Canadian immigration application.
The province of Quebec does things a little differently. Quebec has a special agreement with the federal government that allows it to choose immigrants. Quebec is the only province in Canada with French as the official language, and as such, many of its immigration programs require applicants to have French language skills.
Quebec has unique immigration programs. For example, skilled workers can apply to the Quebec Skills Workers Program, which is similar to the Federal Skilled Worker Program. It is also possible to take advantage of pilot programs that encourage immigration by those with experience in the food industry, orderlies and those who are experienced in artificial intelligence and tech.
After economic class immigration, family class sponsorship is the second-most common path for immigration to Canada. Canada welcomes over 100,000 newcomers a year through family sponsorship. Two main pathways make this possible: the Spouses, Partners and Children’s Program and the Parents and Grandparents Program.
Spouses and partners
Canadian citizens and permanent residents can sponsor a spouse, common-law partner and any dependent children. They must be able to prove that they can financially support their partner and any dependent children for a certain length of time known as an undertaking, in this case three years, regardless of any change to a financial situation in the future. Applicants need to show proof of a relationship such as a marriage certificate, photos or proof of shared expenses. It is important to note that Canada welcomes those in same-sex relationships and all sponsorship requirements are identical for same-sex partners and spouses.
Parents and grandparents
Parents and Grandparents can be sponsored by any Canadian citizen or permanent resident. To sponsor a parent or grandparent, you must meet a minimum income requirement and be prepared to support your relatives for an undertaking of 20 years. The minimum income requirement can be met by factoring in the income of a spouse or common-law partner.
Refugees and humanitarian class
Canada has long been seen as a haven for refugees and asylum seekers. Refugees are seeking escape from persecution, war or disasters in their home country.
There are three main categories to enter Canada as a refugee or as a humanitarian class immigrant.
Government-assisted refugees are referred to IRCC through the United Nations High Commission for Refugees. These referrals are designed to bring them to Canada where they will be supported by the government for one year.
Privately Sponsored Refugees are brought to Canada through the sponsorship of non-government groups. Sponsors are often faith groups, NGOs or groups of five or more people who work together to resettle refugees within their community, for any reason. Private sponsors must support refugees for at least one year.
Blended-visa office referred refugees are a mix of the first two categories. Upon arrival to Canada, they are supported by the Canadian government for six months and are supported by private sponsors for the other six months.
Asylum claimants in Canada
Those seeking asylum can submit a claim for refugee status after arriving in Canada. If their claim is approved by the Refugee Protection Division of the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, they will receive permanent residence.
Humanitarian and compassionate Claimants
Humanitarian and compassionate grounds can be used to apply for permanent residence in cases where the applicant would not normally be eligible.
When an application is submitted, IRCC will evaluate how settled the applicant is as well as family ties, any dependents and what awaits them if they are to return to their home country. This pathway is used less frequently and is designed for exceptional cases.
When it comes to deciding how to immigrate to Canada, knowing which category to apply to is a great place to start.
Whether you are a skilled worker, looking to sponsor family or seeking refugee status, understanding the basics will save time, stress and money on the journey to Canada.
© CIC News All Rights Reserved. Visit CanadaVisa.com to discover your Canadian immigration options.
5 Things To Look For In A Prenup Lawyer
Hardly anyone enters into a marriage to divorce. However, many couples find themselves in a situation where they need to have the usually uncomfortable discussion of life after a possible divorce. This is when a couple decides to sign a prenuptial agreement, a legal document outlining the distribution of assets between them in the event of a divorce.
Signing a prenuptial agreement requires a prenup lawyer as it’s a process that involves detailed information, research, and a myriad of financial possibilities after divorce. Such complex processes require legal expertise, which will guide you in the best possible direction. Here are five things to look for in a prenup lawyer should you find yourselves going your separate ways:
The prenup lawyer you choose should have experience and be knowledgeable about the specific dynamics of a prenup agreement. A prenup lawyer from a firm such as Musson Law will be knowledgeable about the financial dynamics of a divorce, which include:
- The protection of children’s inheritance
- The stating and protection of inherited assets, money, and savings before or during the union
- Protection from spouse’s debt
- Outlining the right to say when it comes to division of property
You can tell whether lawyers are about such dynamics when you visit their website or interact with them. If you visit a firm’s website and leave with a general understanding of what a prenup agreement is, the information required to draw it up, and the general process of solidifying it, you can consider the team as experienced and able to provide you with the best possible services.
A lawyer should have a degree and passed the bar exams. However, when it comes to matters concerning marriage and family, you may want to consider a prenup lawyer who’s well-versed in collaborative family law. Collaborative family law includes courses that focus on the ability to guide negotiations and manage conflicts that arise within families regarding prenup discussions and divorce proceedings.
Discussions about prenup agreements sometimes lead to intense conflict, such that one partner doesn’t see the reason why the other partner is requiring for a prenup to get signed. Issues of lack of trust regarding properties owned, for instance, may be brought up and can cause strain. A prenup lawyer qualified in collaborative law can appropriately navigate and diffuse such discussions with other family members who may be involved in the conflict. This means that the couple can enjoy their union without disgruntlement over the prenup agreement
- Communication Style
A prenup lawyer should be able to communicate openly and precisely when it comes to drawing up your prenuptial agreement. If you ask for clarification, unfamiliar terms or legal jargon should be explained in non-specialist terms. If you experience uptight responses or vague suggestions, you might be putting yourself in a situation where you sign a document without fully understanding the content. You’ll then be surprised by the turn of events during the divorce proceedings. You’re probably in safe hands if you can openly ask questions or ask for clarity without pushback.
- Fee Structure
The lawyer’s fee structure should be transparent to decide whether you can afford the services or meet the payment structures and processes. You should know whether you get billed hourly or if you’re expected to pay a flat fee, for example. Additional charges should also be outlined so that you’re not in a position where you thought you already covered all the service fees when you hadn’t.
- Media Presence
Nowadays, digital space is the track record that you need to consider whether you’d want to engage with a service provider or not. If a prenup lawyer has a media presence in blogs, podcasts, television shows, or videos, you get a feel of their brand, legal handling style, and expertise. The advice, tips, and caution that come from the experts will help you in the particular prenup agreement, as well as when you may find yourself in a situation where the prenup has to come into effect. Generally speaking, lawyers who share general advice regarding such dynamics are authentic in their work.
When looking for a prenup lawyer, some factors to consider are experience and knowledgeability. Specific qualifications such as specializing in collaborative family law are a plus when diffusing conflict that may arise. Also, the fee structure has to be transparent so you can decide whether you can engage their services. Furthermore, the media presence of the lawyer will help educate you more on the dynamics of divorce, which will help you navigate it should you find yourself in that position.
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