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Judge wants Jimmy Melvin Jr. returned to Nova Scotia this week – TheChronicleHerald.ca

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A judge wants Jimmy Melvin Jr. transferred to the Dartmouth jail from a New Brunswick prison well in advance of his dangerous offender hearing, which begins July 6 in Nova Scotia Supreme Court in Halifax.

Melvin, 38, is awaiting sentencing on charges of attempted murder and conspiracy to commit murder, from a thwarted plot to kill rival gangster Terry Marriott Jr. in December 2008.

A jury found Melvin guilty in October 2017. He has more than 60 convictions on his adult criminal record and is currently serving a federal sentence for assault and other offences from altercations with guards at Nova Scotia jails.

The Crown wants the Halifax man declared a dangerous offender and locked up indefinitely.

The dangerous offender hearing was originally set for September 2019 but was postponed after Melvin fired his lawyers.

The hearing was supposed to begin last month but had to be adjourned again – this time because of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Justice Peter Rosinski then rescheduled the hearing for 14 days in September and October, only to find out later that those days were not available.

Lawyers now hope to be able to conclude the matter in five days, July 6-10. More days have been reserved in January, if needed.

The judge had hoped Melvin would have been moved to the Central Nova Scotia Correctional Facility by Monday, when a telephone conference was held, but he was still at the Atlantic Institution in Renous, N.B.

Rosinski ordered that the paperwork be done up right away so that sheriff’s services can make the transfer happen by the end of the week. He scheduled another conference call for Friday.

The province’s director of correctional services said that as a result of a change in public health policy for people who enter Nova Scotia for legal proceedings, Melvin will not be required to self-isolate at the jail for 14 days before his hearing.

John Scoville explained during the call that Melvin must self-isolate when not in court and observe physical distancing at the courthouse.

Visitors are still banned at Nova Scotia jails, Scoville said, so Melvin will not be able to meet in person with his lawyer, Ray Kuszlewski.

Scoville assured the court that arrangements will be made so Melvin and his counsel can have lengthy, confidential phone conversations to prepare for the hearing.

If Melvin is designated a dangerous offender, the judge could order him imprisoned indefinitely as requested by the Crown, unless the court is satisfied that a lesser measure would adequately protect the public. The lesser measure would be a determinate sentence with or without long-term supervision in the community for up to 10 years after his release from prison.

Marriott was shot to death in Harrietsfield in February 2009 at the age of 34. Melvin was acquitted of first-degree murder at trial in the spring of 2017.

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Kelowna councillor says outbreak a reminder we are not out of the woods – Kelowna News – Castanet.net

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“This is a wake up call.”

That was the reaction of Kelowna city councillor Ryan Donn upon hearing news at least eight people have tested positive for COVID-19 after attending private gatherings and visiting downtown restaurants and bars over a 12-day period.

“We are still in the middle of a pandemic,” said Donn.

“There’s still social distancing needed. We still need to wash our hands.”

According to Interior Health, those infected may have attended gatherings in downtown Kelowna and along the waterfront from June 25 to July 6.

Interior Health is advising anyone is the area during those days may have been exposed.

“We have all these guidelines in place in Phase 3. We don’t want to go back to Phase 2,” said Donn.

“And, there were six people from outside our boundaries, and now they’re going back to where they came from.”

The identities of the restaurants and pubs visited by the eight people infected are not being identified by Interior Health at this time.

Interior Health medical health officer Dr. Silvina Mema said the health authority doesn’t yet have a complete list, and don’t want to create a false sense of security.

“We don’t have evidence that the cases got the disease at these businesses, only that they were there while sick,” she said in a release to Castanet News.

Donn says if you look at a map of Canada then the United States, there’s some pride in the fact we have done as well as we have in Canada.

“That comes from taking action and listening to the professionals, and we don’t have politicians disagreeing. They’re all agreeing,” he said.

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COVID-19 in B.C. alert: Eight infected individuals from Lower Mainland and Alberta attended events in Kelowna – Straight.com

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A large-scale potential COVID-19 exposure incident spanning several days in British Columbia’s Interior, involving individuals from outside the region, has prompted a public notification.

Interior Health issued a news release today (July 10) to alert anyone who attended gatherings in Kelowna’s downtown and waterfront areas from June 25 to July 6 that they might have been exposed to the coronavirus.

Eight individuals who have been tested positive for COVID-19 had attended private gatherings and visited various businesses in Kelowna, including restaurants and bars, within that time frame.

In addition, health officials are especially concerned about Canada Day and holiday weekend events.

Interior Health stated that six of the infected individuals live outside of the Interior Health region, and CBC News reported that some of the individuals were from the Lower Mainland and Alberta.

Contact tracing is currently being conducted and public health team members will inform any known contacts to isolate for 14 days.

Due to the number of locations and cases involved, anyone who attended any events on those dates is asked to monitor themselves for symptoms of COVID-19, such as fever, cough, breathing problems, loss of sense of taste or smell, fatigue, body aches, runny nose, diarrhea, headaches, sore throat, red eyes, or vomiting.

Anyone who develops symptoms should immediately self-isolated and contact healthcare providers or Interior Health testing centres to arrange for testing.

Interior Health is working with other jurisdictions to determine what the source of the outbreak is.

Over this past week, new daily case counts in B.C. have steadily increased, from seven cases on July 6 to 25 cases today.

Recent public exposure incidents have taken place at three nightlife venues in Vancouver while cases have been confirmed at a McDonald’s in Surrey, a gym in Burnaby, and flights to and from Vancouver. 

Although travel-related businesses have been reopening in B.C. as part of the province’s Phase 3 of its reopening plan, many communities remain concerned about the possibility of travellers bringing the coronavirus into their regions.

The Haida Nation is opposing the reopening of two luxury fishing lodges reopening without their consent, as they have stated that even one case of COVID-19 could be devastating to their communities due to limited healthcare services and only two ventilators available. 

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Why it may be harder to catch COVID-19 from surfaces than we first thought – CBC.ca

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This is an excerpt from Second Opinion, a weekly roundup of eclectic and under-the-radar health and medical science news emailed to subscribers every Saturday morning. If you haven’t subscribed yet, you can do that by clicking here.


Disinfecting groceries, wiping down packages, cordoning off playgrounds. 

While those approaches to avoiding COVID-19 infection became commonplace early on in the pandemic, the virus may not transmit as easily on surfaces as was originally thought — and experts say it may be time to shift our focus on how we protect ourselves.

To date, there have been “no specific reports” of COVID-19 directly from contact with contaminated surfaces, even though research consistently shows the virus can survive on them for several hours or days, the World Health Organization said on Thursday.

The update was part of a new scientific brief released by the UN agency outlining its stance on how COVID-19 spreads, after an open letter from more than 200 experts to change its messaging on the possibility it transmits through the air.

Despite the lack of concrete evidence on surface transmission, the WHO still maintains  contaminated surfaces – also known as fomites – are a “likely mode of transmission” for COVID-19.

Surfaces ‘not a significant risk’ for COVID-19

But experts from a variety of disciplines aren’t convinced, and some warn the focus on surfaces has been overblown.

Emanuel Goldman, a microbiology professor at the New Jersey Medical School of Rutgers University, said in an article published in The Lancet journal earlier this week that the risk of COVID-19 infection from surfaces is “exaggerated.”

“This is not a significant risk,” he told CBC News. “Not even a measurable risk.”

Goldman said the evidence for infection from surfaces was based on lab experiments that were unrealistic when compared to real life situations and used extremely large amounts of virus to test if it could survive over extended periods of time.

Linsey Marr, an expert in the transmission of viruses at Virginia Tech who has studied the survival of COVID-19 on surfaces, said that while it’s possible people could get infected from surfaces, it’s still unclear if it’s actually happening.

Restaurants with patios, shopping malls and hair salons are among the businesses allowed to reopen as Toronto begins phase two of a stepped return to pre-COVID-19 operations on June 24, 2020. (Evan Mitsui/CBC)

“I think the thinking has changed,” Marr said, adding the perceived risk of transmission from contaminated surfaces is lower than it was earlier in the pandemic when not much was known about the coronavirus.

She said in order to be infected with COVID-19 from a surface, a person would have to transfer it to their fingers where it would need to survive long enough to enter the body by touching the eyes, nose or mouth. 

“We know that virus can survive [on surfaces] and then the question is, can people pick those up and transfer them into their respiratory tract?” Marr said. “You have to have a lot of virus on there to cause infections.”

The average person infected with COVID-19 also isn’t typically shedding large amounts of the virus at any given time, noted infectious disease specialist Dr. Zain Chagla, an associate professor at McMaster University in Hamilton.

“Viruses aren’t that environmentally hardy,” he added.

“They’re built to infect humans. They’re built to infect cells. As soon as they leave the human host and enter the environment, they become more and more unstable.”

Watch | Are you safer from COVID-19 indoors or outdoors?

Andrew Chang asks an infectious disease doctor whether it’s safer to be indoors or outdoors during the coronavirus pandemic. 1:02

Eugene Chudnovsky, a professor of physics at the City University of New York whose research has focused on the spread of the virus, said the threat of infection from a surface like a doorknob really depends on the conditions to which it was exposed.

“If there are just a few people touching it in an hour, it’s very unlikely it will contain the infective dose of the virus,” he said.

“But if this is a door that is getting opened every few seconds for a lengthy bit of time and there is a significant number of symptomatic infected people who are touching it during a few hours, it can accumulate a significant amount of the virus.”

Disinfecting surfaces ‘not as necessary as we thought’

One of the reasons the evidence for COVID-19 infection from surfaces is lacking is because it’s difficult to track through contact tracing.

“You can start asking people about conversations they had and places they were, but when you start asking them about surfaces they’ve touched, it gets much, much harder to really pin it down,” said Erin Bromage, an associate biology professor at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth who researches infectious diseases.

“They’re probably associated with a few percentage of transmissions, probably at the highest, which is a lot lower than what we find say for influenza – but it seems to be not a major driver with this particular pathogen.”

The Public Health Agency of Canada maintains it is “not certain how long COVID-19 survives on surfaces,” and says the risk of infection from things like packages is low. It does, however, still list contaminated surfaces as a common route of infection.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention updated its guidelines on surface transmission of COVID-19 in May, saying it “may be possible” a person can get COVID-19 by touching a surface that has the virus on it but it’s not “the main way the virus spreads.”

“There’s just a growing narrative that the degree of transmission through fomites is probably less than what was earlier anticipated,” said Dr. Isaac Bogoch, an infectious disease physician at Toronto General Hospital.

“The vast majority of transmission seems to be through close contact with an infected individual, primarily in an indoor setting.”

He said the change in thinking around the risk of COVID-19 infection from surfaces means that the average person’s groceries are probably much less of a threat than a visit to the grocery store.

“It reinforces hand hygiene, but it also tells us that the need to disinfect every surface that comes into the house is probably not as necessary as we thought it was earlier on in the pandemic,” he said. “It’s not hurting anybody, but it’s just not necessary.”

WATCH | How to handle your groceries during the COVID-19 outbreak:

The coronavirus can live up to several days on some surfaces, but experts say there’s no reason to worry about the groceries you bring home. CBC News shows you how basic hygiene will keep you safe from your groceries. 1:36

Bromage, who wrote a viral blog post in May shared by millions explaining the places people are most at risk of COVID-19 infection, said the risk of transmission from surfaces on things brought into the home is “quite low” in countries like the U.S. and Canada.

“It’s probably something to be aware of,” he said, “but something that we don’t need to focus a lot of anxiety and attention on.”

Chagla said the initial focus on surface contamination also sparked a common practice that could be downright harmful: wearing latex gloves while running errands or shopping.

Discared gloves are pictured at North York General Hospital on May 26, 2020. (Evan Mitsui/CBC)

“Going to the grocery store wearing a pair of gloves is probably not the cleanest thing to be doing,” he said.

While health-care workers and food service staff wear gloves for infection control reasons, Chagla stressed they’re used for specific purposes, and short periods of time.

Wearing gloves for extended stretches while touching various objects can lead to cross-contamination the longer you’re wearing them, he said, which winds up being less helpful than just washing or sanitizing your bare hands regularly.

‘Misinterpretation’ of data

For parents of young children who are concerned about the risk of COVID-19 infection from surfaces like playgrounds, which have been off limits in cities like Toronto for months, the lack of evidence is no doubt frustrating.

Marr thinks the guidance on children avoiding playgrounds has been “misguided” throughout the pandemic.

“Playgrounds are probably one of the safer places for kids to congregate, if they have to congregate,” she said. “And the reason why is that sunlight kills off the virus pretty effectively. So if it is on surfaces, I don’t think it’s going to last very long.”

Chagla said at this point in the pandemic, there’s no “good reason” why playgrounds should remain closed, given the combination of sunlight and open-air ventilation making them a relatively low-risk activity.

Marr said the real risk of infection from playgrounds is largely from kids who are in close contact with each other, not from the surfaces they’re interacting with.

Howard Njoo, Canada’s deputy chief public health officer, said Wednesday that officials are weighing the evidence on infection in children, but that the risk seems low. 

Caution tape is wrapped around a swing set at a playground in Regina on June 10. (Kirk Fraser/CBC)

“From the science, what we know is that certainly young people, children, are less likely to have more severe consequences if they do get infected with the virus,” he said.

“It also appears that in terms of transmission, young children — at least in some of the studies i’ve seen — do not appear to be as efficient or effective in terms of transmitting the virus to others.”

Goldman said misguided policy decisions from governments and businesses pushed him to speak out about the lack of evidence for COVID-19 risk from surfaces.

“The problem is the public policy was driven by this misinterpretation of the data,” he said.

“It’s not that the data were wrong, but they were not the right data. It was not data that applied to the actual situations that are relevant.”

Goldman said these policy decisions can be “counterproductive” because they can “dilute” effective prevention measures like physical distancing and wearing a mask to stop the spread of COVID-19.

“It’s actually harmful to have the wrong interpretation of the data,” he said. 

“I think it’s time to say the emperor has no clothes.”


To read the entire Second Opinion newsletter every Saturday morning, subscribe by clicking here.

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