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Trudeau to Canadians: ‘Enough is enough. Go home and stay home’



Prime Minister Justin Trudeau made clear Monday his government is out of patience with people ignoring advice to stay home and potentially spreading COVID-19 in the community.

“Enough is enough. Go home and stay home. This is what we all need to be doing,” Trudeau said at a press conference outside Rideau Cottage where he is self isolating.

Health officials across the country have warned Canadians to go outside only for essential reasons and to avoid gathering in large groups. Restaurants and bars have been closed and workers across many industries have been sent to work from home.

Despite those restrictions, social media was full of images over the weekend of people throwing large parties, gathering in beaches and parks, playing sports and generally ignoring the government’s recommendations

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Trudeau was quick to scold those people and made clear his message applied to them.

“We’ve all seen the pictures online of people who seem to think they’re invincible. Well, you’re not.”

Other world leaders have made similar pronouncements, with British Prime Minister Boris Johnston putting his country into lockdown on Monday. U.S. President Donald Trump is reportedly considering easing restrictions and tweeted that, “We cannot let the cure be worse than the problem itself.”

Trudeau has so far resisted calls to use the Emergencies Act, a sweeping piece of legislation that allows the government to close businesses, overrule provincial and municipal governments, conscript people into service and restrict travel.

Trudeau announced an extensive advertising campaign would roll out beginning Tuesday to emphasize the message further, but also made clear more aggressive steps like the Emergencies Act could be put into force.

“We’re going to make sure this happens whether by educating people more on the risks or by enforcing the rules if that’s needed. Nothing that could help is off the table.”

He said some people don’t seem to understand they’re not only putting themselves at risk, but also their loved ones.

Trudeau stressed one reason he has been reluctant to use the act is that it would supersede provincial rules. As of his Monday morning press conference, before a scheduled conference call with premiers, he said no provincial leader had asked him to bring the act into force.

Ontario Premier Doug Ford and Alberta Premier Jason Kenney both said later in the day they preferred to set rules locally.

Health Minister Patty Hajdu particularly stressed the need for travellers to go directly home when they return to Canada and go into a 14-day self isolation period.

“We want people to take this seriously,” she said.

Hajdu said the government was looking at a variety of stricter measures and did not rule out the use of the police to enforce orders.

“There are a number of ways that quarantine orders can be enforced and those could include random inspections, those could include hotlines,” she said.

Both Quebec and Ontario announced a mandatory closure of all non-essential business in an effort to curb the spread of the disease.

Ontario’s restrictions begin late Tuesday evening, giving businesses a day to shut down, while Quebec has told businesses to close down as quickly as possible.

Pharmacies, grocery stores, and other essential services will remain open, but anything non essential in both provinces will be closed and both governments made it clear they’re prepared to have police enforce those closures.

Ford said students would not be returning to school on April 6, as originally planned and that the new measures were necessary to prevent wider outbreaks.

“This is not the time for half measures. This decision was not made lightly and the gravity of this order does not escape me, but as I have said since day one, we will and we must take all steps necessary to stop the spread of COVID-19.

Quebec Premier François Legault said his province would effectively be closed for at least the next three weeks.

There was a lineup waiting at the Carling Optimist screening centre on Elizabeth Street on Sunday March 22, 2020.

Mike Hensen/The London Free Press/Postmedia Network

Trudeau’s own self isolation began on March 12 after his wife contracted the virus, which means it could come to an end later this week, but he stressed he is going to follow the advice he gets from experts.

“I am going to make sure that we continue to follow all recommendations of public health officers, particularly around staying at home wherever possible and self-isolation and social distancing.”

As of Monday morning, the government’s latest update revealed there are now 1,474 cases of the virus in Canada and 20 people have died from it. There are 340,000 cases globally. The Canadian Olympic committee announced Canadian athletes would skip the Tokyo games, unless they were postponed.

Trudeau also announced a host of research funding Monday. A Vancouver bio-tech company is getting funding for drugs that could be used to treat the virus and hopes to be in clinical trials this summer. A Quebec City based company is also getting funding to work on a potential vaccine as are researchers at the University of Saskatchewan. There is also money available to the National Research Council’s labs to help it scale up production of a vaccine when one is discovered.

We want people to take this seriously

The government also announced funding for Toronto digital health firm Blue Dot. The company has software that helps model the spread of diseases.

“We’ve signed a contract to use this Canadian software to model the disease. It will help us track and therefore slow the spread,” said Trudeau.

Parliament is set to return on Tuesday to debate and likely approve financial measures the government proposed last week meant to soften the devastating blow on the economy the crisis has caused.

A small number of MPs will be coming back to the legislature to deal with the measures before a few Senators do the same on Wednesday.

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Coronavirus: Trudeau says he’s ‘proud’ of Canada’s COVID-19 response as U.S. cases soar – Global News



As U.S. President Donald Trump slowly comes to grips with his country’s grim prognosis for the novel coronavirus, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau conceded Monday he’s taking a measure of comfort from early signs that the caseload in Canada is on a different trajectory than the United States.

Trudeau said he’s proud that Canadians appear to be taking seriously the importance of staying home and keeping their distance from others — the one measure public health officials say is paramount to slowing the spread of COVID-19.

And while the success or failure of those efforts won’t become clear for at least another week, Trudeau said, there’s little doubt that Canada is doing better than its southern neighbour at limiting the scope of the illness.

This week ‘critical’ for Canada’s fight against coronavirus, officials say. Here’s why

“I think I would say we’re not necessarily on the same trajectory,” Trudeau said in French during the daily fresh-air briefing outside his Rideau Cottage residence. “We were quicker to get the screening done, and I think we have had more success in getting people to self-isolate.”

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The U.S., however, has hardly set a high bar.

There were more than 156,000 cases by midday, nearly 13,000 more than the day before, and the number of deaths was hurtling towards 3,000. A shortage of beds, ventilators and masks had hospitals in hard-hit New York City operating well past the breaking point, using refrigerator trucks as makeshift morgues. The USNS Comfort, a hospital ship, docked at Manhattan’s Pier 90 to help with the overflow.

Coronavirus outbreak: Trudeau says business, charities, non-profits eligible for COVID-19 wage subsidy

Coronavirus outbreak: Trudeau says business, charities, non-profits eligible for COVID-19 wage subsidy

Alarming spikes in the caseloads in New Jersey, Florida, Pennsylvania and Louisiana had officials in those states bracing for the worst, well aware they might be ill-equipped to handle it. In New Orleans, home to America’s worst per-capita COVID-19 death rate, the mayor said she’d have cancelled Mardi Gras last month if only the federal government had warned her.

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Dr. Anthony Fauci, the lead voice of medical reason on the White House coronavirus task force, has warned the U.S. death toll could land between 100,000 and 200,000 — and that’s after Trump abandoned his “aspirational” target of April 12 for reopening parts of the country, extending stay-at-home measures until the end of the month instead.

“By very vigorously following these guidelines, we could save one million American lives,” Trump said Monday during a Rose Garden news conference as he spelled out the need to keep the country shuttered for another month.

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“This is our shared patriotic duty; challenging times are ahead for the next 30 days. We’re sort of putting it all on the line, this 30 days.”

Live updates: Coronavirus in Canada

To the horror of public health experts, Trump had been musing about a celebratory Easter long weekend marked by packed churches, open shops and an accelerated return to American normalcy, insisting he didn’t want the “cure” to be worse than the “problem.” But early indications from Washington state, which reported the first known U.S. case, suggest the social-distancing strategy is having an impact.

A joint online survey released Monday by polling firm Leger and the Association for Canadian Studies suggested, among other things, a difference in attitudes between the two countries when it comes to modifying behaviour to curb the spread of the virus.

Only 86 per cent of 1,004 U.S. respondents said they were keeping the requisite two-metre distance between themselves and others, compared with 95 per cent of the 1,590 Canadians surveyed, while 85 per cent of the American survey group said they had stopped going out for necessities — nine percentage points less than their northern neighbours.

Coronavirus outbreak: Canadians’ actions today will determine where we are a month from now

Coronavirus outbreak: Canadians’ actions today will determine where we are a month from now

And while 86 per cent of the Canadians polled said they had asked friends and family to keep their social distance, only 72 per cent of the U.S. respondents could say the same.

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“Everything depends on the choices that people have made and continue to make,” Trudeau said.

“I’m very proud of the way that Canadians have rallied and continue to abide by the guidelines. I think they understand that we all have an opportunity to have a direct impact on Canada’s ability to come out of this.”

When confronted with the failings of the American response, Trump frequently claims that things would have been far worse had the U.S. not slammed the door back in late January on travellers from China, where the outbreak originated. Most major airlines by that point had already suspended flights to China.

Coronavirus outbreak: Trudeau tells Canadians ‘it’s raining’ metaphorically-speaking

Coronavirus outbreak: Trudeau tells Canadians ‘it’s raining’ metaphorically-speaking

Canada, however, didn’t take significant steps to restrict international travellers until mid-March. On Monday, Trudeau — asked whether that should have happened earlier — seemed to acknowledge that with the benefit of hindsight, more could have been done.

“We’re obviously not, in an unprecedented situation, always going to get things perfectly right,” he said.

“We’re going to continue to be committed to doing the right things as best as we can and figuring out what works, what doesn’t work, and moving forward in a way that is both nimble and focused on helping Canadians, insomuch as a government can be nimble and agile.”

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Canada and the U.S. agreed to close their shared border to non-essential travel two weeks ago while still allowing two-way trade, supply lines and commercial interests to continue, including workers who live in one country but commute to the other. The U.S. has also banned foreign nationals from China, Iran and parts of Europe.

Given U.S. social-distancing restrictions will remain in place through April, those existing travel bans would likely be extended as well, Trump said — “maybe even toughened up a little bit.”

© 2020 The Canadian Press

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This week ‘critical’ for Canada’s fight against coronavirus, officials say. Here’s why – Global News



As Canada continues to grapple with the coronavirus pandemic, officials say this week will be “critical” in the country’s fight against the outbreak.

“This is a really critical week in our fight against the coronavirus,” Canada’s deputy prime minister, Chrystia Freeland, said at a press conference on Monday, urging Canadians to continue physical distancing.

“I know that it is hard, but we all must stay strong and stay at home unless we are doing essential work like stocking the shelves in our grocery stores, like working on the frontlines of our health-care system.”

One will live, one will die — How Canada is preparing for tough coronavirus choices

Freeland’s remarks echoed those from Canada’s chief public health officer, who on Sunday said this week would be “very, very important” to understand trends in the pandemic and to determine whether physical distancing has been effective.

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Dr. Theresa Tam said she would be keeping an eye on what’s happening in Quebec, Ontario and Alberta — where there has been community transmission of COVID-19 — to see if there has been a drop in new cases, like what has been reported in B.C.

Across the country, federal and provincial health officials have banned large gatherings, closed non-essential businesses and advised Canadians to practise physical distancing to limit the spread of COVID-19.

Social distancing is out, physical distancing is in — here’s how to do it

On Friday, health officials in B.C. released modelling that showed the province’s rate of increase in cases had dropped from about 24 per cent to 12 per cent.

B.C.’s health officer, Dr. Bonnie Henry, said the results left her feeling “cautiously optimistic” about the future.

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Tam noted, though, that Canada is a “big country” and different regions are experiencing different timing of the pandemic, with different periods of acceleration and deceleration.

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Spain’s COVID-19 cases surpass China’s; Police disinfect empty streets

Dr. Suzanne Sicchia, an associate professor at the Interdisciplinary Centre for Health and Society at the University of Toronto Scarborough, said this week and next are important because they will give health officials a “better sense of whether the measures we’ve taken to flatten the curve have been effective and to what degree.”

“To these ends, the experts will be watching to see if there is a decrease in the rate of new, confirmed cases,” Sicchia wrote in an email to Global News.

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She said health officials will “no doubt” use this evidence to inform the ongoing public health and health-care responses to the virus.

Trudeau says business, charities, non-profits eligible for COVID-19 wage subsidy

Dr. Jeff Kwong, an infectious disease specialist and associate professor in the department of family and community medicine at the University of Toronto, told Global News that based on mathematical models and what we know about the virus’s incubation period, this would be the week many may begin having symptoms.

“It’s going to be this week or the next week that we’re going to see a wave of people who are really sick,“ Kwong said.

Kwong said this has already begun, with hospitals across the country already treating patients infected with COVID-19.

But he said what we have seen so far is just the “tip of the iceberg.”

Coronavirus reality check: physical distancing one week after new measures introduced

Coronavirus reality check: physical distancing one week after new measures introduced

“We know there’s lots cases out there — most are mild — but how many of all these cases are going to be severe?” he said. “That’s what we’re going to start to see this week.”

On Monday, Tam said 6,671 cases of COVID-19 had been confirmed in Canada.

Of those cases, Tam said approximately seven per cent require hospitalization, three per cent are critically ill and one per cent of cases have been fatal.

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Tam cautioned, though, that these rates could fluctuate as more cases are reported.

Social distancing in the U.S. extended by a month as coronavirus spreads

According to Kwong, this week will also provide important insight into whether Canada needs to implement more stringent physical distancing measures.

He said if Canada sees fewer cases of COVID-19 than modelling has predicted, it will show that Canadians have done a good job.

Coronavirus outbreak: Is Canada considering using phone tracking to enforce social distancing?

Coronavirus outbreak: Is Canada considering using phone tracking to enforce social distancing?

If there is a dramatic spike in cases this week, Kwong said more stringent measures may be justified in order to prevent the health system from “collapsing in another three to four weeks.”

“I hope it does doesn’t come to pass, but, you know, it’s hard to say,” he said. “I mean, who knows what’s going to happen?

A look at research being done in Canada for a coronavirus vaccine

Asked about the data from B.C., Sicchia said it is “promising,” but that we need to be “very cautious in making any definitive claims and even more so when it comes to generalizing these findings to other provinces.”

She said, though, that if the trend continues in B.C., we will know that we have been effective in flattening the curve in that province, and “that bodes well for us all.”

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But Kwong said regardless of whether the rest of Canada sees encouraging results, the country “can’t afford to let up on physical distancing.”

He said it is likely the measures will need to stay in place “for months.”

© 2020 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.

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In Canada and abroad, COVID-19 super-spreaders could be anywhere – CTV News



You may have heard of “patient 31” in South Korea, a woman who was thought to be the source of thousands of COVID-19 infections in that country. Or more recently, a man in India who had returned from Europe and reportedly infected people in more than a dozen villages. They are known as “super-spreaders” – individuals who can infect a large number of people easily.

The World Health Organization estimates someone with COVID-19 can infect between 2 and 2.5 individuals, but super-spreaders infect a large number of people, often in a crowded and busy environment like a church or a conference.

“In a weird way, that seems to be the pattern for this disease. It’s not just that it spreads universally across the landscape,” said CTV News’ science and technology specialist Dan Riskin.

“You get these hot spots where a whole bunch of people get infected at once, and when that happens you can call that person a super-spreader.”

In Canada, while no specific individual has yet been identified as super-spreader, there have been clusters, or hot spots, from coast-to-coast involving a significant number of people.

More than 60 cases of the 135 cases identified in Newfoundland and Labrador are tied to two wakes held at a funeral home on March 15. The funeral home has since been closed as the investigation continues.

“Many of our numbers right now are related to this one cluster, either directly or indirectly, and that will have an influence on what we see,” Dr. Janice Fitzerald, the province’s chief medical officer of health told reporters over the weekend, when asked when she might expect to see cases peak in the province.

On the other side of the country, up to 32 people infected with the virus could be tied directly or indirectly to the Pacific Dental Conference held in Vancouver earlier this month, according to the province’s medical health officer, Dr. Bonnie Henry. One of those attendees has since died.

Some of the factors that can make a patient a super spreader may be related to biology – if they produce more of a virus, for example, or if they take longer to recover from an infection and spread the virus over a longer period, according to experts.

Historic research showed that Mary Mallon, a cook in New York City infamously known as “Typhoid Mary”, was the source of a typhoid fever outbreak in the early 1900s that infected thousands, despite never having any symptoms herself. Scientists are researching how much of a role silent carriers of COVID-19 – those who exhibit no symptoms – play in unknowingly spreading the disease.

This is why self-isolation is important, Riskin said.

“It’s a reminder that for Canadians, we all have to take this seriously, because you don’t know if you’re that one person who unknowingly could infect thousands.” 

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