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Heat wave in Pacific Northwest could soon repeat due to climate change

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The suffocating heat wave that killed hundreds of people across the Pacific Northwest last week would have been “virtually impossible” without climate change, a study finds.

Reporting the first research attributing the event to climate change on Wednesday, scientists said climate change had made such a heat wave in the region 150 times more likely. The scientists estimated the extraordinary temperatures were a one-in-a-thousand-year event, though noted this was difficult to quantify given the unprecedented heat in early summer. But if current greenhouse gas emissions continue, an event so extreme could start occurring every five to 10 years by the 2040s, they warned.

“People need to realize that heat waves are killers, and they are by far the deadliest extreme event,” said coauthor Friederike Otto, a climate scientist at the University of Oxford and co-leader of the World Weather Attribution, an international scientific collective that published the study. The research https://bit.ly/3hDuvJO by 27 scientists is still awaiting peer review but uses peer-reviewed rapid attribution methods to produce findings quickly after extreme events.

“Heat waves are really changing so much more and so much faster than all other extreme events,” Otto said. “Heat preparation and preventing death during heat waves need to be a No. 1 priority for every city authority.”

The heat wave gripped parts of the United States and Canada for days at the end of June, smashing records in dozens of cities. Power lines melted in the heat. Roads buckled. Canada thrice broke its national temperature record, peaking on June 29 at 121 Fahrenheit (49.6 Celsius) — a full 8 degrees Fahrenheit (4.6 degrees Celsius) higher than the previous record set in 1937.

Another heat wave is expected to hit parts of Canada and the United States later this week.

The death toll in Oregon alone has topped 100, while British Columbia saw hundreds more deaths than usual. It will take months to calculate a full death toll, but scientists say these numbers will rise. Hospitals also saw jumps in the number of heat-related visits and emergency service calls.

The new research attributing the heat wave to climate change is not entirely surprising. Worldwide, climate change has made heat waves more common, more severe and longer lasting.

The June heat wave, however, was far beyond the norm for the Pacific Northwest. For that, the authors suggested two possible explanations: Either many factors came together to produce a very rare event that was worsened by climate change, or climate change has altered the atmospheric conditions so that this type of heat wave is now more common than previously understood.

Either way, industry-driven climate change played a key, and considerable, role, according to the study.

“Most types of extreme events have been getting more frequent,” said Philip Mote, a climate scientist at Oregon State University not involved in the study. Or in the case of the Pacific Northwest heat wave, he said, extreme events were sometimes becoming “things that were almost unimaginable.”

‘CLEAR HUMAN FINGERPRINT’

The temperature spike was caused by what scientists call a “heat dome”, or a mass of high-pressure air parked over the region. Like a lid on a pot, the dome trapped hot air beneath it.

While the weather was unusual in its timing — record-breaking temperatures are rare so early in the summer season — last month proved to be the warmest June on record for North America, and the fourth warmest globally, scientists at the EU’s Copernicus Climate Change Service reported Wednesday.

In recent years, scientific advances have allowed researchers to link specific extreme weather events to climate change. (Graphic on extreme weather) https://tmsnrt.rs/3wcycMk

“There is a clear human fingerprint on this particular extreme heat wave in the Pacific Northwest, and in general on extreme heat waves everywhere in the modern era we’re living though,” said Daniel Swain, a climate scientist at the University of California, Los Angeles, who was not involved in the new study.

To establish the climate link to last week’s heat wave, the study’s authors used computer simulations to estimate what conditions might have been without any global warming, and compared that with current conditions and what actually occurred.

“This event was shocking to everybody who experienced it in the Pacific Northwest. Rightfully so, because there was just nothing even close to it in the modern historical record,” Swain said. “And yet it might be something that just becomes a relatively common event.”

(Reporting by Andrea Januta in New York; Editing by Katy Daigle and Lisa Shumaker)

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How to play online casinos with minimal investment

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If you walk into a traditional brick-and-mortar casino, you have to buy a minimum number of chips. Similarly, in online casinos, you need to deposit a minimum amount to begin playing. Some casinos have a minimum low deposit, known as the minimum deposit casinos that remain on top of the players’ list. A minimum deposit casino is the one that charges less than 10 units of any currency, be it euro (€), dollar ($), or pound (£).

Minimum deposit casinos are increasing in popularity as these allow players to experience the full benefits of high deposit casinos but at a lower risk. The gamers can experience new games without risking much money.

Now you might be wondering that as the operators are asking for less money, the minimum deposit casinos might not be as good. This is far from the truth as minimum deposit casinos offer some unique advantages, like:

  • As you would be spending less, your gaming becomes more economical in the long run.
  • Minimum deposit casinos do not restrict your functionality in any way, as you can enjoy the same features as offered by high minimum deposit casinos.
  • One can gain access to all the promotions offered by the minimum deposit casinos, but the deposit to qualify for a bonus can be higher than the minimum.
  • You can easily sample new games, bonuses, promotions, and payment methods with a minimum deposit casino. For example, you can easily test 20 new games on 20 casinos offering a C$1 minimum deposit, instead of spending C$300 to test casinos at C$15 each.
  • You also gain access to bonuses and promotions like high deposit casinos, such as welcome bonuses, free spins, cashback bonuses, matched bonuses, and VIP loyalty programs.
  • Even if you fall victim to a casino scam, you won’t lose too big an amount while playing on a minimum deposit casino.

So, it makes sense, both financially and technically, to play at the best minimum deposit casinos, as you are getting the same level of service. Thanks to the wide availability of minimum deposit casinos, you can easily switch between brands if you want to.

Busting the myths

Also, it’s a misconception that small deposit casinos do not offer good casino bonuses. On the contrary, a welcome bonus is standard with minimum deposit casinos, although you may have to deposit more than C$1 for the bonus. Free spins are also commonly offered, and you may get as many as 70 free spins for just a C$1 deposit! Moreover, you can expect no deposit bonuses from these casinos at times, so you don’t have to think about how much to deposit, awesome!

One can also have mobile optimised minimum deposit casinos, or a full-fledged mobile app for a C$1 deposit. One can even play slot games like 3-reel classic slot, and 5-reel video slot on these casinos. Online roulette, blackjack, and online poker are some of the table games that you can play at minimum deposit casinos. Live dealer casino games, like baccarat, blackjack lobbies, and craps are also available at some minimum deposit casinos.

Here you can find minimum deposit casinos that have been evaluated on various parameters by the experts, such as:

License: The listed minimum deposit casinos are licensed by prestigious authorities around the world, such as UK Gambling Commission. Other trustworthy gambling jurisdictions include Malta and Cyprus that have well-regulated gambling industries.

Security features: The casino auditors have looked at the security features of the casinos from various perspectives, such as notable seals, payment protection, website security, alternative dispute resolution, and responsible gambling practices.

Games variety: The casino reviewers have looked at the variety of games available at the online casinos, like slots and table games, and the quality of the live dealer games. More the number of titles, the more experience one can expect from their minimum deposit casinos.

Payment methods: The casinos have also been ranked based on the payment methods offered by them among others, like Skrill, Neteller, Visa, Mastercard, and cryptos, like Bitcoin and Litecoin.

Customer support: You may face some issues with the minimum deposit casinos related to your account, payments, a game, or even compatibility. So, the quality of customer support has been a key consideration. The featured casinos mostly offer 24 x 7 live chat, telephone, social media support, and email support.

The risk of loss remains the same

The risk of loss remains the same, whether you are playing for high stakes or low stakes. Similarly, the house edge, or the risk of losing in different casinos remains the same for different staking amounts. For example, the classic blackjack game carries a risk of 0.05. So, if you play blackjack on a C$1 minimum deposit casino, such as Caxino, you stand to win C$0.95 for a stake of $1. On the other hand, if you play blackjack for a higher stake in a high deposit casino, you will win C$95 for a stake of C$100.

Getting started with minimum deposit casinos

To start with a minimum deposit casino, pick a brand listed on the trusted casinos’ websites such as https://bestonlinecasinocanada.com/minimum-deposit-casino/, read its reviews and ranking by the experts, visit the minimum deposit casino’s website and sign up there, deposit the minimum amount using any of the offered methods, claim any bonuses, promotions or checkboxes, and start playing right away.

Best for the new games and new gamers

Gambling carries an element of risk. The more you play, the more are your chances of losing money. With minimum low deposit casinos, you can play more for less, and would be saved from blowing all your bankroll in a single session. Also, look at online reviews of the casinos by real users, and be careful about withdrawal requirements. Avoid casinos that have a low minimum deposit but high withdrawal requirements. You will certainly not like to lock your money because of the casino’s wagering requirements. You can play plenty of games on the low minimum deposit casinos without worrying that there is a lot of money that you can’t withdraw. You can have more fun and games playing for real money without risking too much. Minimum deposit casinos are best for those who are new to the world of online casinos and online gaming, and want to test the waters.

 

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All three levels of government, police, organizers granted full standing on inquiry

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OTTAWA — The commissioner of the inquiry examining Ottawa’s use of the Emergencies Act to bring an end to the so-called “Freedom Convoy” protest in February has granted standing to the organizers, police and representatives of all three levels of government.

The decision by Paul Rouleau means those granted standing will be given advance notice on information submitted into evidence before the inquiry, and also gives them certain privileges, such as the opportunity to suggest or cross-examine witnesses.

Those granted full standing in the public inquiry include the federal, Alberta and Saskatchewan governments, the cities of Ottawa and Windsor, Ont., the Ottawa Police Service, Ontario Provincial Police and the organizers of the convoy, including Tamara Lich, Tom Marazzo and Chris Barber.

Former Ottawa Police Chief Peter Sloly will be allowed to produce documents, make submissions on factual, evidentiary and policy-related issues and examine witnesses, and the Manitoba government has been granted permission to provide written submissions.

However, Rouleau denied standing to the Conservative Party of Canada and several participants of the protests, some of whom had their bank accounts frozen under the Act.

Rouleau said it is important that the inquiry remain an independent, non-partisan process, noting there is also the Special Joint Committee of the Senate and House of Commons on the Declaration of Emergency reviewing the use of the Act’s powers.

This report by The Canadian Press was first published June 27, 2022.

 

The Canadian Press

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Ottawa police say they're ready to shut down Canada Day occupation attempts – CBC.ca

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Ottawa city officials say they are prepared for a “unique” Canada Day, with plans to keep anti-government protests from turning into another occupation.

The traditional nationally broadcast shows are returning for the first time since 2019, this time from the plaza in front of the Canadian War Museum because of ongoing construction on Parliament Hill.

Ottawa police say they expect more protests and larger crowds than usual during Canada Day celebrations as groups related to the Freedom Convoy continue to plan demonstrations. Some in those groups have indicated they’d like to protest through July and August.

“This is expected to be a unique Canada Day, with larger crowds and a larger event footprint,” interim Ottawa police Chief Steve Bell said during a Monday news conference.

WATCH | Interim police Chief Steve Bell talks about plans for Canada Day 

Police promise ‘swift and decisive’ action against any Canada Day occupation attempts

13 hours ago

Duration 0:37

Steve Bell, interim Ottawa police chief, says protesters will not be allowed to set up structures like sheds or tents, or have their own dance parties on city streets.

“We’ve developed our plans in the shadow of the unlawful protests and Rolling Thunder event. We’ve been speaking with community members and businesses and we’re very aware of the lingering trauma and concern about what they’re hearing after those events.”

Bell said officers will allow legal protests while shutting down illegal activities, including setting up structures or speakers without a permit and the threat of occupation, like on downtown streets in the winter.

He said police have been following online commentary and trying to talk to people who’ve said they’re coming to protest.

Two police officers escort someone away.
Police take a person into custody as they worked to clear an area on Rideau Street during a convoy-style protest participants called Rolling Thunder in Ottawa April 29, 2022. (Justin Tang/The Canadian Press)

“[We’ve] planned, we’re prepared and we have the resources,” Bell replied when answering a question about whether police were ready to step in again like they did in late April, when attempts to gather near the Rideau Centre mall were shut down by officers.

Provincial police and the RCMP have offered help to shut down occupation attempts as long as there’s a risk, he said.

The Ottawa Police Services Board received an update on plans for Canada Day when it met Monday evening.

Bell spoke about the toll recent months have taken on officers, noting the demand is not “sustainable” and describing police as “fatigued” ahead of the long weekend.

“For this event we’ve actually had to cancel days off, we’ve cancelled discretionary time off, called people back from annual leave,” said the chief. “This is an all hands on deck event, but that has a cost on the health and wellbeing of our members.”

At least 5 days of traffic control

Last week, Ottawa Mayor Jim Watson told people thinking of coming to the capital “not to be intimidated by individuals who may be coming to Ottawa to cause trouble.”

He said Monday he wants this to be a safe, festive event for children and families and that people who “come to disrupt” will be dealt with, without a warning.

Bell told the police board that the force has been clear with its expectations for demonstrators, and that harassment won’t be tolerated.

“If there is a hate or bias crime incidents, if there’s intimidation or threats, we will actively investigate those,” he said, adding police know residents have “scars” from the occupation.

“I want to reassure you that those feelings, that trauma that our community has felt is front and centre in all of our planning efforts and will be front and centre in our response efforts.”

Overall, Bell said police are expecting hundreds of thousands of people downtown. For comparison, an estimated 56,000 people went to the shows on Parliament Hill in 2019 and that doesn’t count everyone celebrating nearby.

About 16,000 people attended the noon show on the Hill in 2019. (CBC News)

There will be the traditional Canada Day road closures Friday July 1 and early Saturday, though there are more closures near LeBreton Flats because of that change in show location.

But Ottawa police are establishing another “vehicle exclusion zone” — similar to what was set up in late April for the Rolling Thunder motorcycle rally — with no street parking at all and no protest vehicles allowed in from 8 a.m. this Wednesday until at least 6 a.m. on Monday, July 4.

A map of police checkpoints in Ottawa.
Ottawa police are controlling access to these parts of downtown, including two river bridges. All vehicles that aren’t involved in rallies or protests will be allowed in, the city says, but drivers cannot park on the street. (City of Ottawa)

Those plans may change if needed, officials said Monday. People are asked to plan ahead, expect delays and check city pages and local media for updates.

OC Transpo and Société de transport de l’Outaouais service is free July 1 and when it comes to OC Transpo, until 4 a.m. July 2.

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