The COVID-19 pandemic represents an opportunity to “reposition” the Canadian economy to take full advantage of the low-carbon transition, the new chair of the Canada Infrastructure Bank said June 3.
The economic crisis resulting from the pandemic has forced corporations and governments to deviate from their standard operating procedures, opening up an opportunity for innovation and creativity, said Michael Sabia, who was recently appointed by the federal government to head up the infrastructure bank.
“We need to seize this moment to be creative about how we reposition the national economy for a world that is going to be different, and a very important part of that [effort] is repositioning our economy to be a significantly lower carbon economy,” Sabia told a virtual roundtable hosted by Corporate Knights.
Sabia said that there is plenty of potential for the Canada Infrastructure Bank (CIB) to participate in clean energy projects but that the federal Crown corporation has underperformed to date.
The CIB has a mandate to invest $35 billion in federal funding by 2027/28 but has been criticized for its slow start.
Sabia said the bank should focus less on traditional infrastructure like roads and ports and more on stimulus projects that accelerate the energy transition, including renewable power, interprovincial transmission, low-carbon transportation and digitalization efforts to ensure all Canadians have access to high-speed internet.
The Corporate Knights roundtable was part of its seven-part Building Back Better project that urged the Liberal government to ensure that any economic recovery plan have a climate-change focus.
Addressing the roundtable, Industry Minister Navdeep Bains said Canada will have to be innovative in responding to the COVID-19 pandemic and the climate crisis.
He said hundreds of Canadian businesses have responded to the need for medical equipment by changing their operations to produce new products. “That’s the same mindset we have to have when it comes to confronting the climate crisis.”
In a white paper released Wednesday, authors Ralph Torrie, Céline Bak and Toby Heaps said the federal government should allocate $106 billion over the next 10 years for a host of clean energy projects that would create the equivalent of 670,000 full-time jobs per year. More than a third of the federal government investment, $40 billion, would be frontloaded in the first two years (with half dedicated to grants to finance a green renovation wave). Over 10 years, the white paper estimates, the federal investment and complementary policies would crowd in a further $730 billion in mostly private sector investment.
All told, the investments would reduce greenhouse (GHG) emissions by 236 megatonnes annually by 2030, from 2018 levels of 729 megatonnes. That scale of GHG reductions would put the country on track to meet the Liberal government’s target of net-zero emissions by 2050, Bak told the roundtable.
Proposals have included support for a major retrofit program to improve energy efficiency in buildings, planting an additional 800 million trees a year for 10 years, and investments in coast-to-coast electric-vehicle (EV) infrastructure, as well as interprovincial transmission lines to deliver low-carbon electricity and a $40 billion Energy and EV Innovation Fund to help create Canadian champions in fast-growing low-carbon markets where Canada has strong assets, including bitumen-derived carbon fibres, green hydrogen, renewable jet fuels, batteries and EVs.
Other speakers suggested that a green stimulus plan should have goals beyond job creation and emission reductions.
Canadians are now confronting a triple whammy of the COVID-19 pandemic, the climate crisis and the vivid reminder of the systemic racism embedded in the country’s attitudes and institutions, said Catherine Abreu, executive director of Climate Action Network Canada.
Any green stimulus programs must be based on a “just recovery” Abreu said. Her group was one of 150 civil society organizations that released a document this week proposing “Six Principles for a Just Recovery” for a more equitable and sustainable future.
“This moment is forcing us into confrontation with the vulnerabilities that are built into our economic and social systems,” she said. “There are ongoing crises that lurk behind the current health and economic emergencies . . . So if we are going to tackle issues like climate change, we have to come at them fundamentally as a fight for justice.”
The federal government can pursue reconciliation with Indigenous communities by partnering with them on clean energy projects that deliver health, economic and social benefits to the people, said Terri Lynn Morrison of the Indigenous Clean Energy network.
Morrison said Indigenous people are already major developers and partners in clean energy projects across the country. “They’re ready to seize the opportunity,” she added.
Some economists have questioned whether stimulus spending on clean energy infrastructure is the optimal way to respond to an economic slump precipitated by a health crisis that has forced Canadians into social isolation. Sectors like retail, restaurants and tourism have been hit hardest with job losses, and it’s not clear they would benefit from traditional – or even non-traditional – stimulus spending.
In a blog post last month, economists Dale Beugin and Mike Moffatt argued that green stimulus spending should target areas such as infrastructure, while government should continue to rely on regulation and carbon price to drive climate policy.
Trying to meet the requirements of both recovery and emissions reductions would result in an approach that fails to do either efficiently, they argued.
“Climate considerations should be less constraint and more a radar to help identify non-traditional but job-rich investment opportunities, such as deep retrofits and flood protection for homes and workplaces,” Heaps said via email. “Climate can also be a tiebreaker where two recovery options offer similar economic benefits.”
“In addition to the large investments in green infrastructure, the ‘shecovery’ will likely require significant investments in eldercare and childcare,” he added.
During the roundtable, Ivey Foundation president Bruce Lourie noted that countries like Germany and South Korea have succeeded in providing support for key clean energy sectors. The refrain that “governments shouldn’t pick winners” is a “tired and misguided refrain for us to be using,” he said.
As an example, he cited the promising opportunities for Canada to be a global leader in the emerging market for hydrogen-powered buses and trucks.
Environmental economist David Sawyer said proponents of green stimulus plans should emphasize “co-benefits” that come with investment in emission-reduction projects. They can include not only more jobs but also health benefits from reduced fossil-fuel pollution and greater resiliency to withstand the severe weather impacts of the climate crisis.
Dianne Saxe, Ontario’s former environment commissioner, said Canada needs to find a way to maintain long-term climate-change policies so businesses and consumers have confidence that investments made today are not undermined tomorrow.
“The biggest challenge is how to have stable policies that survive government changes,” she told the roundtable. Canadians need to be active, she said. “Fundamentally, to get durable public policy, we need strong, loud public demand for it.”
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'Bold and creative' solutions needed for a sustainable, post-pandemic economy – UN News
During the first in a series of roundtable discussions on responding and recovering better from the global crisis, this one with women economists, he painted a grim picture of acute suffering, saying that extreme poverty and hunger are set to increase drastically. Many healthcare systems are already at breaking point; and a whole generation of children is missing out on education.
Building back better
Against the backdrop of his call for an overall rescue package by governments, equivalent to at least ten per cent of the global economy, Mr. Guterres said he had met with the Prime Ministers of Jamaica and Canada, who lead the Group of Friends of Financing Sustainable Development, to identify ways to finance the recovery and build back better.
Some 50 heads of State and Government have stepped forward to lead a joint effort – with UN agencies, governments, financial institutions, private sector creditors and other – to address key challenges, ranging from global liquidity and debt vulnerability, to eroding illicit financial flows.
He pointed out that developing countries face vastly increased demands for public spending “exactly at the same time” as tax and export revenues, inward investments and remittances, are plummeting.
“As we craft a comprehensive global response, action on finance must be central”, underscored the UN chief. “If countries lack the financial means to fight the pandemic and invest in recovery, we face a health catastrophe and a painfully slow global recovery”.
The world is on the cusp of a widespread debt crisis, the top UN official said, noting that many countries face “an impossible choice” between servicing their debt or protecting their most vulnerable communities and fighting the pandemic.
Explaining that “debt defaults can have devastating social consequences”, he made clear that many countries lack financial market access to enable them to service their debt.
“Beyond the fiscal shock, the COVID-19 crisis has impacted all the components of external finance: direct investment, exports and remittances”, he continued, adding that as developed countries themselves deal with the crisis, official development assistance is also under pressure.
For recovery and to realize the SDGs, “durable solutions on debt” must be considered “to create fiscal space for investments”, stressed Mr. Guterres.
“Uncertainty and a further retreat to inward-looking policies and protectionism could turn today’s sharp decline into a prolonged period of weak external financing”, the UN chief cautioned.
Moreover, as the pandemic disrupts supply chains and trade, he flagged the danger that some manufacturing will move back to developed countries, further reducing developing countries’ resources, and challenging their integration into the global economy.
“These questions need bold and creative answers” Mr. Guterres upheld.
Rebirthing the Global Economy Women Economists Roundtable: We need a partnership with financial markets to change the balance to achieve the SDGs.
Investments need to land on the right side of history. #Fin4Dev
Women #RiseForAll pic.twitter.com/1L0CAQ9u6E
— Amina J Mohammed (@AminaJMohammed) July 1, 2020
According to the UN chief, “we need the insights and perspectives of all”, including “prominent and innovative” women economists, to create “inclusive, resilient and gender-equal societies” to address the climate crisis and other global challenges.
“We need concrete, radical and implementable solutions”, spelled out the Secretary-General, voicing hope that the series of roundtables will stimulate new ideas and “a totally different debate in relation to the classic ones we have witnessed in the recent past”.
In imagining “a new global economy in which finance becomes a means and not an end”, Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed noted that external finance “needs to change course”.
“We need a partnership with financial markets to change the balance and achieve the SDGs”, she said, adding that investments cannot be only about profit at any cost but must “land on the right side of history”.
The transformation must “break the inequality and environmental degradation enchantment that darken our future”, she continued, pushing for a new global economy “based on sustainable consumption and production, on sustainable infrastructure that gives access to all to the opportunities of the future”.
“And we need to do it for the next generations”, concluded the deputy UN chief. “Rebirthing the global economy is an opportunity to empower them to confront the current and looming challenges”.
Western Canada: Alberta releases plan to rebuild economy after COVID-19, oil price crash – The Globe and Mail
Good morning. It’s James Keller in Calgary.
Alberta’s economy has faced one crisis after another.
The province has been in an economic trough for more than five years since oil prices collapsed in late 2014. Tens of thousands were out of work and unemployment rates were stubbornly high.
The economy was showing signs of life at the start of 2020 when that progress – and so much more – was wiped away.
There was a price war between Russia and Saudi Arabia that pushed oil prices down to historic lows. The COVID-19 pandemic made that worse, as economies around the world shut down and global demand for oil plummeted, further constraining prices.
And at the same time, restrictions designed to slow the pandemic in Alberta have pushed even more people out of work, threatened the future of many businesses and ripped a multibillion-dollar hole in the province’s finances.
Premier Jason Kenney’s government unveiled its plans this week to confront those challenges and set the province’s economy on the path to recovery.
The central plank of that plan is a corporate tax cut, speeding up plans to cut the rate by two percentage points to 8 per cent. Instead of waiting until January, 2022, the rate cut takes effect today, leaving Alberta with by far the lowest corporate tax rate in the country.
Kenney also announced an increase to infrastructure spending this year to put people to work immediately building bridges, highways and other projects. The government is adding more than $1-billion to previously announced commitments, bringing the infrastructure budget for the current fiscal year to more than $10-billion.
But the most difficult work for the government – diversifying an economy that for too long has been at the mercy of oil and gas prices – will come later.
Kenney says the province is committed to diversifying the economy, whether that means expanding what the energy sector produces or growing tech and financial services in Alberta. The details for exactly how it will do that will be rolled out sector by sector in the coming weeks.
He offered a hint of that work this week, introducing a hiring grant designed to help the tech and innovation sector, particularly startups that can’t benefit from corporate tax cuts because they aren’t generating profit. The province also announced $175-million through the Alberta Enterprise Corp. to help provide access to capital for early-stage companies.
Rachel Notley, the leader of the Opposition New Democrats, dismissed the plan as the “bare minimum” and said it falls short of the bold vision required to get Alberta’s economy back on track.
The province has a long way to go to get out of its current malaise, underscored the day after the announcement when major credit rating agency Fitch Ratings downgraded the province’s credit rating.
Fitch Ratings downgraded Alberta to a double-A-minus from double-A, citing higher provincial borrowing during the pandemic-driven economic crisis and a debt burden relative to GDP that is “incompatible” with a double-A rating.
The New York-based agency also pointed to the lack of details from the government about the extent of damage to Alberta’s bottom line, and the province’s lack of a planned path toward economic recovery.
This is the weekly Western Canada newsletter written by B.C. Editor Wendy Cox and Alberta Bureau Chief James Keller. If you’re reading this on the web, or it was forwarded to you from someone else, you can sign up for it and all Globe newsletters here. This is a new project and we’ll be experimenting as we go, so let us know what you think.
AROUND THE WEST
LONG-TERM CARE: British Columbia has opened the door to visitors at long-term care facilities, ending a ban that was implemented in March to protect elderly people from COVID-19 but that also put residents at risk because of isolation and lack of family support. The new policy, which requires visitors to book appointments in advance and wear masks, among other precautions, weighs the risks of COVID-19 against unintended negative consequences, says Provincial Health Officer Bonnie Henry.
In Alberta on Tuesday, that province’s Chief Medical Officer, Deena Hinshaw, said Alberta will update its long-term care visitor policy within the “next several weeks.” Starting Thursday, Alberta Health Services will permit some patients at acute care facilities such as hospitals to visit people outdoors, so long as they remain on the property. AHS will also grant unaccompanied outdoor access to some patients at certain facilities, and issue day, overnight or weekend passes for patients in select programs.
ENVIRONMENTAL FUNDING: The Alberta government has revised the mandate of a public inquiry investigating the funding of environmental charities, which is currently facing a legal challenge that is attempting to derail the entire process. The provincial cabinet changed the terms of reference last week to instruct the inquiry, led by forensic accountant Steve Allan, to look at the “the role of foreign funding, if any,” which appears to leave open the possibility of the inquiry concluding that there is none. The change was made as the government gave the inquiry a four-month extension and an extra $1-million, which represents a budget increase of 40 per cent over the original cost of $2.5-million. Devon Page, the executive director of Ecojustice, said the changes appear to be an attempt to save the inquiry from his group’s legal challenge. However, he said the new terms of reference don’t make the inquiry any less problematic.
SPILL RESPONSE: The Canadian Coast Guard has partnered with an Indigenous group on Vancouver Island to build a marine facility in Port Renfrew, B.C., aimed at improving its response in the event of an oil spill. The memorandum of understanding with the Pacheedaht First Nation is in part a response to 156 conditions the National Energy Board said must be met before the Trans Mountain Pipeline expansion project can go ahead.
KENNEY’S SPEECHWRITER: Alberta Premier Jason Kenney is facing renewed calls to fire his speechwriter after more of Paul Bunner’s columns about race and LGBTQ people surfaced. The Opposition New Democrats have unearthed more pieces of Bunner’s writing, mostly from his time at the conservative magazine Alberta Report in the 1990s, that included comments the NDP said were disparaging to First Nations and LGBTQ people. NDP MLA David Shepherd said the columns were more proof that Bunner has to go. “The sheer volume of hateful writing has taken us some time to sift through,” Shepherd told reporters. “We cannot have any trust that Jason Kenney is sincere about confronting systemic racism as long as he continues to have Paul Bunner working in his office. He must fire him.” Kenney has rejected calls to fire of Bunner.
CHOIRS SILENCED: With health authorities warning that singing spreads coronavirus-carrying droplets at a high rate – because it involves deep breathing and voice projection – choirs have been forced to cease in-person rehearsals and cancel concerts. Since early March, the more than 3.5 million Canadians who sing in choirs have been searching for ways to practise without getting together and struggling to make do without ticket revenue from performances.
It has meant choirs have been resorting to virtual concerts and practices, coming together with the help of digital editing software because no technology currently exists to allow choristers to sing together in unison online. But directors like Lonnie Delisle of the Universal Gospel Choir in Vancouver say choirs like his will find their voice. “We know that the arts plays a role in providing a presence of healing and hopefulness – things that we’re all reaching for right now.”
ALBERTA’S NEW LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR: Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has named business owner and philanthropist Salma Lakhani as Alberta’s new lieutenant-governor, replacing Lois Mitchell as the Queen’s representative in the province. When she formally takes over the role, Lakhani will become Canada’s first Muslim lieutenant-governor. She has been long recognized for her work and philanthropy in a range of fields, including health care and human rights.
OFFICE SPACE: Approvals and applications for new towers in Vancouver have continued since March, with two downtown office towers approved in May and two new applications received for office buildings for the Broadway corridor. The projects are moving ahead even as several other tower developers have continued unchecked with construction on their downtown projects.
MANITOBA TAX CUT ON HOLD: Manitoba Premier Brian Pallister says he may not fulfill a promise to cut the provincial sales tax next year because of the fiscal fallout from COVID-19. Pallister originally promised to cut the tax to 6 per cent from 7 by this summer and introduce a provincial carbon tax at the same time. But when the pandemic started, he pushed the plan back to 2021. With economic uncertainty continuing, Pallister said Tuesday the tax change may be off the table. The Progressive Conservative government released updated budget figures Tuesday that showed another wide swing in Manitoba’s finances. In early March, the government forecast a $220-million deficit. Three weeks later, as COVID-19 numbers grew across Canada, the government warned the deficit could reach $5-billion. The fiscal update said a more likely scenario is a deficit of $2.9-billion based on new economic projections from banks and other institutions.
SASKATCHEWAN’S LEGISLATURE: Saskatchewan’s Premier has rejected a call by the Opposition to reconvene the legislature in the weeks leading up to the fall provincial election. On Tuesday, during the final stretch of a three-week spring sitting, NDP Leader Ryan Meili asked Premier Scott Moe to have legislature members return in September. Meili said the Saskatchewan Party government’s 2020-21 budget fails to meet the needs of residents hurting because of the COVID-19 pandemic. And he wants members to return in the fall so the government can spell out how it has spent a $200-million contingency fund established to respond to the health crisis. Moe responded outside the assembly, saying Meili just wants a “do-over” of the spring sitting.
Adam Radwanski on Jason Kenney’s economic recovery plan for Alberta: “And yet, for those willing to squint a little, it’s possible to see this announcement as a potential first step in Mr. Kenney’s reckoning with forces – a global fight against climate change that threatens to decimate Alberta’s resource sector in the long run – toward which he was highly dismissive after coming to office last year. And it could even signal some fresh willingness to work with Ottawa to confront that reality. Not that Mr. Kenney is about to say any such thing, explicitly. While making room for an assertion that oil prices will soon return to $60 a barrel, and that ‘every credible forecast of future world energy consumption sees oil and gas continuing to dominate the supply mix for the next several decades,’ his government’s new 29-page strategy does not include the words ‘climate change’ anywhere.”
Mackenzie Moir, Alex Whalen and Bacchus Barua on B.C.‘s surgery backlog: “B.C.‘s COVID-19 backlog response will include limited partnership with private clinics, however – and that’s a good thing. This type of initiative has precedents in Canada. In 2010, the aptly-named Saskatchewan Surgical Initiative used private clinics to provide publicly funded surgeries and helped Saskatchewan lower its wait times from Canada’s longest (28.8 weeks in 2008) to the shortest by 2015 (13.6 weeks). “
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