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Four must-have foods for your fall diet – The Globe and Mail

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Summer is officially over (sadly). Along with those warm sunny days, gone also are some of my favourite foods – Niagara peaches, Quebec’s wild blueberries and, of course, local farm-fresh sweet corn.

Truthfully, though, I’m looking forward to the fall ahead. It’s a season to reset our diets and rediscover nutritious foods now in season.

Eating locally produced foods (versus imported) is less expensive, supports your community and is better for the environment (e.g., how far did those out-of-season berries have to travel to get to your grocery store?).

Plus, eating seasonally means enjoying foods when their flavours and nutrients are at their peak.

If they’re not yet on your radar, consider adding the following nutrient-packed foods to your fall menu.

Butternut squash

This peanut-shaped winter squash is an exceptional source of carotenoids, antioxidants thought to guard against cognitive decline and heart disease. One cup of cooked squash, for instance, delivers 9.3 milligrams of beta-carotene, triple the amount experts recommend consuming each day to help prevent chronic disease.

Butternut squash also delivers plenty of alpha-carotene, a member of the carotenoid family linked to cancer prevention. And one cup of cooked butternut squash serves up a decent amount of fibre (6.5 grams) and potassium (582 milligrams), along with folate, calcium and magnesium.

Enjoy roasted butternut squash as a side dish; I like to season it with cumin seeds or ras el hanout, a delicious North African spice blend.

Add cubes of roasted butternut squash to green salads, whole grain bowls, burritos, chili and stews. Or blend it into a creamy squash soup with apple or pear, also in season now.

Purée cooked butternut squash and freeze for later use. Add it to smoothies, pasta sauces, and muffin and pancake batters.

Jerusalem artichokes

Also called sunchokes, these nutty-tasting, crunchy brown-skinned tubers (not truly artichokes, nor are they related to Jerusalem) are an excellent source of inulin, a prebiotic fibre that nourishes beneficial gut microbes. Inulin helps promote digestive heath, enhances mineral absorption and increases satiety.

Jerusalem artichokes are also high in iron, supplying 2.5 milligrams per one-half-cup sliced.

Prepare Jerusalem artichokes as you would potatoes or parsnips. Serve them mashed, roasted, sautéed, grilled, boiled, stir-fried with vegetables or blended into soups. Or enjoy them raw in salads, sliced or grated.

Due to their inulin content, Jerusalem artichokes may cause bloating in some people with irritable bowel syndrome.

Beets

These root vegetables owe their deep crimson hue to betalains, phytochemicals that act as antioxidants, help reduce inflammation and aid the liver’s detoxification system.

Beets are also a very good source of folate, a B vitamin the body uses to make DNA and red blood cells.

Add grated raw beets to salads and veggie sandwiches or wraps. Roast beets along with other root vegetables such as turnip, carrots and parsnips.

Sauté precooked beets in olive oil with a splash of freshly squeezed orange juice and orange zest. Or make beet chips by tossing thinly sliced beets with olive oil and then baking until crisp.

Use the green beet tops, too. One-half-cup cooked is an outstanding source of potassium and carotenoids, including beta-carotene, alpha-carotene and lutein, a phytochemical that supports brain health and vision.

Sockeye salmon (canned)

British Columbia’s wild sockeye salmon season (June through August) is over, but canned (and frozen) wild sockeye is available year-round.

Salmon is well-known for its heart-healthy omega-3 fats, but it also delivers a hefty amount of vitamin D, a nutrient that strengthens immunity and supports bone health.

Salmon, especially sockeye, is one of the few foods that offers a generous supply of vitamin D. Three ounces of canned sockeye salmon contain 715 international units (IU), more than Health Canada recommends (600 IU) for individuals ages 1 to 70. (Older adults are advised to get 800 IU per day.)

Three ounces of sockeye salmon is also an excellent source of vitamin B12 (4.7 micrograms) and calcium (197 milligrams) and supplies one-half of a day’s worth of selenium, an antioxidant mineral that protects immune cells from free radical damage.

Use canned sockeye salmon to make salmon burgers and salmon cakes, toss it into green salads or grain bowls, or add it to scrambled eggs or frittatas. For a change from tuna, enjoy a salmon salad sandwich.

Leslie Beck, a Toronto-based private practice dietitian, is director of food and nutrition at Medcan. Follow her on Twitter @LeslieBeckRD

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B.C. doctors group calls on province to focus on COVID-19 aerosol transmission – CTV News Vancouver

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VANCOUVER –

A group of doctors in British Columbia is calling on the province to re-evaluate its approach to combating COVID-19.

The group, called Protect our Province B.C., is made up of a range of doctors and medical researchers, and held a panel discussion Wednesday highlighting how the virus is spread through aerosol transmission.

Dr. Victor Leung, an infectious disease physician and medical microbiologist, says the province and public health have been too slow to amend mandates to limit the spread of the virus.

He says the province should focus on improving air flow in buildings and continue strong mask mandates.

Health Minister Adrian Dix says the province has made an “enormous” amount of information on the virus available to the public, while he defended provincial health officer Dr. Bonnie Henry’s approach to the pandemic.

He says Henry is a world leader in pandemic management and she has always been committed to learning and adapting the province’s COVID-19 response.

“I encourage people to get involved in the debate, ours is a science-led strategy,” Dix said. “We continue to adapt, listen and learn and do better.”

B.C. reported 696 new cases of COVID-19 on Wednesday, bringing the number of active cases to 4,888.

Six more people have died, lifting the death toll to 2,092.

Leung says many of the guidelines from the province are focused on battling a virus that is spread by droplets and touch, but those mandates don’t address the main mode of transmission for COVID-19: aerosols.

“This is an overly dispersed virus,” he says. “Not everyone will affect 10 people, one person might infect 80 people, while another may not infect anyone.”

He said learning about how the virus is spread and transmitted will also help in future pandemics.

This report by The Canadian Press was first published Oct. 20, 2021.

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BC health officials report 715 new cases of COVID-19 on Thursday, October 21st – Victoria Buzz

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Dr. Bonnie Henry (Colin Smith Takes Pics)

The BC Ministry of Health reported 715 new cases of COVID-19 on Thursday, October 21st. 

There have been 200,249 cases of COVID-19 since the pandemic began.

New cases were reported in these health regions:

  • Vancouver Coastal Health: 60
  • Fraser Health: 285
  • Island Health: 61
  • Interior Health: 137
  • Northern Health: 172
  • Resident outside Canada: 0

There are currently 4,965 active cases of COVID-19 in the province.

192,819 people who tested positive have recovered.

There are now a total of 377 people in hospital due to COVID-19, 136 of whom are in critical care — ICU or acute care units.

4 new people have died from COVID-related causes, making the provincial death toll 2,096.

Data by Vaccination Status: 

From Oct. 13-19, people not fully vaccinated accounted for 66.4% of cases and from Oct. 6-19, they accounted for 76.2% of hospitalizations.

Past week cases (Oct. 13-19):

  • Total: 4,351
  • Not vaccinated: 2,561 (58.9%)
  • Partially vaccinated: 325 (7.5%)
  • Fully vaccinated: 1,465 (33.7%)

Past two weeks cases hospitalized (Oct. 6-19):

  • Total: 445
  • Not vaccinated: 314 (70.6%)
  • Partially vaccinated: 25 (5.6%)
  • Fully vaccinated: 106 (23.8%)

Past week, cases per 100,000 population after adjusting for age (Oct. 13-19):

  • Not vaccinated: 308.7
  • Partially vaccinated: 95.6
  • Fully vaccinated: 34.5

Past two weeks, cases hospitalized per 100,000 population after adjusting for age (Oct. 6-19):

  • Not vaccinated: 53.9
  • Partially vaccinated: 11.0
  • Fully vaccinated: 2.4

Outbreaks

There have been two new health-care facility outbreaks at Deni House (Interior Health) and Bulkley Valley District Hospital (Northern Health).

There are a total of 26 active outbreaks, including:

Long-Term Care: Willingdon Care Centre, Westminster House, Magnolia Gardens, Manoah Manor, Cherington Place, West Shore Laylum, Queens Park Care Centre, Heritage Village (Fraser Health), Amica Lions Gate (Vancouver Coastal Health), Cottonwoods Care Centre, Overlander, Village by the Station, Haven Hill Retirement Centre, Deni House (Interior Health) and Wrinch Memorial Hospital (Northern Health).

Acute Care: Mission Memorial Hospital (Fraser Health), University Hospital of Northern BC, GR Baker Memorial Hospital, Bulkley Valley District Hospital (Northern Health) and Tofino General Hospital (Island Health).

Assisted or Independent Living: Sunset Manor, Evergreen Manor, Menno Terrace West, The Emerald at Elim Village, Swedish Assisted Living Residence (Fraser Health) and Cooper Place (Vancouver Coastal Health).

Island Health:

Island Health reported 61 new cases of COVID-19 in the Vancouver Island region and 431 active cases.

Breakdown of cases on Vancouver Island:

  • South Vancouver Island  Active cases: 178 │Total Cases: 4274
  • Central Vancouver Island Active cases: 217 │ Total Cases: 4525
  • North Vancouver Island  Active cases: 36 │Total Cases: 1232

52 people remain in hospital with 24 in ICU. 

There were no new deaths reported in the Island Health region today, and a total of 84 deaths on Vancouver Island.

Vaccinations

As of Thursday, Oct. 21, 2021, 89.4% of eligible people 12 and older in B.C. have received their first dose of COVID-19 vaccine and 83.8% received their second dose.

In addition, 89.8% of all eligible adults in B.C. have received their first dose and 84.4% received their second dose.

To date, 8,103,896 (+15,582) doses of the COVID-19 vaccine have been administered in BC; 3,883,585 (+7,006) of which are second doses.

Some links include:

At the time of this publication, 243,159,888 cases of COVID-19 had been recorded worldwide. 4,942,780 have died, and 220,368,547 have recovered.

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Pfizer-BioNTech booster shot '95 per cent effective' – The National

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Trial results have found that having a third or “booster” dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech Covid-19 vaccine is more than 95 per cent effective at preventing disease.

The clinical trial findings, released by the two companies that developed the shot, are described as the first efficacy results from a “randomised, controlled Covid-19 vaccine booster trial”.

There were more than 10,000 participants in the trial, all of whom had completed an initial two-dose programme with the vaccine.

Half the participants then received a third dose of the vaccine, and half were given a placebo, with the third dose given an average of 11 months after the second.

For the next few years, it does look like especially the older population will need top-up immunisation. Whether that will be twice-yearly or yearly we don’t know

Prof David Taylor, University College London

Researchers recorded whether participants subsequently developed symptomatic Covid-19 at least seven days after the booster was given, with individuals followed up for an average of 2.5 months.

In the boosted group there were just five Covid-19 cases, while in the non-boosted group 109 cases were recorded, which gives an efficacy – or effectiveness at preventing disease – of 95.6 per cent.

Prof David Taylor, professor emeritus of pharmaceutical and public health policy at University College London, said the results indicated “having a booster is an extremely sensible idea” for people in at-risk groups.

“The message to everybody, including if you’re 50 or 60 or over, is having a booster dose after six months or longer is extremely sensible,” he said.

In a statement, Ugur Sahin, the chief executive and co-founder of BioNTech, said the results added to the “body of evidence” that the vaccine protected “a broad population of people from this virus and its variants”.

“Based on these findings we believe that, in addition to broad global access to vaccines for everyone, booster vaccinations could play an important role in sustaining pandemic containment and a return to normalcy,” he said.

Pfizer and BioNTech said detailed analysis of the results indicated that efficacy of a booster did not vary with age, sex, race, ethnicity, or any other serious medical conditions a person has.

The companies plan to share the results with regulators, including the Food and Drug Administration in the US and the European Medicines Agency.

A booster programme using the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine that began in Israel in July has been credited with helping the country overcome its fourth wave of Covid-19 infections.

Infection rates fell faster in over-80s, who were given boosters first, than in other age groups, indicating that the third doses were improving immunity, which may have waned over time after the second dose.

Other countries are also launching booster programmes, including the UK, which began a programme last month focused on over-50s and other vulnerable groups.

In August, Abu Dhabi mandated a third dose of the Sinopharm vaccine for people who had previously received the Chinese-developed shot.

More recently, at the beginning of this month, the UAE authorised booster shots of the Pfizer-BioNTech and Russian-developed Sputnik vaccines for over 60s and members of other vulnerable groups, with the third dose to be given at least six months after the second.

Prof Taylor said it was unclear at the moment whether people would need to have Covid-19 vaccination boosters indefinitely.

“For the next few years, it does look like especially the older population will need top-up immunisation. Whether that will be twice-yearly or yearly we don’t know,” he said.

Updated: October 22nd 2021, 3:20 AM

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